Results tagged “Passover” from BNTI Blog

ב ' ח

Bereisheit Limood Chapter 19

Genesis 19.1 - 38

Bereisheit Limood Video

And They Came, Two Angels To Sedom


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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Dear Reader, what happens when an Angel comes to visit? It depends. What will the Angel see? What will the Angel Observe? Our discussion begins with two Angels visiting Sedom.


Bereisheit 19.1

וַיָּבֹאוּ שְׁנֵי הַמַּלְאָכִים סְדֹמָה בָּעֶרֶב

וְלוֹט יֹשֵׁב בְּשַׁעַר־סְדֹם וַיַּרְא־לוֹט

וַיָּקָם לִקְרָאתָם וַיִּשְׁתַּחוּ אַפַּיִם אָרְצָה1:1


Genesis 19.1

And they came, the two Malachim to Sedom in the evening and Lot sat in [the] Gate [of judgment] [in] Sedom and he Lot saw and he arose and he called to them and he bowed his face [anger] to the ground.


הַמַּלְאָכִים

The Word Malachim is one of three occurrences in Ha Torah. Malachim means Angels. The Letter ה Hey which is before Malachim represents an article meaning The Malachim. Which Angels? You know, 'The Angels'. This is like everyone knows them. They are the Angels that guarded Yaakov. See Bereisheit 32.7 Regarding the Malachim, Rabbi Meir Zlotowitz and Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Artscroll Tanach Series - Bereishis Vol. I(a) (Brooklyn, New York: Mesorah Publications, Ltd. 3rd Impression, 1989), p 628


One Angel was Michael who was sent to inform of Sarah's conception, Gavriel to Judge Sedom and Raphael to heal Avraham. Raphael would be assigned another mission after completing his. He was sent to save Lot.


בָּעֶרֶב

The Angels came in the evening. It was near the time for a new day to begin... Twilight. The end of one day and the beginning of another.


סְדֹמָה בָּעֶרֶב

As the sun set, a new day was approaching in Sedom. The way of living in Sedom was going to change with the onset of a new day...


וְלוֹט יֹשֵׁב בְּשַׁעַר־סְדֹם

And Lot sat in [the] Gate [of judgment] [in] Sedom

This was Lot's first day as a Judge according to our Sages. Sedom has a righteous judge one day and Divine Judgment Descends upon their sinfulness. Notice the second Word, ישב meaning 'sat'. Yoh Shayv normally is spelled with the Letter ו Vav יושב. When Yoh Shayv is spelled correctly, i.e. with the Letter Vav added the meaning changes to 'was sitting'. Rabbi Meir Zlotowitz and Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Artscroll Tanach Series - Bereishis Vol. I(a) (Brooklyn, New York: Mesorah Publications, Ltd. 3rd Impression, 1989), p 677


וַיָּבֹאוּ שְׁנֵי הַמַּלְאָכִים סְדֹמָה

And they came, the two Malachim to Sedom


Notice the Gematria.

ו6 י10 ב2 א1 ו6

ש300 נ50 י10ו6

ה5 מ40 ל30 א1 כ20 י10 ם40

ס60 ד4 מ40 ה5 = 640


Shemot 22.8

עַל־כָּל־דְּבַר־פֶּשַׁע עַל־שׁוֹר עַל־חֲמוֹר עַל־שֶׂה עַל־שַׂלְמָה עַל־כָּל־אֲבֵדָה אֲשֶׁר יֹאמַר כִּי־הוּא זֶה עַד הָאֱלֹהִים יָבֹא דְּבַר־שְׁנֵיהֶם אֲשֶׁר יַרְשִׁיעֻן אֱלֹהִים יְשַׁלֵּם שְׁנַיִם לְרֵעֵהוּ1:1


Exodus 22.8

For every kind of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for garment, or for any kind of lost thing, which another challenges to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double to his neighbor.


Why did the two Angels come to Sedom? To condemn their evil acts of sin and to bring justice / Judgment...


יַרְשִׁיעֻן

Shall Condemn

י10 ר200 ש300 י10 ע70 ן50 = 640


The people of Sedom were Noachides who were rebellious to the Seven Laws of Ha Torah. They were wayward. They were unruly. They were mutinous.


Shemot 23.21

הִשָּׁמֶר מִפָּנָיו וּשְׁמַע בְּקֹלוֹ אַל־תַּמֵּר בּוֹ כִּי לֹא יִשָּׂא לְפִשְׁעֲכֶם כִּי שְׁמִי בְּקִרְבּוֹ1:1


Exodus 23.21

Take heed of him, and obey his voice, Do not rebel; for He will not pardon your transgressions; for My Name is in him.




The people of Sedom were rebellious towards God.


אַל־תַּמֵּר

To Rebel

ת400 מ40 ר200 = 640


Devarim 12.29

כִּי־יַכְרִית יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אֶת־הַגּוֹיִם

אֲשֶׁר אַתָּה בָא־שָׁמָּה לָרֶשֶׁת אוֹתָם

מִפָּנֶיךָ וְיָרַשְׁתָּ אֹתָם וְיָשַׁבְתָּ בְּאַרְצָם1:1


Deuteronomy 12.29

For The Lord your God Shall cut off, i.e. eliminate the nations from before you, where you go to dispossess them, and live in their land;


The sins of Sedom were great. There were no righteous people left after Lot's relatives were removed. These perverse Noachides were removed.


