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Parshat Devarim Nitzavim

Deuteronomy 29.9 - 30.20

Time And Gematria:

The End of Days

Lesson Eight


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

Books And Other Information By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

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Dr. Akiva Gamliel and Rebbetzin Revi Belk

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Dear Ones, within this week's Parshat there are Thirteen usages of The Word הַיּוֹם 'This Day'.  I would like to highlight several of the usages of The Word הַיּוֹם 'This day'.

Deuteronomy 29.9

Moses Said to The People of Israel, 'You are standing up This day, all of you before The Lord your God; your captains of your tribes, your elders, and your officers, with all the men of Israel, Your little ones, your wives, and your stranger who is in your camp, from the hewer of your wood to the drawer of your water; so that [each of] you should enter into Covenant with The Lord your God, and into His oath, which the Lord your God Makes with you This Day.' 

This Day was the Day The People of Israel were Standing before The Presence of The Lord God and His Representative, Moses, their Teacher.  The Word נִצָּבִים Nee Tzaw Veem means to stand up also to stand up for a principle. The Torah is Sharing more than a principle. The Torah Is informing us that the people of Israel were actively engaged. They stood for the principles the observances of the Torah.What we read goes beyond just standing up.   נִצָּבִים Nee Tzaw Veem at this time and place means enthusiastically standing up, enthusiastically participating and enthusiastically engaging. 

נִצָּבִים Nee Tzaw Veem Is more than mental assent. צָּבִים Nee Tzaw Veem is more than agreeing with what The Torah Says.  צָּבִים Nee Tzaw Veem describes our 100% commitment our 100% firm engagement our 100% enthusiasm for The Words of The Torah, The Mitzvot, and The Covenant. At that time, The People of Israel displayed a distinct sharpness like a soldier who has intensely agonized over his preparation for dress inspection. He stands out. He looks sharp and crisp Among other soldiers. This is what The People of Israel were like among the nations of the world at that time. Mystically we were in a place and time.


Nee Tzaw Veem 

To enthusiastically stand up for a principal

נ50 צ90 ב2 י10 ם40 = 192


Voo Mah Kohm

And [being in a certain] place

ו6 מ40 ק100 ו6 ם40 = 192


ּBah Pah Ahm

[Being] In a specific time

ב2 פ80 ע70 ם40 = 192

Later in our discussion we will read in Ezekiel 38 how The Lord collects His People. The root Word for מְקֻבֶּצֶת Mih Qu Beh Tzet meaning to gather is קבץ. The Gematria for קבץ is 192.


קַבֵּץ Kah Baytz / To Gather - To Collect 

ק100 ב2 ץ90 = 192

Mystically we make this link where we, The People of Israel were before The Lord God in a specific place at a specific time appearing distinct and sharp as we stood up enthusiastically stood up for The Torah, The Mitzvot, and The Covenant.  

Where are we today?  We move a little further into our Parshat To another day and time When our heart turned away from the Lord God, When we served the gods of other nations, when the words of The Curse came upon us, when we were stubbornly drunk with our business and our self-importance,When we are scattered among the nations,When our land is desolate and when all things punishments have come upon us we will come back to our Spiritual senses We will return to the Lord and enthusiastically stand up again for The Torah, The Mitzvot, and The Covenant. At that Place and at that time we will obey all that the Lord Commanded us On 'This Day' that Moses Spoke to us.

This is about The End of Days That our Father Jacob spoke of in Genesis 49.1

Beresheit 49.1

1:וַיִּקְרָא יַעֲקֹב אֶל־בָּנָיו וַיֹּאמֶר הֵאָסְפוּ וְאַגִּידָה לָכֶם אֵת אֲשֶׁר־יִקְרָא אֶתְכֶם בְּאַחֲרִית הַיָּמִים

Genesis 49.1

And Jacob called to his sons, and said, Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you at the End of Days.

Do we understand what Jacob spoke of when He used the term End of Days?    Please notice the date September 9, 2015, in The 2016 Bible Journeys Calendar. Do we understand what happened on this day? Do we know what this Day was? Astute classmates may say This Day was the first day God began His Creating of the universe. They would be correct. However, This Day is more than just the First Day of The Lord God's Creating. There were Six days of creation. Five days of creating were during the Last Days of the Twelveth Month Of The Original Calendar. These five days were prior to the Lord God resting.  In The Jewish Calendar, they are from Elul 25 - 29.

Let's return to The 2016 Bible Journeys Calendar. Notice Day Six of Creating. Day Six in 2015 is a Monday. Originally Day Six was a Friday. The Sixth Day of Creating is not part of The Last Days. Day Six is The Day of Judgment that we read about in Genesis Three. 

On The Sixth Day we are Taught Adam's dust was gathered from the location in front of The Holy Altar of The Holy Temple in Jerusalem. The Holy Dust was kneaded into a shapeless mass. In The Third Hour, Adams limbs were shaped. In The Fourth Hour, The Lord God 'Breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and Adam became a living soul'.  In The Fifth Hour, Adam arose and stood on his feet. In The Sixth Hour, Adam Gave Names to all the Animals. In The Seventh Hour, Eve was separated from Adam. In The Eighth Hour, Eve became his Wife. They consummated their relationship. Cain and his twin sister were born. In Ninth Hour Adam and Eve were Instructed In The Seven Laws that the universe is to operate by. In The Tenth Hour Adam and Eve sinned. In The Eleventh, Adam and Eve were Tried Judged. In The Twelfth Hour before the sunset and Sabbath began in Gan Eden Adam and Eve were expelled. Sabbath 38b

The point is on The Day of Judgment humankind departed The Garden of Eden. The Prophet Isaiah Prophesied that on this same Day, i.e. The Day of Judgment,  the outcasts among Israel will be gathered back.

Isaiah 27.13

And it shall come to pass on that Day, that the great shofar shall be blown, and those shall come who were lost in the land of Assyria, and the outcasts in the land of Egypt, and shall worship The Lord on the Holy Mount at Jerusalem.

This immediately follows the Shmittah Year. Our Rabbis Teach that the end of the Seven Year Cycle The Son of David, i.e. Messiah will come on The First Day of The First Year of the New Seven Year Cycle. Sanhedrin 97a

This will be The Year of Jubilee when The Land is Returned, all prior debt is forgiven, and all slaves are released among The People of Israel.

Our Parshat Speaks of This Day in Deuteronomy 30.1 - 7 Verse Five begins with the Word וֶהֱבִיאֲךָ  Veh Heh Vee Ah Kaw meaning 'to bring.' Please make a note of this because we will return to this point when we discuss Moses prophecy later in this discussion. Why? The Gematria points to The Jubilee Year.

Devarim 30.1 - 7

'And it shall come to pass, when all these things have come upon you, the blessing and the curse, which I have set before you, and you shall call them to mind among all the nations, where the Lord your God has driven you, And shall return to the Lord your God, and shall obey his voice according to all that I command you this day, you and your children, with all your heart, and with all your soul; That then the Lord your God will turn your captivity, and have compassion upon you, and will return and gather you from all the nations, where the Lord your God has scattered you. If your outcasts have been driven out to the farthest parts of heaven, from there will the Lord your God gather you, and from there will he fetch you; And the Lord, your God, will bring you into the land that your fathers possessed, and you shall possess it; and he will do you good, and multiply you above your fathers. And the Lord your God will circumcise your heart, and the heart of your seed, to love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, that you may live. And the Lord your God will put all these curses upon your enemies, and on those who hate you, who persecuted you.'

Some Teach that we do not know the Day or The Hour Messiah will come/ This is not entirely true. 

We know Messiah will come immediately following 'The Last Days. The last Days are 25 Elul through 29 Elul.

We know that Messiah will come immediately after the Last Days of the week. The Last Days of The Week Are Friday and Sabbath. The Lord God is precise.

Genesis 2.2 - 3

And on the Seventh Day God Ended His work that He had made, and He Rested on The Seventh Day from all His work that He had made. And God Blessed The Seventh Day, and Sanctified It; because that in it He had rested from all his work which God Created and Made.

We know The Messiah will come on Sabbath Rosh Ha Shannah immediately following the Shmittah Year. Sanhedrin 97a 

Some believe Messiah will come following the Seventh Seven Year Cycle, i.e. the 49th Year. [7 Years x 7 Years] - Some think The Messiah will come in the Fiftieth Year. Some believe the Fiftieth Year is the Year of Jubilee.

