July 2015 Archives

ב ' ח

Devarim Devarim

Deuteronomy 1.1 - 3.20

Time And Gematria:

עֵת - Time

Lesson One


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

View Books And Information By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk 

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Dr. Akiva Gamliel and Rebbetzin Revi Belk

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Dear Ones, our goal in this discussion, is to help us make a connection with The Letter מ Mem [normal] ם [final] to learning. The Mem is a middle Letter of The Aleph Bet. The normal sign [Gematria] of The Letter Mem is 40. The final sign of The Mem is 600. The only time the final Mem may be used is when The Mem is the final Letter in a Word. The Letter Mem is one of two Hebrew Letters that makes a complete 360-degree circle. When the final Letter Mem was written in the Two Tablets by The Lord The Mem was suspended in air without touching or connecting to the Two Tablets. The Lord Made The Mem stood in place without falling. The Letter Mem is an eternal Letter. The Mem does not have a beginning or end. In addition to the Words we are going to study מֹשֶׁה Moses and מְשִׁיחַ Moshiach / Messiah each begin with The Letter Mem.

In addition to learning about the Letter Mem and associated Gematrias, we will God Willing consider elements of time-related to Moses our Teacher and The People of Israel. We will Observe the wisdom in Time. It is written. We will Observe perhaps one or two picture frames in the movie of Time. King Solomon wrote, 'To everything there is a season and time to every purpose under the heaven.' We will examine several points in time that are woven together into a special purpose.

Deuteronomy 1.1 - 3

These are the words which Moses shared with all Israel on this side of the Jordan in the wilderness, in the Arabah opposite the Red Sea, between Paran, and Tophel, and Laban, and Hazeroth, and Dizahab.

There are eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of Mount Seir to Kadesh-Barnea.

And it happened in Year Forty in Month Eleven, in Day One to the Month that Moses shared with the people of Israel, about every Command that The Lord Said to him with them.

The People of Israel left Egypt in the year 2448 FC in Month One in Day Fifteen. That was a long time ago. Ha Torah Says it was almost Forty complete years. The People of Israel had not completed Year Forty. There were 30 days left in Month Eleven and 29 Days left in Month Twelve. They were 59 days from completing Year Forty.

Moses was 37 Days away from turning 120 years of age. Moses would die in 37 Days on his Birthday. Our Sages Teach that Moses was in Mitzrim 40 years, In Midian 40 years and in the Midbar 40 Years.

Mitzrim / Egypt


מ40 צ90 ר200 י10 נם40 = 380



מ40 ד4 י10 ן50 = 104



מ40 ד4 ב2 ר200 = 246

Our Sages Teach that Moses spent 40 Years in Mitzrim, 40 Years in Midian and 40 Years in Midbar. 120 = 40 + 40 + 40

The 2016 Bible Journeys Calendar will be released God Willing soon. In the calendar, I share about Moses simultaneous three Forty Day and Night fasts. Moses fasts from the Day he receives Ha Torah, The Commandments and The Covenant to Yom Kipper, which is the day of atonement. . Moses fasted three forty day periods one after the other plus the day before and the in between days. Our Sages Teach this is a total of between 122 to 123 days. The Seventh of Sivan is not counted. This is the Day Moses climbed Mt Sinai to receive the Commandments. The Day Moses prepares the second set of Tablets was 29 Av. This Day was not included in the fast days. So how can 122 days be 123 days? The question is, did Moses Fast on 6 Sivan, the preparation Day? Our Sages Teach Moses was very busy helping The People prepare to receive Ha Torah. Did Moses eat a Sabbath meal that night? It is not likely given Moses understanding of purity. It is likely that Moses fasted to be in a state of readiness to receive Ha Torah. Why is this such an important question?

Numbers 33.39

And Aaron was a hundred and twenty-three years old when he died in Mount Hor.

One-Hundred-Twenty-Three Days ties Aharon, The High Priest to Shavuot and Yom Kippur. In other Words The High Priest that makes atonement is a bridge spanning between receiving Ha Torah to the Day he seeks forgiveness for The People of Israel.

Fast One

Exodus 24.16 - Fast one from Sivan 7 to 17 Tammuz. The 17th of Tammuz is when the Roman soldiers breached the Holy City in their conquest to destroy our Second Holy Temple in 3830 FC. Rabbi Nachman Zakon, The Jewish Experience 2,000 Years Shaar Press (Brooklyn, New York: Mesorah Publications, Ltd. 2003), p 11

Exodus 32.15 - 19

And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, and the two tablets of The Testimony were in his hand; the tablets were written on both their sides; on the one side and on the other were they written. And The Tablets were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, engraved upon The Tablets. And when Joshua heard the noise of The People as they shouted, he said to Moses, There is a sound like war in the camp. And He Said, It is not the voice of those who shout for mastery, nor is it the voice of those who cry for being overcome; but the sound of those who sing do I hear. And it came to pass, as soon as He came near to the camp, that He Saw the calf, and the dancing; and Moses' anger burned hot, and he threw The Tablets from his hands, and broke them beneath the mount.

