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ב׳׳ה


צניעות

Tzniut  Lessons


Lesson One


Modesty Meekness Chastity


The Lessons We Learn From Our

Associations with Abraham And Sarah


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC


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Dr. Akiva Gamliel and Rebbetzin Revi Belk



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Dear Friends, Our introduction began with 'perhaps we may wonder why we have issues at home, at work, with our spouse, our children our parents, and with people we think are our friends and so forth. There are reasons that we have issues.' The discussion we are entering will ask this question. Are those whom we associate with Tzniut? 


For years I have been writing a book about Soulmates. Individuals seeking their Soulmate often have a list of what qualities they are seeking. Having a list of qualities is good. One knows what they want. However, there is often an issue. The individual seeking a Soulmate fails to look in the mirror. Sometimes when one is seeking their Soulmate they fail to look at themself. One must consider, how will the Soulmate I am seeking view me? Am I the individual that will meet her / his list of standards.


The point is that when it comes to Tzniut, The Torah requires each of us to have standards. Tzniut standards apply to us as well as our associations. The Torah offers some guidance that will help us live Tzniut. We will need to be honest with ourself. We will need to consider our actions and the actions of our associates.


In the Introduction, I stated, 'The base of our issues has to do with our relationship with The Lord God. How we live and how we present ourselves is a choice.  Perhaps I should say, How one lives needs to be a choice. It is so important for us to understand we have the power of choice. Sometimes our choices are not as many as we would like, however, we always have the power of choice.


In the introduction, we discussed Adam's Passivity. Remember, Adam set back allowing issues to begin and to develop. Adam chose not to stand up. Adam chose to be irresponsible. Adam chose not to accept the responsibilities given to him by The Lord God. Adam was appointed King and ruler of the earth. Adam was placed in The Garden of Eden to protect it from the serpent. Adam was given Seven Instructions to follow by The Lord God.  Adam was given a beautiful place to live. Adam was given a beautiful wife Eve, as his lifetime partner to share life. Adam was given children.


Dear Reader, Adam's choice was to be passive. Adam chose to let things happen without interfering. Adam chose to let the chips fall where they may. Adam did not follow the Path of The Torah. The Torah requires us to make positive choices. Adam did not touch the steering wheel of his life so to speak. Adam allowed his life to wander without following the guidance of The Torah. Adam chose to ignore and reject The Observances given to us by The Lord God. Adam did not guard The Garden from the serpent. Adam did not rule. Adam did not offer guidance to his wife, Eve. He did not take charge over the serpent. Adam did not object to Eve's mischaracterization of what the Lord God Commanded. Adam understood the teaching of the Lord God, 'Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat; But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat of it.' 


Each of us has been impacted by Adam being passive.  Our world is a different place because Adam failed. We are the children of Adam and Eve. We face issues because of our parents failings. We suffer because of Adam and Eve made some poor choices. 


Some of us have children and perhaps grandchildren. If we have children or grandchildren, we should want the best for them. I say, 'we should want the best for them' but sometimes our actions collide with what we want for our children and grandchildren.  We should want our children to have virtue. We should want our children to have standards. We should want our children to have self-esteem. Again, we must look at ourselves in the mirror. Are we like the individual seeking high standards for a future Soulmate but we do not abide by the same standards?  Are we the parent that seeks high standards for our children but not for ourselves?


Some of us send our children and grandchildren to a Torah Day School. Good! We want our children have a better life than we had. Good! However, we must seek the same values and standards for ourselves. What did The Lord God Say about Abraham?


Genesis 18.19

'For I know [Abraham]. He will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of The Lord, to do justice and judgment; that the Lord may bring upon Abraham that which he has spoken of him.' 


Later we are going to discuss why and how Abraham was blessed in everything.


We have a responsibility to command our children in keeping and maintaining the Way of The Lord. One of the Seven Universal Laws in Genesis 2.16 comes from The Word Lay Moor, meaning לֵאמֹר 'To Say.' Before anyone can learn The Torah in their home, the home MUST be prepared to receive The Torah. How does one prepare the ceiling, walls and floor to receive The Torah? Tzniut! 


In a similar way, the Heavens are our ceiling and the earth is our floor. On three separate occasions Moses, Our Teacher said, 'I call heaven and earth to witness, Deut. 4.26. ' I call heaven and earth to record,' Deut. 30.19. 'call heaven and earth to witness, Deut. 31.28. Our ceiling, walls and floor bear witness to how we conduct ourselves behind closed doors. Our ceiling, walls, and floor record our deeds. 


Abraham lived in a tent. One can stand fifty feet away from a tent and listen to conversations. What about our homes. What will neighbors hear?  A lesson in being Tzniut is that one ALWAYS lives in the Presence of The Lord God. Remember What The Lord Testified to regarding Abraham? 'I know Abraham. I know Abraham will command his children and his household after him.' The Lord used Abraham as a standard. The Lord Said, 'He will command his children and his household after him. In other words, Abraham was the living Torah. Every action was a reflection of The Torah.  Not only did the ceiling, walls, and floors of Abraham's tent speak, The Lord Spoke about the high standard of Abraham's Tzniut.


What should parents do when they see their child making a mistake? What do government officials do when they see us break The law? What should one's spouse do when they see their soulmate wandering from the direction of The Torah? What did Adam do when he saw Eve wander from The Truth? Adam did nothing. Adam chose to be passive. Adam was punished for not keeping ALL The Observances given to him by the Lord God. 


The point is that The Lord God has given each of us Torah Observances to help guide us in being a modest, humble, discrete individual distinguished by virtuous characteristics. Our responsibility is to choose to learn and abide by The Observances given to us by The Lord God.


How we take care of ourselves depends upon how well we Observe The Torah. Respect, appreciation, regard, value and esteem are each products of observing The Torah. The Torah Teaches us that we have potential. Are we living up to our potential?


Our issues stem from the human side of us. Each day we must contend with our human side. I said, 'MUST CONTEND' because each day requires us to make choices. In this Weeks Parshat, we are going to review Abraham's associations. We are also going to tie our Spirituality to Tzniut.


Let's begin by noting what Isaiah wrote, ' I will greatly rejoice in The Lord. My soul shall be joyful in My God. [Why?] For He Has Clothed me with the garments of salvation, He Has Covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decks himself with a garland, and as a bride adorns herself with her jewels. Isaiah 61.10.


What is Isaiah sharing with us? Isaiah is sharing about his Spirituality. Isaiah is Teaching us about Spiritual garments The Lord clothes and covers us. The Observances of The Torah clothe and cover us when we Observe them. The concept of being Tzniut is to cover ourselves Spiritually with Mitzvot and Physically with clothing that is appropriate, proper and suitable for every circumstance.


The Zohar writes, 'The righteous are illumined by the reflection of that supernal resplendency, and on each New Moon The Glory of the Shekinah as revealed in that firmament transcends that of other times. All the righteous then approach and prostrate themselves before [The Shekinah of The Lord God]. Happy is the portion of whoever is found worthy of those garments wherein the righteous are clad in the Garden of Eden. Those garments are made out of the good deeds performed by a man in this world in obedience to the commands of The Torah.'  Zohar 210 a - b


We read that Observance of The Torah and good deeds surround us like a garment. This is the tzniut garment each of us should greatly desire to wear. It is important for us to understand the bridge between Observing The Mitzvot of The Torah and doing good deeds, as being a Spiritual Covering. The point is that being Tzniut is not just about just how one clothes their body. Tzniut is also about laboring to 'do good deeds in this world and in obedience to The Commands of The Torah.'


I have shared this connection to being Tzniut because our associations greatly impact our desire to please and serve The Lord God. Our Parshat begins with The Lord Instructing Abram to alter his associations. Why? The influence from Abram's associations was hampering his Spirituality.


I realize we may be stuck with associations we would rather not have. Abram and Sarai had to endure the wicked, biased ruler Nimrod. Terach, the father of Abram and Sarai, was an idol maker and worshiper. Lot attached himself to Abraham. Sarah was the captive of Pharoah and Abimelech. Isaac and Rebecca were close neighbors with the idolatrous wives of their son, Esau. Jacob's brother Esau was an association he had to flee from to protect himself. Jacob's father-in-law, Laven was evil. Deenah, the daughter of Jacob and Leah, was kidnapped and raped. Difficult and challenging associations do exist.  David wrote, 'It is good for me that I have been afflicted; that I might learn your statutes. The Torah of Your Mouth is better to me than thousands of gold and silver. Psalms 119.71 - 72. 


