B’nai Noach Torah Institute


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A Jewish vocabulary containing glossary terms of Hebrew, Yiddish and English dictionary explanations of words, terms, phrases, and Jewish, Yiddish and Hebrew expressions.

An asterisk (*) indicates a cross reference within this Glossary.

All non-English entries are Hebrew unless otherwise indicated.

This glossary is in alphabetical order.

Cah Law: {Callah} Bride

Chabad: Acronym formed by the first letters of the Hebrew words*. Chabad also signifies: (a) the branch of the Chassidic movement (see Chassidus) which is rooted in an intellectual approach to the service of G-d, and which was founded by R. Shneur Zalman of Liadi; a synonym for Chabad in this sense is * Lubavitch, originally the name of the township where the movement flourished 1813-1915; (b) the philosophy of this school of Chassidus

Chachmah: lit., wisdom... The first of the Ten Sefirot, or Divine Emanations; the first stage of the intellectual process (cf. *Chabad); reason in potential

Chachmah*, Binah*, and Daas*, which are both (i) the first three of the Ten * Sefirot, or Divine Emanations, and (ii) the corresponding stages that comprise the intellectual process (known as seichel or Chabad).

Chag: {Chahg} Festival , Holiday, Holy Day

Chag Sameach: {Chahg - Saw May Ach} Happy, cheerful, glad, joyous festival , holiday

Chai: Life

Chain: Divine Grace

Challah: (a) A tithe of dough for the Kohen; (b) a braided loaf baked in honor of Shabbat

Charoset: An apple nut mixture resembling mortar used in the Pesach Seder

Chassen, Chaw Sawn: Groom

Chassid (pl. Chassidim): A very pious man, disciple of a great teacher, follower of the Chassidic movement / philosophy... See Chassidus

Chassidism, see * Chassidus

Chassidus: Chassidism, i.e., the movement within Orthodox Judaism founded in White Russia by R. Yisrael ben Eliezer, the Baal Shem Tov (1698-1760), and stressing: emotional involvement in prayer; service of G-d through the material universe; wholehearted earnestness in Divine service; the mystical in addition to the legalistic dimension of Judaism; the power of joy, and of music; the love to be shown to every Jew, unconditionally; and the mutual physical and moral responsibility of the members of the informal Chassidic brotherhood, each Chassid having cultivated a spiritual attachment to their saintly and charismatic leader, the * Rebbe; (b) the philosophy and literature of this movement; see also * Chabad

Chavah: First woman, wife of Adam (Bereisheit 3:20) - alive

Chavurah: Friends

Chaw Veev: Beloved, cherished

Chaya Sarah: Fifth Parasha in Bereisheit (Genesis 23.1-25.18), meaning Life of Sarah

Chayim: Life

Chazen: Cantor

Chazzan: Cantor

Chazzer: Pig

Chazzerai: Yiddish for junk

Chessed: lit., Lovingkindness and grace... the first of the seven Divine Middos, or Attributes, and of their corresponding mortal middos, or spiritual emotions

Chet: Eighth letter of the Aleph Bet, Gematria value of eight

Chol Hamoed: The intermediate days between the first days of Pesach / Sukkot and the last days of Pesach / Sukkot.

Chometz: The five fermented grains of wheat, barley, spelt, rye, and oats or products produced from them, 'not kosher for Pesach.'

Chotchke: See Tchotchke

Chukat: Sixth Parsha of Bamidbar {Numbers} 19.1 - 22.1

Chumash: Commentary and Parashiyot for the Five Books of Torah; Chumash means five.

Chuppah: Marriage Canopy for Jewish Wedding

Chutzpah: Nerve (as in courage) or insolence

Chutzpadik: Such nerve or such insolence

Cockamamy: Not credible, ridiculous, foolishness

Coh Ach: {Ko Ach} Power, Strength

Cosbi: Princess of Midian who was involving Kal Yisroel in Idolatry.