It is on This Day, i.e. Rosh Ha Shanah that we, The People of Israel gather to weep and seek repentance for our sins. 

We know The Messiah will come in The Last Days of The Last Of The Years according to Ezekiel 38.


Yehezekiel 38.8

מִיָּמִים רַבִּים תִּפָּקֵד בְּאַחֲרִית הַשָּׁנִים תָּבוֹא ׀ אֶל־אֶרֶץ ׀ מְשׁוֹבֶבֶת מֵחֶרֶב מְקֻבֶּצֶת מֵעַמִּים רַבִּים עַל הָרֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר־הָיוּ לְחָרְבָּה תָּמִיד וְהִיא מֵעַמִּים הוּצָאָה וְיָשְׁבוּ לָבֶטַח כֻּלָּם:  ט

After many Days, you will have paid for [past sins], at the End of The Years you will come to The Land that is restored from the destruction. You will be gathered from among many nations, [By The Lord] to The Mountains of Israel that were continually desolate [of people]. And He will bring you forth from nations, and you shall dwell securely with them [your people]. 

Dear Ones The People of Israel do not posses all of The Holy Land The Lord God Gave to us. How will The People of Israel gain ownership and full control of every meter of The Land of Israel?  Possessing all The Holy Land will require a huge miracle. Today we are capable of receiving minute by minute information as it unfolds in our world. We know the present Day picture in The Holy Land of Israel looks gruesome. It looks like war is coming. There are disputes as to who owns all The Holy Land of Israel. These disputes must be settled! They will be settled!

Moses Prophesied, 'The Lord your God Will Bring you into [The Holy Land Of Israel] which your fathers possessed, and you will possess The Holy Land Of Israel; the Lord, your God, Will do good for you, and multiply you above your fathers.'

Devarim 30.5

וֶהֱבִיאֲךָ יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אֶל־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־יָרְשׁוּ אֲבֹתֶיךָ וִירִשְׁתָּהּ וְהֵיטִבְךָ וְהִרְבְּךָ מֵאֲבֹתֶיךָ:  ו

We know Deuteronomy 30.5 is a prophesy for our present age because of the Words  הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־יָרְשׁוּ אֲבֹתֶיךָ .

Time & Gematria - Possess Land.jpg

The אֲבֹתֶיךָ Ah Voh Teh Caw means 'Your Fathers'. Deuteronomy 30.5 informs us that after Joshua and The Army of Israel conquered all The Holy Land, then partitoned The Holy Land to each Tribe, then possed The Holy Land and Then because of our sins were displaced from The Holy Land of Israel and scattered to the four corners of the earth. It is from the four corners of The Earth that The Lord God Will bring each of us back to The Holy Land. 

Today more of The People of Israel live outside of The Holy Land than those living in The Holy Land. 

- The Lord God has not brought all of us To The Holy Land of Israel yet. 

- The People of Israel do not possess all The Holy Land of Israel that our Fathers possessed.  Today The People of Israel possess a portion of The Holy Land, so this portion of the prophecy remains to be fulfilled. The People of Israel must possess the entire Holy Land including all of the Holy City, Jerusalem. Moses prophesied, ' You will possess The Land.' 

The birth of Isaac was to give Abraham a son to inherit or to possess The Land of Canaan. The Gematria of יָרְשׁוּ  Yaw Rih Shoo meaning to possess is 516. The Gematria of יוֹרֵשׁ Yoh Raysh meaning to inherit is 516. In Chapter Five we discussed Mitzvot that require us to both posses all The Holy Land of Israel and to inherit all the Holy Land of Israel. In Chapter Five I stated there are some Mitzvot that cannot be Observed until The People of Israel possess all of the Holy Land. What does this mean? Deuteronomy 30.5 remains to be entirely fulfilled.

Dear Reader the clock is ticking until The Lord God Brings The People of Israel back into complete possession of The Land of Israel. What conditions MUST exist for The People of Israel to Possess all the Land of Israel? A question arises in regards to Jeremiah 33.

Jeremiah 33.12 - 18

Thus says The Lord of Hosts; Again in this place, which is desolate without man and without beast, and in all its cities, shall be a habitation of shepherds who make their flocks lie down. In the cities of the mountains, in the cities of the Shephelah, and in the cities of the Negev, and in the land of Benjamin, and in the places around Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judah, shall the flocks pass again under the hands of him who tells them, Says The Lord.  Behold, The Days come, Says The Lord, that I will perform that good thing that I have promised to the house of Israel and the house of Judah. In those 

Days, and at that Time, I will cause an offshoot of righteousness to grow up from David; and he shall execute judgment and righteousness in The Land. In those Days, Judah shall be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell safely; and this is the name by which she shall be called, 'The Lord is our Righteousness.' For thus Says The Lord; David shall never lack a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel; Neither shall The Priests, or The Levites lack a man before me to offer burnt offerings, and to kindle Meal Offerings, and to do sacrifice continually. 

The 'Again' in Verse Twelve is implied. Is this about two destructions of The Land of Israel? Some Rabbis were opposed to Israel becoming a nation in 1948. Why? Because, The Lord did not do this. If they are correct is there the possibility of another destruction? 

Those in control of The Holy Land must return The Holy Land to the tribes of original inheritance BEFORE The Year of Jubilee. In Joshua's Day, The Holy Land was taken little by little through the war at The Lord God's Direction. Perhaps this will be the course again. . . Then perhaps a second destruction awaits. I hope not!!

The People of Israel are in The Time of Blessing and the Time of Curse. Many of The People of Israel fulfill the Observances they can but cannot fulfill them all. This is the curse. We are stuck. The great Sage, Rambam cautions us to be careful about attempting to pinpoint the prophetic dates. Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Stone Edition Tanach (Mesorah Publications, Ltd., Brooklyn, N.Y. 1993), p. 351Second Edition p 1299,

There is a process. I don't see the process alining with Holy Scripture at this time. This could change quickly! To possess The Holy Land means Time will be required to acquire ever meter of The Holy Land again. Time will be required to divide between Tribes. Time will be required to determine which Tribe each of us descends from.  Then the Tribal Leaders must settle descendants into their Land. Then after each of us are settled into our Land. It is then that each of us possess The Land. Then we can again begin celebrating the Year of Jubilee in The Holy Land Of Israel. 

By some accounts we are in the 49th year, I.e the Year of Jubilee right now, i.e. this Year. By other accounts, the Year of Jubilee will begin on Rosh HaShanah 5776 and conclude on Yom Kipper of 5777 FC. At night fall.

If in the very near future the Bet Din were to declare this to be the Year of Jubilee according to one of the above calculations Great miracles beyond our imagination would be required. The Bet Din cannot proclaim a true Year of Jubilee until The People of Israel are completely in possession of The Holy Land. In The Year of Jubilee, The Holy Land must be returned to the Tribe from which it inherited it. 

הֱבִיאֲךָ Heh Vee Ah Kaw meaning 'to bring' in Deuteronomy 30.5 is the Gematria of 44. The Word Jubilee is also the Gematria of 44.


Veh Heh Vee Ah Kaw / And To Bring

ו6  ה5  ב2  י10  א1  ך20  = 44


Bah Yoh Vayl / In Jubilee

ב2 י10 ב2 ל30  = 44


Lih Vaw Vee / My Heart

ל30 ב2 ב2 י10  = 44

What is the Mystical meaning? The Lord God Brings The People of Israel to The Holy Land to possess The Land so we can return to Observing all Mitzvot, especially The Year of Jubilee. In the process of bringing us to the Holy Land The Lord God Circumcises our heart.

This is a discussion about Time and Gematria. At this Time, The People of Israel are still living in the Time of Blessing and curse. The curse is that we are not Observing all 613 Commands of The Torah. Many of us live outside The Land, Our hearts are not circumcised. We do not possess all The Land. We cannot pass The Land to our children as an inheritance. The Third Temple must be built. Articles of The Holy Temple must be restored. The Priests and Levites must be dedicated and assigned to their positions.

Messiah must come. There is the war that must be fought. The enemies of Israel must be defeated. Children must be born in Israel thus showing security. We must multiply.  Then when all is in order as The Lord God Intends it to be we will do Good. We will be the Blessing spoken of in Genesis Twelve.