Fast Two

Exodus 32.29 - 35

For Moses had said, Consecrate yourselves today to the Lord, every man against his son, and against his brother; that he may bestow upon you a blessing this day. And it came to pass on the next day, that Moses said to the people, You have sinned a great sin, and now I will go up to the Lord; perhaps I shall make an atonement for your sin. And Moses returned to the Lord and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold. Now, if you will forgive their sin; and if not, blot me, I beg you, from your book that you have written. And the Lord said to Moses, Whoever has sinned against me, him will I blot from my book. Therefore now go, lead the people to the place about which I have spoken to you; behold, my Angel shall go before you; nevertheless in the day when I punish I will punish their sin upon them. And the Lord plagued the people because they made the calf, which Aaron made.

How do we know this second fast was for 40 days? Deuteronomy 9. 12- 18

We know this because in Verse twelve Moses received The Tablets when The Lord Informed him of The People's sin. Then he went down to them. Then he broke the Tablets. Then the next Day He returns to pray on Mt Sinai.

Deuteronomy 9.11 - 12

And it came to pass at the end of forty days and forty nights, that The Lord Gave me The Two Tablets of Stone, The Tablets of The Covenant. And The Lord Said to me, Arise, get down quickly from here; for your people, which you have brought out of Egypt, have corrupted themselves; they are quickly turned aside from the way which I Commanded them; they have made themselves a molten image.

How do we know Moses second Fast followed the first? How do we know the second Fast was also for Forty Days and Nights?

Deuteronomy 9.15 - 19

So I turned and came down from The Mount, and The Mount Burned with fire; and The Two Tablets of the covenant were in my two hands. And I looked, and, behold, you had sinned against the Lord your God, and had made yourselves a molten calf; you had turned aside quickly from the way which the Lord Had Commanded you. And I took The Two Tablets, and threw them out of my two hands, and broke them before your eyes. And I fell down before the Lord, as at the first, forty days and forty nights; I did not eat bread, nor drink water, because of all your sins which you sinned, in doing wickedly in the sight of the Lord, to provoke him to anger. For I was afraid of the anger and hot displeasure, with which the Lord was angry with you to destroy you. But the Lord listened to me at that time also.

The Third 40 Day and Night fast follow the first two fasts.

Deuteronomy 10.10 - 11

And I stayed in the mount, according to the first time, forty days and forty nights; and the Lord listened to me at that time also, and the Lord would not destroy you.   And the Lord said to me, Arise, go on your journey before the people, that they may go in and possess the land, which I swore to their fathers to give to them.

120 Days and Nights = 40 Days and Nights + 40 Days and Night + 40 Days and Nights

Within the Community of The People of Israel, there are some who pray each day each morning, afternoon and night. Some also pray at the mid of Night. The morning prayers maybe thirty minutes or longer on average. Afternoon prayers are perhaps fifteen minutes. Evening prayers are about twenty minutes. These are on normal Days. The Elul, Month leading up to Rosh HaShannah prayer time increases significantly. Then on Rosh HaShannah morning prayers may last from eight am to three in the afternoon. On Yom Kippur, we fast from one night to the next night that is about twenty-six hours. On Erev Yom Kippur at Kol Nidre about three hours. On Yom Kippur, we pray from early morning to night. It is understandable that one might be a little weary.

What about Moses. He did not just fast One Day and Night. Moses fasted for about 123 Days and Nights. Moses bowed down, prayed and interceded for The People of Israel during the middle Forty Days and Nights. The greatness of Moses is a challenging connection for us. I can relate to a tiny portion of what Moses experienced. What about you?

When we say 'In the Wilderness' the Word is Bamidbar.


ב2 מ40 ד4 ב2 ר200 = 248

The positive Observances of Ha Torah are 248. The organs in our body are 248.

We see a relationship between the being in the wilderness, the positive Commands of Ha Torah and the organs of our body.

Devarim 1.3 is informing us that the wilderness experience is coming to an end in 59 days. Moses Leadership and hands on Teaching is coming to an end in 37 Days. The Lord Has Moses revisit the Observances with The People of Israel. Think of how that felt for Moses. He would die. He would not enter the Land with his people. The people who were taught Ha Torah at Moses' feet were already feeling the loss of their Great Teacher.