We should not use difficult associations that are imposed upon us as an excuse because Abram, Sarai, Issac, Rebecca, Jacob, Deenah showed us how to face those. We will consider a few difficult associations during our discussion.


Genesis 26.24 - 35

And Esau was forty years old when he married Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Bashemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite, And they were sources of Spiritual bitterness for Isaac and Rebekah.


Esau married the daughters of Canaanites that Abraham forbid his servant, Eliezer to take as a wife for his son, Isaac, Genesis 24.3.

Marriage is a very strong association. Esau's marriage to Canaanite wives impacted Isaac and Rebekah. Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says Beraishis (Brooklyn, New York:  Benei Yakov Publications 1980), p 255.


When one associates, i.e. marries the wrong individual it impacts them, their parents and relatives. Isaac and Rebekah suffered because of Esau's wives.


Genesis 27.

And Rebekah said to Isaac, 'I am weary of my life because of the daughters of Cheth; if Jacob takes a wife of the daughters of Cheth, such as these who are of the daughters of the land, [i.e. Cannanites] what good shall my life be to me?'


Genesis 28.1

And Isaac called Jacob, and blessed him, and commanded him, and said to him, 'You shall not take a wife from the daughters of Canaan.' 


We see the struggles Isaac and Rebecca faced each day because of the idolatrous daughters of Cheth. It was unpleasant for Isaac and Rebecca yet they endured. It impacted their health yet they endured. Isaac and Rebecca continued with their Observances of the Torah. Isaac tried to learn The Torah with his son, Esau. 


Dear Friends, children reach an age where they choose to follow The Torah or choose to forsake The Torah, God Forbid. Isaac and Rebecca were righteous individuals. They sent both of their sons to learn at the Academy of Shem and Eiver. They had a righteous home. They set an atmosphere of learning in their home as they learned from Abraham. Yet, Esau became evil. We must understand the power of individual choice. We are not robots. We have a Yetzer Tov / A Good Inclination and a Yetzer Raw / Evil inclination that  we battle with everyday.


People change. Sometimes people change for the good, and sometimes people change for evil. We can offer guidance. We can point them in the direction of Torah Observance, but each person makes their choices. There are times when divorce becomes necessary for a variety of reasons. 


Genesis 12.1 - 6

And The Lord [HAD] Said to Abram, Get out from your country, and from your family, and from your father's house to a land that I will show you. And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you, and make your name great, and you shall be a blessing. And I Will Bless those who bless you, and Curse him who curses you; and in you shall all families of the earth be blessed. So Abram departed, as The Lord Had Spoken to him; and Lot went with him; and Abram was seventy-five years old when he departed from Charan. And Abram took Sarai, his wife, and Lot his brother's son, and all their possessions that they had gathered, and the souls that they had gotten in Charan; and they went forth to go to the land of Canaan, and to the land of Canaan they came.


Genesis 1.1

וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָֹה אֶל־אַבְרָם לֶךְ־לְךָ

And He, The Lord Said to Abram, 'Go! Get out!'


An understanding of the words spoken to Avram by The Lord results in some translators including the word 'had' in their translations. They translate, 'And The Lord [HAD] Said to Abram.' The word had is not written in Hebrew. The Word had is implied by The Words לֶךְ־לְךָ Lech Leh Chaw meaning 'Go! Get out!' Abram was to go to the land of Eretz Cannan. We do not know the exact date The Lord God Instructed Abram to go. However, we know Abram was 70 years old in Genesis Chapter 15. How do we know this?


SIDENOTE

Genesis 15.13

[And The Lord God] Said to Abram, 'Know for a certainty that your seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years.'


2048 From Creation

Isaac was born when Abraham was 100 years old. This is when the 400-year count begins. How do we know this? The Scripture your ' your seed'. Isaac and Ishmael were both Abraham's seed. We know The Holy Scripture is speaking of Abram's seed through Isaac because they were strangers and afflicted from the time Isaac was born. The same is not reported of Ishmael.


2018 From Creation

We know Abram was 70 years old at the time of the prophecy in Genesis 15 because of what is written in Exodus 12.


Exodus 12.41

And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even on that very day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt.


The 430-year count began at Passover on 2018 From Creation. Abram was Seventy years old. The Holy Scripture emphasizes 'That Very Day'. The Midrash informs us that Abram called for public assemblies to proclaim the Truth to B'nai Noachides, i.e. the people of the world after the flood. Abram authored books dennouncing idolarty and idolatrious practices. Abram traveled back and forth between Eretz Canaan and Charan until The Lord Instructed him to move permanently to Eretz Canaan in 2023 From Creation at the age of Seventy-Five. Abram gained tens of thousands of followers.  Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says Beraishis (Brooklyn, New York:  Benei Yakov Publications 1980), p 125.


These Associations of Abram and his descendants being afflicted and serving were associations that were Prophesied in Holy Scripture. The Lord God Speaks Words of Prophecy from His foreknowledge of events.  In other words, The Lord God Knows in advance the results of the choices we will make. The Lord God Shares His Foreknowledge with Abram.


So we know Abram was in Eretz Cannan when he was Seventy Years of age. We know Abram returned to Haran because The Holy Scriptures speak of Abram leaving at the age of Seventy-five. This was the second time Abram left Haran.  The second time is noted as לְךָ Leh Chaw, 'Get Out' which is more forceful. The second time specifies, 'Get out from your country, and from your family, and from your father's house.' 


There are strict interpretations of The Holy Scriptures, and there are lenient and interpretations of The Holy Scriptures. Sometimes it is necessary to be very specific regarding what is the intended meaning to avoid misunderstandings. The Lord was being specific with Abram in Genesis 12.1 for a reason. Our Sages teach that the first time The Lord Instructed Abram to go that he left from Mesopotamia. There is a reference to this. 


Abram was reluctant to leave his father, Terach. The Torah Requires children to care for their parents. This caring for our parents is one way we honor our parents. Abram was concerned about His Torah obligation to honor his father. Abram was conscientious with Observing all Mitzvot of The Torah. It is for this reason and others that the Lord was specific with Abram.


Abrams father, Terach was an idol maker. This is not a good association. The Lord is Teaching us that there are times one may not associate with parents and relatives.  So, on one hand we are required to honor and care for our parents, but on the other hand not at the expense of being subjected to idol worship or the doctrines of other religions.  There is another message. Associations that oppose Observances of  The  Torah are similar to Terach. We need to separate from them and limit our contact with them, even when the evil influence is from our parents or relatives.


Genesis 15.7

[And The Lord God] said to [Abram], I am The Lord who brought you out of מֵאוּר כַּשְׂדִּים Ur [from the fire] of the Chaldeans, to give you this land to inherit it.


מֵאוּר כַּשְׂדִּים  May Oor Cah Sih Deem means from the fire of Chaldean. Abram was thrown into a firey furnance by king Nimrod. Why do translators say Ur of the Chaldeans instead The furnaces of  Chaldeans? The Midrash shares the following Story:


Terach's business was the sale of idols, and the young Avram did his best to convince people not to buy them. Once it happened that his father, Terach, had to go on a trip. He left Avram in charge of his store. His instructions to his son were, 'The bigger the god, the higher the price you charge. If an important person comes in, offer him a big idol; to a lesser customer, give a smaller one.' Terach left.

 An impressive-looking broad-shouldered man entered the store. He spoke to Abram, 'Give me a big idol that befits my status!'  Avram handed him the largest idol he could find on the shelves, and the man drew a substantial amount of money from his pocket.

'How old are you?' Avram questioned him.

'I am fifty years old,' the man stated.

Abram questioned, 'Why aren't you ashamed to worship a god that is only one day old? My father just made this idol yesterday!'  Confused, the man put the money back in his pocket and left.

An old woman entered. She told Avram that thieves had invaded her house during the previous night and stolen her gods.




'Is that so?' Avram asked. 'If your gods were unable to protect themselves from the robbers, how do you expect them to protect you?'




'You are right,' the older woman admitted. 'But whom shall we serve?'