ב ' ח

Devarim Shoftim

Deuteronomy 16.18 - 21.9

Time And Gematria:

 The Time of First Fruits

Lesson Five


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

View Books And Information By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk 

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Dr. Akiva Gamliel and Rebbetzin Revi Belk

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Dear Ones

We are going to discuss several Observances specific to The Land of Israel. These Observances are linked ONLY to the Land of Israel. ONLY those Jews living in The Land Of Israel can perform these Observances. Those of us outside the Land of Israel should not ignore these Observances. We should be aware of them. We should be supportive of them even though we who are outside The Land of Israel cannot perform them.

On the Day Moses taught the Observance known as 'The Great Trumah' The People of Israel were living outside of The Land of Israel. Before anyone could perform this Observance The Land of Israel had to be conquered and divided. Then Jewish farmers had to settle into The Land and plant grain produces, grape vineyards and olive trees. Vineyards and olive trees remained because The Army of Israel was prohibited from cutting down fruit trees in Deuteronomy 20.19.

Dear Ones, our discussion in this chapter will be a little like a hexagon. We will discuss different views to the same subject in Time. The heart of our discussion is Deuteronomy 18.3 - 5. We will branch off from our discussion several times then return.

Deuteronomy 18.1 - 5

The Priests the Levites, and all The Tribe of Levi, shall have no part nor inheritance with Israel; they shall eat The Offerings of The Lord made by fire, and His inheritance. Therefore shall they have no inheritance among their brothers; The Lord is their inheritance, as He has said to them. And this shall be The Priest's due from The People, from those who offer a sacrifice, whether it is ox or sheep; and they shall give to The priest the shoulder, and the two cheeks, and the stomach. Also The firstfruit of your grain, of your wine, and of your oil, and the first of the fleece of your sheep, shall you give to him. For The Lord your God has chosen him out of all your tribes, to stand to minister in The Name of The Lord, him and his sons FOREVER.

Two Mitzvot

There are two Mitzvot / Observances in Deuteronomy 18.1 - 2. Both are Prohibitive Observances. The First Observance is in regards to the Kohanim / Priests. 'The Priests the Levites, and all The Tribe of Levi, shall have no part nor inheritance with Israel'. This means The Tribe of Levi will not inherit a section of The Land of Eretz Yisroel except for the Forty-Eight Cities. [Leviticus 25.34 and Numbers 35.2;7]. The second Observance is The Tribe of Levi could not share in the booty the armies of Israel captured during their conquest.

We are going to branch off for several pages to discuss Three Observances associated with the cities and land given to The Levites as an inherit.

Numbers 35.2

And The Lord spoke to Moses in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho, Saying; 'Command The People of Israel, that they give to The Levites of the inheritance of their possession cities to live in; and you shall also give to the Levites an open ground around the cities. And they shall have the cities to live in; and their open ground shall be for their cattle, and for their goods, and for all their beasts. And the open ground around the cities, that you shall give to The Levites, shall reach from the wall of the city outward a thousand cubits around. And you shall measure from outside the city on the east side Two Thousand cubits, and on the south side Two Thousand cubits, and on the west side Two Thousand cubits, and on the north side Two thousand cubits, and the city shall be in the midst. This shall be to them the open ground of the cities. And the cities which you shall give to the Levites shall be six cities of refuge, which you shall appoint for the man slayer that he may flee there; and to them you shall add Forty Two cities. So all the cities which you shall give to The Levites shall be Forty Eight cities; both them and their open grounds.'

The Levites and the Priests are separated unto The Lord. The Tribe of Levi is a chosen Tribe from among the other Tribes of Israel. They are separated for and dedicated to service in and around the Holy Temple. They are to spend their time studying and Teaching Ha Torah. They are also The Learning Centers distributed throughout The Land of Israel where by their brethren may come to study. Six of the cites are cites of refuge for one who has murdered by accident to flee for protection. This is a Pro-formative Mitzvah.

Leviticus 25.34

But the field of the pasture lands of their cities may not be sold; for it is their everlasting possession.


There is a great deal more to this Observance than what we will discuss. I am sharing these two Observances to help us better realize the permanency of The last Word in Deuteronomy 18.5, 'FOREVER'. This is very complicated in this sense. The People of Israel are given 613 Observances forever. Deuteronomy 18.1 -5 Informs us that The People of Israel are to give to The Levites 'A due' forever.


We are also informed in Numbers 35.2 - 7 that The People of Israel are to give Forty-Eight Cities to The Levites along with the land surrounding each city going out Two-Thousand Cubits which is about eighteen to Twenty-One inches in length. This means between 3,000 to 3,500 feet. Now we must inquire which are the Forty-Eight cities? Are the Forty-Eight cities still in existence today?


In Leviticus 25.34 Ha Torah informs us of another Observance. The Land surrounding the Forty-Eight Cities cannot be altered or sold.

Here is how this becomes very complicated! The Forty Eight cities must be returned to The Levites. The land around these cities must be returned to The Levities. Who owns the homes in theses cities? How expensive are these homes? What has happened to the land around these cities? Has the land been sold? Has the land been altered? For us humans this is a big mess. Yet, these are three Mitzvot of Ha Torah with 'FOREVER' stamped on them By The Lord God! Why am I sharing this? This seems completely devoid of the beginning discussion. How are these Three Observances related to our discussion?

We now return to where we began our discussion. Moses was Teaching The People of Israel in the year 2488 FC. when they were just a short time from beginning the conquest of Eretz Yisroel about Observances they would fulfill years down the road.

Dear Ones, this is where we are at today. We are 3,287 years from when Moses spoke those Words. The Jewish people do not occupy all of the Land Promised to them by The Lord God. Millions of Jews live outside of Eretz Yisroel. The Levites do not occupy the Forty-Eight Cities as intended in Scripture. The land outside the Forty-Eight cities has been altered. I am saying the Mitzvot spoken of in the above Scriptures will need to be reestablished again as it was in the Days of Joshua! There will be a serious war to reclaim our land. Jews from every corner of the world will come to help liberate The Land of Israel Again. A number of countries will be wiped off the face of the earth. Moshiach / Messiah will lead forces to defeat all our enemies. This time they will be defeated once and for all! I am saying The People will fight these wars again as in the days of Joshua. So it is like each of us are standing before the great Prophet Moses hearing His Words again 3,287 Years later. We return to the subject at hand.

2488 FC

Once the Land of Israel was conquered, Jewish farmers settled the land and planted crops of grain, i.e. wheat, oats, rye, barley and spelt. Then they could harvest their First Fruit. When a Jewish farmer owned land with grape vines or olive trees they could observe the Mitzvah of offering First Fruits without planting them first..


Another Observance for the Land of Israel is The Shmittah Year. Every Seventh Year The Land of Israel is to be given a Time of rest. This Year, 5775 FC is a Shmittah Year. The Shmittah Year began on Rosh HaShanah, Sept 25, 2014 and continues until September 13, 2015. In conjunction with the Shmittah Year is The Release of debt between The People of Israel. Deuteronomy 15.1 - 3.

Deuteronomy 15.1 - 3

At the end of every seven years you shall grant a release. And this is the manner of the release; Every creditor who lends anything to his neighbor shall release it; he shall not exact it of his neighbor, or of his brother; because it is called the Lord's release. Of a foreigner you may exact it again; but that which is yours with your brother your hand shall release;

The above Scriptures contain Three Observances. They are:


An Individual of B'nei Yisroel that is owed money from another individual of B'nei Yisroel may not demand payment of money owed once the Shmittah has passed.


The Lord God Commands that the debt be 100% forgiven. Those of B'nei Yisroel who are owed money from B'nai Yisroel must write a waiver saying I waive all claims to debts owed me from among The People of Israel.


There is a separation between the People of Israel and The People of Noach. Debts owed to anyone among B'nei Yisroel may demand payment from among The People of B'nai Noach when the debts are due regardless of The Shmittah year. This is called 'The Release.'

The Mitzvah is ONLY for The People of Israel. Why mention The Release? The Release happens in conjunction with the Seventh Year. At nightfall on September 13, 2015 all debt among The People of Israel will be cancelled.

