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ב ' ח


Genesis Chapter by Chapter

Genesis 1.1 - 31

The Revealed Light - 1


Bereisheit Limood

Weekly Genesis Video 1 


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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Course Text Begins Here:


A Taste Of Torah - Bereisheit Limood

Bereisheit 1.1 - 31

The Revealed Light 

 אֶת־הָאוֹר

Eht Haw Ohr

א1 ת400   ה5 א1 ו6 ר200 = 613


There are 613 Observances written within The Five Books of Moshe, Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. These Observances were at that time Given to all. 2448 years later the 613 Observances of Ha Torah were separated from the people of the world, i.e. the B'nai Noach for The People of Israel Bnei Yisroel to follow. How do we know this? 


The Lord God Gave the revelation on Day One when He Said, 'Let My Light be Revealed'. At that time His Revelation was to all creation. In next week's Bereisheit Limood we will learn how Observances of Ha Torah were Given.


Bereisheit 1.1 - 4

בְּרֵאשִׁית בָּרָא אֱלֹהִים אֵת הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֵת הָאָרֶץ:

  וְהָאָרֶץ הָיְתָה תֹהוּ וָבֹהוּ וְחשֶׁךְ עַל־פְּנֵי תְהוֹם וְרוּחַ אֱלֹהִים מְרַחֶפֶת עַל־פְּנֵי הַמָּיִם:  

וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים יְהִי־אוֹר וַיְהִי־אוֹר:  ד

וַיַּרְא אֱלֹהִים אֶת־הָאוֹר כִּי־טוֹב וַיַּבְדֵּל אֱלֹהִים בֵּין הָאוֹר וּבֵין הַחֹשֶׁךְ:  ה 

וַיִּקְרָא אֱלֹהִים ׀ לָאוֹר יוֹם וְלַחֹשֶׁךְ קָרָא לָיְלָה וַיְהִי־עֶרֶב וַיְהִי־בֹקֶר יוֹם אֶחָד: פ  ו 

Genesis 1.1 - 4 

In the beginning God Created everything from Aleph to Tav of the heaven and everything from Aleph to Tav of the earth. 2  And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And The spirit from God Moved upon the face of the waters. 3  And God Said, Let everything from Aleph to Tav of My Light Be Revealed] and there was light. 4  And God Saw the light, that it was good; and God Divided the light from the darkness. 5  And God Called the light Yom / Day, [56 / 616] and the darkness He Called Law Yih Lah Night, [75] And there was evening and there was morning, One Day. 


One cannot pretend to know the first five Verses of Ha Torah.  An unknown amount of time is represented here. 


1.) We know that The Creator Revealed everything of His Light and of His Darkness. All Revelation is contained in Ha Torah, i.e. The 613 Observances of Ha Torah.


2. Originally the Light of His Revelation was a mixture of Day Revelations and Night Revelations. 

 

3. The Creator divided the Day Revelations to one location and the Night  Revelations to another location. He divided His Revelation so that Creation would understand the mental / Spiritual difference between Yom / Day Revelation and Law Yih Law / Night Revelation. If you will our Creator organized His Revelation for us. 


4. Even though our Creator divided His Revelation they are all a part of His Revelation. Day Revelations and Night Revelations together are One Revelation. I am saying that at that time  the Day Revelation was like the Light of our daytime and the Night Revelation was like the night of our nighttime.  The Presence of Light existed in the form of God's Revelation and the Presence of Darkness existed in the form of God's Revelation even though there was no sun, moon or stars.  All order and all Creation was established in the Spirit Mind of God. Creation established the Will of the Spirit Mind of God.


Considering thoughts like these can be frightening.  We have just tasted a  smidgen of the unknown.  The above discussion regarding the Revelation of God happened on Day One. The Creation of the sun, moon and stars and daylight and night happened on the Fourth Day. Please note that as we discussed the Revelation of God the Word Create or formed or fashioned does not occur because God's Revelation already existed.


Genesis 1.14 - 19

And God Said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years; And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth; and it was so. And God made everything from Aleph to Tav of two great lights; Everything from Aleph to Tav of the large light to rule the day, and everything from Aleph to Tav of the small light to rule the night; and He Made everything from Aleph to Tav of the stars.  And God Set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness; and God Saw that it was good. And there was evening and there was morning, the fourth day. 


The Word Eht אֵת 

At B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC we define Eht to mean 'Everything from the First Letter of The Aleph Bet, i.e. The א Aleph to the last Letter of The Aleph Bet, i.e. The ת Tav. Why do we do this? We define אֵת as above. When interpreting The Bible there Hermeneutical Rules. These are rules which scholars follow to interpret The Bible. One Hermeneutical Rule requires us to examine the very first usage of the Word in The Bible. It is also good yo examine the second and third usages of the text in question to see if a patter forms. 


First usage is: אֵת הַשָּׁמַיִם  - We believe God Created everything in the Heavens.  So with or without the את we believe this. Yet, the Word את is there for a reason. We at B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC  Teach the reason for the את is to say 'Everything from the First Letter of the Aleph Bet, The א Aleph to the last Letter of The Aleph Bet,  The ת Tav. Nothing is excluded! 


Second usage is: וְאֵת הָאָרֶץ - We believe God Created everything in the Earth.  So with or without the את we believe this. Yet, the Word את is there for a reason. Again, we at B'nai Noach Torah Institute Teach the reason for the את is to say 'Everything from the First Letter of the Aleph Bet, The Aleph to the last Letter of The Aleph Bet,  The ת Tav. Nothing is excluded!


So we translate 'In the Beginning God Created everything from Aleph to Tav of the Heavens and Everything from Aleph to Tav of the Earth...'


Third usage is אֶת־הָאוֹר Eht Ha Orh, i.e Everything from aleph to Tav of His Revelation. In addition to the first three usages is references for additional discussion.


The Bahir

Aryeh Kaplan The Bahir ( Lanham, Maryland, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers) 1st edition, 2004 pp 108, 109


Bereishis Vol. I(b)

Rabbi Meir Zlotowitz and Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Artscroll Tanach Series - Bereishis Vol. I(b) (Brooklyn, New York: Mesorah Publications, Ltd. 3rd Impression, 1989)

ב ' ח


Genesis Chapter by Chapter

Genesis 2.1 - 25

The First Observance - 2


Bereisheit Limood

Weekly Genesis Video1


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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Course Information

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Course Text Begins Here:

The First Observance

Within The Ha Torah there are 613 Mitzvot / Observances. Last week in Chapter 1 we discussed the 613 Mitzvot. Let's review briefly. Notice the Words  אֶת־הָאוֹר Eht Haw Ohr meaning 'My Revealed Light'. The Gematria is 613.

 אֶת־הָאוֹר

Eht Haw Ohr

א1 ת400   ה5 א1 ו6 ר200 = 613


Of the 613 Mitzvot Some of the Observances are only for The High Priest. Some of the Observances are for Priests, i.e. the sons of Aharon.  Some of the Observances are only for The Levites.  Some of the Observances are only for the farmers and the property owners.  Some of the Observances are only for men. Some of the Observances are only for women. Some of the Observances are only for hunters.  Some of the Observances are only for animals, birds, fish, trees and plants.  Some of the Observances are only for giving Offerings.  Some of the Observances are only for the Holy Temple. Some of the Observances are only for The Land Of Israel.  Some of the Observances are for those who are not Jewish. Regardless, these 613 Observances were given to guide and direct our lives.


Originally the Creator Gave just one Observance to Adam and Eve. Do you know which Observance it was?  Do not steal! Our Creator Said to Adam and Eve, 


Genesis 2.16

And the Lord God Commanded Ha Adam / Eve, Saying, Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat; But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat of it; for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.


Our Creator did not lay a heavy burden on Adam or Eve. Our Creator Gave them one observance. The observance was a prohibition, i.e. The Creator Said, Do not eat from the tree of knowledge of good and evil. The tree of knowledge of good and evil belongs to me. It does not belong to you. It is forbidden to you.  This is how we train our children. We give them one important responsibility. Then we watch to see how they perform.  Our hope is that they will perform well and that we will be able to give them additional responsibilities as they mature.


Human kind had not sinned prior to stealing from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. Yet, even though Adam and Chavah sinned all was not lost. Chapter 1 concludes with a very important comment from the Lord God, after creation was concluded and after Adam and Eve sinned. The Creator Said, Behold it was very good.


Genesis 1.31

And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.


How could the Creator say this?  Our Sages Teach that seven things were created before the world. They are: The Torah, Repentance, the Garden of Eden, Gehenna, the Throne of Glory, the Temple, and the name of the Messiah, Nedarim 39b.  This means that both Adam and Chavah did 

teshuvah, i.e. they acknowledged their sin, they turned away from their sin, they made a plan to not repeat their sin, they reversed their sinful action and they offered restitution. This is how the Lord God could say, 'Behold, it was very good.' God Willing in the following Chapter we will discuss How One Receives Forgiveness for Sin.


In Chapter 2 we learn that embedded in Genesis 2.16 are Seven Observances The Creator Gave for every Human to follow.  One may ponder, where are these observances? I can understand questions like these. Are Sages Teach that the Lord God Created this world with Ten Utterances. Can you imagine, everything being created in our entire universe  from just Ten utterances?  It is possible to ask the same question when reading Genesis Chapter 2.16. We are very big on keywords. These are words that are very very important. In Genesis Chapter 2.16 there is a keyword which is like the door to a very large research.


Bereisheit 2.16

וַיְצַו יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהִים עַל־הָאָדָם לֵאמֹר מִכֹּל עֵץ־הַגָּן אָכֹל תֹּאכֵל:


Genesis 2.16

And He, The Lord God Commanded, to Haw Adam meaning both Adam and Chavah...


This is the first time in the Bible that we read the word Vah Yih Tzvah, וַיְצַו meaning 'To Command'. It is at this place and location that our Creator Games Seven Laws to all humanity.  We know this because of the Word צַו.  Humankind violated the Seven Laws often. So when we as a people cannot Observe 1 Command as in Adam and Chavah or Seven Commands as in the descendants of Cain and the people of the flood age how could our Creator Share all 613 Observances? Then came Noach a perfect man in his generation, his son Shem and his great great grandson Eiver.  Shem and his great Grandson formed the first Torah Academy, i.e. The School of Shem and Eiver. They taught Ha Torah to Avraham / Abraham, Yitzchok / Isaac and Yaakov / Jacob. Their descendants would receive Ha Torah in 2,448 on Mount Sinai. How do we know this? The Gematria of וַיְצַו  is 112. This is the same Gematria number of בָּעָם Baw Awm meaning The People of Israel. וַיְצַו Vah Yih Tzvah is the first usage of the Word Command.  בָּעָם Baw Awm is the first usage. 


 וַיְצַו 

Vah Yih Tzvah / And the Command

ו6 י10 צ90 ו6 = 112


 בָּעָם 

Baw Awm / 

Through the People / by The People / With The People

ב2 ע70 ם40 = 112


ב ' ח


Genesis Chapter by Chapter

Genesis 3.1 - 24

Individual And Group Accountability - 3


Bereisheit Limood

Weekly Genesis Video 1 and Video 2


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

 Order Class Textbook


Course Information

Every course at B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC is FREE

 for those who do not have the means to pay.  Give


Course Text Begins Here:

We will try to review four areas in Genesis 3.


First  is a discussion on  who the serpent was and does the serpent pose danger today as then?  We discuss why the serpent was NOT Suton / Satan, i.e. the devil. We discuss the role the Creator has mapped out for Suton.


Bereisheit 3.1

 וְהַנָּחָשׁ הָיָה עָרוּם מִכֹּל חַיַּת הַשָּׂדֶה אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהִים וַיֹּאמֶר אֶל־הָאִשָּׁה אַף כִּי־אָמַר אֱלֹהִים לֹא תֹאכְלוּ מִכֹּל עֵץ הַגָּן:  ב


Genesis 3.1

Now the serpent was more subtle than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made... And he said to the woman, Has God said, you shall not eat of every tree of the garden?


Let's compare  עָרוּם the word subtil... clever to עֲרוּמִּים naked. The plural for  subtil... clever... is עֲרוּמִּים which is also the spelling for naked. STOP! Who was naked? They were both naked. What is the point? עֲרוּמִּים naked is plural for  עָרוּם subtil... clever... 


Bereisheit 2.25

 וַיִּהְיוּ שְׁנֵיהֶם עֲרוּמִּים הָאָדָם וְאִשְׁתּוֹ וְלֹא יִתְבּשָׁשׁוּ:


Genesis 2.25

And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.


The point is that they were naked... they were exposed... they were uncovered... Yet could they have been subtle... clever... shrewd... crafty...prudent... deliberate... foxy...?



Second is a discussion on accountability. Who is accountable for taking the fruit from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil?  

Is the Serpent responsible? 

Is Eve / Chavah responsible?

Is Adam responsible?

Are all responsible?


Adam was present for the entire conversation.


Bereisheit 3.1-5

וְהַנָּחָשׁ הָיָה עָרוּם מִכֹּל חַיַּת הַשָּׂדֶה אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהִים וַיֹּאמֶר אֶל־הָאִשָּׁה אַף כִּי־אָמַר אֱלֹהִים לֹא תֹאכְלוּ מִכֹּל עֵץ הַגָּן:  ב וַתֹּאמֶר הָאִשָּׁה אֶל־הַנָּחָשׁ מִפְּרִי עֵץ־הַגָּן נֹאכֵל:  ג וּמִפְּרִי הָעֵץ אֲשֶׁר בְּתוֹךְ־הַגָּן אָמַר אֱלֹהִים לֹא תֹאכְלוּ מִמֶּנּוּ וְלֹא תִגְּעוּ בּוֹ פֶּן תְּמֻתוּן:  ד וַיֹּאמֶר הַנָּחָשׁ אֶל־הָאִשָּׁה לֹא־מוֹת תְּמֻתוּן:  ה כִּי יֹדֵעַ אֱלֹהִים כִּי בְּיוֹם אֲכָלְכֶם מִמֶּנּוּ וְנִפְקְחוּ עֵינֵיכֶם וִהְיִיתֶם כֵּאלֹהִים יֹדְעֵי טוֹב וָרָע:  ו 


Genesis 3.1-5

 Now the serpent was more subtle than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman [WIFE], Has God Said, you shall not eat of every tree of the garden? And the woman said to the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden; But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, you shall not eat of it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die. And the serpent said to the woman, surely you shall not die; For God knows that in the day you eat of it, then your eyes shall be opened, and you shall be as gods, knowing good and evil. 


Should we consider the serpents choice and number of Words? YES! Why? Nothing is by chance. The serpent was subtle... clever... shrewd... crafty...prudent... deliberate... foxy...? The number of Words are highlighted in Yellow. The serpent spoke 26 Words to the Wife of Adam. The Gematria of Yud Kay Vav Kay. This is the Gematria of the Holy Name of the Lord.  


י ה ו ה


י10  -  ה5  -  ו6  -  ה5  = 26

Chavah did not stop the conversation with the serpent.  Chavah did not use her authority over the serpent. Chavah listened. Chavah reasoned. Chavah did not consult with her husband.


Genesis 3.6

And when the woman [WIFE] saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit, and ate, and gave also to her husband with her; and he ate. 


1. The Wife saw that the tree of knowledge of good and evil was good for food...

2. The Wife saw that the tree of knowledge of good and evil was pleasant to the eyes

3. The Wife saw that the tree of knowledge of good and evil was a tree to be desired to make one wise,


Adam did not stop the conversation. Adam did not intervene. Adam did not use his authority over the serpent. Adam listened. Adam watched. Adam did not consult with his wife nor advise her. 'Chavah took, i.e. she stole of its fruit, and ate, and gave also to her husband with her; and he ate. 


Each are individually responsible and each are responsible as a group. Ha Torah is Teaching individual responsibility and group responsibility it this life story.


This should raise many questions about human and group behavior. Should Adam her husband spoke up? Should he have intervened? Should he have done something? Ha Torah does not say, Adam saw that the tree of knowledge of good and evil was good for food... or that  Adam saw that the tree of knowledge of good and evil was pleasant to the eyes or that Adam saw that the tree of knowledge of good and evil was a tree to be desired to make one wise.  Adam was standing right there with Chavah. Chavah's eyes were opened first. She realized that she was naked first. Yet, Chavah gave to Adam and he ate of the forbidden fruit. He ate of the stolen fruit. 