'The God of Heaven and earth who made you and me,' Avram answered.

The older woman left without buying a god.

Another woman came with a bowl full of flour as an offering for the gods. After she left Avram took an ax and smashed all the idols except the biggest. He placed the ax leaning against the big idol. When Terach returned and saw the havoc in the house, he screamed angrily, 'What happened here?'




'Why should I conceal the truth from you?' answered Avram.




'While you were away, a woman brought some flour as an offering. Each god exclaimed that he wanted to be the first to have it. The biggest was insulted, so he seized an ax and broke all the others!'



'Nonsense!' shouted Terach. 'You know very well that these idols neither speak nor move around.'


Avram responded, 'Is that so?  Think about what you just said. Why do you serve them?' 


One day it was Terach's turn to conduct the services before the gods in Nimrod's royal palace. Terach took Avram along to the capital. They arrived in Nimrod's palace and found it to contain a large exhibition of gods in gold, silver, copper, wood, and stone.

Terach brought bread and wine and offered them to the gods. [Abram sneered] 'Take them, eat, and drink, and be appeased.'  None of the idols moved or answered with a sound.




'You see, they are not worth anything,' Avram remarked.

He threw all the idols down and shoved them together in a pile. Then he set fire to them and hurriedly fled from the palace.

This could not be ignored any longer. Terach himself, a loyal subject of King Nimrod, reported his son's misdemeanor to the king.

Avram had successfully passed the first trial. He had applied his mind to recognize his Creator and had rejected idol worship. Abram was arrested and placed in prison.


Nimrod commanded his soldiers to bring Avram to the palace. Avram was taken to Nimrod.
Nimrod sat on top of his throne which was an artistic creation placed high on top of a spiraling tower comprised of seven different materials. Whoever approached it had to prostrate before the king. Avram was brought in and stood erect. Nimrod questioned,
'Are you Avram, son of Terach?'


Abram annswered, 'I am.'


Nimrod stated to Abram, 'You are the traitor who had the audacity to burn my gods. Don't you know that I am the master of all creation? Sun, moon, and stars obey me!'



'Excuse me!'  said Avram, 'This is new to me. Let me make only one request and I will believe what you say.'



Nimrod said, 'State your request!'


Abram said, 'The sun rises daily in the east and sets in the west. Command that tomorrow it rise in the west and set in the east!' All ministers and nobles expectantly looked at the king. But Nimrod was strangely silent. 'Perhaps you can fulfill a different request of mine,' Avram persisted. 'Reveal to me what my thoughts at this moment are and what I am about to do next.' There was complete silence in the palace as all eyes were turned towards the young man who had the courage to challenge the king. Nimrod was stupefied. No one had ever dared to use such words in his presence. 'Do not act so amazed,' Abram said.  'You are no god! You are a descendant of Kush. And if you deny it, how is it that you were not able to save your father from death? The truth is that just as you could not save your father from death, so you could not save yourself either. You are not an immortal being!'


Avram raised his eyes to Heaven and exclaimed, 'Lord, see the wicked and judge them.'


Nimrod by this time had composed himself. 'Soldiers,' he ordered, 'Immediate imprisonment for this rebel!'  The soldiers rushed forward, bound Avram in chains and led him away. Avram was thrown into the dungeon. He was held a prisoner for a full ten years. Yet, his belief in The Lord did not waver. Later Avram is returned to Nimrod.


Nimrod said, 'Let us worship the fire!'


Avram countered, 'Let us rather worship water, which extinguishes the fire.'


Nimrod agreed, 'Then, let us worship water!'


Avram objected,  'Let us rather worship the clouds that bear the water.'


'Fine!' said Nimrod, 'Then let us worship the clouds!'


Avram objected again, 'Let us rather worship the winds that disperse the clouds.'


Nimrod agreed, 'Then let us worship the wind!'


Avraham said,  'Let us rather worship human beings, who withstand the wind.'


Nimrod said,  'You are just bandying words!  We will worship none, but the fire. Behold, I will cast you into the fire, and let your God whom you adore come and save you from the fire.' Now, Charan, Abram's brother was standing there undecided. If Abram is victorious, [thought he], I will say that I am of Abram's belief, while if Nimrod is victorious I will say that I am on Nimrod's side. After Abram had descended into the fiery furnace and [The Lord] saved him, Nimrod asked Charan,  'Of whose belief are you?' 


Charan replied, 'Of Abram's,' Immediately Charan was seized and cast him into the fire; his body was scorched, and he died in his father's presence. It is written: 'And Charan died before his father Terah in the land of his birth, בְּאוּר כַּשְׂדִּים in Ur [the fires] of the Chaldeans,' Genesis 11.28.  Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says Beraishis (Brooklyn, New York:  Benei Yakov Publications 1980), pp 119 - 123


Based upon the forementioned stories we can see that Abram suffered because of the associations he had with his father, Terach. At that time, Terach's actions of making idols and promoting idoltry were exteremly evil. Terach's actions were so evil that The Torah pronounces him as dead Sixty Years before he actuallly died. Why? This Holy Scripture Teaches us that an evil person is termed as dead by The Holy Scripture? Terach was dead to the righteous. Abram was not required to show honor to his father who was Spiritually dead.


Proverbs 2.10 - 16

'When wisdom enters into your heart, and knowledge is precious to your soul; Discretion shall preserve you, understanding shall keep you; To save you from the way of the evil man, from the man who speaks perverse things, Who leave the paths of uprightness, to walk in the ways of darkness; Who rejoice to do evil, and delight in the perverseness of the wicked; Whose ways are crooked, and who are devious in their paths; To save you from the alien woman, from the stranger who speaks smoothly'


This is in part why, The Lord God Instructed Abram to 'Get out from your country, and from your family, and from your father's house.'


Abram had already departed from the place of his birth, i.e. his country, Abram had already departed from his relatives. Now, Abram was instructed to depart from his Spiritually dead father, Terach, Genesis 11.28 - 31.


The Lord Makes a promise to Abram. To comprehend the promise The Lord God Makes to Abram it is important to understand The Letter ו Vav.  The function of The Letter וְנִבְרְכוּ בְךָ כֹּל מִשְׁפְּחֹת הָאֲדָמָה Vav is to connect two Words, two Scriptures two stories two chapters, etc. together. It is important to comprehend that Abrams promised Blessings are each connected to 'Get out from your country, and from your family, and from your father's house.'  Notice:


'וְאֶעֶשְׂךָ לְגוֹי גָּדוֹל 

'And I will make of you a great nation.'


וַאֲבָרֶכְךָ

'And I will bless you.'


וַאֲגַדְּלָה שְׁמֶךָ

'And I will Make your Name great.'


וֶהְיֵה בְּרָכָה

'And you will be a Blessing.'


  וַאֲבָרְכָה מְבָרֲכֶיךָ

'And I Will Bless those who bless you.'


וּמְקַלֶּלְךָ אָאֹר

'And I will Curse those that curse you.'


וְנִבְרְכוּ בְךָ כֹּל מִשְׁפְּחֹת הָאֲדָמָה

'And Bless all families of the earth through you.'


Please note that the Letter ו Vav begins each of these promises from The Lord. In other Words, every promise was Dependant on Abram separating from his place of birth, his relatives, and his father. Abram did as The Lord Instructed him. The Lord Did as he promised Abram.


2088 From Creation - Abraham is 140 years old.


Genesis 24.1

And Abraham was old and well advanced in age, and The Lord had blessed Abraham in all things.


2033 From Creation - Avram is 85 years old. Genesis 14.14 occures before Abram is married to Hagar. Genesis 14 occurs sometime before 2033 From Creation. It is important for us to comprehend the signifance of what The Holy Scripture is Stating here. Let's consider Avram's status before age 85.


Genesis 14.14

And when Abram heard that his brother's son was taken captive, he armed everything from Aleph to Tav of his trained servants, who were born in his household, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them to Dan.


The Words  אֶת־חֲנִיכָיו Et Chah Nee Chaw mean everything from Aleph to Tav of his trained servants. Please carefully notice what The Torah is informing us. The 318 trained Servants were born in Avram's house. We do not know how old the 318 trained Servants were. However, we know that Abram followed The Torah. The Torah numbered men for war from the age of twenty and upward, Exodus 30.14. We also know that Simon was the age of 12 / 13 and Levi was the age  11 /12 when they adjudicated the kidnapping and rape of their sister Deenah by Prince Shechem in Genesis 34. We also note that The Torah States, 'And Abram took Sarai, his wife, and Lot his brother's son, and all their possessions that they had gathered, and the souls that they had gotten in Charan; and they went forth to go to the land of Canaan; and to the land of Canaan they came.'