When the last day of Elul 5775 FC concludes The Shmittah Year ends. . This is also the last Day of the Seventh Year. All debt between B'nei Yisroel is cancelled with the exception of the debt assigned to the Bet Din, i.e. Jewish Court.

During The Shmittah Year The Land of Israel sits. There is no plowing. There is no sowing of seed. There is no harvesting for profit.

Leviticus 25.20 - 22

And if you shall say, What shall we eat the seventh year? behold, we shall not sow, nor gather in our produce; Then I Will Command My Blessing upon you in the sixth year, and it shall bring forth fruit for three years. And you shall sow the eighth year, and eat still of old fruit until the ninth year; until its fruits come in you shall eat of the old store.

Ha Torah is not saying that The People living on The Land in Israel must go three years complete years without sowing or harvesting. Here is what Ha Torah is Saying. Our present Shmittah year began 01 Tishrei 5775 F.C. However in reality it began much earlier. Farmers would only plant crops that they could harvest before The Shmittah began.

5774 FC

Part of this year is counted for several reasons.

Farmers could only harvest crops up to when The Shmittah year began.

Farmers would not be permitted to plant fall crops because The Shmittah Year began.

All work on The Land stopped when The Shmittah year began.

5775 FC

No planting sowing, fertilizing or harvesting was done during The Shmittah year. The Land rested.

5776 FC

The Last Day of Elul 5775 FC concludes the Shmittah Year. However with all the Holy Observances that begin with the new Year planting among The People of Israel would not begin until the spring for many Jewish Farmers. Why?

2 Mitzvot

Deuteronomy 16.16

Three times in a year shall all your males appear before The Lord your God in The Place which he shall choose [ Jerusalem ] ; in The Feast of Unleavened Bread, and in The Feast of Weeks, and in The Feast of Booths; and they shall not appear before The Lord empty; Every man shall give as he is able, according to the blessing of The Lord your God which He Has Given you.

The second Mitzvot is appearing with an offering. We are to give as The Lord Has Blessed us. If the blessing is tiny then a small gift is appropriate. If the blessing is great then a large gift is appropriate.

3,287 years ago this meant traveling by foot, donkey or Camel to Jerusalem. In some instances this required traveling several weeks to arrive in time to build a booth to celebrate the Festival of Booths.

As a way of example if a descendant of Simeon living is southern Israel were to travel to Jerusalem this would be a journey of about 140 miles {225 KM} as the eagle flies. This does not include traveling by foot through dessert or up over mountains etc. which was the common method of travel then. The length of a days travel was about 15 miles. Merrill C. Tenney, General Editor, The Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible Volume Five (Grand Rapids MI Zondervan Publishing House 3rd printing 1978) p 799. The average traveler would take about 9 days each way.

However, when one includes the Observance of not traveling on Shabbat it is likely that the Nine Day journey becomes a Twelve Day journey depending on Shabbat and other High Holy Days.

As a way of example if a descendant of Dan living in northern Israel were to travel to Jerusalem the journey would be about 100 miles {150 KM}. This would require about Six Days each way. When one includes the Observance of not traveling on Shabbat or High Holy Days the Six Day journey becomes perhaps a Nine Day journey.

Think of it this way. Before the Festival of Booths is Yom Kippor The Day of Atonement. Yom Kipper concludes just Four Days before The Festival of Booths. Neither those traveling from Southern or Northern Israel could make the trip if they left after the conclusion of Yom Kippur. All travelers would need to leave the day after Rosh HaShanah to have time to travel and set up their Booth for the Festival of Booths. Then after the Festival they would make the long journey home. When they arrived home sowing time will have passed.

So we learn from these examples we learn Holy Days associated with Time even though Ha Torah Does not spell them out with each mention. So when we read Deuteronomy 18.1 - 5 where It is Written רֵאשִׁית דְּגָנְךָ 'Your First Grain' we should realize this is in reference to the First Day of The Festival of Weeks, Shavuot. We have connected the Time, with the Festival of Shavuot The Holy Scriptures referenced.

BaMidbar 28.26

Also on the Day of The Firstfruit when you bring a new Grain Tribute to The Lord on your Festival of Weeks it shall be a Holy Gathering to you. Cease all labors work.

The point is after all battles were fought and the wars won The People of Israel were entirely in position of The Land of Israel. Then The Land was divided. Then Jewish farmers planted wheat in the spring. Some of the new Wheat [Grains] were first brought to The Lord on Shavuot / The Festival of Weeks / Pentecost. What day was this?

Dear Reader, Moses died on 7 Adar 2488 FC. He was mourned for Thirty Days until 7 Nissan 2488. Joshua Instructed the People they would be crossing the Jordan in three Days on 10 Nissan. The People of Israel crossed the Jordan River then journeyed to the eastern edge of Jericho and camped at Gigal.

10 Nissan 2488 FC

Joshua 4.19

And the people came up out of the Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, and encamped in Gilgal, in the east border of Jericho.

Joshua performs Brit Milah / circumcision on all the males. On 14 Nissan at eve the People of Israel celebrate their first Passover in The Holy Land.

14 Nissan 2488 FC

Joshua 5.9 - 11

And the Lord Said to Joshua, 'This day have I rolled away the reproach of Egypt from off you.' Therefore the name of the place is called Gilgal to this day. And The people of Israel encamped in Gilgal, and kept the Passover on the fourteenth day of the month in the evening in the plains of Jericho. And they ate of the old grain of the land on the next day after the Passover, unleavened cakes, and parched grain in the same day.

Joshua 14.7

Then the sons of Judah came to Joshua in Gilgal; and Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenazite said to him, 'You know the thing that The Lord Said to Moses the man of God concerning me and you in Kadesh-Barnea. I was Forty years old when Moses the servant of The Lord sent me from Kadesh-Barnea to spy out The land; [ 29 Sivan 2449 FC ] and I brought him back word as it was in my heart. And my brothers who went up with me made the heart of the people melt; but I wholly followed the Lord my God. And Moses swore on that day, [9 Av 2449 FC] saying, Surely the land on which your feet have trodden shall be your inheritance, and your children's forever, because you have wholly followed the Lord my God. And now, behold, the Lord Has Kept me alive, as He Said, these forty five years, since The Lord spoke this word to Moses, while the people of Israel wandered in the wilderness; and now, behold, I am this day eighty five years old [29 Sivan 2495 FC].

Our Sages Teach that The Conquest for The Land of Israel took Seven Years. It is based on this Text. Caleb was Forty Years of age when the spies were sent. This was the second year in the Wilderness. Add Thirty- Eight Years to Forty Years. When B'nei Yisroel began the conquest for The Land of Israel Caleb was 78 Years old. Now we move ahead to Joshua 14.6 - 10. Caleb says he is 85 Years old. This informs us that the conquest took Seven Years. 78 from 85 = 7.

The Seventh Year was the Shmittah Year [2495 FC]. This was the first Seven Years in Jubilee count of Forty-Nine Years. Ninety Days later The Shmittah Year would end with the beginning of the New Year 01Tishri 2496 FC.

Farmers were not plowing their fields yet. The task of dividing the Land among The Twelve Tribes begins. This is why Caleb came to Joshua. He wanted to insure that The Tribe of Judah received the city of Hebron. How long did the division of The Land of Israel take? Our Sages teach Seven years? How do we know this. Remember back to Chapter Two where we discussed the meaning of 'Many Days' regarding the Nineteen Years the People of Israel lived in Kadesh. In Joshua 22.23 we have another use of many Days.

Joshua 22.1 - 4

Then Joshua called the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh, And said to them, You have kept all that Moses the servant of the Lord commanded you, and have obeyed my voice in all that I commanded you; You have not left your brothers these many days to this day, [01 Nissan 2502 FC] but have kept the charge of the commandment of the Lord your God. And now the Lord your God has given rest to your brothers, as he promised them; therefore now return, and go to your tents, and to the land of your possession, which Moses the servant of the Lord gave you on the other side of the Jordan.