Here are five questions for reflection. Those seeking course credit, please post the answers or send answers to Dr_Akiva_Gamliel@bnti.us - SUBJECT BOX - Pasted ONLY these words in the subject box.

1.Solomon wrote, 'There is a time to every purpose under the heaven.' Exploring to learn the purpose is a deep Torah adventure. One point in this lesson is to teach us to search for the purpose related to time and seasons. Do we stop to consider the great significance of points in Time within The Holy Scriptures?

2. How is The Festival Season of Shavuot in which Ha Torah, the Commandments, and the covenant were given to the People connected through Moses to Yom Kipper, the Season for Atonement?

3. How is the Letter Mem related to Moses Life?

4. What is the importance of the number 123?

5. What happened on 17 Tammuz?

ב ' ח

Devarim Va'etchanan
Deuteronomy 3.23 - 7.11

Time And Gematria:

 Baw Ayt - 'At That Time'

Lesson Two


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

View Books And Information By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk 

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Dr. Akiva Gamliel and Rebbetzin Revi Belk

Course Information

Every course at B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC is FREE

for those who do not have the means to pay.  Give

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At That Time

The Word עֵת Ayt means 'Time'. בָּעֵת Baw Ayt means 'In Time, On Time, At Time Through Time, With Time'. The best translation for Verse 23 is 'At That Time.' We will go with this translation. The Word עֵת Ayt occurs 73 times and בָּעֵת Baw Ayt occurs 90 times in The Hebrew Scriptures. The difference between עֵת Ayt and בָּעֵת Baw Ayt is The Letter בּ Bet. The Bet makes The Word עֵת Ayt 'A Point In Time.' This means we are to classify בָּעֵת Baw Ayt as a definite place in time. When Moses Says בָּעֵת Baw Ayt, he is making reference to a specific place in Time. Our goal is to try and determine what that place in time is. We will first view The Verse then we will determine The Year.

Devarim 3.23

וָאֶתְחַנַּן אֶל־יְהוָֹה בָּעֵת הַהִוא לֵאמֹר: כד

Deuteronomy 3.23

And I pleaded with The Lord at that time, saying,

What was 'At that Time'? We will need to backtrack in Time to determine what 'At That Time' is in reference to. We begin with the Seventh Day of Miriam's affliction for speaking evil against Moses. Miriam spoke Loshon Hara against Moses. The Lord Called her out if front of all The People of Israel and rebuked her. She was placed outside of the camp for Seven Days. This was the Seventh Day. Miriam was allowed to return to the camp. It was on That Day that Moses sent the 12 spies into the Land of Canaan.

29 Sivan 2449 FC

The spies left the encampment at Paran one year and 74 Days from being delivered from Egypt by the Lord. It is necessary for me to make a distinction. If one studies the 2016 Bible Journeys Calendar, they will Observe several important Time points. In the first year 2448 FC [From Creation] on this specific Day Moses was in Day Twenty-Two of receiving the first set of Tablets on Mt. Sinai. Our point inTime is the following year. We are 74 Days into in Year 2449 FC. [16 Days in Nissan + 29 Days in Iyar + 29 Days in Sivan = 74 Days]

Numbers 13.1 - 3

And The Lord Spoke to Moses, Saying, 'Send for yourself men, and have them scout everything from Aleph to Tav of the land of Canaan, which I am Giving to the people of Israel; Send them, one great man from each of his father's tribes. Each must be a leader among them. And Moses sent them from the desert of Paran on The Word of The Lord. All were men of distinction, They were chiefs of the People of Israel.'

Those who study with me know that I often include The Words 'everything from Aleph to Tav.' when the Word אֶת Eht is used. The Word אֶת eht occurs thousands of times in The Holy Scriptures for a reason. Many times the reason is to inform us of the inclusiveness of what is being said. The point is that nothing is left out. Everything is included. Chagigah 12b 1 - The Bahir (Row man & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. Lanham, Maryland 1995) pp. 108,109

Every Tribe sent a represenative except for the Tribe of Levi. Numbers 13.4-16 lists the leaders from each Tribe. The Levites believed The Word of The Lord. They did not need to spy out The Land.

09 Av 2449

The Spies return after Forty Days of spying out The Land of Canaan.

Ten of the twelve spies presented an evil report to B'nei Yisroel. Then B'nei Yisroel rebelled against The Lord. Due to our parents rebellion The People of Israel were not permitted to enter the Promised Land.

Numbers 13.26 - 27

And they returned from searching The Land after Forty Days. And they came to Moses, and to Aaron, and to all the congregation of B'nei Yisroel, to the wilderness of Paran, to Kadesh; and brought back word to them, and to all the congregation, and showed them the fruit of the land. And they told him and said, We came to the land where you sent us, and surely it flows with milk and honey, and this is its fruit.