There are several points we know. We know this had happened before Abram was 85 years of age. We know that both Genesis 15 and 14.14 occured on Passover. We know that there is a Fifteen Year span between Genesis15 and Genesis 14.14. We know Abram was a maggid, i.e. an Evangelist, who traveled between Eretz Cannan and Charan Teaching Mitzvot of The Torah. We know Abram had many followers. We know many souls followed Abram from Charan to Eretz Cannan. We know that during the 15 years 318 Male children were born in his house between the ages of 11 and 14. They cannot be older that 14 because the span of time is 15 years.


We are now going consider some basic numbers based on the above information.


 It is likely an equal number of female children were also born to about 122 couples. Perhaps 2,282 children between the ages of 6 to 10 were born to 312 couples and perhaps 5,240 children between the ages of an infant to 5 were born to 707 couples. These numbers are based on each couple having only four children, i.e. two males and two females. Based on these numbers the estimated number of people that became part of Abram's household between the age of 70 years to 85 years are 9,299 people.


The number of couples joining Abram's Household grew at about 20% each year for 15 years. This is a guess based upon the information we have. The point to this exercise is to show the vast wealth Abram had. 


Remember the population in 1657 From Creation immediately was only ten people. Only Three couples were physically able to bear children. The population in Abram's time was perhaps 600,000. This means about 1.5% of the earth's population was part of Abram's household. This would be like a household of 10,500,000 in 5776 From Creation, i.e. today. So when The Torah Says Abram was blessed in everything, we can only imagine the vastness of the Blessing. Our important responsibility is to remember The ו Vav's that connect the Blessings to our responsibilities. The Lord Blessed Abram because he obeyed. Abram believed The Lord. Each of us can walk in Abram's steps. It's up to us.


There are several other associations. Abram was forced to go down to Egypt, which forced His wife, Sarai into an unwanted association with Pharaoh and his Officers.


Abram associated with his Nephew Lot because Lot's father, Charan died in the fiery furnace of Chaldean. Abram felt compassionate towards his nephew even though they did not see eye to eye. Abram spoke kindly with Lot about the disagreements their herdsmen were having. Eventually, Abram determines he must separate from Lot. Shalom Bayit, i.e. Peace in The House is important. Lot and his herdsmen were the sources of discord. Even though Abram wanted to continue a loving relationship, Lot's servants were not of the same mind set.


The same could be said about Abram's association with his servant-wife, Haggar and their son Ishmael. Abram did not like his wife, Sarai's demand. Sarai ordered Abram, 'Cast out this slave and her son; for the son of this slave shall not be heir with my son, with Isaac,' Genesis 21.10. Haggar and Ishmael deliberately created issues between Abram and Sarai. All members of a household need to focus on peaceful relationships. When the tranquility of one's home is disrupted by relatives and friends who disagree with family rules and policies, perhaps it is time to request that they leave. The Lord God Values Shalom Bayit. This is in part why He Instructed Abraham to listen to the voice of his wife, Sarai. 


Perhaps the greatest association in Abraham's life was when he built the altar to The Lord. I discuss this in Chapter Three of Gematria in Genesis.


The following Scriptures describe wonderful traits of Abraham.


Malachi 2.5 - 7

My covenant was with him for life and peace, and I gave them to him for the fear with which he feared me, and was afraid before my name. The Torah of Truth was in his mouth, and iniquity was not found in his lips. He walked with me in peace and uprightness, and he turned many away from iniquity. For the priest's lips should guard knowledge, and they should seek The Torah from his mouth; for he is a messenger of The Lord of Hosts.


Psalms 34.14

Keep your tongue from evil, and your lips from speaking guile.


Psalms 51.17

O Lord, open you my lips; and my mouth shall declare your praise. 


Proverbs 16.21

The wise in heart shall be called prudent, and the sweetness of the lips increases learning.


Proverbs 16.20 - 24

 He who considers his words shall find good; and happy is he who trusts in the Lord. The wise in heart shall be called prudent, and the sweetness of the lips increases learning. Intelligence is a fountain of life to him who has it, but the chastisement of fools is folly. The heart of the wise teaches his mouth and adds learning to his lips. Pleasant words are like a honeycomb, sweet to the soul, and health to the bones.


Proverbs 17.28

Even a fool, when he holds his peace, is counted wise; and he who closes his lips is considered a man of understanding.


Proverbs 20.15

There are gold and a multitude of rubies, but the lips of knowledge are a precious jewel. 


What is the point? Abraham had an association with The Lord God that impacted how he lived every breath. We can learn from Abraham how to love and serve The Lord and Observe The Torah of Truth if we choose to do so.  It is our individual choice.  We observe there is incentive in making the right choices.  The Blessings of Abraham are available to us.  The Lord Said, 'I Will Bless them that Bless you,' Genesis 12.3. In other words the Lord is informing us that it is His will for us to be blessed.


Remember when we discussed Genesis 18.19. Thousands of years later Abraham still commands his children, i.e. his descendants even in our time to follow after him and to keep the way of the Lord, to do justice and judgment; so that The Lord May bring upon Abraham and his descendants all that He Has Spoken of him. The Torah is NOT making reference to those who are ONLY Jewish. At the Time The Lord Spoke, these in Words Genesis 18.19  Isaac was not born. There was only Ishmael and the 9,299 followers of Abraham. They were the members of his household. None of them were Jewish!! Therefore, we know the Scripture is prophetic. Scripture includes those who were then in Abraham's household and those who are his children. 


We began by sharing being Tzniut is both Spiritual and Physical. The same principle holds true here. While everyone is not a physical descendant of Abraham many may choose to be Spiritual descendants of Abraham. They will not be Jewish. That's OK. We need individuals who are not Jewish to follow The Observances in The Torah that The Lord established as universal Observances from the beginning.


May The Lord Bless all who learn and Observe The Torah.


ב׳׳ה


צניעות

Tzniut  Lessons


INTRODUCTION


Modesty Meekness Chastity


The Lessons We Learn From Adam And Eve


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC


Books And Other Information By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk


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Dr. Akiva Gamliel and Rebbetzin Revi Belk



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Dear friends, some of us perhaps wonder why we have issues at home, at work, with our spouse, our children our parents, and perhaps with people we think are our friends and so forth. There are reasons that we have issues. I have issues. Each of us has issues. Are you open to admitting that you have issues? So, we all have issues. How do we deal with our issues? 


The base of our issues has to do with our relationship with The Lord God. Our relationship with God reflects on how to take care of ourselves. The Torah teaches us how to take care of ourselves in a most excellent way. The Torah teaches us.  Are willing to learn? 


Our discussion is going to preview the great value of a tzniut life. The Torah Teacher, scholar and philosopher, Rashi defines this as The Path of Modesty.


A modest, humble discrete individual is distinguished by virtuous characteristics. A distinguished individual is appropriate, proper and suitable for every circumstance. A distinguished individual avoids inappropriate, indecent communication and immodest clothing.


A virtuous individual is one whose pattern of living has good, desirable moral standards.


How we live and how, we present ourselves is a choice that is founded within us.  How do we take care of ourselves? Do we want to be respected? Do we want to be appreciated?  Do we want to be regarded and valued and esteemed?


The Lord God is our Creator. Each of us was created in Gods Spiritual Image, Genesis 1.27. Our Creators Breath gave us life. We are created from the very best dust of the earth. We were gathered and formed by The Lord God from the dust surrounding The Holy Altar. We are special. This is our physical home. When we die, our body returns to the earth.


Our goal is to live up to our potential. We have The Lord God's Spirit within us, so we do not lack for potential. I understand, sometimes we do not feel or think we are special. And we may feel like our potential is limited. This is not unusual. This is the human part of us.