These Many Days means the division of the land required Seven Years. So the first Seven Years the army of Israel conquered The Holy Land. Then the second Seven Years The Holy Land was divided. The division of the Holy Land concluded about ninety days from the completion of the second Shmittah year. The second Seven Year period ended with the Shmittah Year [2502 FC]. This was the second Seven Years in the Jubilee count of Forty-Nine Years. 01 Tishri 2503 FC began which is September in the Gregorian Calendar. Now farmers were free to prepare their land for sowing wheat and other produce. However remember 01Tishri was Rosh Ha Shanah which is followed by Yom Kippur which is followed by The Festival of Booths so the wheat crop would not be sown until the spring of 2503 FC. The first festival in which new grain was offered by farmers from all twelve Tribes in Israel was Shavuot 2503 FC. This was a little over fourteen years from when Moses spoke the Words רֵאשִׁית דְּגָנְךָ 'Your First Grain'.


Dih Gaw Nih Kah / Your Grain

ד4 ג3 נ50 ך20 = 77

It is like the first Seven represents the Seven Years of conquest for the Holy Land of Israel and the second Seven is for the division of The Holy Land Of Israel. Seven plus Seven.

However, the Seventy-Seven is also significant because it points to the Altar The Tribes of Ruben and Gad along with half The Tribe of Manasseh constructed after returning to their tents in Joshua 22. The armies from The Ten Tribes of Israel gathered to war against them because of that altar. However The Ten Tribes learned the altar was not intend for sacrifice. It was intended to be a testimony to their children of the Victories The Lord Brought. The Gematria for sacrifice and for 'your altar' are both 77.


Meez Bah Chah Kaw / Your Altar

מ40 ז7 ב2 ח8 20 = 77


Zee Bih Chah Chawm / Sacrifice


Rah Sheet / First

ר200 א1 ש300 י10 ת400 = 911

Some have inquired about the significance of 911 occurring during a Shirttail year. 9-11-2001 was during the Shirttail year 5761 FC. The Shmittah ended on September 18, 2001. The Shirttail is only in relation to The Land of Israel. 2008 was a Shirttail year and this year, 2015 is a Shirttail year.

I cannot predict what enemies plan or do. All that I can say is that the Shirttail is in relationship ONLY to The Land of Israel. The Gematria of 911 is found and established in the very first Word of Ha Torah. Genesis 1.1 - 'In the beginning'. I see a Mystical relationship between The Firstfruits the People of Israel offered the first time 'In the beginning.'


Ray Sheet / Firstfruit

ר200 א1 ש300 י10 ת400 = 911


Ray Sheet / first beginning

ר200 א1 ש300 י10 ת400 = 911

We know that The People of Israel had to possess The Holy Land before they could offer firstfruits. The Gematria for הוֹרַשְׁתָּ meaning to possess is 911.


Hoh Rah Shi Taw / To Possess

ה5 ו6 ר200 ש300 ת400 = 911

Dear Ones We have Journeyed through a number of Mitzvot of HaTorah. We have discussed, in brief, Eleven Mitzvot of Ha Torah. We have mystically linked Time with Gematria.

1. What is prohibited during The Shmittah Year?

2. Explain The Scriptures usage of 'Three Years' in reference to The Shmittah Year.

3. What Year did The People of Israel Bring their first firstfruits of new grain?

4. What is the importance of the Word FOREVER in Deuteronomy 18.1 - 5

5. There are many Observances associated with the Levites. What do you think it means when The Lord God Says, 'O that there were such a heart in them, that they would fear me, and keep All My Commandments always, that it might be well with them, and with their children forever! ' Deuteronomy 5.26?

ב ' ח

Devarim Va'etchanan
Deuteronomy 3.23 - 7.11

Time And Gematria:

 Baw Ayt - 'At That Time'

Lesson Two


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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At That Time

The Word עֵת Ayt means 'Time'. בָּעֵת Baw Ayt means 'In Time, On Time, At Time Through Time, With Time'. The best translation for Verse 23 is 'At That Time.' We will go with this translation. The Word עֵת Ayt occurs 73 times and בָּעֵת Baw Ayt occurs 90 times in The Hebrew Scriptures. The difference between עֵת Ayt and בָּעֵת Baw Ayt is The Letter בּ Bet. The Bet makes The Word עֵת Ayt 'A Point In Time.' This means we are to classify בָּעֵת Baw Ayt as a definite place in time. When Moses Says בָּעֵת Baw Ayt, he is making reference to a specific place in Time. Our goal is to try and determine what that place in time is. We will first view The Verse then we will determine The Year.

Devarim 3.23

וָאֶתְחַנַּן אֶל־יְהוָֹה בָּעֵת הַהִוא לֵאמֹר: כד

Deuteronomy 3.23

And I pleaded with The Lord at that time, saying,

What was 'At that Time'? We will need to backtrack in Time to determine what 'At That Time' is in reference to. We begin with the Seventh Day of Miriam's affliction for speaking evil against Moses. Miriam spoke Loshon Hara against Moses. The Lord Called her out if front of all The People of Israel and rebuked her. She was placed outside of the camp for Seven Days. This was the Seventh Day. Miriam was allowed to return to the camp. It was on That Day that Moses sent the 12 spies into the Land of Canaan.

29 Sivan 2449 FC

The spies left the encampment at Paran one year and 74 Days from being delivered from Egypt by the Lord. It is necessary for me to make a distinction. If one studies the 2016 Bible Journeys Calendar, they will Observe several important Time points. In the first year 2448 FC [From Creation] on this specific Day Moses was in Day Twenty-Two of receiving the first set of Tablets on Mt. Sinai. Our point inTime is the following year. We are 74 Days into in Year 2449 FC. [16 Days in Nissan + 29 Days in Iyar + 29 Days in Sivan = 74 Days]

Numbers 13.1 - 3

And The Lord Spoke to Moses, Saying, 'Send for yourself men, and have them scout everything from Aleph to Tav of the land of Canaan, which I am Giving to the people of Israel; Send them, one great man from each of his father's tribes. Each must be a leader among them. And Moses sent them from the desert of Paran on The Word of The Lord. All were men of distinction, They were chiefs of the People of Israel.'

Those who study with me know that I often include The Words 'everything from Aleph to Tav.' when the Word אֶת Eht is used. The Word אֶת eht occurs thousands of times in The Holy Scriptures for a reason. Many times the reason is to inform us of the inclusiveness of what is being said. The point is that nothing is left out. Everything is included. Chagigah 12b 1 - The Bahir (Row man & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. Lanham, Maryland 1995) pp. 108,109

Every Tribe sent a represenative except for the Tribe of Levi. Numbers 13.4-16 lists the leaders from each Tribe. The Levites believed The Word of The Lord. They did not need to spy out The Land.

09 Av 2449

The Spies return after Forty Days of spying out The Land of Canaan.

Ten of the twelve spies presented an evil report to B'nei Yisroel. Then B'nei Yisroel rebelled against The Lord. Due to our parents rebellion The People of Israel were not permitted to enter the Promised Land.

Numbers 13.26 - 27

And they returned from searching The Land after Forty Days. And they came to Moses, and to Aaron, and to all the congregation of B'nei Yisroel, to the wilderness of Paran, to Kadesh; and brought back word to them, and to all the congregation, and showed them the fruit of the land. And they told him and said, We came to the land where you sent us, and surely it flows with milk and honey, and this is its fruit.

Numbers 13.28-29

However, the people, who inhabit the land, are strong, and the cities are very greatly fortified [with walls] and moreover we saw the children of Anak there. The Amalekites dwell in the southern part of the land; and the Hittites, and the Jebusites, and the Amorites, dwell in the mountains; and the Canaanites dwell by the sea, and by the side of the Jordan.

Ten leaders expressed serious concerns about the people who dwelt in the land. They said, 'The land truly flows with milk and honey.' Look at the magnificent fruit. However, there are some very scary people who occupy the land.

Numbers 13.29

And Caleb silenced everything from Aleph to Tav of The People and confidently said to Moses, We can go up and consume them. For we more than measure up, we are capable of doing it!

Caleb, was General of the Army of Yisroel. He assured The People of Israel that they were more than capable of defeating the enemy. Then the spies representing Ten of Yisroel's Tribes chimed in. They had a different opinion. How qualified was their opinion? Were they battle tested like Joshua?

Numbers 13. 30

But the men who went up with him said, We are not able to go up against the people; for they are stronger than we. And they spread slander about The Land which they had spied to B'nei Israel, saying, The land, through which we have gone to spy, is A Land that consumes its inhabitants; and all the people that we saw in it are men of a great stature. And there we saw everything from Aleph to Tav of the Giants, the sons of Anak, who come from the Nephilim; and we were in our sight as grasshoppers, and so were we in their sight.