יַכְרִית

To Eliminate

י10 כ20 ר200 י10 ת400 = 640


What is the point? Mystically the first four Words Speak of the coming Judgment for the sinful people and speak of their rebellion of the judgment and of their elimination...


וַיָּבֹאוּ שְׁנֵי הַמַּלְאָכִים סְדֹמָה

And they came, the two Malachim to Sedom


Tehillim 91.11:

כִּי מַלְאָכָיו יְצַוֶּה־לָּךְ לִשְׁמָרְךָ

1:1 בְּכָל־דְּרָכֶיךָ

Psalms 91.11

For his angels Have Command to go to guard you in all your ways. This means the Angels have the Orders, the Commands, to do whatever is necessary to guard us, to correct us if our way is wrong.


Mystically we observe the fate of the people of Sedom. They rebelled. They were condemned. They were eliminated. This means their names were removed from the Book of Life. They will be remembered no more. May each of us be careful to walk in the path that does not require this type of correction.


All of Lot's children and grand children were lost... destroyed except his two youngest daughters. A pillar of salt marks the area outside of Sedom where his wife turned to look back. One has to ask, what mother would not look back for one final view of where her children and grand children lived?


Salt is placed upon raw meet to draw out the blood. Salt is a preservative. Salt is a seasoning that enhances the flavor of meat, bread and other foods. When our Holy Temple stood we had a Meez Beach/ a Holy Altar. We salted our sacrifices when we placed them on the Holy Altar. Today our Shulcan / Dinning Table is the Holy Altar in the Jewish home. We place salt on the table just like we did on the Holy Altar. We pray at our Table. We share The Torah Portion of the Bible at our Table.


Lot prepared unleavened bread, i.e. Matzah. This is bread without leaven. The Torah makes it very clear that Lot prepared Matzah. This is to inform us that Lot was Observant of Avraham's Teachings of kindness to strangers and of removing the chometz, i.e. the leaven during Passover.


Genesis 19.1-4

And there came two angels to Sodom at evening; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom; and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face to the ground; And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I beseech you, to your servant's house, and remain all night, and wash your feet, and you shall rise up early, and go on your way. And they said, No; we will stay in the street all night. And he pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in to him, and entered into his house; and he made them a feast, and baked unleavened bread, and they ate.


This was the night of Passover. Lot was honoring this night even though Passover would not happen for many years in the future. A fierce quarrel broke out over the salt, for he [Lot] said to his wife, 'Give our guests a little salt,' to which she replied, 'Do you want to introduce that evil practice here also?' Br R 50.4 We have no salt. She went to borrow salt from the neighbors. She gossiped about Lot. When Lot did not have salt for the Passover meal she went from house to house... She announced 'We have Guests' and Lot needs salt for the feast he is preparing them. Br. R 51.5


One of our Sages taught, 'Lot's wife, Eeris turned into salt because she was stingy towards the needy. Lot himself was a generous person, always inviting guests. Eeris resented guests and discouraged them. One trick of hers was not to provide salt, a small thing which makes a big difference to guests. Therefore, she was punished by means of salt, measure for measure.

Salt is a preservative that was missing in Lot's home. Salt was missing because of a rebellious wife. Eeris was condemned and eliminated for her actions. She embraced wickedness! She was not participating in the elimination of chametz / leaven from their home. She was not assisting with the Passover meal. She understood the custom of Passover from living near Abraham and his followers. Still she spoke out against Lot among her neighbors. Eeris considered the custom of offering salt with bread evil. The Midrash Says Eeris looked back because of her two older daughters and as a punishment she was turned into a pillar of salt. Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says (Brooklyn, New York: Benei Yakov Publications 1980), p 177

ב ' ח

Christians With Questions


Discussions About The Christian

New Testament & Jeremiah 31:31


 VIDEO


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

Helpful Textbooks:


A Sincere Journey Ends Without Jesus


PASSOVER - The LAST 6 Days of JESUS Life On Earth


Would You Linke To Be Jewish?


Would You Like To Be Jewish 2?


Course Information

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Course Text Begins Here:


Dear Ones, recently I began a dialogue entitled 'Discussions About Jesus - Is Rabbi Jesus the Moshiach / the Messiah? In the course of our conversation in the video and in the written text I stated that there were mistakes in Rabbi Jesus genealogy. One purpose in sharing this information is to show SERIOUS MISTAKES what Christians call The New Testament. This is Spurious and inauthentic. Why?


Christians and Christian Messianic's claims the Lord God replaced the Hebrew Scriptures which they [Christians] refer to as 'The Old Testament'. This is claim is entirely BOGUS! Let me explain why.


In the video 'Discussions About Jesus - Is Rabbi Jesus the Moshiach / the Messiah? I mentioned that in the book entitled Introduction To The Bible by Dr. Norman L. Geisler and Dr. William Nix published by Mody Press [A Christian Publisher]. On page 361 they discuss what they call variants which is a fancy word for ERRORS!  They say that if there 200,000 variants in the 'existing manuscripts' ... One of the problems is the term 'existing manuscripts' Christians have no original manuscripts.  Christians were careless when copying their texts. This is evident by the existing manuscripts they do have. Dr. Norman L. Geisler and Dr. William Nix write 'if one single word is misspelled in 3,000 different manuscripts this is counted as 3,000 variants...' How convenient! 