Life's struggles are between The Spiritual part of us and The human part of us. Our Sages teach that humankind was created from the dust surrounding the Holy Altar.  This tells us the location of our home. We were created from the place where atonement is made. We who are kids... we who are children Fashion by The Lord God sometimes need to go home to be reassured and to be comforted. Our home is the location of the Holy Altar. The altar is a symbol of our place of communication with the Lord God. When we have struggles between The Spiritual part of us and human the human part of us, we can talk to God. God answers us through The Torah. We have questions for The Lord God we find the answers in The Torah. Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan, Jerusalem the Eye of the Universe, {New York, N.Y. Publishers: National Conference of Synagogue Youth / Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America, 2002} pp. 13,14



We are heavily impacted by the human side. 


In this Weeks Parshat, The Torah Informs us that Eve did not assert herself when she was confronted by the serpent. Why? Humankind was made master over all of the animals, beasts fowl, etc.  creation including the serpent.


Adam did not get involved. He was standing near Eve watching and listening.


Appropriately Assertive

Being appropriately assertive is an important lesson to learn from the history of our parents failure. The word history is significant. I say history because if we are not careful, History repeats itself. However, history does not need to repeat itself.  The Lord God included Adam and Eve's failure in The Torah for a purpose. It is to teach us to be appropriately assertive.


Associations

Who do we associate with? Where do we 'hang out?'  Who do we keep company with? Who are our associations? Inappropriate associations lead to problems.  When we have an appropriate associations, we do things that later we are sorry for. We need to be very careful with those we communicate. Adam and Eve were hanging out with the serpent.



Responsibility

It is a mistake to think the responsibility in The Garden was only Adam's. The responsibility of guarding the Garden was shared. Let's return to a principle of Bible Interpretation that I shared in the discussion Forbidden Unions. The principle is Everyone is accountable to The Lord for the Instructions He Gives. We could also establish this point on equality. I discuss equality in my book, Eve of Creation Restored.


Genesis 2.16 - 17

And The Lord God Commanded The Man, saying, Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat; But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat of it; for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.


The Torah clearly states that 'The Lord God Commanded The Man'. Nothing is said of Adam's wife, Eve on his children. 'The Lord God Commanded The Man' Yet, In Genesis 3.16 - 17 Eve is judged by The Lord God. She is punished for eating from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. The Lord God Instructed the Man yet the wife was also accountable. This is a principle. Everyone is accountable to The Lord for the Instructions He Gives. The Lord is accountable, Adam is accountable, Eve is accountable, and all creations is accountable. 


How could a just God Judge Eve if she was not equally accountable?


The Torah Informs us that God is Holy. Humankind fails to understand that being Holy is also being accountable. The Lord God is Holy. The Lord God is accountable to Himself. Being Holy and being Accountable has more than one side. One is not only accountable for their actions, but one is accountable for the actions of others. This means we are accountable to hold others responsible for their actions. The Lord God Held Eve accountable for her actions.


Why is it necessary for The People of Israel to learn and know all 613 Mitzvot of The Torah? Please think about this! No one can Observe each of the 613 Mitzvot of The Torah yet each of us is responsible to learn the Mitzvot and to know them. There Observance just for the High Priest. There Observance just forThe Priests. There Observance just for the Levim. There Observance just for Kings. There Observance just for a Nazirite. There Observance just for farmers. There Observance just for women. There are Observances just for wives. There are Observances just for men. There are Observances just for Husbands. There are Observances just for Husbands and wives. There are Observances just for children. There are Observances for Sabbath. There are Observances for each High Holiday.  There are Observance just for live stock.  There Observance just for lost animals.  There are Observance just for the Holy Temple.  There are Observances just for the Holy Place in The Holy Temple.  There are Observances just for the Land of Israel.


Dear friends, ignorance of a Mitzvot cannot be used as a reason to violate a Mitzvot of The Torah!! We are required to learn and to know all 613 Mitzvot to Observe Them. We Observe them by holding each other accountable. When one lives in a Jewish Community, each member of the community is being constantly held lovingly accountable by the other members of the community. When one is sick, the community lovingly assists. When one is hungry, the community lovingly assists. When one is lonely, the community lovingly assists. 


When I was a single man every Sabbath and High Holiday one or more members invited be to join them at their Sabbath or High Holiday table table.  Hundreds of time I joined members of the Jewish Community for a Sabbath / High Holiday meal. In a small congregation, it would not be unusual to receive a half dozen invitations on Sabbath Eve or Sabbath day. When I lived outside of the Jewish Community, I walked into the community for Sabbath prayers. When Sabbath concluded men from the community made sure I had a ride home. 


We are discussing being accountable. God is Accountable. God Does Not Sin! Other religions state God through The Holy Ghost impregnated Mary, the wife of Joseph. The Lord God did NOT do this. Why? Mary was the wife of Joseph. The Lord God is Accountable to HimSelf. Therefore, The Lord God would not do this. Did The Lord God Hold David accountable for taking Bathsheba? Did the Lord God send The Novie / Prophet Nathan to say to David, 'You are the man'? 


When men from the army of Israel would go to war,, they would write a decree of divorce for their wife. The purpose for the decree was to allow their wife to remarry if they were missing in action. Uriah wrote a divorce decree For his wife, Bathsheba. Technically speaking Bathsheba was a divorced woman. Yet, the purpose for The Divorce Decree was not to permit Bathsheba to marry David. Still, this is what happened. The marriage between Bathsheba and David was technically legal. David's intent was wrong! Some of David's actions were wrong. 2 Samuel 12


2 Samuel 12.9 - 11

Why have you despised The Commandment of The Lord, to do evil in His Sight? You have killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and have taken his wife to be your wife, and have killed him with the sword of the Ammonites. 10   And therefore the sword shall never depart from your house; because you have despised Me and have taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your wife. 


The Lord God is Holy. Because The Lord God is Holy, He holds us accountable for The Observances of The Torah. In this sense, The Lord God is also Accountable. The Lord God Does NOT sin. Because The Lord God is Holy He Holds us accountable. The Lord God sent the prophet Nathan to inform David that he was being held accountable for his soon.What did David do? He took the wife of Uriah for his wife. He impregnated Uriah Wife. 


The Lord God Judged David for his improper action. What David did was wrong in the eyes of The Lord and according to The Torah. Therefore, The Lord God would never take Mary, the wife of Joseph. This is how principals in The Torah Work. The Lord God looked upon the intent as well as the wrongful actions.


Responsibility

The Torah clearly states the purpose the Lord God placed Adam In The Garden.

Genesis 2.15

And the Lord God took everything from the Aleph to the Tav of the man and put him into the Garden of Eden to cultivate it וּלְשָׁמְרָהּ and to Guard it.


Eve's purpose in being in the Garden was the same purpose as Adam's. Humankind was placed in The Garden to guard it. The Word וּלְשָׁמְרָהּ Voo Lih Shaw Mih Raw means 'And to Guard it'. Many translation uses 'Keep it'. The root Word שָׁמְרָ Shaw Mih Raw means 'To Guard'.  Eve had a responsibility to The Lord God. Eve had a responsibility to herself.  Eve had a responsibility to Adam.  Eve had a responsibility to the serpent.  Eve had a responsibility to every being living in The Garden. 


Remember we are discussing being Tzniut / Modest. We have a responsibility to the Lord God, to ourselves, to our spouse, to the members of our family, to our community, and to the world just as Eve had. Our service to God is important. Our self-worth is important. How we are esteemed by our spouse, our children, our relatives, our community is important.


Passivity

Let's discuss Adam briefly. Adam is also responsible for the exact same areas as we discussed for his wife Eve. Just because we are discussing Eve does not mean Adam is any less responsible. Adam is equally responsible! Adam had the opportunity to stand up but he didn't! Adam had the opportunity to get involved, but he did nothing. He just let his wife, Eve sin. He let it happen. He stood by and did nothing! He was passive! He accepted what was happening without an active response! Adam could have made a difference. 


Adam was appointed to lead by The Lord God. Adam was appointed and established to Guard The Garden of Eden. Adam failed to lead. Adam failed to take charge. What did The Lord God Say to Adam? The Lord God Said to Adam, 'Because you have listened to the voice of your wife and have eaten of the tree, of which I commanded you, saying, You shall not eat of it...,' Genesis 3.17 - 18. Please show me in The Holy Scriptures where Eve spoke to Adam. Eve did not speak to Adam. Eve spoke to the Serpent. Adam listened to the voice of his wife, Eve speaking to the serpent. 


