A Jewish vocabulary containing glossary terms of Hebrew, Yiddish and English dictionary explanations of words, terms, phrases, and Jewish, Yiddish and Hebrew expressions.
An asterisk (*) indicates a cross reference within this Glossary. All non-English entries are Hebrew unless otherwise indicated.
Gabbai: The person who assists in running the congregation services
Galus: exile; Diaspora
Gan Aiden: the Garden of Eden, aka the World to Come
Gan Eden: the Garden of Eden, aka the World to Come
Gaon: Head of Worldwide Talmudic Community of Yeshivas, Shuls, Bais Yaakovs, etc.
Gatkes: Long johns, winter underwear
Gefilte Fish: Ground fish, onions and seasoning, cooked in salt water
Gehenna: (also Gehena) Yiddish for Hell
Gelt: (Yiddish) Money
Gemara: A commentary of the Mishnah; the Talmud consists of the Mishnah and the Gemara together
Gematria: The origin is not Hebrew but possibly from Greek "Geometria" -
Gematria is a systematic method of revealing and understanding Biblical exegesis through the relationship of Hebrew letters and numbers. Gematria applies to the Torah, Tenach, Prayer Siddurim and other such books.
Genesis: Bereisheit, the First Book of the Torah.
Get: Jewish divorce by Beit Din
Gevalt: (Yiddish) What happened? An expletive
Gevurah: lit., power and strength i.e., strict justice; the Second of the Seven Divine Middos or Attributes, and of their corresponding mortal middos or spiritual emotions
Gezunterhait: Yiddish for in good health
Gezunt-heit! (Yiddish) Good health! (This is said when someone sneezes or is used as a toast)
Gilgul: Turning, rolling as a wheel, the reincarnation of one's soul.
Gimmel: Third letter of the Aleph Beit, meaning mature, recompense, camel,
the Gematria for Gimmel = three
Glitch: A slip!
G-d: Creator and Ruler of everything. The dash is used in place of the middle letter out of respect and caution not to destroy or misuse His Holy Name.
Golah: Exile, Diaspora
Golem: (Yiddish) A simpleton, fool
Gonif: (Yiddish) A thief
Goshen: Province of Egypt where Kal Yisroel dwelled until their Deliverance by Hashem
G-t: (Yiddish) G-d
Goy: Non-Jewish person, non-Jewish nation
Goyim: Pl. for Goy
Goyish: Not Jewish
Griben: Fried pieces of poultry fat, skin
Gribenes: Fried pieces of poultry fat, skin
Griveness: Fried pieces of poultry fat, skin
Grogger: A noise maker used at Purim
Gut Shabbat: Good Shabbat
Gut Yontev: Good Holy Day