Christian Pastors, Evangelists and Scholars how can you claim what you call The New Testament to be Divinely Inspired? How dare you!! You preach from your pulpits that God's Word is perfect which is true then you claim the New Testament is God's Word! This is Man-made and untruthful!! Scholars omit and hide words in translations. I discuss this in my book God's Plan From The Beginning. God Willing my book, God's Plan From The Beginning will be published soon.


Let's PROPERLY discuss the intended meaning of the terms Scriptures as used in The Foreign Testament. EVERY REFERENCE TO 'SCRIPTURES' in The Foreign Testament is ONLY in reference to the Hebrew Scriptures! I challenge you to dispute this! When Rabbi Paul wrote to his 'Beloved Son', Timothy saying. 'All Scripture is Given by inspiration of God and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness his reference to Scripture was ONLY to The Hebrew Scriptures!  There was no Christian Cannon at that time.  The formation of a Christian cannon did not exist! So please stop misrepresenting the intent.


You falsely claim that Jeremiah's reference to a new covenant in Jeremiah 31.31 is your present day The New Testament. This is taradiddle!


Psalms 19.

The Torah of The Lord is PERFECT, reviving the soul; the testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple. The statutes of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart; the Commandment of The Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes. The fear of The Lord is clean, enduring for ever; the judgments of The Lord are true and righteous altogether. More to be desired are they than gold, even very fine gold; sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb. Moreover by them is your servant warned; and in keeping of them there is great reward.


You change the meaning of the Scripture by writing 'Law' instead of The Torah. Does Torah mean Law? Yes! In this instance and in most other Torah means much more than the Law. Torah means the Law within the Five Books known as Ha Torah! The Torah is Bereisheit / Genesis, Shemot / Exodus, Vayikra / Leviticus, BaMidbar / Numbers and Devarim / Deuteronomy. To translate Torah as Law is a misrepresentation of the Truth. This is deception! David is saying the Five Books are Perfect! There are no errors! King David is right. 


Think about this.

Why would the Lord God replace The Perfect Torah with the error filled mistake ridden contradictive book Christians call The New Testament? The Lord God would not! Variants are not permitted in a Divinely Inspired book! I have shown numerous errors like Matthew 1.17 Matthew writes there are fourteen generations from the carrying into Babylon until Rabbi Jesus birth. I have shown there are five missing names in the genealogy Matthew wrote in Matthew 1. 


Rabbi Jesus Genealogy Chart


This is an error beyond those mentioned in Introduction to the Bible. Matthew says 'Now the first day of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, asking him where do you want us to prepare thePassover meal? Matthew 26:17. And the disciples did as Jesus had appointed them. They prepared the Passover Sedar. Now when the eve was come Jesus sat down with the twelve. Matthew 26:19 - 20 Mark makes sure that we understand that this was in fact just before the Passover. Mark says, And the firs day of unleavened bread, when they killed the Passover Lamb, his disciples asked him Where do you want us to prepare the Passover Sedar? Mark14:17 The Passover Lamb is killed in the evening between sundown and nightfall at the very end of the 14th day of the first month.At nightfall the day changed from the 14th to the 15th.  At nightfall the Passover Sedar began. Mark continues, 'And in the evening he came with the twelve. And he did eat... Mark 14:17 - 18. Luke offers a similar story. Now John contradicts Matthew, Mark and Luke.  He writes, Now BEFORE the feast of the Passover... This is what Christians refer to as The Last Super.  Matthew, Mark and Luke say it was the evening of Passover. Joh contradicts them saying this was before the Festival of the Passover. Read the stories all are about the judgment and death of Rabbi Jesus.  It is because of mistakes like the that I reference what Christians call The New Testament as The Foreign Testament.  


Can you recognize a mistake when you see one?  The writer of Acts says, 'Then Joseph sent for his Father and all his relatives, threescore and fifteen souls, Acts 7:14.


Genesis 46.27

And the sons of Joseph, who were born to him in Egypt, were two souls; all the souls of the house of Jacob, who came to Egypt, were seventy, i.e threescore and ten.


The Perfect Torah Says threescore and ten.  This is a know fact! Yet, the writer of Acts says, threescore and fifteen souls.


This is written in such a way that the mistake is difficult to find. The Genealogies in Matthew and Luke are written opposite each other.  This makes it difficult to understand.


It is because of the 150,000 to 200,000 variants and the mistakes and the contradictions that i refer to what Christians call The New Testament as The Foreign Testament.



I would also add that when Christian Messianic's attempted to translate The Foreign Testament into Hebrew and Yiddish there early editions have translation errors. 


Now with regards to the claim that Jeremiah 31.31 is in reference to The New Testament. The Covenant of the Lord God is 'FOREVER'!


Genesis 17.7

 And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your seed after you in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God to you, and to your seed after you.


Genesis 17.13

He who is born in your house, and he who is bought with your money, must be circumcised; and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.


Genesis 17.19

And God said, Sarah your wife shall bear you a son indeed; and you shall call his name Isaac; and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his seed after him.