In our age we have terms that describe different mental conditions. What do you think? Is it possible that all of The People had PTSD Post Thematic Stress Disorder resulting from their slavery and brutal treatment in Egypt? B'nai Yisroel went through a number of hardships due to being captive. Do you think they may have had Stockholm Syndrome? Were they brainwashed by their captors? What type of individual, family, group and community issues were each dealing with? We can imagine.

I ask these questions because of how quickly B'nei Yisroel turned away from The Lord. From time to time, it seems like B'nei Israel snaps instead of doing what they should.

We notice that there is a difference of opinion between Joshua, Caleb and the other spies. Having differences of opinion among B'nei Yisroel is not unusual. It's what we do with our opinions that makes the difference. The Ten spies predetermined that B'nei Yisroel were 'not able to go up against the people' because in their opinion the inhabitants were stronger than B'nei Yisroel. The spies described how small they were in comparison to the giants who were descendants of the fallen / the sons of Anak. The Ten spies compared themselves to grasshoppers next to the giants. They frightened B'nei Yisroel.

The Ten spies spread slander against the Promised Land. וַיֹּצִיאוּ דִּבַּת הָאָרֶץ 'They brought forth a report on The Land.' They said, 'The Land consumes its inhabitants.' This was a lie and part of their evil report. Our Sages Teach they witnessed many funerals while spying out the Land. There were so many people dying that the spies went unnoticed. This was Divine Providence working in their behalf but instead of taking this point of view Ten of the Leaders interpreted this as The Land consumed its inhabitants. They spoke evil about the land. Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Stone Edition The Chumash (Mesorah Publications, Ltd., Brooklyn, N.Y. 1993), p 803

The Ten spies were respected leaders among B'nei Yisroel who agreed to speak evil regarding the Land of Canaan. What they did was wrong yet this shows us the impact ten important leaders had on The People of Israel. When we, B'nei Yisroel, unite we can do amazing things!

B'nei Yisroel rebelled based on the report of these These Ten well respected spies.

So when we speak of the Words 'At That Time'. Could it be a point of reference to The Time B'nei Israel united for the wrong reasons?

Bamidbar 14.1

וַתִּשָּׂא כָּל־הָעֵדָה וַיִּתְּנוּ אֶת־קוֹלָם וַיִּבְכּוּ הָעָם בַּלַּיְלָה הַהוּא: ב

Numbers 14.1

[ת - SIGN] And the entire community [except The Tribe of Levi] lifted up everything from Aleph to Tav of their voice and cried and wept through the night.


Baw Ayt / At That Time

ב2 ע70 ת400 = 472


Bih Cee Tehm / They weep

ב2 כ20 י10 ת400 ם40 = 472

We Observe the Mystical connection to 'At That Time' as 'Weeping'. Is this what Moses was making reference to when he wrote 'At That Time'? It is a piece of the picture as we shall see.

I cannot emphasize how significant the Words of Verse One are. First the Verse begins with וַתִּשָּׂא Vah - Tee Shaw meaning 'And to lift up' Normally The Letter ת Tav is not part of this Word.

In the past, I have written about paying close attention to The Letter ת Tav. The Letter ת Tav is a mystical Letter. When The Letter ת Tav appears as it does here The ת Tav is a sign to pay attention and to mine for additional meaning. Normally the first Word in Verse One would be נָשָׂא Naw Saw, meaning 'to Lift up'. However, The Word is וַתִּשָּׂא Vah - Tee Shaw. The Letter נ Nun is replaced by The Letter ת Tav. We must determine what the purpose is for replacing The Letter נ with The Letter ת Tav. Could it be that this is what Moses was making reference to when he said, 'At That Time'? Was The Letter ת Tav what Moses was referring to?

The root Word for וַתִּשָּׂא Vah - Tee Shaw has different meanings. Here we need to pay attention to the other meanings as well. Each Word uses the same Letters. The spelling is exactly the same. The only difference is with the Vowels. נִשָא Nee Saw means 'to be misled or to be deceived'. Lets review.

First, וַתִּשָּׂא Vah - Tee Shaw meaning 'And to lift up'

Second, The Root Word is נָשָׂא Naw Saw, meaning 'to Lift up.'

Third, The Letter נ Nun in נָשָׂא Naw Saw was replaced by The Letter ת Tav. [ תִּשָּׂא] The Letter ו Vav of וַתִּשָּׂא Vah - Tee Shaw is a connecting Letter that means 'and'.

Fourth, The Letter The ת Tav is a sign to pay attention and to mine for additional meaning.

Notice the meaning in the Two Words following וַתִּשָּׂא Vah - Tee Shaw. כָּל־הָעֵדָה Cawl - Haw Ay Dawh means 'All the community' or 'All the witnesses'. All the Community includes members of The Sanhedrin and The Seventy Elders. The Sanhedrin were the Jewish Judges of The High Court. They were convinced that Moses and Aaron misled them. Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Stone Edition The Chumash (Mesorah Publications, Ltd., Brooklyn, N.Y. 1993), p. 803 All The Judges and The Seventy Elders of B'nei Yisroel raised their voices and shouted. Rabbi Menachem M. Scheerson, Torah Chumash Shemot Kehot Publication Society (Brooklyn, NY 2006) p 86 B'nei Yisroel followed the lead of the High Court. They cried and wept through the night just as their leaders did.

Numbers 14.2

They murmured against Moses and Aaron; All of B'nei Yisroel [except The Tribe of Levi] and the all the Community [except The Tribe of Levi] said to them, Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! Would God we had died in this wilderness!

We need to take a minute to exeronate The Tribe of Levi who consistently took the high ground when B'nei Yisroel had issues. The Levites did not sin with the golden calf. Nor did they sin with B'nei Yisroel in the matter of the spies evil report. Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says Bamidbar (Brooklyn, New York: Benei Yakov Publications 1980), pp 157; 180, Rabbi Dr. H. Freedman, Midrash Rabba Babmidbar (New York, NY: The Soncino Press 1983) - Midrash Rabbah p 72 [br 3.5] - Rabbi Menachem M. Scheerson, Torah Chumash Shemot Kehot Publication Socierty (Brooklyn, NY 2006) p 253

The Midrash Says the Sanhedrin complained to Moses saying, We accept the decree of death but should we die at the hand of these idolaters in Eretz Canaan? It would have been better to have died in Egypt or to have passed away here in the wilderness. Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says Bamidbar (Brooklyn, New York: Benei Yakov Publications 1980), p 170 How did The Lord Respond? 'It shall be as you wish'. How was The Word of The Lord fulfilled? Every Erev Tish B'Av Moses would say to the men of war, those who rebelled against The Lord and those who were decreed to die during these Forty Years 'Dig A grave for yourself.' Each man dug a grave for himself and rested that night in the grave. Those who reached the age of sixty would pass away during the night of weeping. This was about 15,000 every year. 570,000 of the 600,000 men who were between 20 to 60 passed away like this each year. Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says Bamidbar (Brooklyn, New York: Benei Yakov Publications 1980), p 170

Can we imagine what it was like for the wives, children, relatives and friends of those decreed to die in The Wilderness each year as the night of weeping approached? What was it like for The Judges of The SanhedrinIs who spoke the Words 'let us die here in The Wilderness'? What was it like for them knowing these men were dying because of their unjust faithfulness ruling? What was it like for B'nei yisroel each year as 9 Av approached? What did it feel like watching thousands upon thousands of graves being dug? How did this impact The People of Israel? We have already discussed the Mystical connection of 'At That Time' to weeping on the eve of 9 Av. How did the community of Yisroel feel knowing it was their Judges that spoke the words 'Let us die in The Wilderness.? We should ask ourselves, how would I feel if I were one of the men between Twenty to Sixty that refused to fight for the Holy Land and who rebelled? What if I were one of the men that mummered and complained against the Lord? What if I were one of the men that said I wanted to return to Egypt, i.e. the idolatrous practices of Egypt. The ladies did not die because they remained faithful to The Lord quietly within their tents. Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says Bamidbar (Brooklyn, New York: Benei Yakov Publications 1980), p 180

The Sanhedrin and The Seventy Elders lead the Community in this very emotionally charged rebellion against Moses and Aaron. They exclaimed:

Numbers 14.3

And why has The Lord brought us to This Land, to fall by the sword so that our wives and our children should become prey? Would it not be better for us to return into Egypt?