Numbers 13.28-29

However, the people, who inhabit the land, are strong, and the cities are very greatly fortified [with walls] and moreover we saw the children of Anak there. The Amalekites dwell in the southern part of the land; and the Hittites, and the Jebusites, and the Amorites, dwell in the mountains; and the Canaanites dwell by the sea, and by the side of the Jordan.

Ten leaders expressed serious concerns about the people who dwelt in the land. They said, 'The land truly flows with milk and honey.' Look at the magnificent fruit. However, there are some very scary people who occupy the land.

Numbers 13.29

And Caleb silenced everything from Aleph to Tav of The People and confidently said to Moses, We can go up and consume them. For we more than measure up, we are capable of doing it!

Caleb, was General of the Army of Yisroel. He assured The People of Israel that they were more than capable of defeating the enemy. Then the spies representing Ten of Yisroel's Tribes chimed in. They had a different opinion. How qualified was their opinion? Were they battle tested like Joshua?

Numbers 13. 30

But the men who went up with him said, We are not able to go up against the people; for they are stronger than we. And they spread slander about The Land which they had spied to B'nei Israel, saying, The land, through which we have gone to spy, is A Land that consumes its inhabitants; and all the people that we saw in it are men of a great stature. And there we saw everything from Aleph to Tav of the Giants, the sons of Anak, who come from the Nephilim; and we were in our sight as grasshoppers, and so were we in their sight.

In our age we have terms that describe different mental conditions. What do you think? Is it possible that all of The People had PTSD Post Thematic Stress Disorder resulting from their slavery and brutal treatment in Egypt? B'nai Yisroel went through a number of hardships due to being captive. Do you think they may have had Stockholm Syndrome? Were they brainwashed by their captors? What type of individual, family, group and community issues were each dealing with? We can imagine.

I ask these questions because of how quickly B'nei Yisroel turned away from The Lord. From time to time, it seems like B'nei Israel snaps instead of doing what they should.

We notice that there is a difference of opinion between Joshua, Caleb and the other spies. Having differences of opinion among B'nei Yisroel is not unusual. It's what we do with our opinions that makes the difference. The Ten spies predetermined that B'nei Yisroel were 'not able to go up against the people' because in their opinion the inhabitants were stronger than B'nei Yisroel. The spies described how small they were in comparison to the giants who were descendants of the fallen / the sons of Anak. The Ten spies compared themselves to grasshoppers next to the giants. They frightened B'nei Yisroel.

The Ten spies spread slander against the Promised Land. וַיֹּצִיאוּ דִּבַּת הָאָרֶץ 'They brought forth a report on The Land.' They said, 'The Land consumes its inhabitants.' This was a lie and part of their evil report. Our Sages Teach they witnessed many funerals while spying out the Land. There were so many people dying that the spies went unnoticed. This was Divine Providence working in their behalf but instead of taking this point of view Ten of the Leaders interpreted this as The Land consumed its inhabitants. They spoke evil about the land. Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Stone Edition The Chumash (Mesorah Publications, Ltd., Brooklyn, N.Y. 1993), p 803

The Ten spies were respected leaders among B'nei Yisroel who agreed to speak evil regarding the Land of Canaan. What they did was wrong yet this shows us the impact ten important leaders had on The People of Israel. When we, B'nei Yisroel, unite we can do amazing things!

B'nei Yisroel rebelled based on the report of these These Ten well respected spies.

So when we speak of the Words 'At That Time'. Could it be a point of reference to The Time B'nei Israel united for the wrong reasons?

Bamidbar 14.1

וַתִּשָּׂא כָּל־הָעֵדָה וַיִּתְּנוּ אֶת־קוֹלָם וַיִּבְכּוּ הָעָם בַּלַּיְלָה הַהוּא: ב

Numbers 14.1

[ת - SIGN] And the entire community [except The Tribe of Levi] lifted up everything from Aleph to Tav of their voice and cried and wept through the night.


Baw Ayt / At That Time

ב2 ע70 ת400 = 472


Bih Cee Tehm / They weep

ב2 כ20 י10 ת400 ם40 = 472

We Observe the Mystical connection to 'At That Time' as 'Weeping'. Is this what Moses was making reference to when he wrote 'At That Time'? It is a piece of the picture as we shall see.

I cannot emphasize how significant the Words of Verse One are. First the Verse begins with וַתִּשָּׂא Vah - Tee Shaw meaning 'And to lift up' Normally The Letter ת Tav is not part of this Word.

