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Parshat Bereisheit Lech Lecha

Genesis 12.1 - 17.27


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The Altar


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Bereisheit Lech Lecha

Genesis 12.1 - 17.27


Gematria In Genesis -  Meez Bay Ach  /  The Altar


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk


Genesis 12.7

וַיִּבֶן שָׁם מִזְבֵּחַ לַיהוָֹה


Dear Friends, Perhaps the greatest association in Abraham's life was The Altar to The Lord. We are going to consider Mysticism of several Scriptures in This Parshat.


Genesis 12.7

And The Lord Spiritually Appeared to Abram, and said, 'To your seed will I give this land; and there [Abram] וַיִּבֶן שָׁם מִזְבֵּחַ לַיהוָֹה built an altar to The Lord, who appeared to him.


Genesis 12.8

And he moved from there to a mountain in the east of Beth-El, and pitched his tent, having Beth-El on the west, and Hai on the east; and there [Abram]  וַיִּבֶן־שָׁם מִזְבֵּחַ לַיהֹוָה built an altar to The Lord, וַיִּקְרָא בְּשֵׁם יְהוָֹה and called in The Name Lord.


Genesis 13.3 - 4

And he went on his journeys from the Negev to Beth-El, to the place where his tent had been at the beginning, between Beth-El and Hai; אֶל־מְקוֹם הַמִּזְבֵּחַ To the place of the altar, which he had made there at the first;

וַיִּקְרָא שָׁם אַבְרָם בְּשֵׁם יְהוָֹה and there Abram called in The Name Lord.


Genesis 13.8

Then Abram removed his tent, and came and lived in the plain of Mamre, which is in Hebron, and וַיִּבֶן־שָׁם מִזְבֵּחַ לַיהוָֹה built there an altar to The Lord.

There are several Word we want to consider. Please notice the individual Letters in the screened row. They are the true first Letter of Each Word. Mystically the First Letters combine to spell בָּשֹמִי Baw Sa Mee meaning fragrance. So when Abram built an Altar to The Lord, Mystically it was for the purpose of honoring The Lord with a Pleasing aroma a special fragrance that would rise into The Heavens. Noah did this in Genesis 8.21. The Gematria for  בָּשֹמִי Baw Sa Mee is 352. The Gematria for קָרְבָּן Qaw Rih Bawn / Karbon / meaning Offering is also 352. We are beginning to see the Spiritual Revelation of 'Abraham Built an Altar to The Lord.'


Gematria In Genesis -The Altar.jpg

בָּשֹמִי

Baw Sa Mee / Fragrance

ב2 ש300 מ40 י10  =352


קָרְבָּן

Qaw Rih Bawn / Karbon / Offering

ק100 ר200 ב2  ן50  =  352


Mystically we Observe that when Abram  וַיִּבֶן־שָׁם מִזְבֵּחַ לַיהוָֹה built there an altar to The Lord it was for the purpose of offering a קָרְבָּן An offering a sacrifice. The sacrifice Offering pleased The Lord. In Genesis 13.3 - 4 we read, אֶל־מְקוֹם הַמִּזְבֵּחַ To the place of the altar.  Notice the Words מְקוֹם הַמִּזְבֵּחַ Mih Qohm - Hah Mee Zih Bah Ach meaning 'place of the Altar'. The Gematria is 248. Is this interesting? In Genesis 17, The Lord Changes his name from Abram to Abraham. The Gemmatria of Abraham is 248. Mystically this is like The Lord is Saying to Abram because you build Altars to Me and because you come to the Place of the Altar to call in My Name I am going to change your name from Abram [Gematria 243] to Abraham [Gematria 248]. You build the Altar to Me. You offer a Karbon. The fragrance rises into The Heavens.


מְקוֹם הַמִּזְבֵּחַ

Ha Mee Zih Bay Ach - Mih Qohm

The Place of The Altar

מ40  ק100 ו6  ם40       ה5 מ40 ז7  ב2  ח8  = 248


Genesis 17.5

Neither shall your name any more be called Abram, but your name shall be אַבְרָהָם Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made you. 


אַבְרָהָם

Abraham

א1 ב2 ר200 ה5 ם40 = 248


אֶל־אַבְרָהָם

To Abraham

א1  ל30       א1  ב2  ר200 ה5  ם40  = 279


אֶל־מְקוֹם הַמִּזְבֵּחַ

To The Place of The Altar

א1 ל30     מ40  ק100  ו6  ם40     ה5 מ40  ז7  ב2  ח8  = 279


Mystically it's like The Lord God Changed Abraham's name to 'The Place of The Altar.


In Genesis 13.4 וַיִּקְרָא שָׁם אַבְרָם בְּשֵׁם יְהוָֹה and there Abram called in The Name Lord. I did not write 'In The Name of The Lord because The Text does not say this. Translators add this to The Scripture. It is important to note this. Abram called in The Name Lord. We do not know how to do this!! Abraham did NOT necessarily Say The Holy Name 'Lord'. He called in The Name Lord. His Intent was in the Name Lord. What he was saying was communicated in The Name Lord. Abraham was a Mystic. Abraham had a unique relationship with The Lord. We know that the only place where Abraham called in The Name Lord was 'There' at the altar. At this time, we are not going to discuss the method by which Abraham called in The Name Lord. 



Gematria Vayikra

Vayikra / Leviticus Vayikra

Leviticus 1.1 - 4.26

Weekly Torah Gematria Video

Presentations To The Lord - 3 - 1


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ב ׳׳ ה


Presentations To The Lord


Tribute

Sacrifice

Burnt Offering

Not Meat!

Slaughter Animal To Eat

Burnt Offering To The Lord

Genesis 4.3

Genesis 31.54

Genesis 8.20

Tribute

And He Jacob

Slaughtered a Sacrifice

Burnt Offerings

On The Altar

מִנְחָה

וַיִּזְבַּח יַעֲקֹב זֶבַח

עֹלֹת בַּמִּזְבֵּחַ

Genesis 4.4

Exodus 3.18

Genesis 22.2

His Tribute

That We may Sacrifice

Burnt Offering

מִנְחָתוֹ

וְנִזְבְּחָה

לְעֹלָה

Genesis 4.5

Exodus 12.27

Genesis 22.7,8 and 13

His Tribute

Sacrifice The Pesach

Burnt Offering

מִנְחָתוֹ

זֶבַח־פֶּסַח

לְעֹלָה

Genesis 43.11

Psalms 51.17-19

Leviticus 4.7

a Tribute

Sacrifice

הָעֹלָה

מִנְחָה

זֶבַח


Leviticus 2.1

Burnt Offering


A Karbon Minchah, i.e. A Meal Offering To The Lord

עוֹלָה


קָרְבַּן מִנְחָה לַיהוָֹה

The Sacrifices of God



זִבְחֵי אֱלֹהִים



Dear Ones, notice the three columns of the above table. Each column lists a presentation to The Lord. In column one there is the Minchah Tribute. In column two there is the Zeh Vah Ach sacrifice. In column three there is the Lih Ooh Lawh Burnt Offering to The Lord.


A clarification of each presentation is extremely important. Unfortunately, Bible translators have not been careful to make the distinctions between the three presentations clear. Bible translators use the word 'offering' for each of the three presentations. This is irresponsible and careless handling of The Holy Scripture!! When the word offering is used for each of these three words how is the reader to distinguish which meaning is intended? When we do not make clear concise distinctions well meaning folk may draw wrong conclusions.


My intent is to set a framework of interpretation for these three words that readers can rely on as a true foundation for understanding the correct meaning. To accomplish this some of us may need to erase what we have been told. We may need to take a few steps back before we can go forward.


We are entering Sefer Vayikra, i.e. The Book Of Leviticus. In Leviticus there are 247 Observances for The People of Israel. Many of these Observances are either a Minchah Tribute, a Zeh Vah Ach Sacrifice or a Lih Ooh Lawh Burnt Offering to The Lord. On page 25 in the textbook I quote Leviticus 1.1-2, 'if Adam, i.e. a man among you brings an Offering to The Lord..' What Presentation is being referred to? We cannot distinguish this in the English translations of the Bible. We don't know. Knowing the differences between the three presentations is very important! One must understand the meaning of each presentation to fulfill the Observance properly. This is why we must take time to explain and clarify the meaning and intent of each of these presentations.