Adam was NOT punished for listening to the serpent!! Where does Adam was punished for listening to the serpent? The Torah does not Say this. 


1. Adam was punished for listening to the voice of his wife.

2. Adam was punished because he violated a Command from The Lord God.

Adam ate from the tree The Lord God Commanded him not to eat from.


What did Eve say? We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden; But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God Has Said, 'you shall not eat of it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die,' Genesis 3.2 -3.


God did not say 'You shall not touch it' Eve added these words to the Command that the Lord God Gave. Adding to an Observance is a problem. Attributing the words, 'You shall not touch it' is an issue. Again Adam was passive. He knew what The Lord God Said. He knew the Lord God did not say, 'You shall not touch it', but he did not say a word. Adam heard Eve's voice and did nothing. It may seem so small and insignificant to us, but it's HUGE! Why? Eve altered the intended meaning and purpose. Eve changed the absolute Command, 'You shall not eat of it.'  No reason was given why they should not eat it. God Commanded. That's it! When Eve added, you shall not touch it the Mitzvah was changed. A new impression is given. By adding 'you shall not touch it,' Eve gave the implication 'It's poison!'  , 'you shall not eat of it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die', A rational person might think the reason the Lord God Said, 'You shall not eat of it.' is because the tree is position. Even changed the intent from one of being Observant to what The Lord God Commands to being health conscience. Don't eat it because it's poison. Rabbi Menachem Davis, The Shottenstein Edition Interlinear Chumash Bereishis / Genesis, {Brooklyn, New York: Mesorah Publications, Ltd. First Edition 1st impression 2007}, p 16


David wrote in Psalms 19 that The Torah of the Lord is perfect. If one Letter is changed, then The Torah of The Lord is no longer perfect. Eve's action may have been well intended, but she changed Letters and Words. Eve altered a Mitzvot of The Lord God. We are to pass the 613 Mitzvot of The Torah on exactly as the Lord Said them. We are not permitted to change even one Letter of The Torah.  Can you imagine what The Torah would be like if we were permitted to change a little here and a little there over 5776 Years? What would The Torah be like today if we had had NOTHING valuable to pass on to our children. The reason we have issues with Observance of  Tzniut is because we do not understand or believe The Words of The Torah are sweeter than honey from the honey comb and more valuable that the finest gold. If we truly believed this, we would alter how we live.


The Lord God is Teaching us we cannot be passive when it comes to The Torah. We must be preserved The Torah in It's original condition. A passive individual feels like I can take The Take what the Torah is Teaching today and tomorrow I may pass on what The Torah is Teaching. The Lord God Called Adam out for not stepping up and standing up in defense of what The Lord God Said.


Dear Friends, we must remember Adam was a King, Torah Teacher and Judge. Adam was not Created to be a passive king, a passive Torah Teacher or a passive judge. Being passive was an obstacle Adam faced. Each of us has obstacles we must face and work to improve.


Communication

Giving and receiving communication is one of the important functions of living. How we give and how we receive communications is extremely important. If we give an individual the wrong impression, we are misleading them. If we are frank, perhaps our frankness may hurt another individuals feelings. If we are not appropriately assertive, we may be taking advantage of. Our existence is dependent upon the communication we give or refrain from giving.In a similar way, we need to be very with the communication we receive. It is vital for us to learn the power of giving and receiving communication properly. A distinguished individual avoids inappropriate, indecent communication. 


Our communication has a power of giving life or death.


Proverbs 18.21

'Death and life are in the power of the tongue...'


We have the power to communicate encouragement or discouragement.


Proverbs 25.11

A word fitly spoken is like apples of gold in a setting of silver.


We have the responsibility to guard ourselves against the wrong type of communication. In America, we have a phone, 'No Call Lists' for a reason. Skilled communicators phone us. We answer the phone. Our guard is down. They use their communication skills to sellers products.


Guarding Ourselves

Being careful with our selection of clothing helps us to guard ourself. The purpose of our clothing is to cover our body. A distinguished individual is appropriate, proper and suitable for every circumstance. This begins with the clothes we select. When we prepare to dress is it important for us to take into account our responsibility to God, our self, and others. Remember if we do not hold ourselves accountable, God will hold us accountable. 


There are other ways we guard ourself. I don't answer the door just because someone knocks. I Don't answer the phone just because someone calls. I don't respond to every email. I eliminate pictures from my computer screen. These are ways we can protect ourselves.


Internet dating sites are dangerous. They have predators! The Internet is dangerous. The internet can provide instance access to evil, vile, wretched predators. Adam and Eve let the serpent into their home. They let the serpent into their lives. The serpent was a predator. The Torah describes the serpent as being 'more cunning'. Read Genesis 3.1.


Predators

Each of us must be careful. We are vulnerable to predators. God Help us! Kah Naw Nah Haw Rah! Adam and Eve were covered by The Glory of God yet they were vulnerable. The serpent got to them! The Torah is Teaching us that our power of choice is very great. Predators are cunning. Predators know the power of choice is great. The Torah and The Glory of God do not protect us from our power of choice. The Torah Teaches us to make the right choices. Following the Torah is our choice!


When the Torah Informs us that Adam and Eve were naked, The Torah is Informing us that we are vulnerable. Read Genesis 2.25. 


The Holy Scriptures reminds us that a righteous man may fall seven times yet, he gets back up and continues. See Proverbs 24.16


The point is, it's easy to be caught off guard. Even the best of us sometimes error. It is necessary to be very careful!


Emunah

We must have implicit Faith in The Lord God and The Teachings of The Torah!! What did the serpent do? The serpent questioned Eve. Questions open doors! The serpent used a question to challenge what God Said. The serpent lied!  The serpent mischievously reinterpreted what God Said, for his own advantage. He lied. Eve looked upon the forbidden tree and lusted. Eve sinned. She took the f forbidden fruit. It did not belong to her. She stole.  She became a thief. She took what did not belong to her. Then she offered her stolen fruit to Adam.


After Eve ate the fruit and after Adam ate the fruit The Torah informs us that her eyes were opened. Dear Ones after we sin, and after we make mistakes, it becomes so clear to us. Our eyes are opened. 


Forgive Ourself

We may feel like the mistakes we have made are so foolish. We are ashamed of our errors. We don't want anyone to know. We blame ourselves. We blame others. We may put ourselves down. We put others down. Our errors can take us in so many wrong directions. Making mistakes can be depressing. Mistakes can lead us to make more mistakes. Adam separated from Eve for 130 years. Adam was righteous. Eve was righteous. On the other hand their son, Cain, was evil, defiant, rebellious, disobedient and a murderer! During the time, Adam separated from his wife because he was so angry Cain populated the earth with people like him. One sin led to others.


Forgive Others

Eventually, Adam forgave Eve. They had many more children. Each of us is descendants of these children.


Adam and Eve were punished for their sins. Then The Lord God Forgave them. How can any of us ask The Lord to forgive us on Rosh Chodesh and Yom Kippur if we are unwilling to forgive others?  We must avoid the actions of saying we forgive yet living like we forgave nothing.



The purpose for this Learning Group is to help us to learn these principles about Modesty in The Torah so that we can be the esteemed and distinguished individuals The Lord God desires us to be. The choice is ours. What will we choose?


Are we going to believe God?  Do we desire to please God or ourselves? We are just beginning to learn the rewards of being Tzniut / Modest. We learned methods on how to protect ourselves. We learned that when we employee modesty this helps us raise or to rebuild our self-worth. 


There is one area that we have not discussed. The Lord God Blessed Adam and Eve. Read Genesis 1.28. Do we understand what it means to be blessed by The Lord God? Adam and Eve had the seal of approval from the Lord God. They walked in His Ways and Observed His Statutes until they sinned. One is blessed when you observe the Torah. This is the only way to receive and keep The Blessing of The Lord God.


May The Lord Blesses help us in learning and following these principles in The Torah.  May we be successful.