Dear one, this is exactly how each of us are. We know better. We know what we should be doing. We know that what we are about to do is wrong yet, we do it anyway... 


Third we discuss clothing.

There is NO PLACE in The Bible that says The Lord God sacrificed animals to cover Adam and Chavah. The Bible does not say anything about the Lord God shedding the blood of any animal. 'The Lord God made coats of skins, and clothed them.'  The Lord God took the skin of the serpent and combined that with the wool of sheep and goats to provide coats for Adam and Chavah.   עוֹר Ohr means skin.



Bereisheit 3.21

 וַיַּעַשׂ יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהִים לְאָדָם וּלְאִשְׁתּוֹ כָּתְנוֹת עוֹר וַיַּלְבִּשֵׁם: פ 


Genesis 3.21

For Adam and for his wife the Lord God made coats of skins, and clothed them. 


In Chapter 1 we learned about אֶת־הָאוֹר 'The Lord's Revealed light through the 613 Observances of Ha Torah. We discussed the Word אוֹר Ohr meaning Light. When Adam and Chavah sinned their Glorious Shekinah which covered them departed. leaving them unclothed... The aura... the light... the shekinah they once enjoyed was now gone. In place of the Ohr / Light the Lord God made coats of עוֹר skins, and clothed them. 


Our Sages Teach that one may interchange the Letters א Aleph and ע Ayin. When we interchange the Letter Aleph for Ayin in  אוֹר Ohr meaning Light it becomes  עוֹר skins. The Gematria changes from 207 to 276. The difference between them is 69. אוֹר Ohr is a Spiritual cover.  עוֹר Ohr is a skin covering. אוֹר Ohr represents a nearness to The Lord. עוֹר Ohr represents a greater distance from The Lord God. This is the result of our parents sin. סוּג Soog means to withdraw, to retreat, to move back, to recede. The Gematria of   סוּג Soog is 69.


 סוּג

Soog / withdraw, to retreat, to move back,

ס60 ו6 ג3 = 69



ב ' ח

Genesis 4.1 - 26

How God Forgives Sin

Improve - A Discussion About Salvation

  Video 1 and Video 2 and Video 3


Bereisheit Limood

Weekly Genesis VIDEO 


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

 Order Class Textbook


Course Information

Every course at B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC is FREE

 for those who do not have the means to pay.  Give



Course Text Begins Here:


This discussion is predicated upon Genesis 3 discussion about individual and group accountability when Adam and Eve sinned.  Some teach that when Adam Ha Reshon {the first man} and Eve Ha Reshonah {the first lady, Eve} sinned that they brought a blood offering. NOT TRUE! 


G-d Provided a skin covering from the shed serpent's skin and combined the serpent's skin with woven goats hair and woven wool  from lambs to Clothe and provide a covering for Adam and Eve.  The Lord God Did Not Shed blood from animals.   


Animal sacrifices did not begin until after the flood of Noach. For the first 1,647 years prior to the flood animals were not sacrificed. Every being was vegetarian. Taking the life of an animal was forbidden! (Genesis 9.2-5) The Tributes  of Cain and Able in Genesis 4.3 - 5 are often translated 'offerings' yet No animal life was taken. מִנְחָה Mee Nih Chawh is the Word many mistakenly translate as Offering. Yet, Minchah is a Gift a Tribute. The act of taking an animals life was not done during the first 1,648 years. There were no animal offerings and  no animal sacrifices. There were only tributes and gifts.

How do we know Able did not offer a blood sacrifice?  They did not build an altar because they were prohibited from slaughtering animals, (R' Yosief Kimchi; Tur). Rabbi Meir Zlotowitz and Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Artscroll Tanach Series - Bereishis Vol. I(a) (Brooklyn, New York: Mesorah Publications, Ltd. 3rd Impression, 1989), p 145


In Genesis 4.3 - 5 many translators incorrectly say they brought an offering to The Lord. Cain and Able brought a Tribute to The Lord. It is for reasons like this that translators MUST be so very careful because one incorrect translation can give the wrong impression!! The jump from Offering to Sacrifice is easy to make. The jump from Tribute to Sacrifice is not. This is how misunderstandings begin. This is how pseudo doctrines begin.


Bereisheit 4.4

וְהֶבֶל הֵבִיא גַם־הוּא מִבְּכֹרוֹת צֹאנוֹ וּמֵחֶלְבֵהֶן וַיִּשַׁע יְהֹוָה אֶל־הֶבֶל וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ1:1


Genesis 4.4

And Abel also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of rich cream of it. And the Lord had respect for Abel and for his offering;


מִנְחָתוֹ

Mee Nih Chaw Toh / His Offering

מ40 נ50 ח8 ת400 ו6 = 504


לָדַעַת

Law Dah Aht / to know for sure...

Genesis 3.22 - humankind knows for sure the difference between what is right and what is evil...

ל30 ד4 ע70 ת400 = 504


Bereisheit 3.22

וַיֹּאמֶר ׀ יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהִים הֵן הָאָדָם הָיָה כְּאַחַד מִמֶּנּוּ לָדַעַת טוֹב וָרָע וְעַתָּה ׀ פֶּן־יִשְׁלַח יָדוֹ וְלָקַח גַּם מֵעֵץ הַחַיִּים וְאָכַל וָחַי לְעֹלָם:  כג 

Genesis 3.22

And the Lord God Said, Behold, the man [meaning Adam and Eve] has become like one of us [meaning other Spiritual Beings having the ability] to know for sure [what is] good and [what is]evil; and now, what if he puts forth his hand, and takes also from the tree of life, and eats, and lives forever; 


As we read Genesis 4. 1-7 please pay careful attention to the highlited Words. 


Bereisheit 4.1 - 7

וְהָאָדָם יָדַע אֶת־חַוָּה אִשְׁתּוֹ וַתַּהַר וַתֵּלֶד אֶת־קַיִן וַתֹּאמֶר קָנִיתִי אִישׁ אֶת־יְהוָֹה:  ב וַתֹּסֶף לָלֶדֶת אֶת־אָחִיו אֶת־הָבֶל וַיְהִי־הֶבֶל רֹעֵה צֹאן וְקַיִן הָיָה עֹבֵד אֲדָמָה:  ג וַיְהִי מִקֵּץ יָמִים וַיָּבֵא קַיִן מִפְּרִי הָאֲדָמָה מִנְחָה לַיהוָֹה ד וְהֶבֶל הֵבִיא גַם־הוּא מִבְּכֹרוֹת צֹאנוֹ וּמֵחֶלְבֵהֶן וַיִּשַׁע יְהֹוָה אֶל־הֶבֶל וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ ה וְאֶל־קַיִן וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ לֹא שָׁעָה וַיִּחַר לְקַיִן מְאֹד וַיִּפְּלוּ פָּנָיו:  ו וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָֹה אֶל־קָיִן לָמָּה חָרָה לָךְ וְלָמָּה נָפְלוּ פָנֶיךָ:  ז הֲלוֹא אִם־תֵּיטִיב שְׂאֵת וְאִם לֹא תֵיטִיב לַפֶּתַח חַטָּאת רֹבֵץ וְאֵלֶיךָ תְּשׁוּקָתוֹ וְאַתָּה תִּמְשָׁל־בּוֹ: 


Genesis 4.1 - 7

And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bore Cain, and said, I have acquired a man from the Lord.   And she again bore his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.  And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground a Tribute to the Lord.   And Abel also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat of it. And the Lord had respect for Abel and for his Tribute;  But for Cain and for his tribute He did not have respect. And Cain was very angry, and his countenance fell.  And The Lord said to Cain, Why are you angry? and why is your countenance fallen?  If you improve, you shall be accepted. and if you do not well, sin lies at the door. And to you shall be his desire, and yet you may rule over him. 


Cain, the older brother of Able gave a Tribute of spoiled flax seed to the Creator. It is understandable that Cain's / Cain's Tribute was rejected by the Lord! Cain's Tribute was NOT from the best of his vegetarian produce. Cain's Tribute was not from the first fruits of his vegetarian produce. Cain's offering was NOT rejected because it was vegetarian. It was rejected because of Cain's stubbornness, stinginess and very poor choice for a Tribute to the Creator. 

Able's Tribute was NOT a blood offering!! The Torah portion of the Bible says Able's Tribute was from the very best of his firstborn flocks. Our Sages Teach this means Able brought the finest spun wool. Able brought the finest cream and cheese. Able's Tribute was accepted because of the correct attitude in which he gave his Tribute to The Lord. 

Midrash Tanchumah states,  Cain's offering consisted of poor quality flax seed.  [Cain offered] inferior produce as a sacrifice, taking the best for himself. (Eitz Yosef} Avrohom Davis, Metsudah Midrash Tanchuma Bereishis 1 (Monsey, NY Eastern Book Press Inc. 2005) p50


Our attitude of giving to the Lord must be proper

Bereisheit 4.3 

וַיְהִי מִקֵּץ יָמִים וַיָּבֵא קַיִן מִפְּרִי הָאֲדָמָה מִנְחָה לַיהוָֹה1:

Genesis 4.3 

And it happened in the process of many days that he, Cain / Cain brought from the fruit of the ground a Tribute to The Lord. 

Cain brought his Tribute to the Place of the future Altar of the Bet Ha Mikdosh / The Holy Temple. This was the most Holy Place outside Gan Eden. It is the place where our Creator Took from the dust of the ground to form the body of Ha Adam. Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Stone Edition The Chumash Travel Size (Mesorah Publications, Ltd., Brooklyn, N.Y. 2001), p. 39 

Bereisheit 4.4 

וְהֶבֶל הֵבִיא גַם־הוּא מִבְּכֹרוֹת צֹאנוֹ וּמֵחֶלְבֵהֶן וַיִּשַׁע יְהֹוָה אֶל־הֶבֶל וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ:

Genesis 4.4 

And Able / Able, He brought from the firstlings / the first born of his sheep and  from the fat [the choice of / the cream from the milk and cheese, and He, The Lord Had Regard to Able and to His Tribute. 

Bereisheit 4.5 

וְאֶל־קַיִן וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ לֹא שָׁעָה וַיִּחַר לְקַיִן מְאֹד וַיִּפְּלוּ פָּנָיו1:

Genesis 4.5 

And to Cain's and to his Tribute there was no respect and he, Cain was angry towards [himself], and His face showed great disappointment. 

What is the difference between the Tributes? 

1.) Cain did NOT bring a choice Tribute. 

2.) Cain did NOT bring a Tribute from the first of . מִבְּכֹרוֹת .his crops, i.e 

Think of Cain like this. If a friend were to tailor a shirt for you out of left over scraps it maybe a nice shirt but it came from scraps. No matter how nice our scraps maybe and no matter how beautiful we can transform our scraps the fact remains we do not give our scraps to The Lord the Creator of The Universe as Cain did. Compare the difference. If this taylor went into a fine fabric store and purchased the finest and most costly materials with the intent of using his / her's greatest tailoring skills to design and produce the best possible shirt this would be what Able did and what Cain did NOT do. Now let's put this in perspective a little more. I have heard the stories of many children whose parents took cloth from grain sacks and made them nice clothing. I understand. At that time they could not afford more. This was NOT the situation with Cain. He could have afforded to give the best crop to the Creator but did not. Cain could have prepared and planned his Tribute instead of throwing something together for the Creator of the Universe. Cain was unwilling to give or spend. He was not generous. He was stingy. He was stubborn. He was unwilling to open his hand to the Creator let alone the poor and destitute. If one will not select the best, plan and prepare for the Creator and Judge of the Universe then what will that one do for those who are the least? Cain's lack of generosity was a sin. Cain was disrespectful to the Creator. Cain's gift was garbage. Our Sages Say Cain offered as his Tribute spoiled flax seed. This was a sin! Can we now understand why Cain's offering was rejected? Cain had issues with acknowledging and honoring the Creator. Cain's thoughts and actions were sinful.

Genesis 49.3 

Reuvein /Reuben, you are my firstborn, my strength, and my initial vigor, foremost in rank and foremost in power. 

Yaakov described why the firstborn is the choice. The first born is the cream of the crop. So in a similar way we can understand that one of the issues with Cain is he was stingy. He did not want to give the Creator anything of value. He wanted to give the Creator something that he no longer had use for. 

Let's discuss the meaning of what Ha Torah Able brought from the very best of the first born sheep.

Able brought a choice Tribute. The Word Voo May Cheh Lih Vay Hehn is deep וּמֵחֶלְבֵהֶן because of it's meaning. The root Word has several meanings which apply in this Verse. Able brought a choice Tribute. Why was Able's Tribute considered a choice Tribute? First is because Able gave serious thought to his selection. Able's Gift to the Lord was not thrown together. Able's gift was contemplated, planned and carefully prepared. There are grades of cream, cheese and wool. Able's flocks were separated. Separation is a form of Holiness! The Bih Cohr, first born of Able's cattle were בְּכֹר separated from the other cattle. The quality of the produce from the first born cattle were graded and separated. This is a higher step of holiness. Then the highest quality of the produce was carefully prepared by Able to present as a Tribute to The Lord. Able prepared the finest cream, butter, cheese and wool. This was the highest step of separation / Holiness. It was for these reasons that Able's Tribute was honored and selected. It was not a sick mangy runt or from the poorest produce from his flocks. Ha Torah equates a firstborn to the Words Yaakov / Jacob Spoke to Reuvein his first born. Let's examine his words to get a better idea of the Scriptures intent regarding a first born. 

One could also say rich cream or the fat of the Tribute because the spelling for rich cream and animal fat is the same. Yet we know it was not an animal sacrifice because the Word Minchato tells us this was a Tribute and therefore was not meat.


Abel kept his sheep chiefly for their wool (besides milk), for killing animals and eating them was forbidden... But why did the Torah say twice over, 'to Cain and to his offering and to Able and to his offering?'  We can explain this on the basis of Chazal's comment that [G-d Did Not] allow Adam to kill beasts or to consume their flesh. (He [Permitted] it only in Noah's time.)  Rabbi Zalman Sorotzkin, Insights In The Torah - Bereishis (Brooklyn, NY: Mesorah Publications, Ltd. First Edition, 1991), p33



What did The Creator Say to Cain?

The Creator Said, 'If you improve there is forgiveness..' Genesis 4.7 So we see the plan to receive forgiveness is to simply 'Improve'. However, part of improving is acknowledging the mistake. Take ownership for doing wrong. Cain would not take ownership for his sin. Therefore sin lay at his door and it consumed him. He died in his sins. He entered eternity in defiance to his sin. He perished!


Noach brought a 'Burnt Offering'. This is identified by the Word עלת Oh Loht which represents it was a bird or animal. When the Word Minchah is used it is not an animal. When the Word Oh Lam or Oh Loht are used it is an animal sacrifice.


Stone Edition

But if his means are insufficient for two turtledoves or for two young doves, then he shall bring, as his guilt-offering for that which he sinned, a tenth-ephah of fine flour for a sin-offering; he shall not place oil on it nor shall he put frankincense on it, for it is a sin-offering.  He shall bring it to the Kohen, and the Kohen shall scoop his threefingersful as its memorial portion and shall cause it to go up in smoke on the Altar, on the fires of Hashem; it is a sin offering.  The Kohen shall provide him atonement for the sin he committed regarding any of these, and it will be forgiven him; and it shall belong to the Kohen, like the meal-offering. Vayikra 5.11-13


King James Version

But if he be not able to bring two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, then he that sinned shall bring for his offering the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering; he shall put no oil upon it, neither shall he put any frankincense thereon: for it is a sin offering. Then shall he bring it to the priest, and the priest shall take his handful of it, even a memorial thereof, and burn it on the altar, according to the offerings made by fire unto the LORD: it is a sin offering. And the priest shall make an atonement for him as touching his sin that he hath sinned in one of these, and it shall be forgiven him: and the remnant shall be the priest's, as a meat offering. Leviticus 5.11-13



New International Version

" 'If, however, he cannot afford two doves or two young pigeons, he is to bring as an offering for his sin a tenth of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering. He must not put oil or incense on it, because it is a sin offering.  He is to bring it to the priest, who shall take a handful of it as a memorial portion and burn it on the altar on top of the offerings made to the LORD by fire. It is a sin offering. In this way the priest will make atonement for him for any of these sins he has committed, and he will be forgiven. The rest of the offering will belong to the priest, as in the case of the grain offering.' " Leviticus 5.11-13


 When man follows Ha Torah, Ha Torah atones for man.  How do we know this?  The Gematrias are the same.  The Torah is Perfect.  The Torah can and does atone for man.  So in the Observance of Torah we see the portrayal of atonement for man.