Leviticus begins with establishing different Offerings that one may bring to The Lord. The Word for Offering is קָרְבָּן Kar Bawn / Karbon. Karbon refers to all forms of presentation to the Lord. Leviticus 1.2,3 identify The Karbon as animals, cattle or sheep.

Vayikra 1.8

וְעָרְכוּ בְּנֵי אַהֲרֹן הַכֹּהֲנִים אֵת הַנְּתָחִים אֶת־הָרֹאשׁ וְאֶת־הַפָּדֶר עַל־הָעֵצִים אֲשֶׁר עַל־הָאֵשׁ אֲשֶׁר עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ: ט

Leviticus 1.8


Notice וְאֶת־הַפָּדֶר Vih Eth - Hah Paw Dehr meaning the suet - the hard white fat on the kidneys and loins of cattle, sheep and goats. The Word for animal fat is פָּדֶר . This is different from the Word for diary fat from which we receive cream, butter and cheese.


Genesis 45.17

And Pharaoh said to Joseph, Say to your brothers, Do this; load everything from Aleph to Tav of your beasts, and go to the land of Canaan;


Bereisheit 45.18

וּקְחוּ אֶת־אֲבִיכֶם וְאֶת־בָּתֵּיכֶם וּבֹאוּ אֵלָי וְאֶתְּנָה לָכֶם אֶת־טוּב אֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם וְאִכְלוּ אֶת־חֵלֶב הָאָרֶץ: יט


Genesis 45.18

And bring everything from Aleph to Tav of your father and everything from Aleph to Tav of your households, and to me; and I will give you everything from Aleph to Tav of the good of the land of Egypt, and you shall eat everything from Aleph to Tav of the fat of the land.


The Words אֶת־חֵלֶב הָאָרֶץ and you shall eat everything from Aleph to Tav of the fat of the land refer to vegetation, grain, milk, cheese and butter.


Translators fail to make a most important distinction In Genesis 4.3 - 5 between חֵלֶב i.e. fat from vegetation, grain, milk, cheese and butter from that of פָּדֶר. i.e. animal fat / suet / - the hard white fat on the kidneys and loins of cattle, sheep and goats. Failing to make this extremely important distinction misleads readers. The translators write fat without making the distinction between the two. How is the reader to know the difference? In Genesis 4.3 the reference is to the fat of the land. In Leviticus 1.8 the reference is to animal fat.


Notice why making this distinction is important.


Bereisheit 4.3

וַיְהִי מִקֵּץ יָמִים וַיָּבֵא קַיִן מִפְּרִי הָאֲדָמָה מִנְחָה לַיהוָֹה: ד

Genesis 4.3

And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an Tribute to the Lord.


מִנְחָה

Cains Tribute was a Minchah Tribute. Notice the eight word counting from the right to the left. The eighth Word is מִנְחָה Minchah. The tribute was not an animal sacrifice!



Bereisheit 4.4

וְהֶבֶל הֵבִיא גַם־הוּא מִבְּכֹרוֹת צֹאנוֹ וּמֵחֶלְבֵהֶן וַיִּשַׁע

יְהֹוָה אֶל־הֶבֶל וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ: ה

Genesis 4.4

And Abel also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat of it. And the Lord had respect for Abel and for his Tribute;


מִנְחָתוֹ

Able also brought a Tribute. The Tribute was a Minchah Tribute. The Holy Scriptures Say, מִנְחָתוֹ Mee Nih Chah Toh meaning His Tribute Offering. Able did not bring an animal sacrifice! If Able brought an animal sacrifice the Word would be לְעֹלָה Lih Ooh Lah meaning a burnt Offering. Able brought מִנְחָתוֹ i.e. a Tribute from vegetation, grain, milk, cheese and butter. We know Able brought cream, cheese and butter because The Holy Scriptures say מִבְּכֹרוֹת צֹאנוֹ meaning from the firstborn of his flocks.


וּמֵחֶלְבֵהֶן

If Ables

Bereisheit 4.5

וְאֶל־קַיִן וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ לֹא שָׁעָה וַיִּחַר לְקַיִן מְאֹד וַיִּפְּלוּ פָּנָיו: ו


Genesis 4.5

But for Cain and for his offering he did not have respect. And Cain was very angry, and his countenance fell.


The Holy Scriptures Uses the exact say Word to describe Cain's Tribute. The Holy Scriptures Say, מִנְחָתוֹ Mee Nih Chah Toh meaning His Tribute Offering. The Lord was not pleased with Cain's מִנְחָתוֹ Mee Nih Chah Toh meaning His Tribute Offering because Cain offered spoiled flax seed. Cain did not offer from the first grain from the best of his fields. Cain was stingy. He offered the poorest Tribute. It is for these reasons Cain's Minchah Tribute was rejected.


The Minchah Tribute may be a tribute to The Lord or another human being. Joseph, the viceroy of Egypt, received a Minchah Tribute from his brother in Genesis 43.11. The Minchah is described as, 'a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts, and almonds'. These are not animal sacrifices. We review this on pages 26 through 32.


Those who are not Jewish may not know the Observances the Seder Meal follows during Passover. The ArtScroll Youth Haggadah is an excellent source to learn more about the Observance during the Seder Meal. During the Seder the leader takes the unleavened bread, i.e. the matzah and says, 'This is the plain bread of the poor...' 'This is the bread of affliction that our fathers ate in the land of Egypt. , Whoever is hungry let him come and eat.'


There is important meaning at the foundation of these words. When one is a slave they are owned by someone. They were not free to do as they wanted. The People of Israel owned sheep and cattle but were not permitted to offer burnt sacrifices to The Lord. The Egyptians worshiped the sheep as their gods. When the People of Israel took the Passover Offering, a lamb or goat they were taking the gods of Egypt to slaughter. They asked to leave Egypt to offer sacrifices to The Lord. Pharaoh denied their request time and again until the last plague. So when the People of Israel speak of the Matzah as the bread of the poor or the bread of affliction we understand this goes back thousands of years to slavery in Egypt. Matzah was the most basic of food for the People of Israel. When the people of Israel fled Egypt they took eighteen minutes to hastily make unleavened bread as a source of food for the days following there journey out of Egypt to freedom. Unleavened bread is without yeast. Unleavened bread is pure! Unleavened bread is the symbol of being without sin.


As noted above Leviticus begins with making important distinctions between the offerings. First is The Karbon of animals, cattle or sheep.


Vayikra 1.2

דַּבֵּר אֶל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם אָדָם כִּי־יַקְרִיב מִכֶּם קָרְבָּן לַיהוָֹה מִן־הַבְּהֵמָה מִן־הַבָּקָר וּמִן־הַצֹּאן תַּקְרִיבוּ אֶת־קָרְבַּנְכֶם: ג


Leviticus 1.2

Speak to the people of Israel, and say to them, [if] a man among you brings an Offering to The Lord, from the animals, from the cattle and from the sheep, you shall bring everything from Aleph to Tav of your Offerings.


קָרְבָּן לַיהוָֹה Karbon, Offering to The Lord is a common way of discussing any presentation. It is an Offering to The Lord. קָרְבַּנְכֶם Kaw Rih Bah Nih Chem means your offerings. When the Words קָרְבָּן Karbon / Offering , קָרְבָּנוֹ or Kawr Vaw Noh / His Offering or קָרְבַּנְכֶם Kaw Rih Bah Nih Chem / His Offerings are used these are in reference to burnt offerings.

Vayikra 1.14

וְאִם מִן־הָעוֹף עֹלָה קָרְבָּנוֹ לַיהוָֹה וְהִקְרִיב מִן־הַתֹּרִים אוֹ מִן־בְּנֵי הַיּוֹנָה אֶת־קָרְבָּנוֹ: טו

Leviticus 1.14

And if his burnt offering to the Lord is of birds, he shall bring either the turtledoves, or the young pigeons [he shall bring] everything from Aleph to Tav of his offering.


קָרְבָּנוֹ Kawr Vaw Noh - meaning his offering.


Vayikra 2.1

וְנֶפֶשׁ כִּי־תַקְרִיב קָרְבַּן מִנְחָה לַיהוָֹה סֹלֶת יִהְיֶה קָרְבָּנוֹ וְיָצַק עָלֶיהָ שֶׁמֶן וְנָתַן עָלֶיהָ לְבֹנָה: ב


Leviticus 2.1

And when a soul brings a Minchah Offering to the Lord, his Offering shall be of fine flour; and he shall pour oil upon it, and put frankincense on it.


