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Revi's Reflections

Yom Kippur ©

By Rebbetzin Brachah Rivkah Belk


I am poor and needy


This is my exchange,

this is my substitute,

this is my expiation.

This money shall go to death and

I shall proceed to a good,

long life and peace.


Tzedakah given on Erev Yom Kippur brings us to life...



Take the Bible everywhere you go


Tehillim 40 Orthodox version


To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David

I waited patiently for HaShem; and He inclined unto me, and heard my cry.


HaShem brought me up also out of a horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings. And He has put a shir chadash in my mouth, even tehillah to Elokeinu; many shall see it, and fear, and shall trust in HaShem.

Ashrei is that man that makes HaShem his trust, and looks not to the proud ones, nor to those who turn aside to lies (false g-ds). Many, O HaShem Elokai, are Your wonderful works which You have done, and Your thoughts which are toward us; they cannot be recounted unto You; if I would declare and speak of them, they are more than can be numbered.


Zevach and minchah You did not desire; my ears have You pierced; olah and chata'ah have You not required. Then said I, Hinei, I come; in the megillat sefer it is written of me, I delight to do Your will, O Elokai; yes, Your Torah is within my heart.


I have preached tzedek, so that I am not able to look up; they are more than the hairs of my head; therefore my lev fails me.

Be pleased, O HaShem, to deliver me; O HaShem, make haste to help me. Let them be ashamed and mutually confounded that seek after my nefesh to destroy it; let them be driven backward and put to shame that wish me evil. Let them be appalled because of their boshet that say unto me, Aha, aha. Let all those that seek You rejoice and be glad; let those that love Your teshuvah say continually, HaShem be magnified. But I am poor and needy; yet Ad-n-i thinks about me; You are my ezer and my deliverer; do not tarry, O Elokai.



Tehillim 40


לַמְנַצֵּחַ לְדָוִד מִזְמוֹר:

קַוֹּה קִוִּיתִי יְהֹוָה וַיֵּט אֵלַי וַיִּשְׁמַע שַׁוְעָתִי:

וַיַּעֲלֵנִי מִבּוֹר שָׁאוֹן מִטִּיט הַיָּוֵן וַיָּקֶם עַל סֶלַע רַגְלַי כּוֹנֵן אֲשֻׁרָי:

וַיִּתֵּן בְּפִי שִׁיר חָדָשׁ תְּהִלָּה לֵאלֹהֵינוּ יִרְאוּ רַבִּים וְיִירָאוּ וְיִבְטְחוּ בַּיהֹוָה:

אַשְׁרֵי הַגֶּבֶר אֲשֶׁר שָׂם יְהֹוָה מִבְטַחוֹ וְלֹא פָנָה אֶל רְהָבִים וְשָׂטֵי כָזָב:

רַבּוֹת עָשִׂיתָ אַתָּה יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהַי נִפְלְאֹתֶיךָ וּמַחְשְׁבֹתֶיךָ אֵלֵינוּ אֵין עֲרֹךְ אֵלֶיךָ אַגִּידָה וַאֲדַבֵּרָה עָצְמוּ מִסַּפֵּר:

זֶבַח וּמִנְחָה לֹא חָפַצְתָּ אָזְנַיִם כָּרִיתָ לִּי עוֹלָה וַחֲטָאָה לֹא שָׁאָלְתָּ:

אָז אָמַרְתִּי הִנֵּה בָאתִי בִּמְגִלַּת סֵפֶר כָּתוּב עָלָי:

לַעֲשׂוֹת רְצוֹנְךָ אֱלֹהַי חָפָצְתִּי וְתוֹרָתְךָ בְּתוֹךְ מֵעָי:

בִּשַּׂרְתִּי צֶדֶק בְּקָהָל רָב הִנֵּה שְׂפָתַי לֹא אֶכְלָא יְהֹוָה אַתָּה יָדָעְתָּ:

צִדְקָתְךָ לֹא כִסִּיתִי בְּתוֹךְ לִבִּי אֱמוּנָתְךָ וּתְשׁוּעָתְךָ אָמָרְתִּי לֹא כִחַדְתִּי חַסְדְּךָ וַאֲמִתְּךָ לְקָהָל רָב:

אַתָּה יְהֹוָה לֹא תִכְלָא רַחֲמֶיךָ מִמֶּנִּי חַסְדְּךָ וַאֲמִתְּךָ תָּמִיד יִצְּרוּנִי:

כִּי אָפְפוּ עָלַי רָעוֹת עַד אֵין מִסְפָּר הִשִֹּיגוּנִי עֲוֹנֹתַי וְלֹא יָכֹלְתִּי לִרְאוֹת עָצְמוּ מִשַּׂעֲרוֹת רֹאשִׁי וְלִבִּי עֲזָבָנִי:

רְצֵה יְהֹוָה לְהַצִּילֵנִי יְהֹוָה לְעֶזְרָתִי חוּשָׁה:

יֵבֹשׁוּ וְיַחְפְּרוּ יַחַד מְבַקְשֵׁי נַפְשִׁי לִסְפּוֹתָהּ יִסֹּגוּ אָחוֹר וְיִכָּלְמוּ חֲפֵצֵי רָעָתִי:

יָשֹׁמּוּ עַל עֵקֶב בָּשְׁתָּם הָאֹמְרִים לִי הֶאָח הֶאָח:

יָשִׂישׂוּ וְיִשְׂמְחוּ בְּךָ כָּל מְבַקְשֶׁיךָ יֹאמְרוּ תָמִיד יִגְדַּל יְהֹוָה אֹהֲבֵי תְּשׁוּעָתֶךָ:

וַאֲנִי עָנִי וְאֶבְיוֹן אֲדֹנָי יַחֲשָׁב לִי עֶזְרָתִי וּמְפַלְטִי אַתָּה אֱלֹהַי אַל תְּאַחַר:



To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David:

I waited patiently for the L-rd; and He inclined to me, and heard my cry:

And he drew me up from the gruesome pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock, and made my footsteps secure:

And He has put a new song in my mouth, praise to our G-d; many shall see it, and fear, and shall trust in the L-rd.

Happy is the man who makes the L-rd his trust, and does not turn to the proud, nor to those who go astray after lies:

Many, O L-rd my G-d, are your wonderful works which you have done, and your thoughts which are toward us; none can compare with you; if I would declare and tell of them, they would be more than can be number

You do not desire sacrifice and offering; you have dug open my ears; you have not required burnt offering and sin offering:

Then I said, behold, I come; in the scroll of the book it is written about me

I delight to do your will, O my G-d; your Torah is in my heart:

I have preached righteousness in the great congregation; behold, I did not refrain my lips, O 

L-rd, you know:

I did not hide your righteousness in my heart; I have declared your faithfulness and your salvation; I have not concealed your loving kindness and your truth from the great congregation:

Do not withhold, O L-rd, your compassion from me; let your loving kindness and your truth continually preserve me:

For innumerable evils have surrounded me; my iniquities have overtaken me, so that I am not able to see; they are more than the hairs of my head; therefore my heart fails me

Be pleased, O L-rd, to save me; O L-rd, make haste to help me

Let those who seek after my soul to destroy it be altogether ashamed and confounded; let those who wish me evil be turned back and put to shame:

Let those who say to me Aha, aha, be appalled, because of their shame:

Let all those who seek You rejoice and be glad in You; let those who love Your salvation say continually, The L-rd be magnified:

But I am poor and needy; yet the L-rd takes thought for me; you are my help and my savior; delay not, O my G-d:


This particular Tehillim is very appropriate for Yom Kippur as is the Kapparot Ceremony.


We need especially at this time to give Tzeddakah.  We need each day to remember to give Tzeddakah so that HaShem has a free hand to provide for all our needs and some of our wants.


Blessings and Peace



Revi's Reflections

Tishah B'Av Tikum

By Rebbetzin Brachah Rivkah Belk

Shalom, Shalom Everyone,


This week we are coming to Tishah B'Av - we need to check our middot to see if we can improve our relationships.

Even with those who may not be so kind to us.


The 2nd Temple was destroyed because we were not kind to each other.

Isn't that why we are trying to improve our middot?


Do we have a kind word for everyone we meet?

Do we try to help where we can?

Do we get frustrated and angry with our circumstances?


We need to take Tishah B'Av to heart this year.


Tishah B'Av Tikum

Tishah B'Av starts at sundown Saturday July 28th (5772) Lamenting the destruction of the Temple. 