Vayikra 1.1 - 2 

וַיִּקְרָא אֶל־מֹשֶׁה וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָֹה אֵלָיו מֵאֹהֶל מוֹעֵד לֵאמֹר1:1 דַּבֵּר אֶל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם אָדָם כִּי־ יַקְרִיב מִכֶּם קָרְבָּן לַיהוָֹה מִן־הַבְּהֵמָה מִן־ הַבָּקָרוּמִן־הַצֹּאןתַּקְרִיבוּאֶת־קָרְבַּנְכֶם: ג 

Leviticus 1.1 - 2 

And He Called to Moses, and the Lord Said, to him from the Tent of Witness Saying, Speak to the People of Israel and say to them if Adam, [a man] among you brings an Offering to the Lord from animals, from the cattle, and from the sheep you shall bring everything from Aleph to Tav of your offering. 


The ָןבּרְקָ Karbon / Offering is offered at a particular place. How do we know this? '...if Adam, [a man] among you brings an Offering to the Lord...' The Offering is brought to The Lord. Where is The Lord? The Lord Spoke to Moshe from the Tent of Witnesses. Any where will not do! In Leviticus the offering is offered at the entrance to the Mishkon / the Tabernacle. This is the place where the Presence of the Lord dwells. This teaches us that there is a place for our offerings. Before offerings were made at the entrance of the Holy Tabernacle offerings were made at the place of our formation. Tributes were originally made at the place where the Lord God Formed Adam and Eve from the dust of the ground. Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Stone Edition The Chumash Travel Size (Mesorah Publications, Ltd., Brooklyn, N.Y. 2001), p.  


Remember!


Vayikra 1.1 - 3

וַיִּקְרָא אֶל־מֹשֶׁה וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָֹה אֵלָיו מֵאֹהֶל מוֹעֵד לֵאמֹר:  ב דַּבֵּר אֶל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם אָדָם כִּי־יַקְרִיב מִכֶּם קָרְבָּן לַיהוָֹה מִן־הַבְּהֵמָה מִן־הַבָּקָר וּמִן־הַצֹּאן תַּקְרִיבוּ אֶת־קָרְבַּנְכֶם:  ג


Leviticus 1.1 - 3

And He Called to Moses, and He the Lord Said, to him from the Tent of Witness Saying, Speak to the People of Israel and say to them [if Adam] If a man among you brings an Offering to the Lord from animals, from the cattle, and from the sheep you shall bring everything from Aleph to Tav of your offering.


אָדָם כִּי־יַקְרִיב

[if Adam] If a man among you brings...

א1 ד4 ם40 כ20 י10 י10 ק100 ר200 י10 ב2 =397


מִן־הַבָּקָר

From the cattle

מ40 ן50 ה5 ב2 ק100 ר200 = 397


Originally all the animals belonged to Adam. Our Sages point to Adam's ownership of all animals. Leviticus 1.2 is a reflection on Adam's ownership because it Says, '...if Adam among you brings...' We translate this is as '...if a man among you brings...' because we understand we must gain ownership of the animals from Adam. The second Gematria brings this point a little closer with the Words, 'From his animals'. Adam used to own the animals but now they are from some else's flock. The Torah Says 'from his animals'. This speaks of the ownership. Yet, Adam offered matzah. He brought Unleavened Bread to the Lord as his Tribute.


Individuals who have believed sin can only be forgiven with a blood sacrifice may now be entangled in confusion because the Truth of Genesis 4.3 - 5 is being revealed. Lets return to what David Said.


Psalms 51.17 - 19 / KJV - Psalms 51.15 - 17

'Oh Lord open my lips that my mouth may declare Your Praise. For You do not desire a sacrifice, else I would give it; a burnt offering You do not want. The Sacrifices God Desires are a broken Spirit; a heart broken and humbled, Oh God, You will not despise...'


King David Said, 'For You do not desire a Sacrifice, else I would give it; a Burnt Offering You do not want. King David is specifically speaking about a Sacrifice for his sin. He is speaking about a Burnt Offering for his sin. Dear

ones bringing a Sacrifice or a Burnt Offering does not eradicate one's sins. An individual may bring all the Sacrifices and Burnt Offerings they desire and they will NOT remove any sin if the individual is just going through a formality. Sin is forgiven by first being touched by what ones has done that is not correct... that is a mistake... that is an improper behavior... that is a sin... One has a broken Spirit. One realizes their Spirit is broken and needs repair. One is humbled by their improper action by their sin. Then one confesses their mistake to The Lord God, One makes a plan not to repeat their mistake, one offers restitution for their mistake. At this point the sinner is restored. Our Creator Instructed Cain to simply 'IMPROVE'. David taught us to acknowledge our sins to The Lord God. David taught us to be humble, i.e. to confess our errors to The Lord God. This is how sins are forgiven. This is the basis for receiving forgiveness for sin. Now let's examine the basis for this Teaching from Ha Torah.



Bereisheit 8.20

וַיִּבֶן נֹחַ מִזְבֵּחַ לַיהוָֹה וַיִּקַּח מִכֹּל הַבְּהֵמָה הַטְּהֹרָה וּמִכֹּל הָעוֹף הַטָּהוֹר

:וַיַּעַל עֹלֹת בַּמִּזְבֵּחַ

Genesis 8.20

And Noah built an altar to the Lord; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean bird, and offered burnt offerings on the altar.


Bereisheit 46.27

וּבְנֵי יוֹסֵף אֲשֶׁר־יֻלַּד־לוֹ בְמִצְרַיִם נֶפֶשׁ שְׁנָיִם כָּל־הַנֶּפֶשׁ לְבֵית־יַעֲקֹב הַבָּאָה מִצְרַיְמָה שִׁבְעִים:1


Genesis 46.27

And the sons of Joseph, who were born to him in Egypt, were two soul[s]; all the soul[s] of the house of Jacob, who came to Egypt, were seventy.


The point here is the word Soul is used when making reference to two souls and when making reference to seventy souls. two soul are 'One Soul'. Seventy Souls are 'One Soul' This Teaches that we are bound together. We are our brothers1keeper. We share the same bond. We share the same soul. Notice Leviticus 5.1 uses the same Word שֶׁנֶפ Nefesh / Soul as Genesis 46.27. In נֶפֶשׁ Genesis 46.27 all seventy souls are called one single soul. In part this is why on Yom Kippur we plead for our sins the sins our one soul has committed. Our Creator groups us together as if we each shared the same soul. So when we say 'If a soul sins' we are speaking both on an individual basis and a community basis. If one is poor they may gain atonement with an offering of a tenth-ephah of flour. NO BLOOD! Lets examine Leviticus 5.


Vayikra 5.1 - 13

 א וְנֶפֶשׁ כִּי־תֶחֱטָא וְשָׁמְעָה קוֹל אָלָה וְהוּא עֵד אוֹ רָאָה אוֹ יָדָע אִם־לוֹא יַגִּיד וְנָשָׂא עֲוֹנוֹ:  ב אוֹ נֶפֶשׁ אֲשֶׁר תִּגַּע בְּכָל־דָּבָר טָמֵא אוֹ בְנִבְלַת חַיָּה טְמֵאָה אוֹ בְּנִבְלַת בְּהֵמָה טְמֵאָה אוֹ בְּנִבְלַת שֶׁרֶץ טָמֵא וְנֶעְלַם מִמֶּנּוּ וְהוּא טָמֵא וְאָשֵׁם:  ג אוֹ כִי יִגַּע בְּטֻמְאַת אָדָם לְכֹל טֻמְאָתוֹ אֲשֶׁר יִטְמָא בָּהּ וְנֶעְלַם מִמֶּנּוּ וְהוּא יָדַע וְאָשֵׁם:  ד אוֹ נֶפֶשׁ כִּי תִשָּׁבַע לְבַטֵּא בִשְׂפָתַיִם לְהָרַע ׀ אוֹ לְהֵיטִיב לְכֹל אֲשֶׁר יְבַטֵּא הָאָדָם בִּשְׁבֻעָה וְנֶעְלַם מִמֶּנּוּ וְהוּא־יָדַע וְאָשֵׁם לְאַחַת מֵאֵלֶּה:  ה וְהָיָה כִי־יֶאְשַׁם לְאַחַת מֵאֵלֶּה וְהִתְוַדָּה אֲשֶׁר חָטָא עָלֶיהָ:  ו וְהֵבִיא אֶת־אֲשָׁמוֹ לַיהוָֹה עַל חַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר חָטָא נְקֵבָה מִן־הַצֹּאן כִּשְׂבָּה אוֹ־שְׂעִירַת עִזִּים לְחַטָּאת וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַכֹּהֵן מֵחַטָּאתוֹ:  ז וְאִם־לֹא תַגִּיעַ יָדוֹ דֵּי שֶׂה וְהֵבִיא אֶת־אֲשָׁמוֹ אֲשֶׁר חָטָא שְׁתֵּי תֹרִים אוֹ־שְׁנֵי בְנֵי־יוֹנָה לַיהוָֹה אֶחָד לְחַטָּאת וְאֶחָד לְעֹלָה:  ח וְהֵבִיא אֹתָם אֶל־הַכֹּהֵן וְהִקְרִיב אֶת־אֲשֶׁר לַחַטָּאת רִאשׁוֹנָה וּמָלַק אֶת־רֹאשׁוֹ מִמּוּל עָרְפּוֹ וְלֹא יַבְדִּיל:  ט וְהִזָּה מִדַּם הַחַטָּאת עַל־קִיר הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וְהַנִּשְׁאָר בַּדָּם יִמָּצֵה אֶל־יְסוֹד הַמִּזְבֵּחַ חַטָּאת הוּא:  י וְאֶת־הַשֵּׁנִי יַעֲשֶׂה עֹלָה כַּמִּשְׁפָּט וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַכֹּהֵן מֵחַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר־חָטָא וְנִסְלַח לוֹ: ס [שביעי]  יא וְאִם־לֹא תַשִּׂיג יָדוֹ לִשְׁתֵּי תֹרִים אוֹ לִשְׁנֵי בְנֵי־יוֹנָה וְהֵבִיא אֶת־קָרְבָּנוֹ אֲשֶׁר חָטָא עֲשִׂירִת הָאֵפָה סֹלֶת לְחַטָּאת לֹא־יָשִׂים עָלֶיהָ שֶׁמֶן וְלֹא־יִתֵּן עָלֶיהָ לְבֹנָה כִּי חַטָּאת הִוא:  יב וֶהֱבִיאָהּ אֶל־הַכֹּהֵן וְקָמַץ הַכֹּהֵן ׀ מִמֶּנָּה מְלוֹא קֻמְצוֹ אֶת־אַזְכָּרָתָהּ וְהִקְטִיר הַמִּזְבֵּחָה עַל אִשֵּׁי יְהוָֹה חַטָּאת הִוא:  יג וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַכֹּהֵן עַל־חַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר־חָטָא מֵאַחַת מֵאֵלֶּה וְנִסְלַח לוֹ וְהָיְתָה לַכֹּהֵן כַּמִּנְחָה: ס  יד 

Leviticus 5.1 - 13

1  And if a soul sins, and hears the voice of swearing, and is a witness, whether he has seen or known of it; if he does not utter it, then he shall bear his iniquity. 2  Or if a soul touches any unclean thing, whether it is a carcass of an unclean beast, or a carcass of unclean cattle, or the carcass of unclean creeping things, and if it is hidden from him; he also shall be unclean, and guilty. 3  Or if he touches the uncleanness of man, whatever uncleanness it is that a man is defiled with, and it is hidden from him; when he knows of it, then he shall be guilty. 4  Or if a soul swears, pronouncing with his lips to do evil, or to do good, whatever it is that a man shall pronounce with an oath, and it is hidden from him; when he knows of it, then he shall be guilty in one of these. 5  And it shall be, when he shall be guilty in one of these things, that he shall confess that he has sinned in that thing; 6  And he shall bring his guilt offering to the Lord for his sin which he has sinned, a female from the flock, a lamb or a kid of the goats, for a sin offering; and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his sin. 7  And if his means are not sufficient for a sheep, then he shall bring everything from Aleph to Tav for his trespass, which he has committed, two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, to the Lord; one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering. 8  And he shall bring them to the priest, who shall offer that which is for the sin offering first, and wring off its head from its neck, but shall not divide it asunder; 9  And he shall sprinkle of the blood of the sin offering upon the side of the altar; and the rest of the blood shall be wrung out at the bottom of the altar; it is a sin offering. 10  And he shall offer the second for a burnt offering, according to the prescribed order; and the priest shall make an atonement for him for his sin which he has sinned, and it shall be forgiven him. 11  And if his means are not sufficient for the acquisition of two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, then he who sinned shall bring for his offering the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering; he shall put no oil upon it, nor shall he put any frankincense on it; for it is a sin offering. 12  Then shall he bring it to the priest, and the priest shall take his handful of it, a memorial part of it, and burn it on the altar, according to the offerings made by fire to the Lord; it is a sin offering. 13  And the priest shall make an atonement for him in regard to his sin that he has sinned in one of these, and it shall be forgiven him; and the remnant shall be the priest's, as a Meal / Minchah Offering. 


And if his means are not sufficient for a sheep

Today I went online to try and get an idea of how much sheep are selling for.  It has been decades since I lived on a farm and helped the family raise sheep. A young Ewe In the United States, a sheep weighing between 45 to 99 pounds may sell for $275.00. We are not taking into consideration the physical condition of the sheep or it's specific breed. Prices vary a lot. So how often could most of us afford $275.00 for our sins?  How often do we sin? Do we sin daily weekly or monthly? If we could purchase ritual pure sheep for just $100.00 each how much would this cost us? The point is clear.  Many would not be in a position to purchase sheep. This is why Ha Torah offers two turtledoves, or two young pigeons which are more affordable. Yet even $5.00 or $10.00 could be a lot. This is why we may offer a Minchah Offering / A flower Offering. Notice the last two Words of Leviticus 5.13. 


Bereisheit 4.4

וְאֶל־קַיִן וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ לֹא שָׁעָה וַיִּחַר לְקַיִן מְאֹד וַיִּפְּלוּ פָּנָיו:  ו 


Genesis 4.4

And Abel also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat of it. And the Lord had respect for Abel and for his offering;


Vayikra 5.13

 וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַכֹּהֵן עַל־חַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר־חָטָא מֵאַחַת מֵאֵלֶּה וְנִסְלַח לוֹ וְהָיְתָה לַכֹּהֵן כַּמִּנְחָה: ס  י


Leviticus 5.13

13  And the priest shall make an atonement for him in regard to his sin that he has sinned in one of these, and it shall be forgiven him; and the remnant shall be Meal / Minchah Offering. 



מִנְחָתוֹ - Genesis 4. 5


מִּנְחָה - Leviticus 5.15


Having shared this I would like to point out one of the origins for the false teachings regarding blood sacrifice. If one takes a careful look at the book of Hebrews which is part of  The Christian Writings the following is stated:


Hebrews 9:22
And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.


The fact is most sin offering offered by individuals are Minchah Offerings! 


For whatever reason the 'ALMOST' is often missed... I have offered many examples where blood is not required to purge sin as discussed in this chapter. Our concluding point is this our Creator has always had a plan for sin.  The plan is simple. 'IMPROVE!' Our Creator's plan has nothing to do with a savior or murdering a man at Passover. We acknowledge our sin. We make a plan to change. We offer restitution. We improve. When we die we go to heaven. We do not need to worry about hell. Instead we should concern ourselves with Obedience. Judaism places the emphasis on a loving Creator who deeply cares about all His Creation. Everyone is important to the Lord. This is how salvation is received and maintained. 



ב ' ח

Genesis 4.1 - 26

Adam And Chavah Are Equal


Bereisheit Limood Chapter 5

Weekly Genesis VIDEO 


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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Course Text Begins Here:


Genesis 5.1

 זֶה סֵפֶר תּוֹלְדֹת אָדָם בְּיוֹם בְּרֹא אֱלֹהִים אָדָם בִּדְמוּת אֱלֹהִים עָשָׂה אֹתוֹ1:1


This is the Book of Generations of Adam [singular] in the day God Created [singular] Adam [singular]. With [Spiritual] likeness, God made them [plural] .