In the past, I have written about paying close attention to The Letter ת Tav. The Letter ת Tav is a mystical Letter. When The Letter ת Tav appears as it does here The ת Tav is a sign to pay attention and to mine for additional meaning. Normally the first Word in Verse One would be נָשָׂא Naw Saw, meaning 'to Lift up'. However, The Word is וַתִּשָּׂא Vah - Tee Shaw. The Letter נ Nun is replaced by The Letter ת Tav. We must determine what the purpose is for replacing The Letter נ with The Letter ת Tav. Could it be that this is what Moses was making reference to when he said, 'At That Time'? Was The Letter ת Tav what Moses was referring to?

The root Word for וַתִּשָּׂא Vah - Tee Shaw has different meanings. Here we need to pay attention to the other meanings as well. Each Word uses the same Letters. The spelling is exactly the same. The only difference is with the Vowels. נִשָא Nee Saw means 'to be misled or to be deceived'. Lets review.

First, וַתִּשָּׂא Vah - Tee Shaw meaning 'And to lift up'

Second, The Root Word is נָשָׂא Naw Saw, meaning 'to Lift up.'

Third, The Letter נ Nun in נָשָׂא Naw Saw was replaced by The Letter ת Tav. [ תִּשָּׂא] The Letter ו Vav of וַתִּשָּׂא Vah - Tee Shaw is a connecting Letter that means 'and'.

Fourth, The Letter The ת Tav is a sign to pay attention and to mine for additional meaning.

Notice the meaning in the Two Words following וַתִּשָּׂא Vah - Tee Shaw. כָּל־הָעֵדָה Cawl - Haw Ay Dawh means 'All the community' or 'All the witnesses'. All the Community includes members of The Sanhedrin and The Seventy Elders. The Sanhedrin were the Jewish Judges of The High Court. They were convinced that Moses and Aaron misled them. Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Stone Edition The Chumash (Mesorah Publications, Ltd., Brooklyn, N.Y. 1993), p. 803 All The Judges and The Seventy Elders of B'nei Yisroel raised their voices and shouted. Rabbi Menachem M. Scheerson, Torah Chumash Shemot Kehot Publication Society (Brooklyn, NY 2006) p 86 B'nei Yisroel followed the lead of the High Court. They cried and wept through the night just as their leaders did.

Numbers 14.2

They murmured against Moses and Aaron; All of B'nei Yisroel [except The Tribe of Levi] and the all the Community [except The Tribe of Levi] said to them, Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! Would God we had died in this wilderness!

We need to take a minute to exeronate The Tribe of Levi who consistently took the high ground when B'nei Yisroel had issues. The Levites did not sin with the golden calf. Nor did they sin with B'nei Yisroel in the matter of the spies evil report. Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says Bamidbar (Brooklyn, New York: Benei Yakov Publications 1980), pp 157; 180, Rabbi Dr. H. Freedman, Midrash Rabba Babmidbar (New York, NY: The Soncino Press 1983) - Midrash Rabbah p 72 [br 3.5] - Rabbi Menachem M. Scheerson, Torah Chumash Shemot Kehot Publication Socierty (Brooklyn, NY 2006) p 253

The Midrash Says the Sanhedrin complained to Moses saying, We accept the decree of death but should we die at the hand of these idolaters in Eretz Canaan? It would have been better to have died in Egypt or to have passed away here in the wilderness. Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says Bamidbar (Brooklyn, New York: Benei Yakov Publications 1980), p 170 How did The Lord Respond? 'It shall be as you wish'. How was The Word of The Lord fulfilled? Every Erev Tish B'Av Moses would say to the men of war, those who rebelled against The Lord and those who were decreed to die during these Forty Years 'Dig A grave for yourself.' Each man dug a grave for himself and rested that night in the grave. Those who reached the age of sixty would pass away during the night of weeping. This was about 15,000 every year. 570,000 of the 600,000 men who were between 20 to 60 passed away like this each year. Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says Bamidbar (Brooklyn, New York: Benei Yakov Publications 1980), p 170

Can we imagine what it was like for the wives, children, relatives and friends of those decreed to die in The Wilderness each year as the night of weeping approached? What was it like for The Judges of The SanhedrinIs who spoke the Words 'let us die here in The Wilderness'? What was it like for them knowing these men were dying because of their unjust faithfulness ruling? What was it like for B'nei yisroel each year as 9 Av approached? What did it feel like watching thousands upon thousands of graves being dug? How did this impact The People of Israel? We have already discussed the Mystical connection of 'At That Time' to weeping on the eve of 9 Av. How did the community of Yisroel feel knowing it was their Judges that spoke the words 'Let us die in The Wilderness.? We should ask ourselves, how would I feel if I were one of the men between Twenty to Sixty that refused to fight for the Holy Land and who rebelled? What if I were one of the men that mummered and complained against the Lord? What if I were one of the men that said I wanted to return to Egypt, i.e. the idolatrous practices of Egypt. The ladies did not die because they remained faithful to The Lord quietly within their tents. Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says Bamidbar (Brooklyn, New York: Benei Yakov Publications 1980), p 180

The Sanhedrin and The Seventy Elders lead the Community in this very emotionally charged rebellion against Moses and Aaron. They exclaimed:

Numbers 14.3

And why has The Lord brought us to This Land, to fall by the sword so that our wives and our children should become prey? Would it not be better for us to return into Egypt?