Dear Ones, I have made the above distinctions so that we can realize the difference between a Minchah Tribute from קָרְבַּן מִנְחָה לַיהוָֹה A Karbon Minchah To The Lord. Cain and Abel brought A Minchah Tribute. A קָרְבַּן מִנְחָה לַיהוָֹה Karbon Minchah To The Lord is fine flour, oil and frankincense that is burnt upon the altar.


In Leviticus 5 when an individual sins he may offer an ewe, a lamb or a nannie for a sin offering. Most of us would not be able to afford the cost so in Leviticus 5.7 we are informed that it is OK. If our funds are insufficient one may bring two turtledoves or two young pigeons for a sin offering. If our funds are insufficient and one cannot bring either two turtledoves or two young pigeons this is OK. One may bring a tenth of an epha of fine flour for a sin offering. The flour will be brought to the Priest. The Priest will burn the flour in the fire and atone for his sin.


It is this offering that we think of at the Passover Seder. It is this offering that is the plain bread of the poor that atones for our sins. Cain and Abel did not bring an atonement offering. They brought a Minchah Tribute.


Tributes


Bereisheit 4.3

וַיְהִי מִקֵּץ יָמִים וַיָּבֵא קַיִן מִפְּרִי הָאֲדָמָה מִנְחָה לַיהוָֹה: ד


Genesis 4.3

And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an tribute to The Lord.


Bereisheit 4.4

וְהֶבֶל הֵבִיא גַם־הוּא מִבְּכֹרוֹת צֹאנוֹ וּמֵחֶלְבֵהֶן וַיִּשַׁע יְהֹוָה אֶל־הֶבֶל וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ: ה


Genesis 4.4

And Abel also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat of it, i.e. the cream of it And the Lord had respect for Abel and for his tribute;


Bereisheit 4.5

וְאֶל־קַיִן וְאֶל ־ מִנְחָתוֹ לֹא שָׁעָה וַיִּחַר לְקַיִן מְאֹד וַיִּפְּלוּ פָּנָיו: ו 

Genesis 4.5

But for Cain and for his tribute he did not have respect. And Cain was very angry, and his countenance fell.


Some Religions claim Abel brought an animal sacrifice. Abel did not!! Notice Abel's tribute and Cain's tribute are spelled the same in Hebrew. We know Cain's tribute was spoiled flax seed. Abel's Tribute was Cream, butter and wool.


Bereisheit 43.11

וַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵהֶם יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲבִיהֶם אִם־כֵּן ׀ אֵפוֹא זֹאת עֲשׂוּ קְחוּ מִזִּמְרַת הָאָרֶץ בִּכְלֵיכֶם וְהוֹרִידוּ לָאִישׁ מִנְחָה מְעַט צֳרִי וּמְעַט דְּבַשׁ נְכֹאת וָלֹט בָּטְנִים וּשְׁקֵדִים: יב


Genesis 43.11

And their father Israel said to them, If it must be so now, do this; take of the best fruits in the land in your utensils, and carry down a Tribute to the man, a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts, and almonds;


Vayikra 2.1

וְנֶפֶשׁ כִּי־תַקְרִיב קָרְבַּן מִנְחָה לַיהוָֹה סֹלֶת יִהְיֶה קָרְבָּנוֹ וְיָצַק עָלֶיהָ שֶׁמֶן וְנָתַן עָלֶיהָ לְבֹנָה: ב


Leviticus 2.1

And when any will offer a Minchah Offering to the Lord, his offering shall be of fine flour; and he shall pour oil upon it, and put frankincense on it;


Sacrifices

In the second column is The Zeh Vah Ach Sacrifice. The Zeh Vah Ach Sacrifice may or may not include an animal. In Psalms 51 David Said, זִבְחֵי אֱלֹהִים Zee Vih Chai - Elohim meaning 'The Sacrifices of God'. One would normally associate a sacrifice to be an animal sacrifice. We are informed that a broken spirit, a broken and contrite heart are also sacrifices that The Lord Desires.


There is an important point to note. The Word מִזְבֵּחַ Mee Zih Bay Ach meaning 'Altar' incorporates the Word זֶבַח meaning Sacrifice into it's spelling. The Letter Mem is added to the front of זֶבַח Zeh Vah Ach to become the Word מִזְבֵּחַ Mee Zih Bay Ach. The significance cannot be entirely understood. Think of it like this. Every time the Word מִזְבֵּחַ Mee Zih Bay Ach is written in The Hebrew Scriptures this reminds us of sacrifice. The Letter מ Mem reminds us that the Altar is for more than just sacrifices.


The first usage of the Word מִזְבֵּחַ Mee Zih Bay Ach is immediately after the world was flooded. When the ark settled and the occupants departed Noah took the opportunity to make the first burnt offering unto the Lord. The first Offering was a Peace Offering unto the Lord.


Up until this time The Lord God forbade humankind to take life of any kind. No one was permittted to take life for any reason!. The Lord God Judged all humankind and determined to end the lives of all who were evil. See Genesis 61.3. The destruction of the World was a judgment that ended life.


In Sefer Raziel Ha Malach, the Book of Adam Ha Reshon we read an excerpt from the prayer Adam prayed after his sin. Adam confessed his sin. He prayed for The Lord to be Merciful and Gracious with him. He requested compassion for himself and all creation. Avraham Yaakov Finkel, Kabbalah (Southfield, Mi, Targum, Nanuet NY, Feldheim Publishers, 2002) p 24.



The point is that before Noah, building an altar and offering kosher birds and animals humankind made supplications to the Lord. There was the supplication of the heart only! There was the confession of the mouth only!



Bereisheit 6.18 - 20

וַהֲקִמֹתִי אֶת־בְּרִיתִי אִתָּךְ וּבָאתָ אֶל־הַתֵּבָה אַתָּה וּבָנֶיךָ וְאִשְׁתְּךָ וּנְשֵׁי־בָנֶיךָ אִתָּךְ: יט וּמִכָּל־הָחַי מִכָּל־בָּשָׂר שְׁנַיִם מִכֹּל תָּבִיא אֶל־הַתֵּבָה לְהַחֲיֹת אִתָּךְ זָכָר וּנְקֵבָה יִהְיוּ: כ מֵהָעוֹף לְמִינֵהוּ וּמִן־הַבְּהֵמָה לְמִינָהּ מִכֹּל רֶמֶשׂ הָאֲדָמָה לְמִינֵהוּ שְׁנַיִם מִכֹּל יָבֹאוּ אֵלֶיךָ לְהַחֲיוֹת: כ



Genesis 6.18 - 20

And, behold, I, Myself, bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, where there is the breath of life, from under heaven; and every thing that is in the earth shall die. But with you will I Establish My Covenant; and you shall come into the ark, you, and your sons, and your wife, and your sons' wives with you. And of every living thing of all flesh, two of every sort shall you bring into the ark, to keep them alive with you; they shall be male and female. Of birds after their kind, and of cattle after their kind, of every creeping thing of the earth after its kind, two of every sort shall come to you, to keep them alive.


Now something happens during the five years Noah was constructing the Ark between Genesis 6.18 - 20 and the completion of the Ark in Genesis 7.1 - 3.


Bereisheit 7.1 - 3

וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָֹה לְנֹחַ בֹּא־אַתָּה וְכָל־בֵּיתְךָ אֶל־הַתֵּבָה כִּי־אֹתְךָ רָאִיתִי צַדִּיק לְפָנַי בַּדּוֹר הַזֶּה: ב מִכֹּל ׀ הַבְּהֵמָה הַטְּהוֹרָה תִּקַּח־לְךָ שִׁבְעָה שִׁבְעָה אִישׁ וְאִשְׁתּוֹ וּמִן־הַבְּהֵמָה אֲשֶׁר לֹא טְהֹרָה הִוא שְׁנַיִם אִישׁ וְאִשְׁתּוֹ: ג גַּם מֵעוֹף הַשָּׁמַיִם שִׁבְעָה שִׁבְעָה זָכָר וּנְקֵבָה לְחַיּוֹת זֶרַע עַל־פְּנֵי כָל־הָאָרֶץ: ד 


Genesis 7.1- 3

And The Lord Said to Noah, Come you and all your house into the ark; for you have I seen righteous before Me in this generation. Of every clean beast you shall take to you seven pairs, the male and his female; and of beasts that are not clean one pair, the male and his female. Of birds also of the air by seven pairs, the male and the female; to keep seed alive upon the face of all the earth.