Genesis  5.2

 זָכָר וּנְקֵבָה בְּרָאָם וַיְבָרֶךְ אֹתָם וַיִּקְרָא אֶת־שְׁמָם אָדָם בְּיוֹם הִבָּרְאָם1:1


Male and Female He Created [plural] and Blessed them [plural] and He Called everything from Aleph to Tav of their name [plural] Adam [singular] in the day they were Created [plural].


Adam and Eve were created in one physical body [then separated later the same day]. They were Created in the Lord God's Spiritual Image as were the Angels. God does not have a physical body. Pharaoh defined this when he said in regards to Joseph, And Pharaoh said to his servants, Can we find such a one as this is, a man in whom the Spirit of God is? Genesis 41.38


The writer John said,

God is a Spirit and they that worship him must worship him in Spirit and in truth, John 4:24.


Genesis 1.26

וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים נַעֲשֶׂה אָדָם בְּצַלְמֵנוּ כִּדְמוּתֵנוּ וְיִרְדּוּ בִדְגַת הַיָּם וּבְעוֹף הַשָּׁמַיִם וּבַבְּהֵמָה וּבְכָל־הָאָרֶץ וּבְכָל־הָרֶמֶשׂ הָרֹמֵשׂ עַל־הָאָרֶ1:1 


And He Said [singular] God [plural] Let us Make Adam in our image [plural] in our likeness [plural] and let them rule [plural] fish in the waters and birds in the heavens and with all animals in the earth and with all creeping on the earth.


Who was God Speaking with?  The Sages say the Angels.  


Genesis 1.27

וַיִּבְרָא אֱלֹהִים ׀ אֶת־הָאָדָם

בְּצַלְמוֹ בְּצֶלֶם אֱלֹהִים בָּרָא

 אֹתוֹ זָכָר וּנְקֵבָה בָּרָא אֹתָם1:1


And He [singular], God [plural] Created [singular] everything from the Letter Aleph to the Letter Tav of Ha Adam / the man [singular] in His Form [singular] in His Form [singular] God [plural] Created [singular] them [plural] male / masculine and female / feminine He Created [singular] them [plural].


Here we Observe that God Created [singular]. They did not create anything.


Genesis 2.27

וַיִּיצֶר יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהִים אֶת־הָאָדָם

 עָפָר מִן־הָאֲדָמָה וַיִּפַּח

 בְּאַפָּיו נִשְׁמַת חַיִּים וַיְהִי

 הָאָדָם לְנֶפֶשׁ חַיָּה1:1 

And He [singular] The Lord [singular] God [Plural - used as singular] Formed [singular] everything from Aleph to Tav of Ha Adam / Adam and Eve from dust of the ground and He [singular] blew into the nostrils the Soul of Life and it happened Ha Adam / The Man became a living Soul.


The Midrash Says, Adam's physical creation was twofold, male and female in one body.  In front he was a man, but attached to him in back was a woman. Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says (Brooklyn, New York:  Benei Yakov Publications 1980), p. 33


Right from the beginning God Created 'mankind' male and female, with equal Godliness and of equal worth.  Neither was more in the likeness of God than the other, both were given the same Blessing by God, both together were given the name 'Adam'...And He Called them Man on the day they were created - i.e., He Called both of them Man - including Eve - because her formation was from the man, individually, however, she was called Eve (R. Meyuchas).


Harav David Cohen points out that male and female components were originally created in the single body of Adam (Eruvin 18a).  Thus, when God Named him Adam, it was implicit that his female part - which was later to become a separate human being - was also called Adam, because male and female were two halves of one whole. Rabbi Meir Zlotowitz and Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Artscroll Tanach Series - Bereishis Vol. I(a) (Brooklyn, New York: Mesorah Publications, Ltd. 3rd Impression, 1989), p 167


R' Yirmiyah ben Elazar Said... - The first man [Adam] had, i.e. he was created with two facial figures.  The back was later separated to form the first woman, Eve...  - As it states (Psalms 139.5) [From the] back the front You Have Formed me.


The Gemara cites a dispute concerning the appendage from which Eve was fashioned...

It is Written (Genesis 2.22): Then the Lord, God, built the side that He Had Taken from the man into woman...  Rav Shmuel disputed the meaning of this verse... - One Said the side referred to was a figure, i.e. man was created as a double figure, a male figure and a female figure joined back to back.  The female figure was later removed to form Eve. Talmud - Eruvin 18a

(Genesis 5.2) He Created them male and female, which indicates  that humans were created from the very first both male and female...


The Gemara Explains:

This verse can be explained as [taught by] R' Abahu... For R' Abahu contrasted the two Verses:


[1] He Created them male and female, referring to man's creation in the plural, indicating that both man and woman were created at the same time; but it is also written...


[2] In the image of God He Created him, referring to man's creation in the singular, [possibly] indicating that only man was created originally, not woman... [In actuality the one [Eve] was fashioned from the first [one Adam]]. 


Genesis 2.18

וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהִים לֹא־טוֹב הֱיוֹת

הָאָדָם לְבַדּוֹ אֶעֱשֶׂה־לּוֹ עֵזֶר כְּנֶגְדּוֹ1: 1


And the Lord God Said it is not good for Ha Adam [ the man - which at that time include Adam and Eve ] to be alone.  I will fashion a help mate like [him] opposite [him].  


Wife / Ee Shaw

אעשה

 אשה


To Make to Fashion 

עשה

אעשה


The Hebrew Letter ע Ayin Represents sight or insight... Our Creator Formed the wife with sight / insight. 


The word Eeh Shaw meaning wife has the Letter Aleph א which may be exchanged for the Letter ע Ayin. One must question the use of the word him when we know in fact it is them.  Adam and Eve are in one shared body that is referred to as him in Genesis 5.1, 2.


We see that our Creator Endorses some separation of husband and wife.  He Separated them. He Created them.


Originally Adam and Eve were one body and one soul.  Then they were divided.  They were separated.  Up until this point we know they were in agreement or they could not function.  However after they were separated they each had their own individual choices.  The Word כְּנֶגְדּוֹ Cih Neg Doh means like him [but] opposite of him.  This means Eve was opposite of him sexually.  This also means that Adam was like Eve and that Eve was like Adam.  She was created like him.  HOWEVER if Adam would stray from the original Adam, i.e. the created Adam, then Eve would no longer be like the strayed Adam she would be opposite him. 


Genesis 2.21

וַיַּפֵּל יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהִים ׀ תַּרְדֵּמָה עַל־הָאָדָם וַיִּישָׁן וַיִּקַּח אַחַת מִצַּלְעֹתָיו וַיִּסְגֹּר בָּשָׂר תַּחְתֶּנָּה1: 1

The Lord God Caused a deep sleep to fall on Ha Adam, the man. [Both Adam and Eve were asleep.  Both were not conscious.]  the Lord God Took from the being... the double figure that was Ha Adam, [i.e. Adam and Eve] and closed the flesh in its place.


When our Creator Takes a woman from a man there is a wound left afterwards. The Torah Says that [He] closed over the flesh in its place. Anytime a couple separates there is a wound.  The man has a wound and the woman has a wound. Make no mistake there is a wound that requires closing. The time required for closing is different for each of us.  The Word  וַיִּסְגֹּר Vah Yee Sih Gohr means to lock, to close, to shut, to enclose, to bolt shut...  When a relationship ends when togetherness ends when sharing ends, when loving ends IT IS PAINFUL!!  The flesh must be closed over.  


This next part is AMAZING!! It is תַּחְתֶּנָּה Tah Chih Teh Nawh meaning to close over.  However the translation does not explain what is at the core of closing over.  The shoresh (root) of  תַּחְתֶּנָּה Tah Chih Teh Nawh is חתן Chah Tawn meaning to wed.  The point is that marriage heals the wound of what one has lost.  So while one requires sometime to adjust after being separated from one's mate the real closing of separation comes with MARRIAGE of a new mate - not a relationship. A man needs a wife for balance. A woman needs a husband for balance. Together husband and wife possess the ability to be equal.


Genesis 2.22

וַיִּבֶן יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהִים ׀ אֶת־הַצֵּלָע אֲשֶׁר לָקַח

מִן־הָאָדָם לְאִשָּׁה וַיְבִאֶהָ אֶל־הָאָדָם1:1 


And He, the Lord God, Built everything from the Letter Aleph to the Letter Tav from the side that He took from Ha Adam into [the most beautiful] wife and brought her to Adam [the man no longer the couple].


Our Creator who fashioned Eve built from everything from the Letter Aleph to the Letter Tav from the side that He took from Ha Adam.  The result had to be the best of the best.  We notice from the Gematria of 68 for the Word וַיִּבֶן Vah Yee Vehn meaning, to build up. By building up the the material He took from Adam our Creator provided חַיִּים Chah Yeem meaning Life, and יָחֹן Yaw Choon meaning Favor, Beauty, and חֲכַם Chah Cahm meaning Wisdom to Eve.  This was not just for Eve's benefit. It was for all of our good.  Our Creator Breathed Life into lifeless clay then our Creator fashioned life out of Adam's side.

וַיִּבֶן 

Vah Yee Vehn

And He Built

ו6 י10 ב2 ן50 = 68


חַיִּים

Chah Yeem

Life

ח8 י10 י10 ם60 =68 


יָחֹן

Yaw Choon

Favor Or Beauty

י10 ח8 ן50 = 68


Dear Ones both Adam and Eve were created equal.  Both were Created at the same time. Both Adam and Eve came from the same body. The body changed when the Lord God Took Eve from Adam. At the time of their separation Adam needed a wife and Eve needed a husband.  Neither was equal any longer. Adam needed what Eve had and Eve needed what Adam had. Together they were equal. Separated neither were equal! The flesh from where they were separated needed to be closed over and was healed. This happened when Adam and Eve wed. 


May each mate within marriage be sensitive to the other.  May each mate seek out the advice of their mate.  May each of us realize the great value and blessing of our mate!


ב ' ח

Genesis 6.1 - 26

What's In A Name? What's In A Word?


Bereisheit Limood Chapter 6 

Weekly VIDEO 1  &  VIDEO 2

By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

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Course Text Begins Here:

What's In A Name? What's In A Word?


Bnai Elohim / Sons of God


In our textbook we discus The Lord God and the angels Shamchazzi and Azael discussing man.  Angels are required to do exactly as the Creator Wishes. On the other hand, humankind has free will and chooses either to do the Wishes of the Lord God or to do something else. Shamchazzi and Azael were saying how easy it was for humankind. They wanted to prove they could live as humans and not sin... At their request the Lord God Granted that they  could have Free Will and that they could live on earth with humankind. In the Gematria for this chapter we Observe how they failed...


Psalms 8.5 - 7

What is man, that you are mindful of him? And the son of man, that you visit him?  For you have made him a little lower than the angels, and have crowned him with glory and honor.   You made him to have dominion over the works of your hands; you have put all things under his feet; 


Bereisheit 6.1,2

 א וַיְהִי כִּי־הֵחֵל הָאָדָם לָרֹב עַל־פְּנֵי הָאֲדָמָה וּבָנוֹת יֻלְּדוּ לָהֶם:  ב וַיִּרְאוּ בְנֵי־הָאֱלֹהִים אֶת־בְּנוֹת הָאָדָם כִּי טֹבֹת הֵנָּה וַיִּקְחוּ לָהֶם נָשִׁים מִכֹּל אֲשֶׁר בָּחָרוּ:  ג


Genesis 6.1,2

 And it came to pass, [the descendants of] Ha Adam sexually profaned, to increase [their way] on the face of the earth, daughters were born to them. And they the sons of God [Shamchazzi and Azael] saw everything from Aleph to Tav of the daughters of  [the descendants of] Ha Adam For they were good; and they took for themselves as wives from all they chose.



בְנֵי־הָאֱלֹהִים

Bih Nay   Haw Elokim

ב2 נ50 י10  ה5 א1 ל30 ה5 י10 ם40 = 153


וְהֶעֱוִינוּ

Vih  Heh Eh Vee Nu

To do iniquity

ו6 ה5 ע70 ו6 י10 נ50 ו6 = 153


First the descendants of Ha Adam, i.e. the children of Adam and Eve did evil. They sexually profaned.


Second, the sons of God, i.e.  the angels Shamchazzi and Azael took human wives and and sinned with them. They mixed angelic seed with human seed. Strange children were born. And in so doing they brought destruction upon the entire earth.


ב ' ח

Genesis 7.1 - 24

God's Might As Seen In The Gematria of 617 & 762

Bereisheit Limood Chapter 7

Weekly Video 1 & Video 2 & Video 3


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

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Psalms 117

O Praise the Lord, all you nations; praise him, all you peoples. 2  For his loving kindness is great toward us; and the truth of the Lord endures for ever. Hallelujah!


The World as know before the Noach Flood was about to change drastically. The Lord God Selected eight individuals from among millions to replenish humankind on earth.  Can we imagine what it was like for Noach and His Wife, sons and daughter-in-laws?  The entire world... all other humans had become corrupt... evil... violent... They rejected our Creators directives. They did what they choose. They were very evil...  I cannot imagine how unruly it was. I cannot imagine how humankind could be so very evil and corrupt.  They were so evil they had to be destroyed. There were so rotten they would perish when the entire earth was flooded.  


Yet, we know that 'Noach did all that the Lord Commanded him.' Noach and his wife, his sons and his daughter-in-laws were different!! They did not live like the other people in the world. They were different. They lived righteously in the face of evil everyday. They remained separated from the world. They were Obedient to the Observances given to them by the Lord God. They did not allow the evil in the world to influence them to sin or do evil. They proclaimed righteousness and obedience in the face of much violence and evil. The faced combative destructive forces and yet remained honest, righteous, pure, holy and faithful to The Lord God and each other.


In our world so many different thoughts... doctrines... religious beliefs exist. Originally the world was in agreement in their beliefs. How is it so many differences exist?


This reminds me of king David spoke of his wondering and of his tears in Psalms 56.9.  He Said,  You have kept count of my wanderings; put my tears into your bottle. Are they not in your book? In Genesis 7.5 we are reminded of our Creator's accounting... of His Book.


Psalms 56.9

נֹדִי סָפַרְתָּה אָתָּה שִׂימָה דִמְעָתִי בְנֹאדֶךָ הֲלֹא בְּסִפְרָתֶךָי 


בְּסִפְרָתֶךָ

Bih Sae Feh Raw Teh Kaw / In Your Book

ב2 ס60 פ80 ר200 ת400 ך20  = 762


נֹחַ כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּהוּ יְהוָֹה:

Noach   Cih Chohl   Ah Shehr   Tzee Vaw Hoo   HaShem

Noach did all that The Lord Commanded him.

נ50 ח8  כ20  כ20  ל30  א1 ש300 ר200  צ90 ו6 ה5 ו6  י10 ה5  ו6  ה5 =  762


Bereisheit 7.5

וַיַּעַשׂ נֹחַ כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּהוּ יְהוָֹה:  ו 

Genesis 7.5

And he, Noach did all that The Lord Commanded him.


The Book of Jasher / Yasher speaks of how Noach and his family were treated.