ב ' ח

Parshat Bereisheit Noach

Genesis 6.9 - 11.32


Gematria In Genesis


From Their Faces / Their Countenance


Lesson 2


VIDEO


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC


Books And Other Information By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk


Akiva & Revi 2013_4.jpg

Dr. Akiva Gamliel and Rebbetzin Revi Belk



Course Information

Every course at B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC is FREE

for those who do not have the means to pay.  Give



The Lessons We Learn From Adam And Eve


There are Two Words are Two Words I would like us to   consider. They are מִפְּנֵיהֶם Mee Pih Nay Hehm and From Countenance  הַנְּפִילִים  Hah Nih Fee Leem meaning The Fallen.


Genesis 6.13

And God Said to Noah, 'The end of all flesh has come before me; for the earth is filled with violence מִפְּנֵיהֶם because of them [From Their Faces]; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.'


When The Torah Says, 'because of them, The Torah is Making reference to Two fallen angels, Shamchazai [also know as Chazai or Hazai] and Azael, and their offspring. Giants resulted from physical relations with the daughters of men. These were unholy unions. These were forbidden unions. In another discussion, I share about Forbidden Unions!


'When the Holy One, blessed be He, sought to create man, He took counsel with the ministering angels. He said to them: 'Let us make man in our image' (Gen. I, 26). 


The Angels responded, 'What is man, that You are mindful of him' (Ps. VIII, 5)? 


The Creator Answered, 'The man whom I desire to create will possess wisdom that shall exceed yours.' Then The Creator Assembled all the cattle, beasts, and fowl. He Had them pass before the Angels. Then The Lord God inquired, 'What are their names?' The Angels did not know.


However, after He Created Adam & Eve He had the animals, beasts and fowl pass before him. The Creator asked Adam, 'What are the names of these?'


Adam replied: 'This should fittingly be called an ox and that a lion; that a horse; that an ass; that a camel, and that an eagle.' This is inferred from the text, 'And the man gave names to all cattle, etc. (Gen. II, 20).


Then The Creator asked Adam, 'And you, what shall be your name?'


He answered: 'Adam.' 


The Creator questioned, 'Why? call yourself Adam'


He replied, 'Because I have been created from the ground (adamah).' 


The Holy One, blessed be He, asked Adam ' And I, what is My name?'


Said said, ' Lord.'


The Creator inquired, 'Why?'


Adam said, 'Because You are The Lord over all created beings.' Hence it is written, I Am The Lord, that is My Name (Isa. XLII, 8). It means: That is The Name by which Adam called Me; it is the name which I have accepted for Myself; and it is The Name on which I have agreed with My creatures. Midrash BaMidbar 19.3


In Genesis when we read The Lord deploring the wickedness of man, two angels Shamchazai and Azel, arose before Him and argued, 'Master of the Universe, didn't we tell you before the creation of man that he would be unworthy and should rather not be created?'


The Creator Responded to them, 'If not for man, what purpose does the universe serve?'


They replied, 'We, the angels, are sufficient reason for its existence.'


The Creator Said, 'I know that if you were to dwell on earth and possess evil impulses as men do, you would be even worse than they are!'


Shamchazai and Azel requested, 'Grant us permission to live among mortals and You will witness how we sanctify Your name!' 


The Creator Replied, 'Descend and do as you suggest.' [They were given free will to live as humans]. Shamchazzi and Azel lived on earth as human beings.  When they beheld the beauty of human women, they could not resist the temptation to sin with them.  These [sinful] unions gave rise to giants of the generation before the flood. [Their descendants] committed the sins of murder, adultery, and robbery, [i.e. kidnapping etc.] Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says (Brooklyn, New York:  Benei Yakov Publications 1980), pp 79, 80


Sihon and Og were brothers,'Sihon and Og were the sons of Ahijah the son of Shamhazai', - The fallen angels are referred to in Gen. 6.2 and 4, as 'sons of God' or 'Nephilim', meaning the fallen. Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says Beraishis (Brooklyn, New York:  Benei Yakov Publications 1980), pp 92 and 98.


Numbers 13.33

And there we saw הַנְּפִילִים the Nefilim, the sons of Anak, who come from the Nefilim, i.e. the fallen, the giants, and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so were we in their sight.


Mystically we see the bridge with   מִפְּנֵיהֶם 'because of them' / Their Faces / Their Countenance with הַנְּפִילִים 'The Fallen. The Gematria of each Word is 225.


מִפְּנֵיהֶם

Meet Pih Nah Hehm / because of them / Their faces / Their countenance

מ40  פ80  נ50  י10  ה5  ם40  = 225


הַנְּפִילִים

Hah Nih Fee Leem / The Fallen The Giants

ה5  נ50  פ80  י10  ל30  י10  ם40  = 225


The Torah is teaching us that our face reveals our intentions. Watch the face!


Genesis 31.5

'And said to them, I see everything from Aleph to Tav of your father's פְּנֵי countenance, that it is not toward me as before; but the God of my father has been with me.'


Mystically we see the faces of the fallen are related.

ב ' ח

Parshat Devarim Nitzavim

Deuteronomy 29.9 - 30.20


Time And Gematria:

The End of Days


Lesson Eight


VIDEO


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC


Books And Other Information By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk


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Dear Ones, within this week's Parshat there are Thirteen usages of The Word הַיּוֹם 'This Day'.  I would like to highlight several of the usages of The Word הַיּוֹם 'This day'.


Deuteronomy 29.9

Moses Said to The People of Israel, 'You are standing up This day, all of you before The Lord your God; your captains of your tribes, your elders, and your officers, with all the men of Israel, Your little ones, your wives, and your stranger who is in your camp, from the hewer of your wood to the drawer of your water; so that [each of] you should enter into Covenant with The Lord your God, and into His oath, which the Lord your God Makes with you This Day.' 


This Day was the Day The People of Israel were Standing before The Presence of The Lord God and His Representative, Moses, their Teacher.  The Word נִצָּבִים Nee Tzaw Veem means to stand up also to stand up for a principle. The Torah is Sharing more than a principle. The Torah Is informing us that the people of Israel were actively engaged. They stood for the principles the observances of the Torah.What we read goes beyond just standing up.   נִצָּבִים Nee Tzaw Veem at this time and place means enthusiastically standing up, enthusiastically participating and enthusiastically engaging. 


נִצָּבִים Nee Tzaw Veem Is more than mental assent. צָּבִים Nee Tzaw Veem is more than agreeing with what The Torah Says.  צָּבִים Nee Tzaw Veem describes our 100% commitment our 100% firm engagement our 100% enthusiasm for The Words of The Torah, The Mitzvot, and The Covenant. At that time, The People of Israel displayed a distinct sharpness like a soldier who has intensely agonized over his preparation for dress inspection. He stands out. He looks sharp and crisp Among other soldiers. This is what The People of Israel were like among the nations of the world at that time. Mystically we were in a place and time.


נִצָּבִים

Nee Tzaw Veem 

To enthusiastically stand up for a principal

נ50 צ90 ב2 י10 ם40 = 192


וּמָקוֹם

Voo Mah Kohm

And [being in a certain] place

ו6 מ40 ק100 ו6 ם40 = 192


בַּפַּעַם

ּBah Pah Ahm

[Being] In a specific time

ב2 פ80 ע70 ם40 = 192


Later in our discussion we will read in Ezekiel 38 how The Lord collects His People. The root Word for מְקֻבֶּצֶת Mih Qu Beh Tzet meaning to gather is קבץ. The Gematria for קבץ is 192.


מְקֻבֶּצֶת

קַבֵּץ Kah Baytz / To Gather - To Collect 

ק100 ב2 ץ90 = 192


Mystically we make this link where we, The People of Israel were before The Lord God in a specific place at a specific time appearing distinct and sharp as we stood up enthusiastically stood up for The Torah, The Mitzvot, and The Covenant.  


Where are we today?  We move a little further into our Parshat To another day and time When our heart turned away from the Lord God, When we served the gods of other nations, when the words of The Curse came upon us, when we were stubbornly drunk with our business and our self-importance,When we are scattered among the nations,When our land is desolate and when all things punishments have come upon us we will come back to our Spiritual senses We will return to the Lord and enthusiastically stand up again for The Torah, The Mitzvot, and The Covenant. At that Place and at that time we will obey all that the Lord Commanded us On 'This Day' that Moses Spoke to us.