In Genesis 6. 18 - 20 the Instruction תָּבִיא Taw Vee i.e. to bring... In Genesis 7.1 - 3 the Instruction was תִּקַּח Tee Kah Ach to take. This is very significant because תִּקַּח Tee Kah Ach represents ownership. Remember Noah was a prophet of The Lord God. As a Prophet he had the ability to foresee and foretell the future. It was at this time Noah understood the Creator's purpose of giving all animals to him. Originally all the animals belonged to Adam. Then Adam sinned. Originally Adam had authority over all the animals. Then Adam sinned. Adam lost his authority over the animals and all creation. Adam said that after his sin the animals did not fear him. The Lord Made a special covering from Lambs wool, goats hair and shed serpent skins to cover him and his wife. Again, there was no shedding of blood. The Creator of the universe forbade taking life until 1,656 years from creation when He destroyed the evil.


Dear Ones, The Holy Scriptures Say, 'Noah was perfect in his generations'. The Lord God chose a man who was not perfect from birth but who attained perfection by improving himself. Then the Lord God Establishes His covenant with Noah. Then the Lord God Gives all the animals to Noah. They were his responsibility. Noah and his family cared for all the animals during the year on the ark. Why is all this significant?


When Noah took the animals they belonged to him. He could not sacrifice animals if they were stolen. Noah understood this. Noah also understood the purpose for taking seven pairs of clean animals and birds. Prophetically he could see the day he would build the first מִזְבֵּחַ Mee Zih Bay Ach and be the first to offer birds and animals on the Altar to The Lord.


Do we understand what Ha Torah is Saying when we read Genesis 8.20?


Bereisheit 8.20

וַיִּבֶן נֹחַ מִזְבֵּחַ לַיהוָֹה וַיִּקַּח מִכֹּל ׀ הַבְּהֵמָה הַטְּהֹרָה וּמִכֹּל הָעוֹף הַטָּהוֹר וַיַּעַל עֹלֹת בַּמִּזְבֵּחַ: כא


Genesis 8.20

And Noah built an altar to the Lord; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean bird, and brought up burnt offerings on the altar.


Noah was not commanded or instructed to build an altar. Noah constructed an altar at the very location that Adam and Eve were created. This is the place where hundreds of years later the Holy Temple in Jerusalem would be built and the Holy Altar would be constructed. Ha Torah Says Noah built the Altar!! Noah is the first in The Holy Scriptures to build an Altar. Noah did not just construct a physical Altar. Noah also constructed the Word מִזְבֵּחַ Mee Zih Bay Ach מִזְבֵּחַ Mee Zih Bay Ach is a very Mystical Word. Abraham the Servant of The Lord learned how to build the Mee Zih Bay Ach מִזְבֵּחַ in Genesis 12.7 from Noah. Abraham is the second to build an Altar to the Lord God. Noach constructed the Altar. He took the זֶבַח Zeh Vah Ach and added the Letter מ Mem to build The Altar. We can speculate why Noah did this. We know that the Letter מ Mem is the first Letter for

מַבּוּל Mah Bool / Flood and The Letter Mem is the first Letter for מְשִׁיחַ Mih Shee Ach meaning Messiah.


The Zeh Vah Ach Sacrifice maybe a Burnt Offerings to The Lord. In Genesis 8.20


Again I ask, do we understand what Ha Torah is Saying when we read Genesis 8.20? Noah prophetically realized humankind needed to sacrifice unto The Lord. So Noah built the Mee Zih Bay Ach מִזְבֵּחַ . Mystically the Gematria of Mee Zih Bay Ach מִזְבֵּחַ is 57. The Gematria of בֹּנֶה to build is also 57.


מִזְבֵּחַ

Mee Zih Bay Ach Altar

מ40 ז7 ב2 ח8 = 57


בֹּנֶה

Boh Neh / to build

ב2 נ50 ה5 = 57


Noach built the physical and Mystical Altar and offered the first sacrifices. He instructed Abraham in the Way of The Lord. The Messiah will come from a descendant of Noah, Shem, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Judah, David and Soloman. Can you see the altar Noach built?


Bereisheit 8.20

וַיִּבֶן נֹחַ מִזְבֵּחַ לַיהוָֹה וַיִּקַּח מִכֹּל ׀ הַבְּהֵמָה הַטְּהֹרָה וּמִכֹּל הָעוֹף הַטָּהוֹר וַיַּעַל עֹלֹת בַּמִּזְבֵּחַ: כא


Genesis 8.20

And Noah built an altar to the Lord; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean bird, and brought up burnt offerings on the altar.


Bereisheit 31.54

1:1וַיִּזְבַּח יַעֲקֹב זֶבַח בָּהָר וַיִּקְרָא לְאֶחָיו לֶאֱכָל־לָחֶם וַיֹּאכְלוּ לֶחֶם וַיָּלִינוּ בָּהָר


Genesis 31.54

Then Jacob slaughtered a sacrifice upon the mount, and called his brothers to eat bread; and they ate bread, and stayed all night in the mount.



Shemot 3.18

וְשָׁמְעוּ לְקֹלֶךָ וּבָאתָ אַתָּה וְזִקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל־מֶלֶךְ מִצְרַיִם וַאֲמַרְתֶּם אֵלָיו יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי הָעִבְרִיִּים נִקְרָה עָלֵינוּ וְעַתָּה נֵלְכָה־נָּא דֶּרֶךְ שְׁלֹשֶׁת יָמִים בַּמִּדְבָּר וְנִזְבְּחָה לַיהוָֹה אֱלֹהֵינוּ: יט

Exodus 3.18

And they shall listen to your voice; and you shall come, you and the elders of Israel, to the king of Egypt, and you shall say to him, The Lord God of the Hebrews has met with us; and now let us go, we beseech you, three days' journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the Lord our God.


Shemot 12.27


Shemot 12.27

וַאֲמַרְתֶּם זֶבַח־פֶּסַח הוּא לַיהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר פָּסַח עַל־בָּתֵּי בְנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּמִצְרַיִם בְּנָגְפּוֹ אֶת־מִצְרַיִם וְאֶת־בָּתֵּינוּ הִצִּיל וַיִּקֹּד הָעָם וַיִּשְׁתַּחֲווּ: כח


Tehillim 51.17 - 19

אֲדֹנָי שְׂפָתַי תִּפְתָּח וּפִי יַגִּיד תְּהִלָּתֶךָ: כִּי ׀ לֹא־תַחְפֹּץ זֶבַח וְאֶתֵּנָה עוֹלָה לֹא תִרְצֶה: זִבְחֵי אֱלֹהִים רוּחַ נִשְׁבָּרָה לֵב־נִשְׁבָּר וְנִדְכֶּה אֱלֹהִים לֹא תִבְזֶה: כ


Psalms 51.17 - 19

O Lord, open you my lips; and my mouth shall declare your praise. For you do not desire sacrifice; or else would I give it; you do not delight in burnt offering. The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; a broken and contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.



Offering / Burnt Offering

Column three always is in reference to sacrifices that are 'Burnt Offerings'. The הָעֹלָה Haw Ooh Leh meaning Burnt Offerings rise in the air. After Noach offered the first Burnt Offering to The Lord the fragrance rose up into the heavens 'And the Lord smelled the pleasing odor' . The Word עַל Ahl means to go up. The Word עָלָה Aw Lawh means to go up to rise to ascend. The will begin a new when Moshiach comes.


Bereisheit 8.20

וַיִּבֶן נֹחַ מִזְבֵּחַ לַיהוָֹה וַיִּקַּח מִכֹּל ׀ הַבְּהֵמָה הַטְּהֹרָה וּמִכֹּל הָעוֹף הַטָּהוֹר וַיַּעַל עֹלֹת בַּמִּזְבֵּחַ: כא


Genesis 8.20

And Noah built an altar to the Lord; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean bird, and brought up burnt offerings on the altar.