Bereisheit 9.8 - 19

 וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים אֶל־נֹחַ וְאֶל־בָּנָיו אִתּוֹ לֵאמֹר:  ט וַאֲנִי הִנְנִי מֵקִים אֶת־בְּרִיתִי אִתְּכֶם וְאֶת־זַרְעֲכֶם אַחֲרֵיכֶם:  י וְאֵת כָּל־נֶפֶשׁ הַחַיָּה אֲשֶׁר אִתְּכֶם בָּעוֹף בַּבְּהֵמָה וּבְכָל־חַיַּת הָאָרֶץ אִתְּכֶם מִכֹּל יֹצְאֵי הַתֵּבָה לְכֹל חַיַּת הָאָרֶץ:  יא וַהֲקִמֹתִי אֶת־בְּרִיתִי אִתְּכֶם וְלֹא־יִכָּרֵת כָּל־בָּשָׂר עוֹד מִמֵּי הַמַּבּוּל וְלֹא־יִהְיֶה עוֹד מַבּוּל לְשַׁחֵת הָאָרֶץ:  יב וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים זֹאת אוֹת־הַבְּרִית אֲשֶׁר־אֲנִי נֹתֵן בֵּינִי וּבֵינֵיכֶם וּבֵין כָּל־נֶפֶשׁ חַיָּה אֲשֶׁר אִתְּכֶם לְדֹרֹת עוֹלָם:  יג אֶת־קַשְׁתִּי נָתַתִּי בֶּעָנָן וְהָיְתָה לְאוֹת בְּרִית בֵּינִי וּבֵין הָאָרֶץ:  יד וְהָיָה בְּעַנֲנִי עָנָן עַל־הָאָרֶץ וְנִרְאֲתָה הַקֶּשֶׁת בֶּעָנָן:  טו וְזָכַרְתִּי אֶת־בְּרִיתִי אֲשֶׁר בֵּינִי וּבֵינֵיכֶם וּבֵין כָּל־נֶפֶשׁ חַיָּה בְּכָל־בָּשָׂר וְלֹא־יִהְיֶה עוֹד הַמַּיִם לְמַבּוּל לְשַׁחֵת כָּל־בָּשָׂר:  טז וְהָיְתָה הַקֶּשֶׁת בֶּעָנָן וּרְאִיתִיהָ לִזְכֹּר בְּרִית עוֹלָם בֵּין אֱלֹהִים וּבֵין כָּל־נֶפֶשׁ חַיָּה בְּכָל־בָּשָׂר אֲשֶׁר עַל־הָאָרֶץ:  יז וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים אֶל־נֹחַ זֹאת אוֹת־הַבְּרִית אֲשֶׁר הֲקִמֹתִי בֵּינִי וּבֵין כָּל־בָּשָׂר אֲשֶׁר עַל־הָאָרֶץ: פ [ששי]  יח וַיִּהְיוּ בְנֵי־נֹחַ הַיֹּצְאִים מִן־הַתֵּבָה שֵׁם וְחָם וָיָפֶת וְחָם הוּא אֲבִי כְנָעַן:  יט שְׁלֹשָׁה אֵלֶּה בְּנֵי־נֹחַ וּמֵאֵלֶּה נָפְצָה כָל־הָאָרֶץ:  כ 


Genesis 9.8 - 19

 And God spoke to Noah, and to his sons with him, saying, 9  And I, behold, I establish my covenant with you, and with your seed after you; 10  And with every living creature that is with you, of the bird, of the cattle, and of every beast of the earth with you; from all that go out of the ark, to every beast of the earth. 11  And I will establish my covenant with you; nor shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood; nor shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth. 12  And God said, This is the sign of the covenant which I make between me and you and every living creature that is with you, for everlasting generations; 13  I set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a sign of a covenant between me and the earth. 14  And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloud; 15  And I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh. 16  And the bow shall be in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth. 17  And God said to Noah, This is the sign of the covenant, which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the earth. 18  And the sons of Noah, who went out of the ark, were Shem, and Ham, and Japheth; and Ham is the father of Canaan. 19  These are the three sons of Noah; and from them was the whole earth peopled. 


After the world was destroyed and was renewed with life The Lord God established His Covenant.


הַבְּרִית

Hah Bih Reet / The Covenant

ה5 ב2 ר200 י10 ת400 = 617


   אִישׁ  

Eesh Man / Husband

א1 י10 ש 300 = 311


    אִשָּׁה

Eesh Shawh Woman / Wife

א1 ש300 ה5 = 306


617 = 311 + 306


Mystically we observe that the Covenant is with man / woman. The covenant is with the man and woman that observes the Mitzvot of Ha Torah. This means the man, i.e. the husband and the woman, i.e. the wife have a correct relationship with their unified covenant with The Lord God.



Psalms 117

O Praise the Lord, all you nations; praise him, all you peoples. 2  For his loving kindness is great toward us; and the truth of the Lord endures for ever. Hallelujah!

 

ב ' ח

Genesis 8.1 - 22

The Raven and The Dove

Bereisheit Limood Chapter 8

Weekly Video 1 &  Video 2


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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Genesis 8.7

And he sent forth everything from aleph to Tav of 'the raven', which went forth to and fro, until the waters were dried up from off the earth.


The Sages Teach three sinned by copulating on the Tava the Raven, The Dog and Chum. Noach was dis satisfied with the Rave so he sent hime out. The Raven is an unclean bird. His mate was left to fend for the little ones... The Raven complained, What will happen if I die? Who will care for my mate and the little ones. How will the world be repopulated with us? 

What does all this Gematria concerning the Raven mean?  The Raven who is the most intelligent of  species aside from humans who is black sinned at night by copulating. We see the Raven's sin in the Gematria 277. The Raven 277 gave seed 277 and the Raven sinned 277.


The Raven and Crow are called by the same name.


הָעֹרֵב

The Raven

ה5 ע70 ר200 ב2 = 277


זֶרַע

Seed

ז7 ר200 ע70 = 277


עָבְרָה

Aw Vih Raw, Meaning Sin

ע70 ב2 ר200 ה5  = 277


עֵזֶר 

Aizer - Helper

ע70 ז7 ר200 = 277


The Dove


הַיּוֹנָה

Ha Yoh Naw, [Jonah] meaning The Dove 

ה5 י10 ו6 נ50 ה5 = 76


עֶבֶד

Eh Vehd, meaning Servant

ע70 ב2 ד4 = 76


The dove is humble and willing to serve where as the Raven is a predator. The Dove is the symbol of the Spirit of purity and serving. The Raven is the symbol of darkness and sin. The Raven has the potential to help as when the Ravens fed the great Novie Prophet bread. The point to this discussion is the Raven was put out because of his sin. The Dove was asked to serve because of his willingness to purify. The Dove circled the Tava. The Doves action represent the world was purified from sin. The Dove returned with an Olive twig. This is a symbol of Holiness and purity and peace. The flood was the purification. The Raven was sent out first. This is like the night is black with sin. Later the Dove was sent out. This is like the world is cleansed, i.e. purified and has again retuned to spirituality.


ב ' ח

Genesis 9.1 - 28

Vegetarians Until 1657 From Creation

Bereisheit Limood Chapter 9

Bereisheit Limood Video 1


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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Spiritual sensitivity is important in each of our lives. This sensitivity is especially noted in in the food we eat. What foods do we eat? How is the food prepared? During the first 1,657 years humans were vegetarians. Meat, poultry and fish were not part of our diet. Fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, grains, roots and grasses were our diet. Humans cared for livestock to enjoy cream, milk, cheese and eggs. People lived hundreds of years. People did not age. Yet, when our spirituality should have been at the highest peek it was the worst time on earth. Humankind were extremely sinful. After this generation perished in the Noah Flood The Lord God permitted humans to eat meet, poultry and fish with certain exceptions. There are clean animals, birds, fish and crawling things and there are unclean animals, birds, fish and crawling things.


Genesis 7.2 - 3

Of every clean beast you shall take to you seven pairs, the male and his female; and of beasts that are not clean one pair, the male and his female. 3  Of birds also of the air by seven pairs, the male and the female; to keep seed alive upon the face of all the earth. 


From these Instructions we can see things were about to change. Before the flood humans and animals had a relationship of harmony. After the flood this relationship changed when The Lord God permitted humans to consume meet, poultry and fish life. Now animals could be killed and eaten. The animals that were killed and eaten were clean animals.


Genesis 9.2 - 3

And the fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every bird of the air, upon all that moves upon the earth, and upon all the fishes of the sea; to your hand are they delivered. 3  Every moving thing that lives shall be food for you; even as the green herb have I given you all things. 


Genesis 9.5 - 6

And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of man. Whoever sheds man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed; for in the image of God he made man.


Our Creator Instructs Noah and his sons not to consume blood.


Genesis 9.

But flesh with its life, which is its blood, you shall not eat. 




Last week when we discussed the Raven and the Dove I mentioned that martial relations were suspended while on the ark. 


Genesis 7.5 - 7

And Noah did according to all that the Lord commanded him. And Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters was upon the earth. And Noah went in, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons' wives with him, into the ark, because of the waters of the flood.


Genesis 8.16

Go out from the ark, you, and your wife, and your sons, and your sons' wives with you.


We know who went into the Ark so why did our Creator Say to Noah  you, and your wife, and your sons, and your sons' wives? Our Sages Teach the purpose is to show marital relations on the Ark were interdicted. After leaving the Ark God Blessed Noach and his sons and said to them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, Genesis 9.1... Cohabitation had been forbidden, Sanhedrin - Notes 108b.


Genesis 9.1

God blessed Noah and his sons, and said to them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth. 


Genesis 9.7

And you, be fruitful, and multiply; bring forth abundantly in the earth, and multiply in it. 


ב ' ח

Genesis 10.1 - 28

Speaking Through The Generations


Bereisheit Limood Chapter 10

Bereisheit Limood Video 1


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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The world tdol]woT] {Toh Lih Dot} meaning 'generations' speaks to each of us. The Gematria is 840. The Torah Says, These are the generations of Noah, Shem, Ham and Japhet. How does the generations of Ham speak to us? How does the generations of Japhet speak to us? The fact is that The Torah for the most part follows the generations of Shem. It is the generations of Shem that speak to us. The generations of Ham and Japhet are mentioned here through Chapter 11. At the conclusion of Chapter 11 Avram and Sarai are introduced. So it is important to understand that The Torah for the most part covers the descendants of Shem. It is Shem that is the chosen.


Why then does The Torah Say these are the descendants of Noah if for the most part only the descendants of Shem are discussed? The Torah focuses on the hope for humankind. The Torah is clearly Saying the hope for humankind comes through the descendants of Shem.


In Leviticus 1.2 we see a similar approach. The Torah Records, 

laer...c]yI ynEB]Ala, rBeDæ {Dah Bayr - Ehl Bih Nay - Yees Raw Ayl} meaning Speak to [the] children of Israel. Why is this passage similar? The Gematria is also 840. Leviticus focuses on offerings. There is Israel, Levites and Priests. The function of the Priests is offerings and blessings etc. It is the Kohan (Priest) that is the chosen.


tdol]woT]

Toh Lih Dot / Generations

ת400 ו6 ל30 ד4 ת400 = 840 


laer...c]yI ynEB]Ala, rBeD

Dah Bayr - Ehl Bih Nay - Yees Raw Ayl

Speak To The People Of Israel

840 = t400 r200 l30 d4 t400

840 = l30 a1 r200 c300 y10 - y10 n50 b2 - l30 a1 - r200 b2 d4



ב ' ח

Genesis 11.1 - 32

Bereisheit Limood Chapter 11

Bereisheit Limood Video 1

Misunderstandings


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

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In Chapter 11 our discussion is not just about our Creator confusing the language but about our Creator confusing the meanings of words. We were created with the ability to ORIGINALLY communicate perfectly but God Confused the languages and the words of each language. This is why relationships have communication issues. One's spouse can say one thing and mean one specific thing and it can be received in an entirely different way. This is the result of the languages and words being confused. This is different from how it used to be. Pirkei Avot 5.1 Says, with ten Divine Utterances was the world created... Think of this. With just Ten exact precise utterances God Created everything that exists... This tells us of the strength and exact explicit detailed meticulous meaning one Word used to convey.


When we speak of misunderstandings we are speaking about a failure to understand a communication correctly, i.e. as it was intended. Misunderstandings happen about every second in our world somewhere. They can be pretty challenging to avoid.



Bereisheit 11.1

וַיְהִי כָל־הָאָרֶץ שָׂפָה אֶחָת וּדְבָרִים אֲחָדִים:1

Genesis 11.1

And it was, all the earth was one lip / language {Hebrew} and [all their] words [were] one.


One could also say, And it was, all the earth was all calm... plain... smooth because[all their] words [were] one.

Ha Torah is informing us that the earth was one language. People and animals and other beings did not know what it was like to have diversity of language. So sometime after the flood of Noach but before the birth of Avraham, God confused the language. The descendants of the Tava / Ark observed the transformation of the world from one language to seventy languages. However, it wasn't just the language that was transformed it was the meaning of words. Words were confused! So our discussion in part is about introducing misunderstandings.


The use of the Word שָׂפָה Saw Fawh is interesting for a number of reasons. This is the first usage of Saw Fawh in Ha Torah. We have nothing prior to compare it with. Saw Fawh means calm plain smooth. This is in reference to the language.


The Letters ofשָׂפָה1 Saw Fawh represent power and corruption, mouth and anger, superiority and preciseness. שָׂפָה1 Saw Fawh means [a language that is calm plain smooth and the lip surrounding an opening.


שָׂפָה

Saw Fawh

ש300 פ80 ה5 =385


הָרָקִיעַ

Haw Raw Kee Ah

Haw Raw Kee Ah meaning Firmament.

ה5 ר200 ק100 י10 ע70 = 385


Their goal was to build a tower to reach into the heavens. They wanted to break through the הָרָקִיעַ Haw Raw Kee Ah, meaning Firmament that the Lord God Created to divide the waters in the Heavens from the waters in the Earth. They wanted to break through the Firmament God Established. So what did God do? God confused the languages. God changed what was smooth and calm into confusion. God authored the confusion among words we use. In other words our misunderstandings date back to Babel when God confused the language and the words we use. 

ב ' ח

Genesis 12.1 - 20

Bereisheit Limood Chapter 11

Bereisheit Limood Video 1

Avram's Father, Terach


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

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Terach's business was the sale of idols, and the young Avram did his best to convince people not to buy them. Once it happened that his father had to go on a trip and left Avram in charge of his store. His instructions to his son were, "The bigger the god, the higher the price you charge. If an important person comes in, offer him a big idol; to a lesser customer, give a smaller one." Terach left.


An impressive looking broad shouldered man entered the store. "Give me a big idol as befits my status!" he pompously addressed the boy Avram. Avram handed him the largest idol he could find on the shelves and the man drew a substantial amount of money from his pocket.

"How old are you?" Avram questioned him.

"I am fifty years old."

"And you are not ashamed to worship a god that is only one day old?" Avram asked. "My father just made this one yesterday!" Confused, the man put the money back in his pocket and left.

An old woman entered. She told Avram that thieves had invaded her house during the previous night and stolen her gods.

"Is that so?" Avram asked. "If your gods were unable to protect themselves from the robbers, how do you expect them to protect you?"

"You are right," the woman admitted. "But whom shall we serve?"


"The Greater of heaven and earth who made me and you," Avraham answered. The woman left without buying a god.


Another woman came with a bowl full of flour as an offering for the gods. Avram took an axe and smashed all the idols except the biggest. He placed the axe leaning against the big idol. When Terach returned and saw the havoc in the house, he screamed angrily, "What happened here?"
"Why shall I conceal the truth from you? While you were away, a woman brought some flour as an offering. Each god exclaimed that he wanted to be the first to have it. The biggest was insulted, so he seized an axe and broke all the others!"

"What nonsense is this?" shouted Terach. "You know very well that they neither speak nor move around."

"Is that so?" Avram retorted. "Pray think about what you just admitted. Why then do you serve them?' '

One day it was Terach's turn to conduct the services before the gods in Nimrod's royal palace. Terach took Avram along to the capital. They arrived in Nimrod's palace and found it to contain a large exhibition of gods in gold, silver, copper, wood, and stone.


Terach brought bread and wine and offered them to the gods. "Take them, eat, and drink," Avram said to the idols, "and be appeased." None of the idols moved or answered with a sound.

"You see, they are not worth anything," Avram remarked.

He threw all the idols and shoved them together in a pile. Then he set fire to them and hurriedly fled from the palace.


This could not be ignored any longer. Terach himself, a loyal subject of King Nimrod, reported his son's misdemeanor to the king.


Avram had successfully passed the first trial. He had applied his mind to recognize his Creator and had rejected idol worship.


After reading this conversation it is understandable why the Creator of the Universe Instructed Abraham to leave his place of birth, his relatives and his father.


Dear Ones our discussion begins with our Creator Instructing Avram to leave his place of birth, his relatives and his father house.


Bereisheit 12.1

וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָֹה אֶל־אַבְרָם לֶךְ־לְךָ מֵאַרְצְךָ וּמִמּוֹלַדְתְּךָ וּמִבֵּית אָבִיךָ אֶל־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר אַרְאֶךָּ1:1


Genesis 12.1

And He, The Lord had said to Abram, Go! Get out from your country, and from your family, and from your father's house, to a land that I will show you...


Why does the Bible Say Terach died 60 years before he died?  The Midrash informs us Terach manufactured idols. He stopped manufacturing idols before he died. He eventually returns to The Lord God.


 לֶךְ Lehk means 'Go' and לְךָ Lih Kah means get out! When we drop the zeros of לֶךְ Lehk the Gematria numbers is ה Hey which equals 5.

