B’nai Noach Torah Institute


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A Jewish vocabulary containing glossary terms of Hebrew, Yiddish and English dicitionary explanations of words, terms, phrases, and Jewish, Yiddish and Hebrew expressions.

An asterisk indicates a cross reference within this Glossary. All non-English entries are Hebrew unless otherwise indicated.

Maamar; maamarim; lit., `word' or `[written] article'): in * Chabad circles means a formal chassidic discourse first delivered by a Rebbe

Maharal: a great sage, Bohemian rabbi, talmudist, one who is an authority in the oral Torah moralist and mathematician

Makkif: the transcendent dimension of the soul that is not consciously vested in the body

Malchus; lit., `sovereignty': the last of the seven Divine middos, or attributes, and of their corresponding mortal middos, or spiritual emotions

Malach: Messenger, angel sent to carry out a mission for Hashem

Mamzer: Bastard

Marror: Bitter herbs, i.e., horseradish

Mashiach: lit., `the anointed one'): Messiah which usually means king, priest

Masei: The tenth and final Parsha of Numbers.

Matos: The ninth Parsha of Numbers.

Matriarch: Sarah, Rivkah Leah and Rochel are the mothers of the nation Yisroel,
each being a matriarch, a highly respected woman and a mother of the nation Yisroel.

Matzah; {pl., matzos} Unleavened bread eaten during Pesach

Matzoh: unleavened bread. This is bread that the grain / flour has been guarded from moisture and rodents. Unleavened bread is prepared in a Kosher for Pesach location with only kosher for Pesach utensils. Only eighteen minutes are permitted to mix, roll, perforate and bake matzoh from the time water and flour are mixed.

Mazel: Luck

Mazel Tov: Good luck, Congradulations

Mechitzah: The physical barrier, short wall, curtain, that separates men and women in Orthodox Congregations

Mechaieh: a pleasure, delight, joy, A great feeling, relief

Mench: A nice person

Meda: Behavior trait

Medos: Behavior traits

Megilla / Megilla Esther: Yiddish for The book of Esther which is written in Hebrew by a scribe on akosher parchment roll.

Melaveh Malkah: festive meal held after the close of Shabbos to escort the departing Sabbath Queen

Mem: Thirteenth letter of the Aleph Bais - Mem denotes comparative degrees

Meshuga: Crazy

Messenger: Angel sent with message or mission from Hashem

Mezuzah; pl., mezuzos: small parchment scroll written by a Sofer (scribe) and affixed to the doorpost, containing the first two paragraphs of Shema (Devarim, Deuteronomy) 6:-9 & 11:13-21)

Midrash: one of the classical collections of the Sages' homiletical teachings / commentary on the Torah, on the non-literal level of * derush

Midian: A Bedouin tribe related to Avraham, Genesis 25:2
Midrash HaGadol: the great commentary on the Torah
Mikveh: Ritual bath {place}

Milchik: Any cutlery, dishes and cooking utensils used exclusively for dairy foods ingredients or products according to Jewish halacha.

Minyan; pl., minyanim): quorum of ten men required for communal prayer

Misbayach: Altar for offerings and sacrifices to Hashem

Mishegas: Craziness

Mishkan: the Tabernacle, i.e., the temporary Sanctuary in the wilderness; see Shmos 25ff.

Mishnah: the germinal statements of law elucidated by the * Gemara, together with which they constitute the * Talmud

Mispar Godol: This is the greater numerical value in Gematria for the final letters Chof, Mem, Nun, Peh and Tzaddi of the Aleph Bais

Mispar Katan: This is the total numerical value in Gematria of each letter of the Aleph Bais with the zeros dropped. Example 10's are 1 and 100's are 1

Mishpachah: Family, relatives

Mitzvah; pl., mitzvos: a religious obligation; one of the 613 Commandments

Mitzrim: Hebrew for present day Egypt

Mo Deh Ah Nee: First prayer before rising for the day

Mohel: Individual who performs the circumcision of a Jewish male.

Moshe: Moses. He was drawn out {of water,} - Midrash: one drawn out {of water}, one who draws {his people} out {of water} {Sforno}

Motzei: {Moh Tzaw} - Exit, outlet Motzei Shabbos: Moh Tzaw Ay - Shabbat - Saturday night after Sabbath concludes

Mussaf: the additional prayer of * Shabbos and other festive days

Mysticism: Esoteric teachings of Judaism including Gematria, the study of numbers values and related words