Up until this point according to our Sages The Sanhedrin and The Seventy Elders participated in the rebellion.

Numbers 14.1

- כָּל־הָעֵדָה Cawl - Haw Ay Daw meaning All the Community / Congregation or All the Witnesses. The Sanhedrin and The Seventy Elders are included.

Numbers 14.2

- כֹּל בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל Kol - B'nei Yisroel meaning All of The People of Israel

כָּל־הָעֵדָה Kawl - Haw Ay Daw meaning All the Community / Congregation

Numbers 14.4

And the men said one to another, 'Let us appoint a chief, and let us return to Egypt.'

Numbers 14.10

וַיֹּאמְרוּ כָּל־הָעֵדָה לִרְגּוֹם אֹתָם - And The Entire Congregation Said 'Stone Them refering to Joshua and Caleb.'

Who has the authority to make such a decision? Who has the authority to appoint a leader over B'nei Yisroel?

It is very important for us to remember that Lord Requires faithfulness from His People. We depend on our Leadership to help us stay on the right course. What happened here? In Deuteronomy 1.32 Moses said that at that time The People did not Trust The Lord their God. Why did our relatives of Years past fail to trust The Lord after all the Miracles He preformed? Why was B'nei Yisroel so willing to turn away from The Lord? We continue to read the extent of how distant B'nei Yisroel were willing to go in their rebellion to The Lord.

Numbers 14.5 - 6

Then Moses and Aaron fell on their faces before all the assembly of the congregation of The People of Israel. And Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, which were of those who spied the land, tore their clothes;

We see ONLY four men speaking up for The Lord and The Land of Canaan. The Sanhedrin and the Seventy Elders did not step up. They did not join them. Was this the Time Moses was speaking of when he said 'At That Time?

Numbers 14.7 - 9

And they spoke to all the Congregation of The People of Israel, saying, 'The land, which we passed through to spy, is a very good land. If the Lord Desires us to have it, then He Will Bring us into this Land, and Give it to us; a Land which flows with milk and honey. However, do not rebel against The Lord and do not fear the people of the land; for they are as bread for us; their protection is removed from them, and The Lord is with us; do not be afraid of them.

Numbers 14.10

The entire community said that they should be stoned to death, [but just then] The Glory of The Lord Appeared in The Tent of Meeting before all The People of Israel.

Not any man has the authority to pass judgment on his fellow man. Who has the authority to judge? Who has the authority to pass judgment on stoning a guilty individual? Again we see The Sanhedrin's involvement in this rebellion.

The Sanhedrin felt like Moses and Aharon had deceived them. They felt like Moses and Aharon had mislead them. I have already shown that The Root Word for וַתִּשָּׂא Vah - Tee Shaw has different meanings. We know that The Root Word for וַתִּשָּׂא Vah - Tee Shaw is נָשָׂא Naw Saw, meaning 'to Lift up', Notice that נִשָא Nee Saw which is spelled exactly the same means 'to be misled or to be deceived'. We realize that the Judges of The High Court felt like Moses and Aaron had deceived them. How did they come to this opinion? The Ten Spies spread malicious gossip about The Land and it's inhabitants. Bamidbar Rabah 9.18 - Was this what Moses spoke of when he said 'At That Time'?

Now The Lord Appears to set the record straight. Moses and Aaron fail to the gound and began interceding for The People of Israel. Think about what is happening 'At That Time! All The People of Israel are angry with Moses and Aharon. They are making plans to return to Egypt, appoint a new Chief over them and to stone Joshua and Caleb. So where is Moses? He is bowed to the earth praying that The Lord would Forgive all B'nai Yisroel. See Numbers 14.11 -19. What a leader! The Lord does Forgives B'nei Yisroel but Prohibits those who sinned from entering The Land of Canaan.

Numbers 14.20 - 24

And the Lord Said, I have pardoned according to your word; However, as truly as I live, all the earth shall be filled with the glory of the Lord. All those men which have seen everything from Aleph to Tav of My Glory, and My Miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the desert, and still have tested Me these ten times, and they have not listened to My voice; Surely they shall not see the land which I swore to their fathers, nor shall any of them who provoked me see it; except for My servant Caleb, because he possed a different spirit with him, and has followed me fully. I shall bring him into the land to which he came; and his seed shall possess it.