The 5 represents the Five Books of Moses, i.e. The Torah.


ל30 ך20 = 50 - drop the zeros

ל3 ך2 = 5


I have been placing a strong emphasis upon the number 5. Why? When Abram was Abram, i.e. the Gematria 243 he was not the Father of nations. The Promise from the Creator seemed impossible. However 1 year before the birth of Isaac the Creator changed Abram's name to Abraham. Our Creator added the Letter Hey to Abraham's name. Our Creator added 5 to 243 to equal 248. 248 represents the organs in the body. One could say the Creator healed or added organs that may have been missing or not working correctly.


אַבְרָם

Abram

א1 ב2 ר200 ם40 = 243


אַבְרָהָם

ָAbraham

א2 ב2 ר200 ה5 ם40 = 248


We note another Promise of our Creator to Abram.


Genesis 15.15

You will join your fathers in peace; you will be buried at a good old age.


Rashi Says this verse Teaches that Terach repented from his idol making. It also Teaches that Abraham would die five years before his appointed time. Rabbi Avrohom Davis, The Mesudah Chumash A New Linear Translation Bereishis (Hoboken New Jersey, KTVA Publishing House, Inc., 1991) p 150


The Gematria of Terach is 608 תֶּרַח .

ת400 ר200 ח8 = 608.


What happens when the Letter ה Hey is added to Terach' Name? The Gematria changes to 613. What does 613 represent? 613 represents all the Commands of the Creator. So we see that if the Letter Hey were added to Terach his name would equal 613. And perhaps we would see Terach observing All the Commands including the ones that he formerly violated.


 

ב ' ח

Bereisheit Limood Chapter 13

Genesis 13.1 - 18

Bereisheit Limood Video 1

Traveling Towards The Altar


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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Chapter - 13 Traveling Towards the Altar 


Bereisheit  / Genesis 13.1 - 18


Bereisheit 13.1

וַיַּעַל אַבְרָם מִמִּצְרַיִם הוּא וְאִשְׁתּוֹ וְכָל־אֲשֶׁר־לוֹ וְלוֹט עִמּוֹ הַנֶּגְבָּה1:1


Genesis 13.1

And He, Avram went up from Mitzraim, He and his wife and all that he had, and Lot together they went south.


Bereisheit 13.2

וְאַבְרָם כָּבֵד מְאֹד בַּמִּקְנֶה בַּכֶּסֶף וּבַזָּהָב1:1


Genesis 13.2

And Avram was burdened greatly in cattle in silver and in gold.


This almost has the appearance of a fairy tale. Why? Only a very small number of individuals are wealthy like Avram.  The Word  כָּבֵד Caw Bayd means heavily burdened. Caw Bayd means one is weighted down. Avram was so wealthy that his wealth was an encumbrance to him. It was a troublesome difficulty for him. Avram was over loaded with wealth. Avram was wealth was so great it was oppressive. The Torah portion of the Bible Tells us Avram was greatly burdened in cattle, in silver and in gold. It is difficult for me to imagine being that wealthy. Many of us are on the other side of that coin.  We are burdened with paying bills and earning enough to get by. 


Abraham is a most unique individual. What do I mean?  Adam HaReshon / the first man taught very guarded Torah truths to Chanoch who was taken and to his son Methushelach who taught them to Noach who taught them to his son Shem and to Abraham. The span of lives reached from Adam to Methushelach to Noach to Abraham. The principles Abraham learned from Noach and Shem  greatly strengthened his faith in the Lord. Then Abraham's faith drew him close to the Creator of the universe. 


Abraham was not weighed down with guests or being hospitable. Abraham was not weighed down by his daily hours of Torah study. Abraham was not weighed down by his many daily hours of Teaching his Talmidim. 


We, on the other hand are weighed down with earning a living and as a result it becomes a struggle for us to do as our Father Abraham did. It is a challenge for us to be hospitable.  It is a daily strain to learn Torah let alone the thought of teaching others. We are so different in comparison to Father Abraham. Our Father Abraham was full of Emunah / Faith yet we do not read anything about faith being a weight to Abraham.  We do not read of prayer being a weight to Abraham. Is it possible that we are a little backwards in comparison to Abraham? These areas that the Torah portion of the Bible does not out right mention are mystical. They are hidden.  The Name of our Creator is the Gematria 26. The Gematria of the Word כָּבֵד Caw Bayd meaning  heavily burdened is also 26. The Letters of the Word כַּבֵּד Cah Bayd, meaning to honor are also the same spelling. The vowels are different so the pronunciation is different. 


י-ה-ו-ה

The Lord

י10 ה5 ו6 ה5 = 26


כָּבֵד

Burden down

כ20 ב2 ד4 = 26


יודו

Yoh Doo / Tp praise, to offer thanksgiving

י10 ו6 ד4 ו6 = 26

It is also interesting to note that the names of the Matriarchs and the Patriarchs combined have 26 letters.

אברהם = 5 

יצחק = 4

יעקב = 4 

שרה = 3

רבקה = 4

רחל = 3

לאה = 3

_______


26 


We must ask ourself, what burdens me? Mystically Abraham was burdened with The Lord. Abraham did not seek wealth or honor. Abraham sought The Lord.  Yet Abraham did not consider these a burden. And it is not 'JUST' that Abraham  was burdened with the Lord, i.e burdened with being hospitable, daily Torah study, daily prayer daily education of others IT WAS HOW Abraham went about being burdened with the Lord. 


Our Matriarchs and Patriarchs left us a good path to follow right to the Altar of The Lord...

ב ' ח

Bereisheit Limood Chapter 14

Genesis 14.1 - 24

Bereisheit Limood Video 1

Struggling With Our Nature


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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Bereisheit 14.1

וַיְהִי בִּימֵי אַמְרָפֶל מֶלֶךְ־שִׁנְעָר אַרְיוֹךְ מֶלֶךְ אֶלָּסָר

כְּדָרְלָעֹמֶר מֶלֶךְ עֵילָם וְתִדְעָל מֶלֶךְ גּוֹיִם1:1


Genesis 14.1

And it happened in the days Ahm Raw Phel, king of Shinar...


Who is אַמְרָפֶל מֶלֶךְ־שִׁנְעָר Ahm Raw Phel, king of Shinar? We address this by reviewing Genesis 10.8 Here Ha Torah states, Cush had a son who was named נִמְרֹד Nimrod. In verse 10 Nimrod is identified as being the king in the land of Shinar. Once we put the pieces of these verses together we learn that Nimrod is Ahm Raw Phel.


Why did he change his name from Nimrod to Ahm Raw Phel?


When we examine the name נִמְרֹד Nimrod we observe the first three letters as נ Nun מ Mem ר Reish. They are the three-letter Shoresh / root of the word Nimrod. Naw Mayr means tiger, leopard. When the ו Vav and the ד Dalet are added to Naw Mayr the meaning changes slightly to one who hunts like a tiger or hunter. נִמְרוֹד with the Letter Vav is often how Nimrod is spelled. Today we do not think of a hunter as one who hunts like a tiger yet that is the etymology of the word from Ha Torah for Nimrod. Reuben Alcalay, The Complete Hebrew English Dictionary {Chemed Books Massada 1990} p 1646


Dear Ones, I have observed that the letter י Yud which has the Gematria of ten often has the effect of added strength. When the Letter Yud is added to a word Strength is added. When the Letter Yud is removed from a word strength is removed from that word. As we study the Hebrew of Ha Torah please keep this in mind. I mention this because when we add the Yud to Naw Mayr, meaning tiger, leopard we get Ni May Ree, meaning tigerish or tiger like. The significance of this is that the Gematria of Vav and Dalet combined equal the Yud. So it appears as though the Vav and Dalet added to Naw Mayr have an impact similar to that of the Yud. The Gematria of Nimrod meaning One who hunts like a tiger and the Gematria of Ni May Ree meaning tigerish or tiger-like are each the Gematria of 300.


Nimrod meaning hunter

נ50 מ40 ר200 ו6 ד4 = 300


Ni May Ree meaning tigerish or tiger like

נ50 מ40 ר200 י10 = 300


Inclination

י10 צ90 ר200 = 300


Humans have two inclinations a טוב Tov meaning good and an רע rah meaning evil. Our inclinations can be tiger like...


ב ' ח

Bereisheit Limood Chapter 15

Genesis 15.1 - 21

Bereisheit Limood Video

Prophecy


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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Dear Reader, there is a great deal that happens in Genesis 15 which is especially known as the 'Covenant between the Pieces.' Avram is seventy years old. Sarai is Sixty years old. This was in year 2,018 From Creation. It was their first venture into Eretz Canaan. They would visit then return to Charan. They would leave Charan for the last time in 2,023 From Creation. That is five years away.


In Chapter 15 we learn:


The Lord is Avram's shield - מָגֵן


Avram and Sarai were childless


Avram is told he would have children - Look to the Heavens ... so shall your seed be...


The Lord tells Avram that He delivered him from the fires of the Chaldees...


Avram is instructed to sacrifice...


Avram is informed his seed would be strangers in a land that is not their's and will be afflicted four hundred years...


The Lord will Judge the nation responsible...


His Descendants would come forth with great wealth.


In the fourth Generation they will return to the land...


The Lord and Avram made a covenant.


Avram was informed,


Genesis 15.16

וְאַתָּה תָּבוֹא אֶל־אֲבֹתֶיךָ בְּשָׁלוֹם תִּקָּבֵר בְּשֵׂיבָה טוֹבָה1:1


And you shall go to your fathers in peace;

you shall be buried in a good old age.


Genesis 15 Teaches us about death.


The Lord God offers comfort to Avram. '[Your Soul] shall go to your fathers in peace.'


Let's examine the mysticism of Children.


Bereisheit 15.1

אַחַר ׀ הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה הָיָה דְבַר־יְהוָֹה אֶל־אַבְרָם בַּמַּחֲזֶה לֵאמֹר אַל־תִּירָא אַבְרָם אָנֹכִי מָגֵן לָךְ שְׂכָרְךָ הַרְבֵּה מְאֹד1:1


Genesis 15.1

After these Words, it happened the Word of The Lord came to Avram in a vision [in an ecstatic state] saying, 'Fear not Avram, I am your shield. Your reward is very great'.


Listen, Avram was an astrologer. He could see in the stars that he as Avram and his wife as Sarai would not have children.


בַּמַּחֲזֶה

Our Sages Teach that there are ten designations for prophecy, 

[ נָבוֹאָה ].

ב ' ח

Bereisheit Limood Chapter 16

Genesis 16.1 - 16

Bereisheit Limood Video

Avram Listened To The Voice Of Sarai


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

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Bereisheit 16.1

וְשָׂרַי אֵשֶׁת אַבְרָם לֹא יָלְדָה לוֹ וְלָהּ שִׁפְחָה מִצְרִית וּשְׁמָהּ הָגָר1:1


Genesis 16.1

And Sarai, the wife of Avram, had no children and she had a Egyptian maid servant and her name was Hagar.


At this time Sarai was 75 years of Age and Avraham was 85 years of age. Ha Torah Says Avram was 99 and Yishmael was 13 at the time of their Brit Milah. 13 from 99 equals 86. Avram was 86 when Yishmael was born and 85 when Yishmael was conceived, Genesis 17.24,25.


Bereisheit 16.2

וַתֹּאמֶר שָׂרַי אֶל־אַבְרָם הִנֵּה־נָא עֲצָרַנִ יְהוָֹה מִלֶּדֶת בֹּא־נָא אֶל־שִׁפְחָתִי אוּלַי אִבָּנֶה מִמֶּנָּה וַיִּשְׁמַע אַבְרָם לְקוֹל שָׂרָי


Genesis 16.2

And She, Sarai Said to Avram, Behold! Now! The Lord Has Constrained me from having children. Go, now to my maid servant, it maybe you can build [through her] and he, Avram listened to the voice of Sarai.


I was seeking a ladies perspective on the words וַיִּשְׁמַע אַבְרָם לְקוֹל שָׂרָי so I asked my wife, Brachah Rivkah what her perspective was on these words. Brachah Rivkah wrote several comments:


'Sarai was influenced by the customs of the time and the people whom they were surrounded by.' Society influence's us.


'She Saw that The Lord was restraining her from becoming pregnant because of some failing within her. The act of selflessness was meant to obtain favor from The Lord and in someway "atone" for her failing. Was she right to do this? Should she have waited? I think most people believe she should have waited. But Sarai did not want barriers in her relationship to The Lord. so Sarai took Hagar and gave her to Avram. He did not take Hagar. He received her from Sarai...'


What are your thoughts on this matter?


My close friend Yochanan and I were discussing these words. Yochanan felt like one has to see beyond the words sometimes. He felt like Avram should have prayed about Sarai's Words. He should have talked to The Lord like he did in Genesis 21.12. There we observe several changes. First the words are not לְקוֹל שָׂרָי meaning, 'listen to her voice.'


They are תֹּאמַר אֵלֶיךָ שָׂרָה שְׁמַע בְּקֹלָהּ meaning, 'Sarai, She Said to him, hear meaning in the words.' In other words hear what my heart is saying.


I think this means, hear what is in Sarai's heart... what is in Sarai's mind. Hear the intent of Sarai and not just what she is saying. Don't listen just to the words. Listen to her intent. In Genesis 16.2 Avram listened to the Words Sarai Said. A full month in the Jewish calendar, is thirty days. This is equal to the Letter Lamid.


The moon and its cycle of birth and death are a symbol of rebirth every thirty days. In the sefirot there are ten attributes. Each attribute is an emanation of The Lord God. We study the attributes to learn how to be more like our Creator. One of the ten attributes is Malchut, meaning kingdom. Malchut embodies King David in that he is a King that descended from the kingly tribe of Yehudah / Judah. How? The Gematria of יְהוּדָה Yehudah is 30.


יְהוּדָה

Yehudah

י10 ה5 ו6 ד4 ה5 = 30


This is mystically representative of the Letter ל Lamid and of the month's renewal. In קידוש לבנה which is the service of blessing the new moon we exclaim:


וְלַלְּבָנָה אָמַר שֶׁתִּתְחַדֵּשׁ. עֲטֶרֶת תִּפְאֶרֶת לַעֲמוּסֵי בָטֶן שֶׁהֵם עֲתִידִים לְהִתְחַדֵּשׁ כְּמותָהּ. וּלְפָאֵר לְיוצְרָם עַל שֵׁם כְּבוד מַלְכוּתו: 
בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' מְחַדֵּשׁ חֳדָשִׁים1:1

And He Said of the moon, that it should renew itself like a crown of splendor, as those that are borne [by Him] from the womb, those who are destined to renew themselves [each month] like [like the moon] and to glorify their Creator for the sake of His Glorious Kingdom. Blessed are You Lord Who Renews the months. The Shottenstein Edition Siddur for Weekdays With An Interlinear Translation (Mesorah Publications, Ltd., Brooklyn, N.Y. first edition 2002) p 456


An Adult woman has a monthly cycle. The basic, physically cycle is connected to the lunar month which is the basis of the Jewish calendar.


All of this is represented by the Letter Lamid. Now we connect the Lamid to the voice of Sarai. It is לְקוֹל שָׂרָי which means 'listen to the voice [heart] of Sarai. This is the issue that men have. Husbands listen to the voice of their wife without hearing or understanding what the wife's heart is saying. I think this is why The Lord used the Letter ב Bet in Genesis 21.12 when Speaking with Avraham.


Bereisheit 21.12

וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים אֶל־אַבְרָהָם אַל־יֵרַע בְּעֵינֶיךָ עַל־הַנַּעַר וְעַל־אֲמָתֶךָ כֹּל אֲשֶׁר תֹּאמַר אֵלֶיךָ שָׂרָה שְׁמַע בְּקֹלָהּ כִּי בְיִצְחָק יִקָּרֵא לְךָ זָרַע1:1


Genesis 21.12

And God said to Abraham, Let it not be grievous in your sight because of the lad, and because of your slave; in all that Sarah has said to you, listen to her voice; for in Isaac shall your seed be called.


We see in this Verse the Letter bet three times. Is this an indication that Avraham did not want to see... that Avraham did not want to listen... than Avraham wanted to share between Yishmael and Yitzchok? I don't know. However it is clear that Avraham was torn by what Sarah said. Avraham's heart was crushed. His heart was torn!