Dear Ones, Noach not only built a physical Altar and a Mystical Altar but he brought up into the Heavens burnt fragrances that arose to please The Lord God. The picture is this. When we pray let our prayer rise up. Do not be bashful. Let the sounds of our voice rise like Noach brought the fragrance of the Burnt Offering to rise up. Noach caused the Burnt offering to rise up. This is the Mystical key. This is what we must do. We must cause our praise to rise up.


The Word עֹלֹת Ooh Lot meaning to rise up is the Gematria of 500. The Word מִסַּת Mee Saht meaning a Tribute is also the Gematria 500.


עֹלֹת

Ooh Lot / To rise up to ascend

ט70 ל30 ת400 = 500


מִסַּת

Mee Saht / a tribute

מ40 ס60 ת400 = 500


The point is that Noach helped to teach us how to elevate to the Lord. Noach taught Abraham how to rise up. This is one of the many lessons we should receive from Noach. What did the Lord God Say to Abram?


Genesis 17.1

And when Abram was ninety nine years old, the Lord appeared to Abram, and said to him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be perfect.


What does the Lord God Say to us?


Leviticus 19.1,2

And The Lord Spoke to Moses, Saying, Speak to all the congregation of the people of Israel, and say to them, You shall be Holy; for I the Lord your God Am Holy.


Dear Ones, the purpose of this presentation is to better understand our potential presentations unto the Lord God. Do you want to be that Noach? Do you want to be like Abraham? Then release your potential. Elevate. Rise up in a most humble way to bless, honor and praise the lord from a life of holiness. Remember Noach had to possess the animals. Abraham had to possess the animals he offered. We have to possess Holiness. Holiness can not be jacket that we wear.


Genesis 18.19

For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the Lord, to do justice and judgment; that the Lord may bring upon Abraham that which he has spoken of him.


Within this discussion we should have learned the foundation stones for the Minchah Tribute, The Zeh Vah Ach Sacrifice and The הָעֹלָה Haw Ooh Leh Burnt Offerings that rise up. We should understand Noach's intent was to help build and establish a bridge between the survivors of the flood and their descendants to The Lord God after the world was destroyed.


In these Gematrias we see the connection between the sacrifice and the bread. Bread is one of the presentations. Remember....


Deuteronomy 8.3

And He Humbled you, and let you hunger, and Fed you with manna, which you knew not, neither did your fathers know; that He Might Make you know that man does not live by bread only, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of the Lord Does man live.


וְנִזְבְּחָה

Vih Neez Bih Chawh / And Sacrifice

ו6 נ50 ז7 ב2 ח8 ה5 = 78


לֶחֶם

Leh Chehm Bread

ל30 ח8 ם40 = 78


מַבּוּל

Mah Bool / Flood

מ40 ב2 ו6 ל30 = 78


ב ' ח

Genesis 4.1 - 26

How God Forgives Sin

Improve - A Discussion About Salvation

  Video 1 and Video 2 and Video 3


Bereisheit Limood

Weekly Genesis VIDEO 


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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This discussion is predicated upon Genesis 3 discussion about individual and group accountability when Adam and Eve sinned.  Some teach that when Adam Ha Reshon {the first man} and Eve Ha Reshonah {the first lady, Eve} sinned that they brought a blood offering. NOT TRUE! 


G-d Provided a skin covering from the shed serpent's skin and combined the serpent's skin with woven goats hair and woven wool  from lambs to Clothe and provide a covering for Adam and Eve.  The Lord God Did Not Shed blood from animals.   


Animal sacrifices did not begin until after the flood of Noach. For the first 1,647 years prior to the flood animals were not sacrificed. Every being was vegetarian. Taking the life of an animal was forbidden! (Genesis 9.2-5) The Tributes  of Cain and Able in Genesis 4.3 - 5 are often translated 'offerings' yet No animal life was taken. מִנְחָה Mee Nih Chawh is the Word many mistakenly translate as Offering. Yet, Minchah is a Gift a Tribute. The act of taking an animals life was not done during the first 1,648 years. There were no animal offerings and  no animal sacrifices. There were only tributes and gifts.

How do we know Able did not offer a blood sacrifice?  They did not build an altar because they were prohibited from slaughtering animals, (R' Yosief Kimchi; Tur). Rabbi Meir Zlotowitz and Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Artscroll Tanach Series - Bereishis Vol. I(a) (Brooklyn, New York: Mesorah Publications, Ltd. 3rd Impression, 1989), p 145


In Genesis 4.3 - 5 many translators incorrectly say they brought an offering to The Lord. Cain and Able brought a Tribute to The Lord. It is for reasons like this that translators MUST be so very careful because one incorrect translation can give the wrong impression!! The jump from Offering to Sacrifice is easy to make. The jump from Tribute to Sacrifice is not. This is how misunderstandings begin. This is how pseudo doctrines begin.


Bereisheit 4.4

וְהֶבֶל הֵבִיא גַם־הוּא מִבְּכֹרוֹת צֹאנוֹ וּמֵחֶלְבֵהֶן וַיִּשַׁע יְהֹוָה אֶל־הֶבֶל וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ1:1


Genesis 4.4

And Abel also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of rich cream of it. And the Lord had respect for Abel and for his offering;


מִנְחָתוֹ

Mee Nih Chaw Toh / His Offering

מ40 נ50 ח8 ת400 ו6 = 504


לָדַעַת

Law Dah Aht / to know for sure...

Genesis 3.22 - humankind knows for sure the difference between what is right and what is evil...

ל30 ד4 ע70 ת400 = 504


Bereisheit 3.22

וַיֹּאמֶר ׀ יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהִים הֵן הָאָדָם הָיָה כְּאַחַד מִמֶּנּוּ לָדַעַת טוֹב וָרָע וְעַתָּה ׀ פֶּן־יִשְׁלַח יָדוֹ וְלָקַח גַּם מֵעֵץ הַחַיִּים וְאָכַל וָחַי לְעֹלָם:  כג 

Genesis 3.22

And the Lord God Said, Behold, the man [meaning Adam and Eve] has become like one of us [meaning other Spiritual Beings having the ability] to know for sure [what is] good and [what is]evil; and now, what if he puts forth his hand, and takes also from the tree of life, and eats, and lives forever; 


As we read Genesis 4. 1-7 please pay careful attention to the highlited Words. 


Bereisheit 4.1 - 7

וְהָאָדָם יָדַע אֶת־חַוָּה אִשְׁתּוֹ וַתַּהַר וַתֵּלֶד אֶת־קַיִן וַתֹּאמֶר קָנִיתִי אִישׁ אֶת־יְהוָֹה:  ב וַתֹּסֶף לָלֶדֶת אֶת־אָחִיו אֶת־הָבֶל וַיְהִי־הֶבֶל רֹעֵה צֹאן וְקַיִן הָיָה עֹבֵד אֲדָמָה:  ג וַיְהִי מִקֵּץ יָמִים וַיָּבֵא קַיִן מִפְּרִי הָאֲדָמָה מִנְחָה לַיהוָֹה ד וְהֶבֶל הֵבִיא גַם־הוּא מִבְּכֹרוֹת צֹאנוֹ וּמֵחֶלְבֵהֶן וַיִּשַׁע יְהֹוָה אֶל־הֶבֶל וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ ה וְאֶל־קַיִן וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ לֹא שָׁעָה וַיִּחַר לְקַיִן מְאֹד וַיִּפְּלוּ פָּנָיו:  ו וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָֹה אֶל־קָיִן לָמָּה חָרָה לָךְ וְלָמָּה נָפְלוּ פָנֶיךָ:  ז הֲלוֹא אִם־תֵּיטִיב שְׂאֵת וְאִם לֹא תֵיטִיב לַפֶּתַח חַטָּאת רֹבֵץ וְאֵלֶיךָ תְּשׁוּקָתוֹ וְאַתָּה תִּמְשָׁל־בּוֹ: 


Genesis 4.1 - 7

And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bore Cain, and said, I have acquired a man from the Lord.   And she again bore his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.  And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground a Tribute to the Lord.   And Abel also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat of it. And the Lord had respect for Abel and for his Tribute;  But for Cain and for his tribute He did not have respect. And Cain was very angry, and his countenance fell.  And The Lord said to Cain, Why are you angry? and why is your countenance fallen?  If you improve, you shall be accepted. and if you do not well, sin lies at the door. And to you shall be his desire, and yet you may rule over him. 