Leviticus 27.44 - 45

And yet for all that, when they are in the land of their enemies, I will not cast them away, nor will I loathe them, to destroy them utterly, and to break my covenant with them; for I am the Lord their God. But I will for their sakes remember the covenant of their ancestors, whom I brought forth out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the nations, that I might be their God; I am the Lord. 


Psalms 105.8 - 11

He has remembered his covenant for ever, the word which He Commanded to a thousand generations. The covenant which He Made with Abraham, and his oath to Isaac; And Confirmed the same to Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an everlasting covenant; Saying, To you I will give the land of Canaan, the lot of your inheritance.



Discussing the Covenant is more than just drawing a target on Jeremiah 31.31!


Yirmiyah 31.30

הִנֵּה יָמִים בָּאִים נְאֻם־יְהֹוָה וְכָרַתִּי אֶת־בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאֶת־בֵּית יְהוּדָה בְּרִית חֲדָשָׁה:  לא


Behold days are coming, The Lord Uttered, and cut everything from The Aleph to The Tav of the the House of Israel and  everything from The Aleph to The Tav of the House of Judah a New Covenant.


Jeremiah 31.30 [KJV 31.31]

Behold, the days come, says The Lord, that I Will Make a renewed Covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah; 


The Covenant was not with the Christians in the church in Roman [Romans], The Covenant was not with the Christians in the church in Corinth, Greece [1,2 Corinthians]. The Covenant was not with the Christians in the Church in Galatia a former province of Rome which is present day Turkey, [Galatians], The Covenant is not with the Christians in the church in Ephesus which is present day Turkey [Ephesians], The Covenant is not with the Christians in the church in Philippi [a suburb of Rome], The Covenant is not with the Christians in the church in Colosse which is present day Turkey [ Colossians], The Covenant is not with the Christians in the church in Thessalonica a port city in present day Greece [1,2 Thessalonians], The Covenant is not with Titus, Philemon and Timothy who each were Christians not of the House of Israel. 


The point is  The Lord Said,  'I Will Make a renewed Covenant with The House of Israel, and with The House of Judah.' The Christian New Testament is clearly not the House of Israel or the House of Judah. These are Christians. The Covenant of The Lord God is the descendants of Abraham.  Suggesting that The Christian New Testament replaces The Covenant with The People of Israel is defamation of the Truth in The Scriptures!!


Jeremiah 31.31 [KJV 31.32]

Not according to The Covenant that I Made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; my covenant which they broke, although I was their master, Says The Lord;


Jeremiah clearly identifies a bond and a relationship with 'their fathers' who were delivered from slavery in Egypt. Do you understand that the descendants identified above are not from The House of Israel or Judah and were not delivered from bondage in Egypt?


Jeremiah 31.32 [KJV 31.33

But this shall be The Covenant that I will make with The House of Israel; After those days, Says The Lord, I will put My Torah in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be My people. The Lord God is going to Write The Torah  that we have today on the hearts of The People of Israel NOT the christian New Testament!!


Remember Christians use the Word Law for The Torah. - This is what really ZAPS ME... Lets review this hypocritical claim by Christians.


KJV

Jeremiah 31.33

But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days says the Lord, I will put my law in their inward  parts and write [The Law] in their hearts; and will be their God and they shall be my people.


Here is the ZAP. Christians say the Old Testament is done away with. They say The Old Testament has been replaced with The New Testament. THEY DO NOT KNOW WHAT THEY ARE SAYING!!  They say the foundation for The New Testament is Jeremiah 31.31. Yet the passages in Jeremiah 31 describe the 'New Covenant' as The Lord God writing 'The Law' on the hearts of the House of Israel. In other Words The New Covenant is The Law that Christians openly protest and despise. Christians teach they are not under the law. 


For sin shall not have dominion over you because you are not under the law, Romans 6:14. 


This is a lie! Rabbi Paul knew better. He taught Christians they are not under Ha Torah, i.e. The Law but you are. Everyone is. What do you think the Law is? 

The Law Teaches do not kill. 

Do not steal. 

Honor your mother and father. 

We should love The Lord our Gods with all your heart. 

We should not take the Name of the Lord God in vain.

The Law teaches tithing. 

The Law Teaches respect. 

The Law Teaches morality. 

The Law Teaches a man should not lay with a man like one lays with his wife. 

The Law teaches one should be fair in judgment. 

The law teaches kindness to animals.


Yet, Christians Pastors and Evangelists and scholars teach you are not under the law. This is absurd!


I ogger aditional information in the discussion entitled, What Do I Know About Rabbi Jesus?
ב ' ח

Passover Limood 

Chapter Five

Passover Limood Video

When Does A Day Begin And End?


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

 Order Class Textbook


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When Does A Day Begin And End?


The Biblical day begins with nightfall one evening and ends with nightfall the next evening. How do we know this?


Genesis 1.5

... the evening and the morning were

Day One.


Genesis 1.8

... the evening and the morning were

the Second Day.


Genesis 1.13

... the evening and the morning were

the Third Day.


Genesis 1.19

... the evening and the morning were

the Fourth Day.


Genesis 1.23

...the evening and the morning were

the Fifth day.


Genesis 1.31

...the evening and the morning were

the Sixth day.


The Christian writers understood a day began at evening.  This can be seen by John's comment.


John 20:1

On the first day of the week Mary Magdalene came to the tomb while it was early, when it was yet dark, and saw the stone taken away from the sepulcher.