Over these do I weep; my eye continuously runs with water because a comforter to restore my soul is far from me. My children have become forlorn, because the enemy has prevailed. Eichah (Lamentations) 1.16

 עַל־אֵלֶּה ׀ אֲנִי בוֹכִיָּה עֵינִי ׀ עֵינִי יֹרְדָה מַּיִם כִּי־רָחַק מִמֶּנִּי מְנַחֵם מֵשִׁיב נַפְשִׁי הָיוּ בָנַי שׁוֹמֵמִים כִּי גָבַר אוֹיֵב יז 

Al eleh ani bochiya; eini, eini yordah mayim Ki rachok mimeni menachem, meishiv nafshi

Because of all these things I'm crying; my eye, my eye is dripping with water Because the comforter who can restore my soul is far from me. 

At that time the Holy One, Blessed be He, Wept and Said, Woe is Me! What have I done? I caused My Shechinah to dwell below on earth for the sake of Israel; but now that they have sinned, I have returned to My former habitation. Heaven forfend that I become a laughter to the nations and a byword to human beings! At that time Metatron came, fell upon his face, and spake before the Holy One, Blessed be He: Sovereign of the Universe, let me weep, but do Thou not weep. He replied to him, If thou lettest Me not weep now, I will repair to a place which thou hast not permission to enter, and will weep there, as it is said, But if ye will not hear it, My soul shall weep in secret for pride, (Jer. XIII, 17). Midrash Rabbah Lamentations Page 42. 

How so [eicha in Hebrew] am I able to bear your contentiousness, your burdens and your quarrels... Devarim (Deuteronomy 1:12) 

The gravest sin, which led to Jerusalem's destruction, is strife within Israel, contentiousness, quarrelsomeness, the sin defined by our Sages as sinat hinam, causeless hatred. To this end, the prophet Isaiah calls out, Comfort you, comfort you, My people, speak upon the heart-Jerusalem and call out unto her; her period [of exile] has been completed, her iniquity has been forgiven, Yshayahu (Isaiah 40:1,2). 

Regarding Tishah B'Av many classic commentators have asserted that since the destruction resulted from sin'as chinam - baseless hatred -- hatred without cause, then the ultimate redemption will be brought about by love without cause. As one of the great Chassidic masters taught, G-d Loves the greatest sinner more than we love the greatest tzaddik. What we must do is to tolerate, help and love one another, helping the needy, fostering unity, and drawing the distant closer to Torah and service of G-d. (Artscroll Email) 

As we try to improve our middot, let us keep these thoughts in mind. 

Blessings, Beauty and Peace 

Rebbetzin Revi 




Yom Kippur

Day of Atonements

By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

Akiva & Revi 2013_4.jpg

Dr. Akiva Gamliel and Rebbetzin Revi Belk

Course Information

Every course at B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC is FREE

for those who do not have the means to pay.  Give

Learning Classes CLICK HERE

Course Text Begins Here:

Dear Ones,

How should we approach Yom Kippur? Here is how we should approach Yom Kippur. 

When we fail, we should immediately take action to seek forgiveness. We should close each day by reflecting on our actions and seek repentance for any misdeeds. We should do the same at weeks end and on each Rosh Chodesh / New Month.  During the Month of Elul, we turn our attention towards the coming Day of Judgment on Rosh HaShanah. During the Ten Days of between Rosh Ha Shanah and Yom Kippur, we seek forgiveness of our failings. On Yom Kippur, we plead for forgiveness of our sins.

The good news is that the Lord God is forgiving. Still, we need to do our part. There are six Observances mentioned between Leviticus 23.27 - 32.

Vayikra 23.27

אַךְ בֶּעָשׂוֹר לַחֹדֶשׁ הַשְּׁבִיעִי הַזֶּה   יוֹם הַכִּפֻּרִים  הוּא מִקְרָא־קֹדֶשׁ יִהְיֶה לָכֶם 

וְעִנִּיתֶם אֶת־נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶם וְהִקְרַבְתֶּם אִשֶּׁה לַיהוָֹה:  כ

Leviticus 23.27 - 28

Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement; it shall be a holy gathering to you; and you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire to the Lord. 

ONE: On The Tenth Day of The Seventh Month

The Observances for Yom Kippur are time-related. They must be Observed beginning eighteen minutes before sundown in one area on the Tenth Day of The Seventh Month. The Observances must continue through the entire night and day until after nightfall on the Eleventh. 

TWO: You shall afflict your Souls, i.e. fast. 

The fast on Yom Kippur is a 26 Hour Fast. Young children should not fast. Nursing mothers should not fast. Individuals requiring medicine should not fast. 