Cain, the older brother of Able gave a Tribute of spoiled flax seed to the Creator. It is understandable that Cain's / Cain's Tribute was rejected by the Lord! Cain's Tribute was NOT from the best of his vegetarian produce. Cain's Tribute was not from the first fruits of his vegetarian produce. Cain's offering was NOT rejected because it was vegetarian. It was rejected because of Cain's stubbornness, stinginess and very poor choice for a Tribute to the Creator. 

Able's Tribute was NOT a blood offering!! The Torah portion of the Bible says Able's Tribute was from the very best of his firstborn flocks. Our Sages Teach this means Able brought the finest spun wool. Able brought the finest cream and cheese. Able's Tribute was accepted because of the correct attitude in which he gave his Tribute to The Lord. 

Midrash Tanchumah states,  Cain's offering consisted of poor quality flax seed.  [Cain offered] inferior produce as a sacrifice, taking the best for himself. (Eitz Yosef} Avrohom Davis, Metsudah Midrash Tanchuma Bereishis 1 (Monsey, NY Eastern Book Press Inc. 2005) p50


Our attitude of giving to the Lord must be proper

Bereisheit 4.3 

וַיְהִי מִקֵּץ יָמִים וַיָּבֵא קַיִן מִפְּרִי הָאֲדָמָה מִנְחָה לַיהוָֹה1:

Genesis 4.3 

And it happened in the process of many days that he, Cain / Cain brought from the fruit of the ground a Tribute to The Lord. 

Cain brought his Tribute to the Place of the future Altar of the Bet Ha Mikdosh / The Holy Temple. This was the most Holy Place outside Gan Eden. It is the place where our Creator Took from the dust of the ground to form the body of Ha Adam. Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Stone Edition The Chumash Travel Size (Mesorah Publications, Ltd., Brooklyn, N.Y. 2001), p. 39 

Bereisheit 4.4 

וְהֶבֶל הֵבִיא גַם־הוּא מִבְּכֹרוֹת צֹאנוֹ וּמֵחֶלְבֵהֶן וַיִּשַׁע יְהֹוָה אֶל־הֶבֶל וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ:

Genesis 4.4 

And Able / Able, He brought from the firstlings / the first born of his sheep and  from the fat [the choice of / the cream from the milk and cheese, and He, The Lord Had Regard to Able and to His Tribute. 

Bereisheit 4.5 

וְאֶל־קַיִן וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ לֹא שָׁעָה וַיִּחַר לְקַיִן מְאֹד וַיִּפְּלוּ פָּנָיו1:

Genesis 4.5 

And to Cain's and to his Tribute there was no respect and he, Cain was angry towards [himself], and His face showed great disappointment. 

What is the difference between the Tributes? 

1.) Cain did NOT bring a choice Tribute. 

2.) Cain did NOT bring a Tribute from the first of . מִבְּכֹרוֹת .his crops, i.e 

Think of Cain like this. If a friend were to tailor a shirt for you out of left over scraps it maybe a nice shirt but it came from scraps. No matter how nice our scraps maybe and no matter how beautiful we can transform our scraps the fact remains we do not give our scraps to The Lord the Creator of The Universe as Cain did. Compare the difference. If this taylor went into a fine fabric store and purchased the finest and most costly materials with the intent of using his / her's greatest tailoring skills to design and produce the best possible shirt this would be what Able did and what Cain did NOT do. Now let's put this in perspective a little more. I have heard the stories of many children whose parents took cloth from grain sacks and made them nice clothing. I understand. At that time they could not afford more. This was NOT the situation with Cain. He could have afforded to give the best crop to the Creator but did not. Cain could have prepared and planned his Tribute instead of throwing something together for the Creator of the Universe. Cain was unwilling to give or spend. He was not generous. He was stingy. He was stubborn. He was unwilling to open his hand to the Creator let alone the poor and destitute. If one will not select the best, plan and prepare for the Creator and Judge of the Universe then what will that one do for those who are the least? Cain's lack of generosity was a sin. Cain was disrespectful to the Creator. Cain's gift was garbage. Our Sages Say Cain offered as his Tribute spoiled flax seed. This was a sin! Can we now understand why Cain's offering was rejected? Cain had issues with acknowledging and honoring the Creator. Cain's thoughts and actions were sinful.

Genesis 49.3 

Reuvein /Reuben, you are my firstborn, my strength, and my initial vigor, foremost in rank and foremost in power. 

Yaakov described why the firstborn is the choice. The first born is the cream of the crop. So in a similar way we can understand that one of the issues with Cain is he was stingy. He did not want to give the Creator anything of value. He wanted to give the Creator something that he no longer had use for. 

Let's discuss the meaning of what Ha Torah Able brought from the very best of the first born sheep.

Able brought a choice Tribute. The Word Voo May Cheh Lih Vay Hehn is deep וּמֵחֶלְבֵהֶן because of it's meaning. The root Word has several meanings which apply in this Verse. Able brought a choice Tribute. Why was Able's Tribute considered a choice Tribute? First is because Able gave serious thought to his selection. Able's Gift to the Lord was not thrown together. Able's gift was contemplated, planned and carefully prepared. There are grades of cream, cheese and wool. Able's flocks were separated. Separation is a form of Holiness! The Bih Cohr, first born of Able's cattle were בְּכֹר separated from the other cattle. The quality of the produce from the first born cattle were graded and separated. This is a higher step of holiness. Then the highest quality of the produce was carefully prepared by Able to present as a Tribute to The Lord. Able prepared the finest cream, butter, cheese and wool. This was the highest step of separation / Holiness. It was for these reasons that Able's Tribute was honored and selected. It was not a sick mangy runt or from the poorest produce from his flocks. Ha Torah equates a firstborn to the Words Yaakov / Jacob Spoke to Reuvein his first born. Let's examine his words to get a better idea of the Scriptures intent regarding a first born. 

One could also say rich cream or the fat of the Tribute because the spelling for rich cream and animal fat is the same. Yet we know it was not an animal sacrifice because the Word Minchato tells us this was a Tribute and therefore was not meat.


Abel kept his sheep chiefly for their wool (besides milk), for killing animals and eating them was forbidden... But why did the Torah say twice over, 'to Cain and to his offering and to Able and to his offering?'  We can explain this on the basis of Chazal's comment that [G-d Did Not] allow Adam to kill beasts or to consume their flesh. (He [Permitted] it only in Noah's time.)  Rabbi Zalman Sorotzkin, Insights In The Torah - Bereishis (Brooklyn, NY: Mesorah Publications, Ltd. First Edition, 1991), p33



What did The Creator Say to Cain?

The Creator Said, 'If you improve there is forgiveness..' Genesis 4.7 So we see the plan to receive forgiveness is to simply 'Improve'. However, part of improving is acknowledging the mistake. Take ownership for doing wrong. Cain would not take ownership for his sin. Therefore sin lay at his door and it consumed him. He died in his sins. He entered eternity in defiance to his sin. He perished!


Noach brought a 'Burnt Offering'. This is identified by the Word עלת Oh Loht which represents it was a bird or animal. When the Word Minchah is used it is not an animal. When the Word Oh Lam or Oh Loht are used it is an animal sacrifice.


Stone Edition

But if his means are insufficient for two turtledoves or for two young doves, then he shall bring, as his guilt-offering for that which he sinned, a tenth-ephah of fine flour for a sin-offering; he shall not place oil on it nor shall he put frankincense on it, for it is a sin-offering.  He shall bring it to the Kohen, and the Kohen shall scoop his threefingersful as its memorial portion and shall cause it to go up in smoke on the Altar, on the fires of Hashem; it is a sin offering.  The Kohen shall provide him atonement for the sin he committed regarding any of these, and it will be forgiven him; and it shall belong to the Kohen, like the meal-offering. Vayikra 5.11-13


King James Version

But if he be not able to bring two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, then he that sinned shall bring for his offering the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering; he shall put no oil upon it, neither shall he put any frankincense thereon: for it is a sin offering. Then shall he bring it to the priest, and the priest shall take his handful of it, even a memorial thereof, and burn it on the altar, according to the offerings made by fire unto the LORD: it is a sin offering. And the priest shall make an atonement for him as touching his sin that he hath sinned in one of these, and it shall be forgiven him: and the remnant shall be the priest's, as a meat offering. Leviticus 5.11-13



New International Version

" 'If, however, he cannot afford two doves or two young pigeons, he is to bring as an offering for his sin a tenth of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering. He must not put oil or incense on it, because it is a sin offering.  He is to bring it to the priest, who shall take a handful of it as a memorial portion and burn it on the altar on top of the offerings made to the LORD by fire. It is a sin offering. In this way the priest will make atonement for him for any of these sins he has committed, and he will be forgiven. The rest of the offering will belong to the priest, as in the case of the grain offering.' " Leviticus 5.11-13


 When man follows Ha Torah, Ha Torah atones for man.  How do we know this?  The Gematrias are the same.  The Torah is Perfect.  The Torah can and does atone for man.  So in the Observance of Torah we see the portrayal of atonement for man.


