B’nai Noach Torah Institute


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A Jewish vocabulary containing glossary terms of Hebrew, Yiddish and English dicitionary explanations of words, terms, phrases, and Jewish, Yiddish and Hebrew expressions.

An asterisk indicates a cross reference within this Glossary. All non-English entries are Hebrew unless otherwise indicated.

Rabbiniu: Our teacher

Rambam: Maimonides, Moshe ben Maimon, North african Philospher (1135-1204)

Ramban: Rabbi Moshe ben Nahman (1194 - 1270) He was regarded as the foremost
Spanish talmudist.

Rasha; pl., resha'im: opposite of * tzaddik evil person

Rashi: a great sage, French rabbinical scholar 1040-1105

Rav; pl., rabbanim): rabbi, Torah teacher, religious leader of Jewish community

Reb: Title given to a learned respected man

Rebbe: common Yid. pronunciation of `my teacher, or master ; pl., rebbeim: *
tzaddik who serves as spiritual guide to a following of chassidim; see * Chassidus

Rebi Chanina Ben Teradyon: a great rabbi in the Talmud

Rebi Yosi Ben Kisma: a great rabbi in the Talmud

Rebiniu: Term showing endearment for a rabbi

Rebitzin: Rabbi's wife

Remez: the interpretation of Scripture at the level of allusive implication

Resha'im: see * rasha

Rishon; lit., `one of the early ones'; pl., Rishonim): a Torah authority of the period between the Geonim (early Middle Ages) and the publication of the * Shulchan Aruch (in the mid-16th century)

Rivkah: Rebekah, the wife of Yitzchok the second patriarch

Rosh Chodesh; lit., `head of the month'; pl. Rashei Chadashim): New Moon, i.e., one or two semi-festive days at the beginning of each month

Rosh Hashanah: lit., `head of the year': the solemn New Year festival, falling on 1 and 2 Tishrei

Ruach: Breath/Wind, second level of the soul