I think the point is for men not just to listen to their wife's voice but to hear what is in her heart. The Letter ל Lamid and ב Bet spell לב Lav meaning 'heart'. What is my wife communicating. So, if Avram had heard the heart of Sarah it would not have mattered that Sarai brought Hagar to him to be a wife to give him children. It would not have mattered that this was the custom of society the community. Why? Men must listen to the heart of their wife. The wife says the proper things, the expected thing. Yet the heart may not always agree with the voice. The voice of the wife attempts to put up a good front. The voice of the wife attempts to be pleasing to her husband. Many times a wife says what she thinks her husband whats her to say. The husband must go beyond the voice of his wife to hear her heart. In other words we could ask, is the husband seeking a rubber stamp from his wife? Such an action is normally not the best choice. Although the husband is listening to his Wife's Words he listens with blindness. He is not listening to her heart. The Gematria of לְקוֹל שָׂרָי Lih Kohl Sarai is 676. The Gematria of עוֹרֹת Oh Roht Blindness is also 676.


לְקוֹל שָׂרָי

Lih Kohl Sarai

To hear Sarai's voice

ל30 ק100 ו6 ל30 ש300 ר200 י10 = 676


עוֹרֹת

Oh Roht

Blindness

ע70 ו6 ר200 ת400 = 676

ב ' ח

Bereisheit Limood Chapter 17

Genesis 17.1 - 27

Bereisheit Limood Video

The Perfection Of Abraham


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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When does Avram's name change?

Avram is ninety-six years old and his name is still Avram. In Passuk Hey / Verse 5 Avram's name is changed to Avraham.


Bereisheit 17.1

וַיְהִי אַבְרָם בֶּן־תִּשְׁעִים שָׁנָה וְתֵשַׁע שָׁנִים וַיֵּרָא יְהֹוָה אֶל־אַבְרָם וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו אֲנִי־אֵל שַׁדַּי הִתְהַלֵּךְ לְפָנַי וֶהְיֵה תָמִים1:1


Genesis 17.1

And when Abram was ninety nine years old, the Lord appeared to Abram, and said to him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be perfect.


When we write about the perfection of Avram aren't we really writing about the perfection of each of us? Aren't we really writing about each of us walking before our Creator as The Lord God Instructed Avraham to do? So when I ask questions about what the Lord Meant isn't that directed to a personal level for each of us?


What did The Lord Mean when He Said to Avram, 'Walk before Me and be Perfect' ? Notice the last Word of the Passuk.


תָמִים Taw Meem means honest, innocent, harmless, upright, naive, whole, full, complete, entire, flawless and unblemished...


The Word Taw Meem occurs 54 times in Ha Tenach. The first occurrence is Genesis 6.9 when Ha Torah States 'Noach was flawless in his generation.' The second occurrence of Taw Meem is here in Genesis 17.2. The Gematria of Taw Meem is 490.


In Genesis 15.2 Avram was 70 years old. Ha Torah Records Avram's statement, It is interesting that the tenth Word is עֲרִירִי Ah Ree Ree, meaning childless. The Gematria of עֲרִירִי Ah Ree Ree meaning: childless is 490.


Bereisheit 15.2

וַיֹּאמֶר אַבְרָם אֲדֹנָי יֱהוִֹה מַה־תִּתֶּן־לִי וְאָנֹכִי הוֹלֵךְ עֲרִירִי וּבֶן־מֶשֶׁק בֵּיתִי הוּא דַּמֶּשֶׂק אֱלִיעֶזֶר1:1


Genesis 15.2

And Abram said, Lord God, what will you give me, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my house is this Eliezer of Damascus?


Avram's contention in Genesis 15.2 was 'Lord You have not given me children.' In last chapter's discussion of Genesis 16, Sarai, Avram's wife, had a similar contention. Sarai Said, 'The Lord has restrained me [Sarai] from having children.' Chronologically Genesis 16 is 15 years past Genesis 15.2.


In Genesis 16 Sarai gave Avram her handmaiden, Hagar. Avram was 85 years old at the time. A year later when Avram was 86 years old Yishmael is born. Something changes. Avram is no longer childless. Yet, Sarai remains childless.


תָמִים

Taw Meem / Perfect

ת400 מ40 י10 ם40 = 490


עֲרִירִי

Ah Ree Ree / Childless

ע70 ר200 י10 ר200 י10 = 490


What is the connection between these two Gematrias? What does not having children and walking perfect before The Lord possibly indicate? What did Avram lack? What do we lack? Do children bring about perfection? Do children bring about trials which may lead to perfection? Don't parents look back as grandparents and often say something like wish I knew what I know now today about raising children? I would have done things differently... think of the Words 'Walk before Me'.  This indicates that before a husband and his wife bring children into the world they should work on them selves first so there home will be the place to raise godly children.

ב ' ח

Bereisheit Limood Chapter 18

Genesis 18.1 - 33

Bereisheit Limood Video

Children


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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While reading Genesis 18 one Word really caught my attention this time through on our learning expedition. Please notice the seventh Word of Genesis 18.19.


Bereisheit 18.19

כִּי יְדַעְתִּיו לְמַעַן אֲשֶׁר יְצַוֶּה אֶת־בָּנָיו

וְאֶת־בֵּיתוֹ אַחֲרָיו וְשָׁמְרוּ דֶּרֶךְ יְהֹוָה

לַעֲשׂוֹת צְדָקָה וּמִשְׁפָּט לְמַעַן הָבִיא

יְהוָֹה עַל־אַבְרָהָם אֵת אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּר עָלָיו1:1


Genesis 18.19 '

For I know him, that he will command everything from Aleph to Tav of his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the Lord, to do justice and judgment; that the Lord may bring upon Abraham that which he has spoken of him.


Why did the Word בָּנָיו / Baw Nawv, meaning children catch my attention? First it is because at that time in history Avraham's ONLY child was Yishmael. Yet Ha Torah Records The Lord as Using the Word, בָּנָיו Baw Nawv, 'children.' Baw Nawv occurs five times before Genesis 18.19. Baw Nawv occurs in Genesis 7.7, 13; 8.18; 9.1 and 9.8. Each occurrence means children. The Word Baw Nawv is common. Baw Nawv occurs in 230 Passukim / Verses of Ha Tenach. The first Letter of Baw Nawv is ב / Bet, meaning house. Bet is the second Letter of the Aleph Bet [Hebrew Alpha Bet]. The Letter Bet Represents בית Bah Yeet, meaning House; בראשית / Bereisheit / means in the beginning. ברוך / Baw Rook, means blessings. ברא Baw Raw means to create. בן / Ben means Son and בָּנָיו / Baw Nawv, means children. This is just a very small sampling of what the Letter ב Bet Represents. Mystically we observe the connection to parenting and children. We observe that a good parent tries to build a house from the beginning creating the correct atmosphere for blessings of their children.


Why did The Lord Use the Word בָּנָיו / Baw Nawv? Well.,we cannot second guess the Creator. However we do know that בָּנָיו / Baw Nawv can represent children and grandchildren. בָּנָיו / Baw Nawv can also represent sons. We know that Avraham had eight sons, Yishmael, Yitzchok, Zimran, Yokshon, Medan, Midian, Yishbok and Shuach. Only Yitzchok was the son of the Covenant בָּנָיו / Baw Nawv represents Yitzchok and his children and grandchildren etc. and בָּנָיו / Baw Nawv represents all eight of Avraham's sons. It should not be difficult for us to understand Ha Torah's Intention in the use of the Word בָּנָיו / Baw Nawv. It is clear that The Lord Made direct reference to both Yishmael and Yitzchok and indirect references to the other sons of Avraham. Ha Torah Takes us further than this. Ha Torah Says, אֶת־בָּנָיו / Eht Baw Nawv, meaning everything from Aleph to Tav of Avraham's children and grandchildren. The Word Eht makes this all inclusive. The meaning is all Avraham's sons and their children and their grand children. Baw Nawv is the Gematria 68. Eht - Baw Nawv is the Gematria 469. Yih Tzah Veh - Eht - Baw Nawv is the Gematria of 580. Each Gematria has important associations as all Gematria does.


Now we observe the phrase יְצַוֶּה אֶת־בָּנָיו / Yih Tzah Veh - Eht - Baw Nawv, meaning [Avraham] commanded his children. This phrase brings everything back into focus. The Word, יְצַוֶּה Yih Tzah Veh, meaning he [Avraham] commanded expresses much. We have already discussed this. What did Avraham command his children? Remember back in Genesis 13 entitled Traveling Towards the Altar. There we set the foundation for this discussion. Avraham was a Teacher. Avraham taught his family to observe. In a few chapters we are going to learn how Avraham dealt with children who were rebellious.


Bereisheit 18.19

כִּי יְדַעְתִּיו לְמַעַן אֲשֶׁר יְצַוֶּה אֶת־בָּנָיו

וְאֶת־בֵּיתוֹ אַחֲרָיו וְשָׁמְרוּ דֶּרֶךְ יְהֹוָה

לַעֲשׂוֹת צְדָקָה וּמִשְׁפָּט לְמַעַן הָבִיא

יְהוָֹה עַל־אַבְרָהָם אֵת אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּר עָלָיו1:1

'

For I know him, that he will command everything from Aleph to Tav of his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the Lord, to do justice and judgment; that the Lord may bring upon Abraham that which he has spoken of him.


For every individual who is not of the bloodline of Avraham these three Words are real important. Remember back in Genesis 13 where we expanded upon the 318 servants that were born in Avraham's household? These were Noachides. They were NOT Jewish. Yet they follow observances like Avraham did.


וְאֶת־בֵּיתוֹ אַחֲרָיו / Vih Eht - Bay Toh - Ah Chah Rawv, meaning, and everything from Aleph to Tav of the household of [Avraham]. Why is this so important? It is real important because these three Words include people from all walks of life and of all descents. Ha Torah Recorded that Avraham commanded his household after him.


Bereisheit 18.19

כִּי יְדַעְתִּיו לְמַעַן אֲשֶׁר יְצַוֶּה אֶת־בָּנָיו

וְאֶת־בֵּיתוֹ אַחֲרָיו וְשָׁמְרוּ דֶּרֶךְ יְהֹוָה

לַעֲשׂוֹת צְדָקָה וּמִשְׁפָּט לְמַעַן הָבִיא

יְהוָֹה עַל־אַבְרָהָם אֵת אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּר עָלָיו1:1

Genesis 18.19 '

For I know him, that he will command everything from Aleph to Tav of his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the Lord, to do justice and judgment; that the Lord may bring upon Abraham that which he has spoken of him.


Avraham commanded his children and his household after him, וְשָׁמְרוּ דֶּרֶךְ יְהֹוָה / Vih Shaw Mih Roo, meaning to guard... to keep; דֶּרֶךְ / Deh Rehk, meaning the path... the way... יְהֹוָה / The Lord, meaning of The Lord. How were they to guard the path of The Lord? Remember back a few pages when we discussed Avraham as having 8 sons? Again, there is Yishmael, Yitzchok, Zimran, Yokshon, Medan, Midian, Yishbok and Shuach. Only Yitzchok was the son of the Covenant. There is a point to this. The point is None of Avraham Sons were Jewish. Yet we know that Avraham taught those 318 trained in his own house, Ha Torah. Avraham taught his 8 sons and his two grandsons Ha Torah. He taught them the Way of the Lord. The Sages may differ as to whether Avraham received all 613 Mitzvot of Ha Torah or just the Seven Laws. Yet this Passuk lays a firm foundation for ALL to learn Ha Torah just as Avraham taught others!


Bereisheit 18.19

כִּי יְדַעְתִּיו לְמַעַן אֲשֶׁר יְצַוֶּה אֶת־בָּנָיו

וְאֶת־בֵּיתוֹ אַחֲרָיו וְשָׁמְרוּ דֶּרֶךְ יְהֹוָה

לַעֲשׂוֹת צְדָקָה וּמִשְׁפָּט לְמַעַן הָבִיא

יְהוָֹה עַל־אַבְרָהָם אֵת אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּר עָלָיו1:1


Genesis 18.19 '

For I know him, that he will command everything from Aleph to Tav of his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the Lord, to do kindness and judgment; that the Lord may bring upon Abraham that which he has spoken of him.


לַעֲשׂוֹת צְדָקָה וּמִשְׁפָּט meaning to do justice and judgment; לַעֲשׂוֹת / Lah Ah Soht, meaning to do the work of צְדָקָה / Tzih Daw Kawh Tzedakah meaning charity and וּמִשְׁפָּט / Oov Mee Shi Pawt, meaning Justice. So He, Avraham, Commanded his children and his household after him that they guard the path of The Lord by doing the work of Tzedakah / Kindness and Charity and Justice... Avraham taught Noachides Ha Torah! Did Avraham Teach Noachides the entire Torah? I don't know! Yet, we know Avraham taught Torah!


What is the meaning here? There are children of the bloodline of Avraham who do not 'guard the path of The Lord by doing the work of Tzedakah [Kindness and Charity] and Justice...' and there are disciples of Avraham who do 'guard the path of The Lord by doing the work of Tzedakah [Kindness and Charity] and Justice...' One is born of the bloodline of Avraham the other is born of the Spirituality of Avraham. Both are very important!!


The point is that Avraham was known for doing Kindness, Charity and Justice. Our Sages Teach that Yitzchok looked exactly like Avraham. People could not tell them apart from their looks or from their actions of Kindness, Charity and Justice. Yishmael was unruly. Yishmael was a thief. Yishmael was hated by those around him. See Genesis 16.12. Yishmael may have been from Avraham's bloodline but he did not do the actions of Kindness, Charity and Justice at first. On the other hand Eisov did the Commands at first then rebelled. Remember He [Avraham] commanded his children. As parents and grandparents we know that all of our children may not follow our instructions. It is our responsibility to command, i.e. teach them in the path of The Lord. It is their individual responsibility to Observe these Commands. At first Yishmael did not Observe these commands. Eisov did not Observe these commands after the age of 15. We can only Teach the path of The Lord. We cannot force our children to follow the Path of The Lord. So while they are all our children there is a difference!


Gematria Miluy

בָּנָיו

Baw Nawv, Children

בָּנָיו

בית = 412

בָּנָיו

נ50 ו6 ן50 = 106

בָּנָיו

י10 ו6 ד4 = 20

בָּנָיו

ו6 ו6 = 12


550 = 412+ 106 + 20 + 12


Gematria Regal

שֹׁמְרֵי

Sh Mih Ray

the Guardians

ש300 מ40 ר200 י10 = 550


The fullness of children is the Gematria Miluy 550. The Gematria Regal of שֹׁמְרֵי Sh Mih Ray, meaning the Guardians completes this Passuk. Even though the Word used is מִשְׁפָּט Meesh Pawt meaning Justice or Judgment it is the guardians that preform this Observance. He, Avraham commanded his children and his household after him that they guard the path of The Lord by doing the work of Tzedakah [Kindness and Charity] and Justice in order to bring upon Avraham everything from Aleph to Tav of that which The Lord Had [Spoken] upon him.

In other words Avraham's children are commanded to guard how they live in order to preserve the promises of The Lord Given to Avraham. Avraham's children are commanded to be guardians or to be just like Avraham. This tells us that Avraham was a proper example for his children. Our goal is to raise guardians of Ha Torah.


When a parent is not a proper example for their children what do they do? One begins from where they are. Try to begin repairing poor behavior. Try building on good traits.



A good parent builds a house from the beginning creating the correct atmosphere for blessings in their children. 

ב ' ח

Bereisheit Limood Chapter 19

Genesis 19.1 - 38

Bereisheit Limood Video

And They Came, Two Angels To Sedom


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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Dear Reader, what happens when an Angel comes to visit? It depends. What will the Angel see? What will the Angel Observe? Our discussion begins with two Angels visiting Sedom.


Bereisheit 19.1

וַיָּבֹאוּ שְׁנֵי הַמַּלְאָכִים סְדֹמָה בָּעֶרֶב

וְלוֹט יֹשֵׁב בְּשַׁעַר־סְדֹם וַיַּרְא־לוֹט

וַיָּקָם לִקְרָאתָם וַיִּשְׁתַּחוּ אַפַּיִם אָרְצָה1:1


Genesis 19.1

And they came, the two Malachim to Sedom in the evening and Lot sat in [the] Gate [of judgment] [in] Sedom and he Lot saw and he arose and he called to them and he bowed his face [anger] to the ground.