B'nei Yisroel's rebellion resulted in the establishment of a Time / a Season for mourning. The High Court Ruled against Moses and Aharon. Their actions had reprecutions!! The actions of The Sanhedrin mislead The People of Israel. Their authority set in motion a day of great sadness and mourning that is incumbent upon each of us. Who wants to fast for Twenty-Six hours? Who wants to fast from sundown to sundown. Who wants to mourn? Yet, fasting and mourning are absolutely necessary to remind us to be very careful with those who lead us and for us who follow them. It is incumbent upon each of us to learn and to know each of the 613 Mitzvot of Ha Torah so that we can judge for our self what is the proper path to take. We must determine what is the correct course of action!

Numbers 14.22 - 23 makes it very clear that the men of B'nei Yisroel tested The Lord Ten times. They were Judged for repeated offences. The Lord was Gracious and Merciful and Forgiving time and again as the offences pilled one upon the other. A picture should be beginning to emerge with regards to the Words 'At That Time'.

Dear Ones, just Forty Days earlier Miriam was permitted to rejoin the camp of Israel after being separated for Seven Days. Remember, The Lord Descended in a pillar of cloud and stood at the entrance to The Tent of Meetings. The Lord Called to Aharon and Miriam. They appeared before The Lord. The Lord Spoke to them in the presence of all Israel. What did The Lord Say?

Numbers 13.6 - 10

And He Said, 'Listen to My Words; If there is a Prophet among you, I, The Lord Will Make Myself known to him in a vision, and will speak to him in a dream. That is not the case with My servant Moses, in all My House for he is the trusted one. I Speak mouth to mouth with him, in a vision, and not in riddles; and he gazes at the Likeness of The Lord, so why were you not afraid to speak against my servant Moses? And The Lord's Anger was kindled against them; and He Departed. And The Cloud Departed from atop The Tent; and, behold! Miriam had become leprous, white as snow; and Aharon looked towards Miriam, and, behold, she was leprous.

The incident with The Prophetesses Miriam was meant to be a lesson for each of us. Miriam was set outside of the encampment for Seven Days. All The People of Israel knew. The Sanhedrin knew. The Seventy Elders knew. All The People of Israel knew. The punishment of Miriam should have been fresh in their minds. Everyone should have remembered how The Lord Appeared in The Cloud and why The Prophetesses Miriam became leprous and was separated from the encampment. How quickly we forget!

The actions of The Sanhedrin and The Seventy Elders were much more grievous than Miriam's in leading B'nei Yisroel to sin. We remember our failings and the failings of those who sinned on 9 Av. The failings of The Sanhedrin and B'nei Yisroel were not just for One Day. They are for The same Day each Year, Year after Year. Is this what Moses spoke of when he said 'At That Time'? Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Stone Edition The Chumash (Mesorah Publications, Ltd., Brooklyn, N.Y. 1993), p. 803 - Rabbi Menachem M. Scheerson, Torah Chumash Shemot Kehot Publication Socierty (Brooklyn, NY 2006) p 86 - Metsudah Midrash Tanchuma Bereishis 1

Avrohom Davis, Metsudah Midrash Tanchuma Bereishis 1 (Monsey, NY Eastern Book Press Inc. 2006) pp 296 - 297 - Rabbi Avrohom Davis, The Mesudah Chumash A New Linear Translation Bereishis (Hoboken New Jersey, KTVA Publishing House, Inc., 1991) p 178

Numbers 14.29 - 32

Your carcasses shall fall in this wilderness; and all who were counted of you, according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward, who have murmured against me, Shall by no means come into the land, concerning which I swore to make you live in it, save Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun, [and The Tribe of Levi]. But your little ones, which you said should be a prey, them will I bring in, and they shall know The Land, which you have despised. But as for you, your carcasses, they shall fall in this wilderness.

Numbers 14.33

And your children shall wander in the wilderness Forty Years, and bear your backslidings, until your carcasses are wasted in the desert. According to the number of The Days in which you spied the land, Forty Days, each Day for a Year, shall you bear your iniquities, Forty Years, and you shall know My Displeasure. I the Lord have said, I will surely do it all to this evil congregation, who are gathered together against me; in this wilderness they shall be consumed, and there they shall die. And the men, which Moses sent to spy the land, who returned, and caused all the congregation to murmur against him, by bringing up a slander upon the land, Those men that brought up the evil report upon the land, died by the plague before the Lord.

Some Teach that The Lord Instructed Moses to have The People of Israel travel to the Sea of Reeds. They base this on Numbers 14.25. I reviewed the original Language of Numbers 14.25 and do not see anything that Instructs B'nei Yisroel to travel to or to return to the Sea of Reeds. Numbers 14.25 ONLY instructs B'nei Yisroel to change the direction of the encampment from facing The Land of Israel to facing the wilderness and the path leading to the Sea of Reeds.

