B’nai Noach Torah Institute


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A Jewish vocabulary containing glossary terms of Hebrew, Yiddish and English dictionary explanations of words, terms, phrases, and Jewish, Yiddish and Hebrew expressions.

An asterisk (*) indicates a cross reference within this Glossary. All non-English entries are Hebrew unless otherwise indicated.

Taam: flavor; delight; reason

Tahm: Innocent, honest, complete, perfect, whole, pure, harmless.

Takkanot: (pl. of takkanah) Halachic sublaws ordained by the Sages of the various generations

Tallit: Prayer shawl

Talmud: The basic compendium of Jewish law, thought, and Biblical commentary, comprising * Mishnah and * Gemara; when unspecified refers to the Talmud Bavli, the edition developed in Babylonia, and edited at the end of the fifth century C.E.; the Talmud Yerushalmi is the edition compiled in * Eretz Yisrael at the end of the fourth century C.E. The word Talmud is spelled Tav Lamid Mem Vav Dalit. Talmud means to study, to learn. Talmidim are students or disciples.

Talmid: A student of Jewish Studies

Talmid Chacham: An expert in Jewish Studies

Talmidim: (pl. of talmid) Students of Jewish Studies

Tamim: see * Temimim

Tanach: acronym for Torah (i.e., the Five Books of Moses), Nevi'im (the Prophets), and Ketuvim (the Writings; i.e., the Hagiographa)

Tanna: (pl., tannaim) Authority of the 1st-2nd centuries quoted in the * Mishnah

Tanya: The Alter Rebbe's basic exposition of * Chabad * Chassidus; `Tanya' is the initial word of the book, which is also called Likkutei Amarim (Collected Discourses) and Sefer shel Beinonim (The Book of the Intermediates)

Tashlich: Ceremony of casting off one's sins at a live body of water on Rosh HaShannah

Tay Vah: See Ark

Tchotchke: {It is pronounced without the T as in Chotchke} Knickknack.

Tefach: (pl. tefachim) a unit of length corresponding to the width of a fist

Tefillin: small black leather cubes containing parchment scrolls inscribed with Shema Yisrael and other Biblical passages, bound to the arm and forehead and worn by men at weekday morning prayers; phylacteries

Tefillin Straps: Black leather straps used to attach tefillin to arm by seven wraps

Tehillim: (lit., praises) The Book of Psalms

Temimim: (pl. of tamim) Students past or present of one of the senior * yeshivot of the * Lubavitch branch of * Chassidism, who are known

Tenach: Consists of the Torah (i.e., the Five Books of Moses), the Nevi'im (the Prophets), and the Ketuvim (the Writings); also know as the Old Testament by Christians

Tent of Meeting: Mishkon, the place in the wilderness where Hashem's Presence Dwelt before the Holy Temple

Tes: the ninth letter of the Aleph Beit, Gematria value of nine

Teshuvah: (lit., return) Repentance

Tiferet: (lit., glory, beauty, splendor) The Third of the Seven Divine Middos, or Attributes, and of their corresponding mortal middos, or spiritual emotions

Tikkun: (pl., tikkunim) The process of refining, making restitution and rehabilitating the materiality of this world

Tikkun Chatzos: (lit., midnight service) An optional devotional exercise lamenting the Destruction of the * Beit HaMikdosh and the subsequent exile of the Divine Presence on a cosmic level

Tinokos Shenishbu: (cf. an infant taken into captivity among the heathen nations, Shabbos 68b) Captive infants (of any age) who are victims of environmental duress, such as educational deprivation

Tishah BeAv: (lit., the Ninth of [the month of] Av) Fast commemorating the Destruction of both Temples

Todah Rabah: Thank you!

Toh Vaw: Favor, kindness, welfare

Tomchei Tmimim: (a) the * yeshivah founded in * Lubavitch in 1897 by the Rebbe RaShaB; (b) one of its subsequent offshoots

Torah: Genesis {Bereisheit}, Exodus {Shemot}, Leviticus {Vayikra}, Numbers {Bamidbar} and Deuteronomy {Devarim}, also known as the Five Books of Moshe {Moses} and the Pentateuch; the Books Given to Moshe on Har Sinai by G-d. In addition to the Torah, the Written Law, G-d Gave Moshe a more comprehensive explanation of the Written Law known as the Oral Law; both the Written and Oral Law constitute the Torah.

Traif: Not Kosher

Tsuris: Troubles

Tzaddi: Eighteenth letter of the Aleph Beit.

Tzaddik: (pl., tzaddikim) A completely righteous individual

Tzedakkah: Charity; righteousness

Tzimtzum: The Self-Limitation of The Infinite and Emanating Divine Light by progressive degrees of Contraction, Condensation and Concealment, and making possible the Creation of finite and physical substances