Vayikra 1.1 - 2 

וַיִּקְרָא אֶל־מֹשֶׁה וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָֹה אֵלָיו מֵאֹהֶל מוֹעֵד לֵאמֹר1:1 דַּבֵּר אֶל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם אָדָם כִּי־ יַקְרִיב מִכֶּם קָרְבָּן לַיהוָֹה מִן־הַבְּהֵמָה מִן־ הַבָּקָרוּמִן־הַצֹּאןתַּקְרִיבוּאֶת־קָרְבַּנְכֶם: ג 

Leviticus 1.1 - 2 

And He Called to Moses, and the Lord Said, to him from the Tent of Witness Saying, Speak to the People of Israel and say to them if Adam, [a man] among you brings an Offering to the Lord from animals, from the cattle, and from the sheep you shall bring everything from Aleph to Tav of your offering. 


The ָןבּרְקָ Karbon / Offering is offered at a particular place. How do we know this? '...if Adam, [a man] among you brings an Offering to the Lord...' The Offering is brought to The Lord. Where is The Lord? The Lord Spoke to Moshe from the Tent of Witnesses. Any where will not do! In Leviticus the offering is offered at the entrance to the Mishkon / the Tabernacle. This is the place where the Presence of the Lord dwells. This teaches us that there is a place for our offerings. Before offerings were made at the entrance of the Holy Tabernacle offerings were made at the place of our formation. Tributes were originally made at the place where the Lord God Formed Adam and Eve from the dust of the ground. Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Stone Edition The Chumash Travel Size (Mesorah Publications, Ltd., Brooklyn, N.Y. 2001), p.  


Remember!


Vayikra 1.1 - 3

וַיִּקְרָא אֶל־מֹשֶׁה וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָֹה אֵלָיו מֵאֹהֶל מוֹעֵד לֵאמֹר:  ב דַּבֵּר אֶל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם אָדָם כִּי־יַקְרִיב מִכֶּם קָרְבָּן לַיהוָֹה מִן־הַבְּהֵמָה מִן־הַבָּקָר וּמִן־הַצֹּאן תַּקְרִיבוּ אֶת־קָרְבַּנְכֶם:  ג


Leviticus 1.1 - 3

And He Called to Moses, and He the Lord Said, to him from the Tent of Witness Saying, Speak to the People of Israel and say to them [if Adam] If a man among you brings an Offering to the Lord from animals, from the cattle, and from the sheep you shall bring everything from Aleph to Tav of your offering.


אָדָם כִּי־יַקְרִיב

[if Adam] If a man among you brings...

א1 ד4 ם40 כ20 י10 י10 ק100 ר200 י10 ב2 =397


מִן־הַבָּקָר

From the cattle

מ40 ן50 ה5 ב2 ק100 ר200 = 397


Originally all the animals belonged to Adam. Our Sages point to Adam's ownership of all animals. Leviticus 1.2 is a reflection on Adam's ownership because it Says, '...if Adam among you brings...' We translate this is as '...if a man among you brings...' because we understand we must gain ownership of the animals from Adam. The second Gematria brings this point a little closer with the Words, 'From his animals'. Adam used to own the animals but now they are from some else's flock. The Torah Says 'from his animals'. This speaks of the ownership. Yet, Adam offered matzah. He brought Unleavened Bread to the Lord as his Tribute.


Individuals who have believed sin can only be forgiven with a blood sacrifice may now be entangled in confusion because the Truth of Genesis 4.3 - 5 is being revealed. Lets return to what David Said.


Psalms 51.17 - 19 / KJV - Psalms 51.15 - 17

'Oh Lord open my lips that my mouth may declare Your Praise. For You do not desire a sacrifice, else I would give it; a burnt offering You do not want. The Sacrifices God Desires are a broken Spirit; a heart broken and humbled, Oh God, You will not despise...'


King David Said, 'For You do not desire a Sacrifice, else I would give it; a Burnt Offering You do not want. King David is specifically speaking about a Sacrifice for his sin. He is speaking about a Burnt Offering for his sin. Dear

ones bringing a Sacrifice or a Burnt Offering does not eradicate one's sins. An individual may bring all the Sacrifices and Burnt Offerings they desire and they will NOT remove any sin if the individual is just going through a formality. Sin is forgiven by first being touched by what ones has done that is not correct... that is a mistake... that is an improper behavior... that is a sin... One has a broken Spirit. One realizes their Spirit is broken and needs repair. One is humbled by their improper action by their sin. Then one confesses their mistake to The Lord God, One makes a plan not to repeat their mistake, one offers restitution for their mistake. At this point the sinner is restored. Our Creator Instructed Cain to simply 'IMPROVE'. David taught us to acknowledge our sins to The Lord God. David taught us to be humble, i.e. to confess our errors to The Lord God. This is how sins are forgiven. This is the basis for receiving forgiveness for sin. Now let's examine the basis for this Teaching from Ha Torah.



Bereisheit 8.20

וַיִּבֶן נֹחַ מִזְבֵּחַ לַיהוָֹה וַיִּקַּח מִכֹּל הַבְּהֵמָה הַטְּהֹרָה וּמִכֹּל הָעוֹף הַטָּהוֹר

:וַיַּעַל עֹלֹת בַּמִּזְבֵּחַ

Genesis 8.20

And Noah built an altar to the Lord; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean bird, and offered burnt offerings on the altar.


Bereisheit 46.27

וּבְנֵי יוֹסֵף אֲשֶׁר־יֻלַּד־לוֹ בְמִצְרַיִם נֶפֶשׁ שְׁנָיִם כָּל־הַנֶּפֶשׁ לְבֵית־יַעֲקֹב הַבָּאָה מִצְרַיְמָה שִׁבְעִים:1


Genesis 46.27

And the sons of Joseph, who were born to him in Egypt, were two soul[s]; all the soul[s] of the house of Jacob, who came to Egypt, were seventy.


The point here is the word Soul is used when making reference to two souls and when making reference to seventy souls. two soul are 'One Soul'. Seventy Souls are 'One Soul' This Teaches that we are bound together. We are our brothers1keeper. We share the same bond. We share the same soul. Notice Leviticus 5.1 uses the same Word שֶׁנֶפ Nefesh / Soul as Genesis 46.27. In נֶפֶשׁ Genesis 46.27 all seventy souls are called one single soul. In part this is why on Yom Kippur we plead for our sins the sins our one soul has committed. Our Creator groups us together as if we each shared the same soul. So when we say 'If a soul sins' we are speaking both on an individual basis and a community basis. If one is poor they may gain atonement with an offering of a tenth-ephah of flour. NO BLOOD! Lets examine Leviticus 5.