Numbers 14.25.

The Amalekites and the Canaanites live in the valley. Tomorrow you are to move and face the wilderness path towards the Sea of Reeds.

10 Av 2449

This is very significant because B'nei Yisroel did not travel anywhere. They remained in this location for 19 years. Rabbi Menachem M. Scheerson, Torah Chumash Shemot Kehot Publication Society (Brooklyn, NY 2006) p 89 Yet, The Holy Scriptures notes them turning the direction of the camp without traveling. Why? This is an exact point of measurement in time. The 38 years of Deuteronomy 2.14 is based upon the Day The Camp Turned their camp direction towards the wilderness towards the Sea of Reeds. The intent of The Words 'At That Time' are based upon what happened then and each year on the same Day since.

This Day was the Day following the rebellion. This is The Day they went up the mountain to fight the Amalekites and Canaanites. They were crushed! See Deuteronomy Chapter One. The last Verse in Deuteronomy Chapter One shares a very important nugget of Time with us.

Devarim 1.46

: וַתֵּשְׁבוּ בְקָדֵשׁ יָמִים רַבִּים כַּיָּמִים אֲשֶׁר יְשַׁבְתֶּם

Deuteronomy 1.46

[ת - SIGN] So you abode in Kadesh many Days, [Years] like the days [Years] you lived there [elsewhere].

Again The Letter ת Tav appears in the Word וַתֵּשְׁבוּ to inform us to give a diligent search for in depth meaning. The intent is for us to discover that B'nei Yisroel dwelt in Kadesh for 19 years and wandered for 19 years. Ha Torah Informs us that the Time they dwelt was like the number of years when they wandered.

10 Av 2487 FC

Deuteronomy 2.14

And the Days from our leaving Kadesh-Barnea, until we came over the brook Zered, was thirty-eight years; until all the generation of the men of war had perished from the camp, as the Lord swore to them.

The Thirty-Eight Years were measured to the exact Day which was The Day after the 9th of Av. Remember that it was on the 9th of Av that the spies returned. Ten spies shared an evil report. B'nei Yisroel rebellied. This was Thirty-Eight Years from the next day. In addition to the text presented thus far Holy Scripture Informs us 'all the generation of the men of war had perished from the camp'. On The Eighth of Av the remaining men of war, about 15,000 dug their graves for the final time knowing they were the only ones left from the original 600,000 men of that generation. That night each of the remaining men of war perished from the Camp of B'nei Yisroel. The following morning was 10th of Av 2487 FC.

After the last man of war died It was 'At That Time' The Word of The Lord was fulfilled. 'all the generation of the men of war had perished from the camp, as the Lord swore to them.'

After the last man of war had died, Yisroel was divested of them. Their children were trained for war. They were ready to defeat Sicon and Og. 'At That Time' is in reference to the final Day of the completion of the thirty-Eight Years in which The people who rebelled died.

There are Two Gematrias relating to The Number Thirty-Eight.


Haw Ay Vehl / The mourning The Lamenting

ה5 א1 ב2 ל30 = 38

Each Year on the 9th of Av during the Thirty-Eight Year span of Judgment on those men who rebelled there was a great deal of mourning and lamenting as thousands died year after year. There was great bemoaning, bewailing, weeping and sadness as B'nei Yisroel revisited the 9th of Av each year.


Yee Vih Coo / To Mourn To Weep To Bewail

י10 ב2 צ20 ו6 = 38

1 Nissan 2487 FC

B'nei Yisroel arrives at Kodesh at the border to Edom.

10 Nissan 2487 FC

Miriam the sister of Moses and Aharon dies in a gentle, tranquil manner. It was like a kiss from The Creator. Miriam was buried there.

1 Av 2487 FC - Aharon Dies on Mt Hor - Numbers 33.38 - 39

30 Av 2487 FC - B'nei Yisroel 30 Days of Mourning for Aharon ends. - Numbers 20.29

B'nei Yisroel defeated Sicon and Og. Moses.

7 Adar 2448 FC Moses our Teacher dies.

Here are five questions for reflection. Those seeking course credit please post the answers or send answers to Dr_Akiva_Gamliel@bnti.us - SUBJECT BOX - Pasted ONLY these words in the subject box. these words.

1. Define בָּעֵת Baw Ayt.

2. What is the significance of the following dates?

22 Sivan

29 Sivan

9 Av

10 Av

3. When did the Thirty-Eight Years begin and end?

4. What did we learn about The Sanhedrin and the Seventy Elders?

5. How can we apply the lessons in this discussion to our own lives?


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