The first day of the week had already begun.  It was still dark. The sun had not risen. The first day of the week began at nightfall after Saturday day.  It was termed 'the first day' and 'it was yet dark'.  The sun had not come up. This explanation clarifies that there was no disagreement about how a day was defined until 431 years ago when  Pope Gregory XIII introduced the Gregorian Calendar. The Gregorian Calendar begins and ends a day at 12:00 am. It is NOT in the mid of night. The mid of night varies according to the time of the year.


Dear Ones, understanding when a day begins and ends in the Bible is very important in relation to the six days leading up to Jesus' death. We will come and go from this point many times in this book. One can see the confusion between the Biblical measurement from that of the Gregorian measurement. The Biblical measurement points to God who Created the world in six days / time periods. When one was making an appointment one would have to return to God's point of reference. The Biblical measurement kept God in our life as a focal point. 


Passover is the First Month of the religious New Year for the Children of Israel. Passover begins on the afternoon of the 14th day of the first month.  Passover begins on Thursday, the Fifth Day of the week. The Festival of Unleavened Bread begins at night fall on the 15th Day of the First Month which is the beginning of the Sixth Day of the Week, Thursday night.


Matthew 26:17

Now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the passover?


The disciples knew this was the 14th day of the first month. They knew this day was Thursday, the fifth day of the week.


Matthew 26:18

And he said, Go into the city to such a man, and say unto him, The Master saith, My time is at hand; I will keep the passover at your house with my disciples.


Note the words, 'Go into the city' Jesus and his disciples were not in Jerusalem when they asked this question. Matthew, Mark and Luke agree that Jesus was outside the city of Jerusalem.


ב ' ח

Passover Limood 

Chapter Four

Passover Limood Video

Lunar Year / Solar Year - 5


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

 Order Class Textbook


Course Information

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Chapter 4


Lunar Year / Solar Year


The Torah portion of the Bible Teaches we are to measure our time by the sun, moon and stars. So it is proper to measure accordingly. 


Genesis 1.14

And God Said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the Heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years...


Judaism measures time several ways. We measure years F.C., i.e. From Creation. 


Catholics and Christians for the past 431 years have been measuring time in terms of years from when they estimate Jesus was conceived. This would be from around 3760 F.C. From 3760 F.C. Christians measure back using B.C. Or measure forward using A.D. There is no zero year. Jews contribute to the confusion of this system of measurement by using BCE instead of BC and CE instead of AD. Our Creator confused the languages and we have confused just about everything else. For the most part, this paragraph will not be a part of the discussion.


A Lunar month in the Bible is the time between two new moons. A new moon is reached when the moon is closest to the Sun. A new moon is the first visible crescent of the moon after conjunction with the sun.. In terms of time a lunar month is 29 days, 12 hours and 44 minutes. A Lunar month consists of either 29 or 30 days. 


In Judaism we are to Sanctify the moon. This is called, Kiddush Levanah. We say special prayers and blessings one evening, normally after Sabbath has past. We say these blessings outside of the synagogue when when we can view the moon. One may Sanctify the moon in individual prayer but it is best to do so in a minyan, i.e. with ten Jewish men above the age of twelve.


On one occasion I was saying  Kiddush Levanah at our Colorado mountain home which was close to a forest area. As I was saying the prayers a conversation with a local businessman slipped into my mind. He told me that he saw two mountain lions chasing deer on the street in front of our home around 11:00 at night. Can you imagine what it is like to  Sanctify the moon knowing a mountain Lion might be near by? 


Dear Reader the point is that where ever Jews are, we are required to Observe Kiddush Levanah. This is a very important Observance because Kiddush Levanah was the first Observance given to the Children of Israel. Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says (Brooklyn, New York: Benei Yakov Publications 1980), p. 89.


Our Sages Teach that on the First Day of the First Month that the Lord Said,


Exodus 12.1

And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the First Month of the year to you.


From this our Sages Teach that we should go out to meet the New Moon, i.e the New Month. Rabbi Yochanan taught that one who goes out to Bless the New Moon in its proper time is like one who greets God's Presence, i.e. the Shechinah. The second purpose has to do with the Jewish People's rebirth... The Jewish people in Egypt were in decline just as the moon is once a month. Then as the moon is reborn from it's lowest point so are the Jewish people reborn. Rabbi Menachem Davis, The Shottenstein Edition Interlinear Chumash Bereishis / Genesis, {Brooklyn, New York: Mesorah Publications, Ltd. First Edition 1st impression 2007}, p 454.


ב ' ח

Passover Limood 

Chapter Three

Passover Limood Video

Computers & Passover Planning And Costs - 4


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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We begin our journey by attempting to set a foundation for the days of the week each event occurred on. Connecting the day of the week with the date the event happened proved challenging. 


If one thinks back to the time before computers became a very large part of our lives, research was approached quite differently than today.  Around 1985 / 1986 Apple introduced the Mac Computer and later the Mac Plus Computer. That is when I became a computer person. This began opening up a brand new world of research for Biblical Scholars, Pastors, Congregation Leaders, Teachers etc. Our printing business purchased our first Mac. It was wonderful. Before long we owned several Macs. At that time few individuals would spend the $1,000.00 to $2,000.00 to own a Mac.  Not only did we spend the money but we purchased software from retailers like Zondervan Books. We were, so to speak, on the cutting edge.