Up until this point according to our Sages The Sanhedrin and The Seventy Elders participated in the rebellion.

Numbers 14.1

- כָּל־הָעֵדָה Cawl - Haw Ay Daw meaning All the Community / Congregation or All the Witnesses. The Sanhedrin and The Seventy Elders are included.

Numbers 14.2

- כֹּל בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל Kol - B'nei Yisroel meaning All of The People of Israel

כָּל־הָעֵדָה Kawl - Haw Ay Daw meaning All the Community / Congregation

Numbers 14.4

And the men said one to another, 'Let us appoint a chief, and let us return to Egypt.'

Numbers 14.10

וַיֹּאמְרוּ כָּל־הָעֵדָה לִרְגּוֹם אֹתָם - And The Entire Congregation Said 'Stone Them refering to Joshua and Caleb.'

Who has the authority to make such a decision? Who has the authority to appoint a leader over B'nei Yisroel?

It is very important for us to remember that Lord Requires faithfulness from His People. We depend on our Leadership to help us stay on the right course. What happened here? In Deuteronomy 1.32 Moses said that at that time The People did not Trust The Lord their God. Why did our relatives of Years past fail to trust The Lord after all the Miracles He preformed? Why was B'nei Yisroel so willing to turn away from The Lord? We continue to read the extent of how distant B'nei Yisroel were willing to go in their rebellion to The Lord.

Numbers 14.5 - 6

Then Moses and Aaron fell on their faces before all the assembly of the congregation of The People of Israel. And Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, which were of those who spied the land, tore their clothes;

We see ONLY four men speaking up for The Lord and The Land of Canaan. The Sanhedrin and the Seventy Elders did not step up. They did not join them. Was this the Time Moses was speaking of when he said 'At That Time?

Numbers 14.7 - 9

And they spoke to all the Congregation of The People of Israel, saying, 'The land, which we passed through to spy, is a very good land. If the Lord Desires us to have it, then He Will Bring us into this Land, and Give it to us; a Land which flows with milk and honey. However, do not rebel against The Lord and do not fear the people of the land; for they are as bread for us; their protection is removed from them, and The Lord is with us; do not be afraid of them.

Numbers 14.10

The entire community said that they should be stoned to death, [but just then] The Glory of The Lord Appeared in The Tent of Meeting before all The People of Israel.

Not any man has the authority to pass judgment on his fellow man. Who has the authority to judge? Who has the authority to pass judgment on stoning a guilty individual? Again we see The Sanhedrin's involvement in this rebellion.

The Sanhedrin felt like Moses and Aharon had deceived them. They felt like Moses and Aharon had mislead them. I have already shown that The Root Word for וַתִּשָּׂא Vah - Tee Shaw has different meanings. We know that The Root Word for וַתִּשָּׂא Vah - Tee Shaw is נָשָׂא Naw Saw, meaning 'to Lift up', Notice that נִשָא Nee Saw which is spelled exactly the same means 'to be misled or to be deceived'. We realize that the Judges of The High Court felt like Moses and Aaron had deceived them. How did they come to this opinion? The Ten Spies spread malicious gossip about The Land and it's inhabitants. Bamidbar Rabah 9.18 - Was this what Moses spoke of when he said 'At That Time'?

Now The Lord Appears to set the record straight. Moses and Aaron fail to the gound and began interceding for The People of Israel. Think about what is happening 'At That Time! All The People of Israel are angry with Moses and Aharon. They are making plans to return to Egypt, appoint a new Chief over them and to stone Joshua and Caleb. So where is Moses? He is bowed to the earth praying that The Lord would Forgive all B'nai Yisroel. See Numbers 14.11 -19. What a leader! The Lord does Forgives B'nei Yisroel but Prohibits those who sinned from entering The Land of Canaan.

Numbers 14.20 - 24

And the Lord Said, I have pardoned according to your word; However, as truly as I live, all the earth shall be filled with the glory of the Lord. All those men which have seen everything from Aleph to Tav of My Glory, and My Miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the desert, and still have tested Me these ten times, and they have not listened to My voice; Surely they shall not see the land which I swore to their fathers, nor shall any of them who provoked me see it; except for My servant Caleb, because he possed a different spirit with him, and has followed me fully. I shall bring him into the land to which he came; and his seed shall possess it.

B'nei Yisroel's rebellion resulted in the establishment of a Time / a Season for mourning. The High Court Ruled against Moses and Aharon. Their actions had reprecutions!! The actions of The Sanhedrin mislead The People of Israel. Their authority set in motion a day of great sadness and mourning that is incumbent upon each of us. Who wants to fast for Twenty-Six hours? Who wants to fast from sundown to sundown. Who wants to mourn? Yet, fasting and mourning are absolutely necessary to remind us to be very careful with those who lead us and for us who follow them. It is incumbent upon each of us to learn and to know each of the 613 Mitzvot of Ha Torah so that we can judge for our self what is the proper path to take. We must determine what is the correct course of action!

Numbers 14.22 - 23 makes it very clear that the men of B'nei Yisroel tested The Lord Ten times. They were Judged for repeated offences. The Lord was Gracious and Merciful and Forgiving time and again as the offences pilled one upon the other. A picture should be beginning to emerge with regards to the Words 'At That Time'.

Dear Ones, just Forty Days earlier Miriam was permitted to rejoin the camp of Israel after being separated for Seven Days. Remember, The Lord Descended in a pillar of cloud and stood at the entrance to The Tent of Meetings. The Lord Called to Aharon and Miriam. They appeared before The Lord. The Lord Spoke to them in the presence of all Israel. What did The Lord Say?

Numbers 13.6 - 10

And He Said, 'Listen to My Words; If there is a Prophet among you, I, The Lord Will Make Myself known to him in a vision, and will speak to him in a dream. That is not the case with My servant Moses, in all My House for he is the trusted one. I Speak mouth to mouth with him, in a vision, and not in riddles; and he gazes at the Likeness of The Lord, so why were you not afraid to speak against my servant Moses? And The Lord's Anger was kindled against them; and He Departed. And The Cloud Departed from atop The Tent; and, behold! Miriam had become leprous, white as snow; and Aharon looked towards Miriam, and, behold, she was leprous.

The incident with The Prophetesses Miriam was meant to be a lesson for each of us. Miriam was set outside of the encampment for Seven Days. All The People of Israel knew. The Sanhedrin knew. The Seventy Elders knew. All The People of Israel knew. The punishment of Miriam should have been fresh in their minds. Everyone should have remembered how The Lord Appeared in The Cloud and why The Prophetesses Miriam became leprous and was separated from the encampment. How quickly we forget!

The actions of The Sanhedrin and The Seventy Elders were much more grievous than Miriam's in leading B'nei Yisroel to sin. We remember our failings and the failings of those who sinned on 9 Av. The failings of The Sanhedrin and B'nei Yisroel were not just for One Day. They are for The same Day each Year, Year after Year. Is this what Moses spoke of when he said 'At That Time'? Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Stone Edition The Chumash (Mesorah Publications, Ltd., Brooklyn, N.Y. 1993), p. 803 - Rabbi Menachem M. Scheerson, Torah Chumash Shemot Kehot Publication Socierty (Brooklyn, NY 2006) p 86 - Metsudah Midrash Tanchuma Bereishis 1

Avrohom Davis, Metsudah Midrash Tanchuma Bereishis 1 (Monsey, NY Eastern Book Press Inc. 2006) pp 296 - 297 - Rabbi Avrohom Davis, The Mesudah Chumash A New Linear Translation Bereishis (Hoboken New Jersey, KTVA Publishing House, Inc., 1991) p 178

Numbers 14.29 - 32

Your carcasses shall fall in this wilderness; and all who were counted of you, according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward, who have murmured against me, Shall by no means come into the land, concerning which I swore to make you live in it, save Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun, [and The Tribe of Levi]. But your little ones, which you said should be a prey, them will I bring in, and they shall know The Land, which you have despised. But as for you, your carcasses, they shall fall in this wilderness.