How does one fast? We do not eat or drink anything for 26 hours. This may seem challenging. This is how The People of Israel have fasted for thousands of years. The Mitzvah is, 'You shall afflict your soul.' Fasting is a way to a afflict one's soul. Removing soft cushions from chairs is another way to affect one's soul.

Other forms of afflicting ones are not washing one's face, not bathing or showering, combing one's hair, using deodorant, perfume, makeup, cologne, not rinsing one's mouth, brushing one's teeth, not washing one's hands except the fingertips. This does not include changing a dirty diaper. Using common sense is important. One should not wear leather shoes. Marital relations are suspended for the day of atonement.

THREE: Offer an offering made by fire to the Lord.

This Mitzvah is discussed in greater detail in Numbers 29.7 - 11

Numbers 29.8- 11

You shall offer a burnt offering to the Lord for a sweet savor; one young bull, one ram, and seven one-year-old lambs without blemish. And their meal offering shall be of fine flour mixed with oil, [[as prescribed] Three-Tenth [of an ephah] measure for the bull, and Two -Tenths [of an ephah]  measure for the ram, and-and A Tenth [of an ephah] measure for each of the Seven lambs. [You shall offer] a young male goat for a sin offering; in addition to the [special] Atonement sin offering [of Yom Kippur] , [in addition you shall offer] the continual burnt offering [in the morning] , and it's meal offering and the drink offerings.

Today we do not have a Holy Temple. We do not offer these animals, grain or drink on Yom Kippur as it was done in the past. Instead, we offer songs of praise. When the Third Temple and worship are restored, sacrifices will return.

The Gematria of יוֹם הַכִּפֻּרִים   Yom Kippur is 411. The Gematria of  טֹבֹת meaning good or pleasant is 411.  The Day of Atoning is intended to be good for us. 

יוֹם הַכִּפֻּרִים

Yom Kippur / Day of Atoning!

י 10 ו6  ם40    ה5  כ 20 פ 80 ר 200 י  10 ם 40 = 411


Toh Vot  / Good or Plesant

ט9 ב2 ת400 = 411


Yom / Day

י10 ו6 ם40 = 56


Tih Mihoo / Our uncleanness / our impurity

ט9  מ40  א1  ו6  = 56


Ha Kippurim / The Day of Atoning

ה5  כ20  פ80  ר200  י10  ם40 = 355


Shaw Naw

ש300 נ50 ה5 = 355


Bih See Maw Chawh / In or with Joy

ב2  ש300  מ40  ח8  ה5 == 355

Leviticus 23.29

For whatever soul it is that does not become afflicted in that same Day, he shall be cut off from among his people. 

FOUR: Affliction

Dear ones, The observances of This Day are so serious that one must be careful not to neglect afflicting themselves.  If one were to fail to afflict themselves, they will be cut off from among The People of Israel and will die prematurely without children. Again, I mentioned before how one may I afflict themselve.

Leviticus 23.30 - 31

And whatever soul it is who does any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people. You shall do no kind of work; it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

FIVE: It is forbidden to work on Yom Kippur

Yom Kippur is a High Holy Day. All the Shabbat prohibitions apply on Yom Kippur.

You shall do no kind of work; it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

Leviticus 23.32

It shall be to you A Sabbath of rest, and you shall afflict your souls; in the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, shall you celebrate your Sabbath. 

SIX: Yom Kippur is Solemn Day of Rest 

This means one is to be serious about the Day of Atonements yet not stress or worry about anything especially work. We need to concentrate on our appeals to HaShem. We must not allow distractions. We are to keep this unique balance. We must be very concerned for our past wrong deeds. We must seek forgiveness for our sins. Yet, we need balance. 

Remember it was on this day that Moses came down from Mt Sinai with the second set of The Two Tablets of Stone symbolizing that The Lord God Had forgiven The people for the sin of the Golden Calf. Therefore The Tenth Day of?The Seventh Month became the Eternal Day for Forgiveness. So This means we must temper our insensitivity with confidence that The Lord God Will Forgive us.

May our 26 hours of fasting, afflicting our souls, seeking forgiveness, pouring out our hearts before HaShem and seeking pardon be successful. 

Yom Kippur is The Day of ATONEMENTS! There are many Atonements we must seek for. The Lord God Provided us this Day of Atoning to be successful. We must be serious. We must not take this Day lightly! When we approach The Day Of Atoning correctly, we can have confidence. It other we may rest assured that The Lord God Will Forgive and Pardon.

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