So if you were to go back with me to that time 27 years ago it would be necessary to own several Mac's to do the research. I sat at the company computer in the layout and design room of our printing business, which was about three miles from the Congregation I Pastored.  I began the  study of Jesus last six days on earth by laying out the four Gospels in four columns.  I sat there thinking this is really cool.  It's great to own a computer... Next when the feeling of satisfaction eventually calmed, I began searching for a date in the Gospels leading up to Passover that I could connect with the Torah portion of the Bible, (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus & Deuteronomy).  It had to be a firm clear reliable date that others would be able to see, understand and agree with.


Establishing dates with days was very important so I struggled with this for a while. Why?  We have Christian days associated with the Jewish Celebrations of Passover.  The Jewish calendar is based upon a lunar cycle. Guess what? Christians also follow the lunar calendar to a degree. Christians observe Easter around the same time Jews Observe Passover. I encourage the reader to study this area in a little more depth. So let's acquaint ourselves with how the Biblical calendar / the lunar calendar functions.


ב ' ח

Passover Limood 

Chapter Two

Passover Limood Video

How Time Is Measured?


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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Genesis 1.14

And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years. 


Here we learn that days, nights, Holidays and years are to be used to measure the day, night, Holidays months and years.


Exodus 12.1

This month shall be to you the beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you. 


Prior to this Observance Biblical time was measured From Creation. Now all the Holidays of the Bible are measured from the Month Passover is observed in. 


Exodus 12.3

Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for a house;


No where in the False Testament do we read of Rabbi Jesus or his disciples  taking a lamb on the 10th of the firfst month. We do not know if they followed this Observance or not.


Exodus 12.6

And you shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month; and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.


Exodus 12.18 - 20

 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty first day of the month at evening. Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses; for whoever eats that which is leavened, that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a stranger, or born in the land.  You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall you eat unleavened bread. 


In Rabbi Jesus time we know that Passover began Yom Shi Shi, i.e. Thursday night. How do we know this?  


And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath, Mark 15:42 


And, behold, there was a man named Joseph, a counsellor; and he was a good man, and a just: The same had not consented to the counsel and deed of them; he was of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews: who also himself waited for the kingdom of God.This man went unto Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid. And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on. Luke 23:50 - 54



How was time measured in the Gospels?


Are Biblical dates and times important? What purpose do dates and times serve?


Dear reader, Biblical dates and times tell us when  the Festival of Passover or the Festival of Unleavened Bread begin. They inform us if the day is Sabbath or a High Holiday.  Sometimes they inform us of the day, the week or the month. The writer Matthew makes more than 20 direct references to the Biblical dates and days during the last six days of Jesus life. Mark, Luke and John add another 38.


Matthew 4:12; 12:1; 12:40; 13:1; 15:32; 16:21; 17:1; 17:23; 20:19; 22:23; 26:2, 26:5; 26:17; 26:61; 27:19; 27:40; 27:62; 27:63; 27:64; 28:1. 


Mark 1:21; 2:23; 6:2; 9:31, 10:34; 12:12; 14:1; 14:12; 14:14: 14:16; 15:42; 16:2;


Luke 1:59; 2:41; 2:44; 4:16; 9:22; 13:16; 14:1; 22:1; 22:7; 22:8; 22:11; 23:43; 23:56; 24:1; 


John 1:39; 2:13; 2:23; 5:9; 6:4; 7:2; 10:22; 11:55; 12:1; 13:1; 18:28; 19:14


If dates, times and words were not important then why did the Gospel writers use them. The writer Matthew used these words to identify times and places for us the readers. In addition Matthew associates important events with the hour they occurred 14 times. Mark, Luke and John add an additional 13 references to the hour an event happened.


See: 

Matthew 8:13; 9:22; 10:19; 15:28; 17:18; 20:3; 20:5; 20:6; 20:12; 24:36; 24:44; 26:55; 27:45,46.  


Mark 13:35; 14:37; 14:41; 15:25; 15:33; 14:34


Luke 12:39; 22:14; 23:44; 24:33


John 4:6; 19:14; 19:27


We have the same right to use these times and dates to support, dispute or challenge, if necessary.


I see no variation from the way time was measured in the Christian Writings, from how time was measured by Moses, Joshua, David etc.  The Torah method of measurement of time is reinforced in the Christian Writings many times over. In the Christian Writings the Sabbath is always recognized as the Seventh Day.  The High Holy Days are in their proper seasons. The measurement of hours in the Christian Writings was the same as thousands of years in the past.


ב ' ח

Passover Limood 

Introduction

Passover Limood Video

Introduction


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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Dear Reader this is the second book in the Passover Series. The First was entitled, A Sincere Journey Ends Without JESUS.


In this book we are going to point out many places of disinformation. Some of this disinformation is intentional in my opinion. We are going to explain why the time period around Passover is so confusing. We are going to point out a number of inconsistencies between the Gospel Writers. We will observe that their writings are NOT in harmony.