הַמַּלְאָכִים

The Word Malachim is one of three occurrences in Ha Torah. Malachim means Angels. The Letter ה Hey which is before Malachim represents an article meaning The Malachim. Which Angels? You know, 'The Angels'. This is like everyone knows them. They are the Angels that guarded Yaakov. See Bereisheit 32.7 Regarding the Malachim, Rabbi Meir Zlotowitz and Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Artscroll Tanach Series - Bereishis Vol. I(a) (Brooklyn, New York: Mesorah Publications, Ltd. 3rd Impression, 1989), p 628


One Angel was Michael who was sent to inform of Sarah's conception, Gavriel to Judge Sedom and Raphael to heal Avraham. Raphael would be assigned another mission after completing his. He was sent to save Lot.


בָּעֶרֶב

The Angels came in the evening. It was near the time for a new day to begin... Twilight. The end of one day and the beginning of another.


סְדֹמָה בָּעֶרֶב

As the sun set, a new day was approaching in Sedom. The way of living in Sedom was going to change with the onset of a new day...


וְלוֹט יֹשֵׁב בְּשַׁעַר־סְדֹם

And Lot sat in [the] Gate [of judgment] [in] Sedom

This was Lot's first day as a Judge according to our Sages. Sedom has a righteous judge one day and Divine Judgment Descends upon their sinfulness. Notice the second Word, ישב meaning 'sat'. Yoh Shayv normally is spelled with the Letter ו Vav יושב. When Yoh Shayv is spelled correctly, i.e. with the Letter Vav added the meaning changes to 'was sitting'. Rabbi Meir Zlotowitz and Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Artscroll Tanach Series - Bereishis Vol. I(a) (Brooklyn, New York: Mesorah Publications, Ltd. 3rd Impression, 1989), p 677


וַיָּבֹאוּ שְׁנֵי הַמַּלְאָכִים סְדֹמָה

And they came, the two Malachim to Sedom


Notice the Gematria.

ו6 י10 ב2 א1 ו6

ש300 נ50 י10ו6

ה5 מ40 ל30 א1 כ20 י10 ם40

ס60 ד4 מ40 ה5 = 640


Shemot 22.8

עַל־כָּל־דְּבַר־פֶּשַׁע עַל־שׁוֹר עַל־חֲמוֹר עַל־שֶׂה עַל־שַׂלְמָה עַל־כָּל־אֲבֵדָה אֲשֶׁר יֹאמַר כִּי־הוּא זֶה עַד הָאֱלֹהִים יָבֹא דְּבַר־שְׁנֵיהֶם אֲשֶׁר יַרְשִׁיעֻן אֱלֹהִים יְשַׁלֵּם שְׁנַיִם לְרֵעֵהוּ1:1


Exodus 22.8

For every kind of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for garment, or for any kind of lost thing, which another challenges to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double to his neighbor.


Why did the two Angels come to Sedom? To condemn their evil acts of sin and to bring justice / Judgment...


יַרְשִׁיעֻן

Shall Condemn

י10 ר200 ש300 י10 ע70 ן50 = 640


The people of Sedom were Noachides who were rebellious to the Seven Laws of Ha Torah. They were wayward. They were unruly. They were mutinous.


Shemot 23.21

הִשָּׁמֶר מִפָּנָיו וּשְׁמַע בְּקֹלוֹ אַל־תַּמֵּר בּוֹ כִּי לֹא יִשָּׂא לְפִשְׁעֲכֶם כִּי שְׁמִי בְּקִרְבּוֹ1:1


Exodus 23.21

Take heed of him, and obey his voice, Do not rebel; for He will not pardon your transgressions; for My Name is in him.




The people of Sedom were rebellious towards God.


אַל־תַּמֵּר

To Rebel

ת400 מ40 ר200 = 640


Devarim 12.29

כִּי־יַכְרִית יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אֶת־הַגּוֹיִם

אֲשֶׁר אַתָּה בָא־שָׁמָּה לָרֶשֶׁת אוֹתָם

מִפָּנֶיךָ וְיָרַשְׁתָּ אֹתָם וְיָשַׁבְתָּ בְּאַרְצָם1:1


Deuteronomy 12.29

For The Lord your God Shall cut off, i.e. eliminate the nations from before you, where you go to dispossess them, and live in their land;


The sins of Sedom were great. There were no righteous people left after Lot's relatives were removed. These perverse Noachides were removed.


יַכְרִית

To Eliminate

י10 כ20 ר200 י10 ת400 = 640


What is the point? Mystically the first four Words Speak of the coming Judgment for the sinful people and speak of their rebellion of the judgment and of their elimination...


וַיָּבֹאוּ שְׁנֵי הַמַּלְאָכִים סְדֹמָה

And they came, the two Malachim to Sedom


Tehillim 91.11:

כִּי מַלְאָכָיו יְצַוֶּה־לָּךְ לִשְׁמָרְךָ

1:1 בְּכָל־דְּרָכֶיךָ

Psalms 91.11

For his angels Have Command to go to guard you in all your ways. This means the Angels have the Orders, the Commands, to do whatever is necessary to guard us, to correct us if our way is wrong.


Mystically we observe the fate of the people of Sedom. They rebelled. They were condemned. They were eliminated. This means their names were removed from the Book of Life. They will be remembered no more. May each of us be careful to walk in the path that does not require this type of correction.


All of Lot's children and grand children were lost... destroyed except his two youngest daughters. A pillar of salt marks the area outside of Sedom where his wife turned to look back. One has to ask, what mother would not look back for one final view of where her children and grand children lived?


Salt is placed upon raw meet to draw out the blood. Salt is a preservative. Salt is a seasoning that enhances the flavor of meat, bread and other foods. When our Holy Temple stood we had a Meez Beach/ a Holy Altar. We salted our sacrifices when we placed them on the Holy Altar. Today our Shulcan / Dinning Table is the Holy Altar in the Jewish home. We place salt on the table just like we did on the Holy Altar. We pray at our Table. We share The Torah Portion of the Bible at our Table.


Lot prepared unleavened bread, i.e. Matzah. This is bread without leaven. The Torah makes it very clear that Lot prepared Matzah. This is to inform us that Lot was Observant of Avraham's Teachings of kindness to strangers and of removing the chometz, i.e. the leaven during Passover.


Genesis 19.1-4

And there came two angels to Sodom at evening; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom; and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face to the ground; And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I beseech you, to your servant's house, and remain all night, and wash your feet, and you shall rise up early, and go on your way. And they said, No; we will stay in the street all night. And he pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in to him, and entered into his house; and he made them a feast, and baked unleavened bread, and they ate.


This was the night of Passover. Lot was honoring this night even though Passover would not happen for many years in the future. A fierce quarrel broke out over the salt, for he [Lot] said to his wife, 'Give our guests a little salt,' to which she replied, 'Do you want to introduce that evil practice here also?' Br R 50.4 We have no salt. She went to borrow salt from the neighbors. She gossiped about Lot. When Lot did not have salt for the Passover meal she went from house to house... She announced 'We have Guests' and Lot needs salt for the feast he is preparing them. Br. R 51.5


One of our Sages taught, 'Lot's wife, Eeris turned into salt because she was stingy towards the needy. Lot himself was a generous person, always inviting guests. Eeris resented guests and discouraged them. One trick of hers was not to provide salt, a small thing which makes a big difference to guests. Therefore, she was punished by means of salt, measure for measure.

Salt is a preservative that was missing in Lot's home. Salt was missing because of a rebellious wife. Eeris was condemned and eliminated for her actions. She embraced wickedness! She was not participating in the elimination of chametz / leaven from their home. She was not assisting with the Passover meal. She understood the custom of Passover from living near Abraham and his followers. Still she spoke out against Lot among her neighbors. Eeris considered the custom of offering salt with bread evil. The Midrash Says Eeris looked back because of her two older daughters and as a punishment she was turned into a pillar of salt. Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says (Brooklyn, New York: Benei Yakov Publications 1980), p 177

ב ' ח

Bereisheit Limood Chapter 20

Genesis 20.1 - 18

Bereisheit Limood Video

Where Torah Does Not Exist


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

 Order Class Textbook


Course Information

Every course at B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC is FREE

for those who do not have the means to pay.  Give


Learning Classes CLICK HERE

Course Text Begins Here:



Chapter 20 - Where Torah does Not Exist


Bereisheit 20.1 - 18


Dear Reader, have you asked yourself one of the following questions?


Am I normal?


Do I see things differently than others?


Am I different?


What makes me different?


Do my co-workers see me as being strange or odd?


Awhile back I chose to become part of a 501 c 3 organization that helps the community. This was not a religious organization. They are known for doing a lot of good yet it is a crusty place to visit... It smells awful. My first visit was uncomfortable. They do a lot of things I have no interest in. I looked around. It was clear I was different. What made me different? Why did I feel uncomfortable? Why did this organization that has helped so many down through the years make me feel entirely out of place?


Reader can you identify?


Do you work in a place that is not comfortable? Do you attend a school that is not comfortable? Do you live in a home which is not comfortable?


My wife, Revi arrived home after school one afternoon to find her clothes in a single box on the front porch. Can we imagine what it must of felt like for a sixteen year old woman to be tossed out of the family home. How did the most precious of places become such a place of pain?


Dear Reader, we look at our home as a place of safety from the world where those around us tenderly love us, support us, nurture us and encourage us. Our home is supposed to be a safety net, God Willing, a place where we can get away from the world. Unfortunately one's home can be changed into a very undesirable place quickly.


It was 8:00 am in the morning. It was time to report to work. I was a little early. Shortly after entering the large manufacturing building while walking towards the time clock a fellow worker cut me off. He got in front of me. He said what are you doing here?


I responded, I'am preparing to punch my time card and begin working.


He said, You don't work here any more.


I inquired, Why?


He said something like, We don't want any dirty Jews around here!!


Shortly after the conversation began about a dozen men from that company surrounded me. I was in the center of a circle that formed. They began terrorizing me. It happened so fast. It felt like they were about to hurt me when the owner of the company came rushing out of his office ordering them to halt. He took me back into the office and said, You cannot work here! File a law suit if you will. I will pay it but you cannot work here. File for unemployment, I will pay it but you cannot work here. What happened? They found out I was Jewish...



Dear Ones there may be times throughout our lives where we will be forced to operate in areas where we may feel uncomfortable. Will we be required to interact outside of our comfort zone?

Avraham was placed in a situation where he was forced to interact and associate with the people of Gerar. He was new to the area. Things got off to a rugged start. It was very uncomfortable for he and Sarah and their followers. Lets define why it was challenging. Our Sages say that Avraham moved because He saw the cities of Sedom were destroyed and travelers ceased from passing by. In addition, Avraham chose to distance himself from Lot who had acquired a bad reputation because he was incestuous with his daughters.


Genesis 20.1-9

And Abraham journeyed from there toward the Negev, and lived between Kadesh and Shur, and sojourned in Gerar. And Abraham said of Sarah his wife, She is my sister; and Abimelech king of Gerar sent, and took Sarah. But God Came to Abimelech in a dream by night, and said to him, Behold, you are but a dead man, because of the woman whom you have taken; for she is a man's wife. But Abimelech had not come near her; and he said, Lord, will you slay also a righteous nation? Said he not to me, She is my sister? and she, even she herself said, He is my brother; in the integrity of my heart and innocency of my hands have I done this. And God Said to him in a dream, Yes, I know that you did this in the integrity of your heart; for I also kept you from sinning against me; therefore I did not let you touch her. Now therefore restore the man his wife; for he is a Prophet, and he shall pray for you, and you shall live; and if you restore her not, know you that you shall surely die, you, and all who are yours. Therefore Abimelech rose early in the morning, and called all his servants, and told all these things in their ears; and the men were very afraid. Then Abimelech called Abraham, and said to him, What have you done to us? And in what have I offended you, that you have brought on me and on my kingdom a great sin? You have done deeds to me that ought not to be done.


Bereisheit 20.10

וַיֹּאמֶר אֲבִימֶלֶךְ אֶל־אַבְרָהָם מָה רָאִיתָ כִּי עָשִׂיתָ אֶת־הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה1:1


And Abimelech said to Abraham, What did you see, that you have done this thing?


Bereisheit 20.11

וַיֹּאמֶר אַבְרָהָם כִּי אָמַרְתִּי רַק אֵין־יִרְאַת אֱלֹהִים בַּמָּקוֹם הַזֶּה וַהֲרָגוּנִי עַל־דְּבַר אִשְׁתִּי1:1


And Abraham Said, Because I Said, Surely the fear of God is not in this place; and they will slay me for my wife's sake.


Within our world we do business with and interact with people we may choose not to associate with. Abraham was placed in a situation like this when the King of Gerar took his wife, Sarah. What would you do if placed in the same situation?


Let's first remember that Avraham was a Prophet. This means Avraham had Visions and Dreams. This means Avraham spoke Words from God. We read in Ha Torah that Avraham Said.

וַיֹּאמֶר אַבְרָהָם כִּי אָמַרְתִּי

Many translations use the Word 'thought' as in I thought Surely the fear of God is not in this place; and they will slay me for my wife's sake.


However Avraham was a Prophet. Avraham didn't just think the Fear of God is not in this place. Avraham Saw through a Vision that the Fear of God was not in this place. The Word אָמַרְתִּי normally means to say. One must ask was Avraham attempting to be politically correct here, when he spoke with King Abimelech? I don't think so! Avraham condemned the king because as a Prophet he Saw the Fear of God was absent. He took actions because of his Vision. Sarah did like wise. Sarah agreed with her husbands Vision. Sarah had a Vision. Sarah could see what an evil man Abimelech was. Our Sages reveal a discussion between our Creator and Abimelech which is not mentioned in Ha Torah.


After the destruction of Sedom, Abraham again changed his residence, moving his tent from Chevron to the Philistine city of Gerar. For what reasons did Abraham leave Charon?

1, Abraham was forced to forsake his old neighborhood because rumors of Lot's actions with his daughters were circulating. Lot's bad reputation also reflected in Avraham who was Lot's uncle. Avraham, afraid of a Chiluil The Lord, [profanation of the Divine Name] decided therefore to settle in a different place. 141

2. [Abraham's] overwhelming desire to perform kindness made him seek guests constantly. After the destruction of Sedom the roads in that area were deserted. Avraham consequently returned to Gerar where there would be wayfarers for him to serve.142


Avraham knew the people living in Gerar were not God fearing. As a result for safety reasons, he called himself Sarah's brother, like he did in Egypt. Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says (Brooklyn, New York:  Benei Yakov Publications 1980), p. 180


The Midrash informs us that once Sarah was forcibly taken to Abimelech's palace she told him, 'I am a married woman!' Avimelech ignored Sarah but the Lord sent the Angel Michael to protect her. He could not even approach Sarah.


The Lord Spoke to Abimelech in a dream Saying, 'The woman you took to your palace is married! As a result you deserve to die according to the Seven Noachide Laws. Avimelech objected. He claimed to be righteous.


The All Seeing Eternal Judge Said, Your claim to righteousness is not justified, since it was I who Prevented you from touching her... You are deserving of death! You kidnapped Sarah! Stealing is a prohibition of the Noachide Law of 'robbery' in the Ha Torah. Now, return this woman to her husband at once! Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says (Brooklyn, New York:  Benei Yakov Publications 1980), pp 180 - 181


וַיֹּאמֶר אֲבִימֶלֶךְ אֶל־אַבְרָהָם מָה רָאִית כִּי עָשִׂיתָ אֶת־הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה


[What Do You] See?

רָאִיתָ

ר200 א1 י10 ת400 ‫=611


As a Prophet Avraham Saw an absence of Torah Observances. Avraham Saw an absence of righteousness. When the Observances of Ha Torah are absent from our world our world is NOT the place our Creator Intended it to be!! 


The Words Avimelech asked Abraham are 'What do you see?' Mystically the Words ask, 'Do you see Torah? Do you see [anyone] Observing the Torah?' The answer is no!


Torah

תוֹרָה

ת400 ו6 ר200 ה5 = 611


Each of us are required to Observe various Commands within Ha Torah. It does not matter if we are Jewish or not. Why? Our Creator Established His Will and His Rule for this World, He Created it. His Will and His Rule remains the same today as when He Created this Universe. His Will includes joining Him in Heaven after our life on this earth is concluded. His Will is for us to IMPROVE as individuals.


So if the home place does not Observe Torah the Home place is a scary place to be. If the Work place does not Observe Ha Torah the Work Place is a frightening place to be. God Teaches us Seven Laws to follow and to Observe that makes every place a good happy loving wonderful place to live.

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