Vayikra 5.1 - 13

 א וְנֶפֶשׁ כִּי־תֶחֱטָא וְשָׁמְעָה קוֹל אָלָה וְהוּא עֵד אוֹ רָאָה אוֹ יָדָע אִם־לוֹא יַגִּיד וְנָשָׂא עֲוֹנוֹ:  ב אוֹ נֶפֶשׁ אֲשֶׁר תִּגַּע בְּכָל־דָּבָר טָמֵא אוֹ בְנִבְלַת חַיָּה טְמֵאָה אוֹ בְּנִבְלַת בְּהֵמָה טְמֵאָה אוֹ בְּנִבְלַת שֶׁרֶץ טָמֵא וְנֶעְלַם מִמֶּנּוּ וְהוּא טָמֵא וְאָשֵׁם:  ג אוֹ כִי יִגַּע בְּטֻמְאַת אָדָם לְכֹל טֻמְאָתוֹ אֲשֶׁר יִטְמָא בָּהּ וְנֶעְלַם מִמֶּנּוּ וְהוּא יָדַע וְאָשֵׁם:  ד אוֹ נֶפֶשׁ כִּי תִשָּׁבַע לְבַטֵּא בִשְׂפָתַיִם לְהָרַע ׀ אוֹ לְהֵיטִיב לְכֹל אֲשֶׁר יְבַטֵּא הָאָדָם בִּשְׁבֻעָה וְנֶעְלַם מִמֶּנּוּ וְהוּא־יָדַע וְאָשֵׁם לְאַחַת מֵאֵלֶּה:  ה וְהָיָה כִי־יֶאְשַׁם לְאַחַת מֵאֵלֶּה וְהִתְוַדָּה אֲשֶׁר חָטָא עָלֶיהָ:  ו וְהֵבִיא אֶת־אֲשָׁמוֹ לַיהוָֹה עַל חַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר חָטָא נְקֵבָה מִן־הַצֹּאן כִּשְׂבָּה אוֹ־שְׂעִירַת עִזִּים לְחַטָּאת וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַכֹּהֵן מֵחַטָּאתוֹ:  ז וְאִם־לֹא תַגִּיעַ יָדוֹ דֵּי שֶׂה וְהֵבִיא אֶת־אֲשָׁמוֹ אֲשֶׁר חָטָא שְׁתֵּי תֹרִים אוֹ־שְׁנֵי בְנֵי־יוֹנָה לַיהוָֹה אֶחָד לְחַטָּאת וְאֶחָד לְעֹלָה:  ח וְהֵבִיא אֹתָם אֶל־הַכֹּהֵן וְהִקְרִיב אֶת־אֲשֶׁר לַחַטָּאת רִאשׁוֹנָה וּמָלַק אֶת־רֹאשׁוֹ מִמּוּל עָרְפּוֹ וְלֹא יַבְדִּיל:  ט וְהִזָּה מִדַּם הַחַטָּאת עַל־קִיר הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וְהַנִּשְׁאָר בַּדָּם יִמָּצֵה אֶל־יְסוֹד הַמִּזְבֵּחַ חַטָּאת הוּא:  י וְאֶת־הַשֵּׁנִי יַעֲשֶׂה עֹלָה כַּמִּשְׁפָּט וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַכֹּהֵן מֵחַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר־חָטָא וְנִסְלַח לוֹ: ס [שביעי]  יא וְאִם־לֹא תַשִּׂיג יָדוֹ לִשְׁתֵּי תֹרִים אוֹ לִשְׁנֵי בְנֵי־יוֹנָה וְהֵבִיא אֶת־קָרְבָּנוֹ אֲשֶׁר חָטָא עֲשִׂירִת הָאֵפָה סֹלֶת לְחַטָּאת לֹא־יָשִׂים עָלֶיהָ שֶׁמֶן וְלֹא־יִתֵּן עָלֶיהָ לְבֹנָה כִּי חַטָּאת הִוא:  יב וֶהֱבִיאָהּ אֶל־הַכֹּהֵן וְקָמַץ הַכֹּהֵן ׀ מִמֶּנָּה מְלוֹא קֻמְצוֹ אֶת־אַזְכָּרָתָהּ וְהִקְטִיר הַמִּזְבֵּחָה עַל אִשֵּׁי יְהוָֹה חַטָּאת הִוא:  יג וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַכֹּהֵן עַל־חַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר־חָטָא מֵאַחַת מֵאֵלֶּה וְנִסְלַח לוֹ וְהָיְתָה לַכֹּהֵן כַּמִּנְחָה: ס  יד 

Leviticus 5.1 - 13

1  And if a soul sins, and hears the voice of swearing, and is a witness, whether he has seen or known of it; if he does not utter it, then he shall bear his iniquity. 2  Or if a soul touches any unclean thing, whether it is a carcass of an unclean beast, or a carcass of unclean cattle, or the carcass of unclean creeping things, and if it is hidden from him; he also shall be unclean, and guilty. 3  Or if he touches the uncleanness of man, whatever uncleanness it is that a man is defiled with, and it is hidden from him; when he knows of it, then he shall be guilty. 4  Or if a soul swears, pronouncing with his lips to do evil, or to do good, whatever it is that a man shall pronounce with an oath, and it is hidden from him; when he knows of it, then he shall be guilty in one of these. 5  And it shall be, when he shall be guilty in one of these things, that he shall confess that he has sinned in that thing; 6  And he shall bring his guilt offering to the Lord for his sin which he has sinned, a female from the flock, a lamb or a kid of the goats, for a sin offering; and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his sin. 7  And if his means are not sufficient for a sheep, then he shall bring everything from Aleph to Tav for his trespass, which he has committed, two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, to the Lord; one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering. 8  And he shall bring them to the priest, who shall offer that which is for the sin offering first, and wring off its head from its neck, but shall not divide it asunder; 9  And he shall sprinkle of the blood of the sin offering upon the side of the altar; and the rest of the blood shall be wrung out at the bottom of the altar; it is a sin offering. 10  And he shall offer the second for a burnt offering, according to the prescribed order; and the priest shall make an atonement for him for his sin which he has sinned, and it shall be forgiven him. 11  And if his means are not sufficient for the acquisition of two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, then he who sinned shall bring for his offering the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering; he shall put no oil upon it, nor shall he put any frankincense on it; for it is a sin offering. 12  Then shall he bring it to the priest, and the priest shall take his handful of it, a memorial part of it, and burn it on the altar, according to the offerings made by fire to the Lord; it is a sin offering. 13  And the priest shall make an atonement for him in regard to his sin that he has sinned in one of these, and it shall be forgiven him; and the remnant shall be the priest's, as a Meal / Minchah Offering. 


And if his means are not sufficient for a sheep

Today I went online to try and get an idea of how much sheep are selling for.  It has been decades since I lived on a farm and helped the family raise sheep. A young Ewe In the United States, a sheep weighing between 45 to 99 pounds may sell for $275.00. We are not taking into consideration the physical condition of the sheep or it's specific breed. Prices vary a lot. So how often could most of us afford $275.00 for our sins?  How often do we sin? Do we sin daily weekly or monthly? If we could purchase ritual pure sheep for just $100.00 each how much would this cost us? The point is clear.  Many would not be in a position to purchase sheep. This is why Ha Torah offers two turtledoves, or two young pigeons which are more affordable. Yet even $5.00 or $10.00 could be a lot. This is why we may offer a Minchah Offering / A flower Offering. Notice the last two Words of Leviticus 5.13. 


Bereisheit 4.4

וְאֶל־קַיִן וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ לֹא שָׁעָה וַיִּחַר לְקַיִן מְאֹד וַיִּפְּלוּ פָּנָיו:  ו 


Genesis 4.4

And Abel also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat of it. And the Lord had respect for Abel and for his offering;


Vayikra 5.13

 וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַכֹּהֵן עַל־חַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר־חָטָא מֵאַחַת מֵאֵלֶּה וְנִסְלַח לוֹ וְהָיְתָה לַכֹּהֵן כַּמִּנְחָה: ס  י


Leviticus 5.13

13  And the priest shall make an atonement for him in regard to his sin that he has sinned in one of these, and it shall be forgiven him; and the remnant shall be Meal / Minchah Offering. 



מִנְחָתוֹ - Genesis 4. 5


מִּנְחָה - Leviticus 5.15


Having shared this I would like to point out one of the origins for the false teachings regarding blood sacrifice. If one takes a careful look at the book of Hebrews which is part of  The Christian Writings the following is stated:


Hebrews 9:22
And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.


The fact is most sin offering offered by individuals are Minchah Offerings! 


For whatever reason the 'ALMOST' is often missed... I have offered many examples where blood is not required to purge sin as discussed in this chapter. Our concluding point is this our Creator has always had a plan for sin.  The plan is simple. 'IMPROVE!' Our Creator's plan has nothing to do with a savior or murdering a man at Passover. We acknowledge our sin. We make a plan to change. We offer restitution. We improve. When we die we go to heaven. We do not need to worry about hell. Instead we should concern ourselves with Obedience. Judaism places the emphasis on a loving Creator who deeply cares about all His Creation. Everyone is important to the Lord. This is how salvation is received and maintained. 



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