Numbers 14.33

And your children shall wander in the wilderness Forty Years, and bear your backslidings, until your carcasses are wasted in the desert. According to the number of The Days in which you spied the land, Forty Days, each Day for a Year, shall you bear your iniquities, Forty Years, and you shall know My Displeasure. I the Lord have said, I will surely do it all to this evil congregation, who are gathered together against me; in this wilderness they shall be consumed, and there they shall die. And the men, which Moses sent to spy the land, who returned, and caused all the congregation to murmur against him, by bringing up a slander upon the land, Those men that brought up the evil report upon the land, died by the plague before the Lord.

Some Teach that The Lord Instructed Moses to have The People of Israel travel to the Sea of Reeds. They base this on Numbers 14.25. I reviewed the original Language of Numbers 14.25 and do not see anything that Instructs B'nei Yisroel to travel to or to return to the Sea of Reeds. Numbers 14.25 ONLY instructs B'nei Yisroel to change the direction of the encampment from facing The Land of Israel to facing the wilderness and the path leading to the Sea of Reeds.

Numbers 14.25.

The Amalekites and the Canaanites live in the valley. Tomorrow you are to move and face the wilderness path towards the Sea of Reeds.

10 Av 2449

This is very significant because B'nei Yisroel did not travel anywhere. They remained in this location for 19 years. Rabbi Menachem M. Scheerson, Torah Chumash Shemot Kehot Publication Society (Brooklyn, NY 2006) p 89 Yet, The Holy Scriptures notes them turning the direction of the camp without traveling. Why? This is an exact point of measurement in time. The 38 years of Deuteronomy 2.14 is based upon the Day The Camp Turned their camp direction towards the wilderness towards the Sea of Reeds. The intent of The Words 'At That Time' are based upon what happened then and each year on the same Day since.

This Day was the Day following the rebellion. This is The Day they went up the mountain to fight the Amalekites and Canaanites. They were crushed! See Deuteronomy Chapter One. The last Verse in Deuteronomy Chapter One shares a very important nugget of Time with us.

Devarim 1.46

: וַתֵּשְׁבוּ בְקָדֵשׁ יָמִים רַבִּים כַּיָּמִים אֲשֶׁר יְשַׁבְתֶּם

Deuteronomy 1.46

[ת - SIGN] So you abode in Kadesh many Days, [Years] like the days [Years] you lived there [elsewhere].

Again The Letter ת Tav appears in the Word וַתֵּשְׁבוּ to inform us to give a diligent search for in depth meaning. The intent is for us to discover that B'nei Yisroel dwelt in Kadesh for 19 years and wandered for 19 years. Ha Torah Informs us that the Time they dwelt was like the number of years when they wandered.

10 Av 2487 FC

Deuteronomy 2.14

And the Days from our leaving Kadesh-Barnea, until we came over the brook Zered, was thirty-eight years; until all the generation of the men of war had perished from the camp, as the Lord swore to them.

The Thirty-Eight Years were measured to the exact Day which was The Day after the 9th of Av. Remember that it was on the 9th of Av that the spies returned. Ten spies shared an evil report. B'nei Yisroel rebellied. This was Thirty-Eight Years from the next day. In addition to the text presented thus far Holy Scripture Informs us 'all the generation of the men of war had perished from the camp'. On The Eighth of Av the remaining men of war, about 15,000 dug their graves for the final time knowing they were the only ones left from the original 600,000 men of that generation. That night each of the remaining men of war perished from the Camp of B'nei Yisroel. The following morning was 10th of Av 2487 FC.

After the last man of war died It was 'At That Time' The Word of The Lord was fulfilled. 'all the generation of the men of war had perished from the camp, as the Lord swore to them.'

After the last man of war had died, Yisroel was divested of them. Their children were trained for war. They were ready to defeat Sicon and Og. 'At That Time' is in reference to the final Day of the completion of the thirty-Eight Years in which The people who rebelled died.

There are Two Gematrias relating to The Number Thirty-Eight.


Haw Ay Vehl / The mourning The Lamenting

ה5 א1 ב2 ל30 = 38

Each Year on the 9th of Av during the Thirty-Eight Year span of Judgment on those men who rebelled there was a great deal of mourning and lamenting as thousands died year after year. There was great bemoaning, bewailing, weeping and sadness as B'nei Yisroel revisited the 9th of Av each year.


Yee Vih Coo / To Mourn To Weep To Bewail

י10 ב2 צ20 ו6 = 38

1 Nissan 2487 FC

B'nei Yisroel arrives at Kodesh at the border to Edom.

10 Nissan 2487 FC

Miriam the sister of Moses and Aharon dies in a gentle, tranquil manner. It was like a kiss from The Creator. Miriam was buried there.

1 Av 2487 FC - Aharon Dies on Mt Hor - Numbers 33.38 - 39

30 Av 2487 FC - B'nei Yisroel 30 Days of Mourning for Aharon ends. - Numbers 20.29

B'nei Yisroel defeated Sicon and Og. Moses.

7 Adar 2448 FC Moses our Teacher dies.

Here are five questions for reflection. Those seeking course credit please post the answers or send answers to - SUBJECT BOX - Pasted ONLY these words in the subject box. these words.

1. Define בָּעֵת Baw Ayt.

2. What is the significance of the following dates?

22 Sivan

29 Sivan

9 Av

10 Av

3. When did the Thirty-Eight Years begin and end?

4. What did we learn about The Sanhedrin and the Seventy Elders?

5. How can we apply the lessons in this discussion to our own lives?

ב ' ח

Passover Limood 

Chapter Four

Passover Limood Video

Lunar Year / Solar Year - 5

By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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Chapter 4

Lunar Year / Solar Year

The Torah portion of the Bible Teaches we are to measure our time by the sun, moon and stars. So it is proper to measure accordingly. 

Genesis 1.14

And God Said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the Heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years...

Judaism measures time several ways. We measure years F.C., i.e. From Creation. 

Catholics and Christians for the past 431 years have been measuring time in terms of years from when they estimate Jesus was conceived. This would be from around 3760 F.C. From 3760 F.C. Christians measure back using B.C. Or measure forward using A.D. There is no zero year. Jews contribute to the confusion of this system of measurement by using BCE instead of BC and CE instead of AD. Our Creator confused the languages and we have confused just about everything else. For the most part, this paragraph will not be a part of the discussion.

A Lunar month in the Bible is the time between two new moons. A new moon is reached when the moon is closest to the Sun. A new moon is the first visible crescent of the moon after conjunction with the sun.. In terms of time a lunar month is 29 days, 12 hours and 44 minutes. A Lunar month consists of either 29 or 30 days. 

In Judaism we are to Sanctify the moon. This is called, Kiddush Levanah. We say special prayers and blessings one evening, normally after Sabbath has past. We say these blessings outside of the synagogue when when we can view the moon. One may Sanctify the moon in individual prayer but it is best to do so in a minyan, i.e. with ten Jewish men above the age of twelve.

On one occasion I was saying  Kiddush Levanah at our Colorado mountain home which was close to a forest area. As I was saying the prayers a conversation with a local businessman slipped into my mind. He told me that he saw two mountain lions chasing deer on the street in front of our home around 11:00 at night. Can you imagine what it is like to  Sanctify the moon knowing a mountain Lion might be near by? 

Dear Reader the point is that where ever Jews are, we are required to Observe Kiddush Levanah. This is a very important Observance because Kiddush Levanah was the first Observance given to the Children of Israel. Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says (Brooklyn, New York: Benei Yakov Publications 1980), p. 89.

Our Sages Teach that on the First Day of the First Month that the Lord Said,

Exodus 12.1

And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the First Month of the year to you.

From this our Sages Teach that we should go out to meet the New Moon, i.e the New Month. Rabbi Yochanan taught that one who goes out to Bless the New Moon in its proper time is like one who greets God's Presence, i.e. the Shechinah. The second purpose has to do with the Jewish People's rebirth... The Jewish people in Egypt were in decline just as the moon is once a month. Then as the moon is reborn from it's lowest point so are the Jewish people reborn. Rabbi Menachem Davis, The Shottenstein Edition Interlinear Chumash Bereishis / Genesis, {Brooklyn, New York: Mesorah Publications, Ltd. First Edition 1st impression 2007}, p 454.


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