Course Text Begins Here:
How Is A Biblical Hour Measured?
The Biblical hour is determined by dividing the length of daylight by twelve. The length of brevity of a Biblical day does not matter. A Biblical Day is 1/12th of the entire daylight and a Biblical Night is 1/12th of the darkness. If one were to measure a Biblical hour by minutes an hour could be as long as 75 minutes or as short as 45 minutes.
The Gregorian hour is based upon 60 minutes. There are 12 hours in a Gregorian day. Some of the 12 hours of daylight, when days are shorter in winter, will actually be in darkness. The daylight hours are shorter. Some of the 12 hours of darkness, when nights are shorter in summer, will actually be in daylight. The night time hours are shorter. Some of the 12 hours of daylight in summer will actually be longer than 12 hours. The daylight hours will exceed 12 hours. Some of the 12 hours of darkness in winter will actually be longer. The night time hours will exceed 12 hours.
I understand this is confusing. Pope Gregory XIII introduced this confusion into our lives. If one were to view the Christian Writing using the Gregorian day or the Gregorian hour instead of the Biblical day or hour the results would be quite different. The Gregorian measurement of time draws one into confusion.
We are going to review several examples of a Biblical hour.
If the length of our present daylight is fourteen 60 minute hours the Biblical measurement for this same time is 12 - 70 minute hours. The Biblical measurement of an hour expands and contracts within twelve hours. So an hour is rarely 60 minutes.
If the length of our present daylight is fourteen 60 minute hours in the Gregorian measurement of time an hour remains as sixty minutes. The hours of daylight expand or contract. A day is rarely 12 hours.
The Biblical measurement of a day is measured by daylight. The Biblical measurement of night is measured by darkness. The Gregorian measurement of a day is 12 hours. The Gregorian measurement of a night is 12 hours.
A few years back, a business lady and I were supposed to meet at Denver's Eastside Kosher Deli for lunch. We set the appointment for around 11:00 am. We set the appointment somewhere between a few days to several weeks in advance. I arrived a few minutes before 11 am. Selected a booth and ordered a soft drink. After waiting about 15 minutes I began to wonder if it was the wrong day so I checked my day planner. Nope, it was today at 11am. I began to wonder what happened. Then I realized we had a time change and one of us failed to make the adjustment by moving the clock ahead an hour. Shortly my cell phone rang... This happens all the time when daylight savings begins and ends. What is the point? How does this relate to an hour thousands of years ago? I am told that Bartholomew Manfredi, and Italian clockmaker invented the first pocket watch in 1462. In 1670 and English clockmaker named William Clement is credited with the development of the Grandfather style clock. We know that sundials and water clocks were in use two thousand years ago. In fact many different forms of measuring time existed. The form that we are discussing, i.e. the measurement of an hour depended on being able to see the sun and the moon. How would one measure time two thousand years ago on a very cloudy day? How would one know what time to meet another? How would one set appointments? The writer Matthew shares a story he says Jesus told about a householder that needed laborers to work in his vineyard. The householder went out early in the morning to hire workers, then again at the third hour, the sixth hour, ninth hour and finally the eleventh hour of the day. They each worked to evening. The point is that morning and evening were the only exact points of measurement. There were other points of measurement. Animals are accustomed to eating at certain times and giving milk at certain times etc. Yet on a cloudy day these time measurements move. The point is that one could be off significantly in there measurement of an hour.
Seeing the difference between The Biblical measurement of time from that of the Gregorian measurement of time helps us to see and acknowledge differences exist. On the other hand, we may not understand how the Biblical measurement of time functions. God Willing, I am going to share how the Biblical measurement of time functions.
Please view Book For Example of 13.5 - 60 Minute Hours of Daylight
A Biblical day is always twelve periods of daylight and twelve periods of night. The minutes of a Biblical hour increase or decrease but the number of hours always remain the same. The way we understand time today is considerably different than Biblical hours.
Let's consider a day that has 13.5 hours of daylight, i.e. sunlight. In our present system the sixth hour of the day is 6 A.M. Remember the Gregorian measurement for a day begins a midnight. So while the 6th hour is 6 am The Biblical measurement begins at daybreak. This means the Biblical 6th hour is actually 12:30 pm of the Gregorian hour. This means one has crossed over to the 12 hours of night time by 30 minutes. Remember it is 12:30 pm. The ninth hour of our day is 9 a.m. The Biblical 9th hour is actually 3:30 pm of the Gregorian hour. This is 3 hours and 30 minutes into the 12 hours of night time.