One of the areas of confusion is in how time is measured in the Christian Writings. There is the traditional measurement of time according to the Hebrew Scriptures and then there is the time introduced by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582/5342 From Creation known as the Gregorian Calendar. The measurement of time in the Christian Writings is according to the Hebrew Scriptures. However today, 432 years from when the Gregorian Calendar originated most individuals know very little about how time is measured according to the Hebrew Scriptures.  Come on... Why would anyone living in the 21 century want to learn how to measure time according to the Hebrew Scriptures? This confusion is complemented by almost three dozen different measurements of time. Yet, originally there was only one measurement of time. This one measurement is still used today. What is the purpose of the other calendars and their measurement of time? CONFUSION! Listen! There are over 730 religions in the world today. Is this progress? These religions have thousands of splinters into additional religions... Why is this so important?


Dear reader we are going to be measuring Jesus last week on earth chronologically. This can only be accurately done using the Hebrew Scripture's method of measurement. As we journey, the time issue will become obvious. One can overcome it but it is a challenge. Ask yourself - Do I want to know the Truth? How valuable is the Truth to me?


In Chapter One we begin with the goal I have for this book. I write, regardless of the conclusion we may each reach after reading The Last Six Days of Jesus Life my desire is that our journey should flow with interesting information and be filled with the richness of Jewish Passover Observances. It will be more authentic for the reader if I can help you to experience the thoughts and the struggles I felt.


We list a few rules this book will follow in the examination of Jesus Last six days on earth. Then I admit that twenty years ago my beliefs were biased in favor of Christianity. That is where I was then. This is where the story begins. Today I have returned to Judaism and try to live an observant life.


Chapter Two is a brief look at Biblical dates and times. They tell us when  the Festival of Passover or the Festival of Unleavened Bread begin. They inform us if the day is Sabbath or a High Holiday.  Sometimes they inform us of the day, the week or the month. We conclude that the Christian Writings were written using the same measurement of time as the Hebrew Scriptures. The changes in the measurement of time came about 1,500 years after the Christian Writings.


Chapter Three discusses the impact of modern technology, i.e. computers on Biblical research. 


Chapters Four through Nine discuss the measurement of Biblical Time in eight different categories. We discuss and teach how time is measured by Year, by Month, by Day, by Night, by Hour, by Week, by Holy Days. In addition to this we compare two measurement systems for most of these categories. There is clearly a difference of opinion about how time is measured. I discuss three different theories. There is no way to adequately express in this introduction the importance of the measurement of time in the last six days of Jesus life on earth. This is why I divided each chapter into it's own category. This keeps our thoughts organized and easier to reference back to as one studies. I find it quite unique that the Gospel writers break the last day of Jesus life down into hours. This is quite rare. Yet it is fascinating and assists in establishing important points Christians have difficulty with.


In Chapter Seven we examine the use of the Sabbath Day, i.e. the Seventh Day as an anchor  point to time measurement, time to and from, and as a time reference. Again there are those who argue that the use of the word Sabbath was in reference to Passover. Others teach that the use of the term Sabbath Day was in reference to both Sabbath and Passover. Then there are those that teach the use of Sabbath Day was in reference to the Seventh Day of the week, i.e. Sabbath. We discuss which position is correct and prove with  references as to why it is correct. We dispute the other arguments. 


Chapter Eight is another anchor in a chain of days that are established in the Hebrew Scriptures. On the fourteenth day of the month late in the afternoon is when the Passover Lamb is killed. Then a little later at nightfall is the beginning of the Passover Seder Meal. Both of these fall during the Festival of Matzah, i.e. Unleavened Bread. Then there is the Seventh Day of Passover. Dear Reader once we establish a day and a date it is simply a matter of working back and forth. In addition Christians claim Jesus rode into Jerusalem on Sunday. They teach the crowd laid palm branches and garments in his path. They say this was his triumphant entry into the holy city. 


In Chapter Nine we speak of Preparation Day as a point of time measurement and reference. Some argue that Preparation Day when used in the Gospels is in reference to Sabbath. Some argue  Preparation Day is in reference to Passover. Others teach  Preparation Day is in reference to both Sabbath and Passover. However once we establish the first day of the week as a day and time anchor, it is not difficult to work back from to prove which position is correct.


Chapter 10 is about John's statement that Jesus last meal was the [last] Supper. John states this was before the Passover Seder Meal. Matthew, Mark and Luke dispute John's position. We examine both positions to determine who is correct. There are some very clear issues with both positions.


Chapter Eleven is a 'Detour' where we take side streets so to speak to determine if John's position is correct. Come on! The Gospel writers say John was one of Jesus disciples for three years. Luke says John was one of those that went to prepare the Passover meal. Yet John says it was not the Passover meal it was a supper before Passover. This is an important date. This is the last meal with Jesus. That night Jesus is taken into custody by guards. The next day he is killed. Or is he? The point is that John should remember when it was. May individuals measure events in time from the death of a loved one. Is it possible John could have confused such an important event? Then we must ask, at that time, was Jesus death an important event?  Maybe, the Catholic Church has made Jesus death an important event. 


Chapter Twelve is entitled, More Conflict With John. Why? Most Bibles are 'Red Letter' editions. The red letters are supposed to be the very words Jesus spoke. People that love Jesus cling to his words and to his quotes. Well based on what Jesus says in Matthew, Mark and Luke we have more conflicts with what John says. 

Dear Reader, do you see the many angles of the last six days of Jesus life on earth? 


