B’nai Noach Torah Institute


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A Jewish vocabulary containing glossary terms of Hebrew, Yiddish and English dictionary explanations of words, terms, phrases, and Jewish, Yiddish and Hebrew expressions.

An asterisk (*) indicates a cross reference within this Glossary. All non-English entries are Hebrew unless otherwise indicated. This glossary is in alphabetical order.

Baal gaiveh: Conceited, arrogant, egotistic

Baal Peor: Idol worshipped by Kal Yisroel in which 24,000 died as a result.

Baal Teshuva: One who begins their return to Torah Judaism / Torah Observance

Baal Ha Turim: Jacob Ben Asher (1270 - c.1343), Spanish codifier, son of Asher ben Jehiel. He was born in Germany and moved to Spain. He wrote Arbaah Turim which deals with daily conduct, dietary laws, prayers, Shabbatim, Holy Days {Holidays}, personal and family matters, and civil law and administration.

Babylonia: An ancient country between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in western Asia.

Bagel: Hard circular roll with a hole in the center

Bah Tzoor: In rock

Beit: Second letter of the Aleph Beit; the Gematri is two

Beit: House

Beit HaMikdash: The (First or Second) Temple in Jerusalem

Baal Simcheh: An individual who celebrates a joyful occasion

Baal Toyreh: A scholar, a man of learning

Baal Tsedokeh: Philanthropist, humanitarian, kindhearted individual

Balak: Evil king, the seventh Parasha of Bamidbar {Numbers}; Bamidbar {Numbers} 22:2 - 25:9

Balabatish: Respectable, good manners, good substance, good standing

Balabatish Yiden: Respectable Jews with good manners and good standing in the community

Baleboos: Head of house, business etc...

Balebooseh: Housewife; wife who is an excellent homemaker; lady whose husband is the head of a business; a female business owner / manager; bossy woman...{feminine}

Balshem: Faith healer, one who engages in miracles

Bamidbar: (lit., in wilderness) Numbers, the Fourth Book of the Torah

Bar Mitzvah: When a young man reaches the ages of 13 he accepts the responsibility of fulfilling the Torah. This is a much celebrated event by family and friends.

Baroygis: Angry, enraged

Bat: Daughter

Bat Mitzvah / Bas Mitzvah: When a young woman reaches the age of 12 she is required to accept her Torah responsibilities.

Bava Kamma: The first tractate of the Mishnah of the order Nezikin dealing with the four principle types of damages and personal injury.

Bava Metziah: A book in the Babylonian Talmud, The Middle Gate...Second section of the first tractate of Mishnah order of Nezikin dealing with found property, laws of chattles, bailment, sales, interest, hiring and partnerships...

Bayn: Divide, between

Baytza: A roasted egg used for the Pesach Seder Plate

Bamidbar: Fourth Book of Torah, meaning wilderness

BCE: Before the Common Era

Be'er Sheva: Well of Seven

Beha'aloscha: Third Parasha of Bamidbar {Numbers}, 8:1 - 12:16

Behemoth: {Bi Hay Moot} Animal, of cattle or beast: hippopotamus, Nile horse {Job 40:15}

Beit din: Rabbinical court

Beit HaMikdash: The (First or Second) Temple in Jerusalem

Beit Midrash: Communal House of Study

Beraisa; pl., beraisos; Aram.: tannaitic statement not included in the Mishnah

Beirurim: the divine service of sifting and refining the materiality of this world by enlightened use, and thereby elevating the divine sparks concealed within it

Ben Toyreh: Son of learning, son of Torah

Bentshen Lecht: Say the blessings over the lit candles on Erev Shabbos and Yom Tovim.

Bereishis: Genesis, the first book of the Torah - beginnings

Beriah, the World of; lit., `the World of Creation': the second (in descending order) of the Four * Worlds

Berschert, G-d appointed soul mate or an intended event...

b"H: Baruch Hashem meaning, Praise G-d

Bet: Second letter of the aleph Bais

Bet HaMikdosh: Holy Temple in Jerusalem

Beth Knesset: Synagouge

Bilhan: Son of Eitzer, brother of Akan and Zaavan. see Genesis 36:27

Binah; lit., `understanding'): the second of the Ten Sefiros, or divine emanations; the second stage of the intellectual process (cf. *Chabad), developing the initial conception of *Chochmah

Birkas HaMazon: Blessing, Grace after meals

Biseleh: Yiddish for little

Blintzes: Cheese or jelly rolled and folded into a pancake then fried.

Blood Avenger: One who seeks the death of an individual who has murdered another.

Bocher: Am unmarried young man See Yeshiva Bocher

Borsht: beet or cabbage drink

Boychik: Yiddish for young boy

Bris Mila: Jewish male circumcision on eighth day after birth

Brocha: Ashkenaz for a blessing, a prayer

Brachot: Sephard for a blessing, a prayer

Bubbee: Yiddish for Grandmother

Bupkas: Yiddish for beans but used like nothing