Chapter Thirteen is what this book is all about. Chapter Thirteen is the chronological day by day account from the 8th Day of the First Month when Jesus came to Bethany through when Jesus died on the 15th Day of the  First Month.  The time frame is actually a little longer than six days. I include a chronological connection to every day  and night referenced in the Gospels during this time frame. The reader will be able to follow the journey of Jesus from Bethany to the triumphant Entry to Jerusalem to the casting out of the money exchangers to the cursing of the fig tree to the preparation for the final Passover Seder Meal to the death and burial of Jesus to the first Day of the week. 


Because I am Jewish and have a strong Christian past I share many helpful points that the non-Jewish world many be unaware of. Even though some Christian readers may be unhappy with points I make, each point is referenced so the reader can determine for her or his self what the truth is. The point of this book was and continues to be, a sincere examination of the last six days of Jesus life on earth. There is a great deal readers may learn from the time applications we discuss in this book. I have spent many years in preparing this book. God Willing another book dealing with controversial issues will follow this book. Originally I intended to included these as part of this book. They are important and interesting but need to be kept separate because they deal with other issues.


ב ' ח

Passover Limood 

Chapter One

Passover Limood Video

Let The Exploration Begin


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

 Order Class Textbook


Course Information

Every course at B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC is FREE

for those who do not have the means to pay.  Give


Course Text Begins Here:


Before beginning our exploration of the last six days of Jesus life there are several points to consider. Regardless of the conclusion we may each reach after reading The Last Six Days of Jesus Life my desire is that our journey should flow with interesting information and be filled with the richness of Jewish Passover Observances. It will be more authentic for the reader if I can help you to experience the thoughts and the struggles I felt. Slowly in a step-by-step way the Last Six Days Of JESUS life on Earth unfolded to me. I found myself asking unusual questions and having thoughts unaccustomed to me. Living through these experiences was both challenging and interesting. This book is a step-by-step guide through the last Six Days of JESUS Life on Earth. However it may not turn out just the way you would expect it to...  


Whenever an individual attempts to do a scholarly examination, rules must be established and followed for others to follow.

Rule One is we are going to read and discuss the Gospels from a literal position. This step by step guide will go no where if we attempt to bend, ignore or rationalize away what is written in the Four Gospels. 


Rule Two is we are going to examine written statements in the Gospels to determine their credibility.  Is the statement truthful? Is the statement accurate?  We are not considering the plausibility or feasibility or possibility of a statement. If a date and time can be measured we will measure it. Then the statement will be judged on the facts not the believability. 


Rule Three is to be factual, to be objective, to be honest and to support all findings with references. 


The Gospels will rise or fall based upon facts based upon what can be substantiated.


Dear Reader at the time I began this journey I was very biased even though this was not all that noticeable to me.  I expect the exact same bias from you. That is OK! 


My Christian bias of years ago is quite noticeable to me now. Let me share... That being the situation why should I expect anything different from the readers of this book. I expect the reader of this book to be a serious Christian with strong ties to their church, and to possess a dedication to weekly Bible study.  That individual would own more than $10,000 in Christian books, commentaries, reference guides, Greek and Hebrew Bibles each with at least one interlinear, an encyclopedia, Bible dictionaries and on and on... In fact it would be necessary to set aside one room in the house or at the business to accommodate all the books just as I did. So if I were to say that a degree of bias did not exist that would be a complete falsehood. Yet at that time, twenty years ago I would not have thought of my beliefs as being biased. I was biased in favor of Christianity. That is where I was. Yet at that time I thought being neutral was an achievable goal. I was steeped in Christianity. My father was a Pastor of a successful congregation. My father-in-law then was a former pastor. As a child I was raised to attend  9:30 AM Sunday School followed a 10:45 AM church service, a large family lunch, a short break then 6:00 PM youth service followed by 7:00 PM evening service. Then there was the middle of the week service and at times weeks of revival every night... There was visiting the sick, board meetings, teachers meetings, yearly conventions and on and on... Can you taste what it was like?  Should I share about speaking in tongues and tarrying for the Holy Spirit in the prayer room for hours?  We had a large prayer room off to the left of the platform in the front of the congregation. It is where people came to 'tarry for the Holy Spirit'. So dear reader if you are biased it's OK. If you are closed minded, its fine. If you enjoy hanging out with preacher types it's great. That is where I was at then... 


Whern I began my research I thought this exploration would be a fun Bible study with the congregation for a few weeks leading up to Passover. I thought the results were predictable. It didn't turn out this way. What could be so difficult about doing an examination of the last six days of Jesus' life?  If you feel this way then you are walking close to my steps. 


As my journey began one of my goals was to see if it were possible to establish the day of the week with the date that the calendar event took place on according to the Gospel writers of the Christian Writings. This would help the congregation relate to the events better. One would think that linking days like Palm Sunday and Good Friday etc. with dates from the Christian Writings would be a snap.  Actually this proved to be quite challenging.  Can it be done? Yes! Another goal was to conclude this examination with a Friday evening Seder meal. Get the Congregation involved. We would have some type of reenactment of the Last Super.  I would play the part of Jesus and members of the Congregation could play the parts of other interesting roles like Judas the trader, Doubting Thomas or Peter the stalwart.  Later on in our Journey we will need to lean heavily on our rules and our goals.  This never happened.


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