This is about The End of Days That our Father Jacob spoke of in Genesis 49.1


Beresheit 49.1

1:וַיִּקְרָא יַעֲקֹב אֶל־בָּנָיו וַיֹּאמֶר הֵאָסְפוּ וְאַגִּידָה לָכֶם אֵת אֲשֶׁר־יִקְרָא אֶתְכֶם בְּאַחֲרִית הַיָּמִים


Genesis 49.1

And Jacob called to his sons, and said, Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you at the End of Days.


Do we understand what Jacob spoke of when He used the term End of Days?    Please notice the date September 9, 2015, in The 2016 Bible Journeys Calendar. Do we understand what happened on this day? Do we know what this Day was? Astute classmates may say This Day was the first day God began His Creating of the universe. They would be correct. However, This Day is more than just the First Day of The Lord God's Creating. There were Six days of creation. Five days of creating were during the Last Days of the Twelveth Month Of The Original Calendar. These five days were prior to the Lord God resting.  In The Jewish Calendar, they are from Elul 25 - 29.


Let's return to The 2016 Bible Journeys Calendar. Notice Day Six of Creating. Day Six in 2015 is a Monday. Originally Day Six was a Friday. The Sixth Day of Creating is not part of The Last Days. Day Six is The Day of Judgment that we read about in Genesis Three. 


On The Sixth Day we are Taught Adam's dust was gathered from the location in front of The Holy Altar of The Holy Temple in Jerusalem. The Holy Dust was kneaded into a shapeless mass. In The Third Hour, Adams limbs were shaped. In The Fourth Hour, The Lord God 'Breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and Adam became a living soul'.  In The Fifth Hour, Adam arose and stood on his feet. In The Sixth Hour, Adam Gave Names to all the Animals. In The Seventh Hour, Eve was separated from Adam. In The Eighth Hour, Eve became his Wife. They consummated their relationship. Cain and his twin sister were born. In Ninth Hour Adam and Eve were Instructed In The Seven Laws that the universe is to operate by. In The Tenth Hour Adam and Eve sinned. In The Eleventh, Adam and Eve were Tried Judged. In The Twelfth Hour before the sunset and Sabbath began in Gan Eden Adam and Eve were expelled. Sabbath 38b


The point is on The Day of Judgment humankind departed The Garden of Eden. The Prophet Isaiah Prophesied that on this same Day, i.e. The Day of Judgment,  the outcasts among Israel will be gathered back.


Isaiah 27.13

And it shall come to pass on that Day, that the great shofar shall be blown, and those shall come who were lost in the land of Assyria, and the outcasts in the land of Egypt, and shall worship The Lord on the Holy Mount at Jerusalem.


This immediately follows the Shmittah Year. Our Rabbis Teach that the end of the Seven Year Cycle The Son of David, i.e. Messiah will come on The First Day of The First Year of the New Seven Year Cycle. Sanhedrin 97a


This will be The Year of Jubilee when The Land is Returned, all prior debt is forgiven, and all slaves are released among The People of Israel.


Our Parshat Speaks of This Day in Deuteronomy 30.1 - 7 Verse Five begins with the Word וֶהֱבִיאֲךָ  Veh Heh Vee Ah Kaw meaning 'to bring.' Please make a note of this because we will return to this point when we discuss Moses prophecy later in this discussion. Why? The Gematria points to The Jubilee Year.


Devarim 30.1 - 7

'And it shall come to pass, when all these things have come upon you, the blessing and the curse, which I have set before you, and you shall call them to mind among all the nations, where the Lord your God has driven you, And shall return to the Lord your God, and shall obey his voice according to all that I command you this day, you and your children, with all your heart, and with all your soul; That then the Lord your God will turn your captivity, and have compassion upon you, and will return and gather you from all the nations, where the Lord your God has scattered you. If your outcasts have been driven out to the farthest parts of heaven, from there will the Lord your God gather you, and from there will he fetch you; And the Lord, your God, will bring you into the land that your fathers possessed, and you shall possess it; and he will do you good, and multiply you above your fathers. And the Lord your God will circumcise your heart, and the heart of your seed, to love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, that you may live. And the Lord your God will put all these curses upon your enemies, and on those who hate you, who persecuted you.'


Some Teach that we do not know the Day or The Hour Messiah will come/ This is not entirely true. 


We know Messiah will come immediately following 'The Last Days. The last Days are 25 Elul through 29 Elul.


We know that Messiah will come immediately after the Last Days of the week. The Last Days of The Week Are Friday and Sabbath. The Lord God is precise.


Genesis 2.2 - 3

And on the Seventh Day God Ended His work that He had made, and He Rested on The Seventh Day from all His work that He had made. And God Blessed The Seventh Day, and Sanctified It; because that in it He had rested from all his work which God Created and Made.


We know The Messiah will come on Sabbath Rosh Ha Shannah immediately following the Shmittah Year. Sanhedrin 97a 

Some believe Messiah will come following the Seventh Seven Year Cycle, i.e. the 49th Year. [7 Years x 7 Years] - Some think The Messiah will come in the Fiftieth Year. Some believe the Fiftieth Year is the Year of Jubilee.


It is on This Day, i.e. Rosh Ha Shanah that we, The People of Israel gather to weep and seek repentance for our sins. 


We know The Messiah will come in The Last Days of The Last Of The Years according to Ezekiel 38.

 

Yehezekiel 38.8

מִיָּמִים רַבִּים תִּפָּקֵד בְּאַחֲרִית הַשָּׁנִים תָּבוֹא ׀ אֶל־אֶרֶץ ׀ מְשׁוֹבֶבֶת מֵחֶרֶב מְקֻבֶּצֶת מֵעַמִּים רַבִּים עַל הָרֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר־הָיוּ לְחָרְבָּה תָּמִיד וְהִיא מֵעַמִּים הוּצָאָה וְיָשְׁבוּ לָבֶטַח כֻּלָּם:  ט


After many Days, you will have paid for [past sins], at the End of The Years you will come to The Land that is restored from the destruction. You will be gathered from among many nations, [By The Lord] to The Mountains of Israel that were continually desolate [of people]. And He will bring you forth from nations, and you shall dwell securely with them [your people]. 


Dear Ones The People of Israel do not posses all of The Holy Land The Lord God Gave to us. How will The People of Israel gain ownership and full control of every meter of The Land of Israel?  Possessing all The Holy Land will require a huge miracle. Today we are capable of receiving minute by minute information as it unfolds in our world. We know the present Day picture in The Holy Land of Israel looks gruesome. It looks like war is coming. There are disputes as to who owns all The Holy Land of Israel. These disputes must be settled! They will be settled!


Moses Prophesied, 'The Lord your God Will Bring you into [The Holy Land Of Israel] which your fathers possessed, and you will possess The Holy Land Of Israel; the Lord, your God, Will do good for you, and multiply you above your fathers.'


Devarim 30.5

וֶהֱבִיאֲךָ יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אֶל־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־יָרְשׁוּ אֲבֹתֶיךָ וִירִשְׁתָּהּ וְהֵיטִבְךָ וְהִרְבְּךָ מֵאֲבֹתֶיךָ:  ו


We know Deuteronomy 30.5 is a prophesy for our present age because of the Words  הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־יָרְשׁוּ אֲבֹתֶיךָ .


Time & Gematria - Possess Land.jpg


The אֲבֹתֶיךָ Ah Voh Teh Caw means 'Your Fathers'. Deuteronomy 30.5 informs us that after Joshua and The Army of Israel conquered all The Holy Land, then partitoned The Holy Land to each Tribe, then possed The Holy Land and Then because of our sins were displaced from The Holy Land of Israel and scattered to the four corners of the earth. It is from the four corners of The Earth that The Lord God Will bring each of us back to The Holy Land. 


Today more of The People of Israel live outside of The Holy Land than those living in The Holy Land. 


- The Lord God has not brought all of us To The Holy Land of Israel yet. 

- The People of Israel do not possess all The Holy Land of Israel that our Fathers possessed.  Today The People of Israel possess a portion of The Holy Land, so this portion of the prophecy remains to be fulfilled. The People of Israel must possess the entire Holy Land including all of the Holy City, Jerusalem. Moses prophesied, ' You will possess The Land.' 


The birth of Isaac was to give Abraham a son to inherit or to possess The Land of Canaan. The Gematria of יָרְשׁוּ  Yaw Rih Shoo meaning to possess is 516. The Gematria of יוֹרֵשׁ Yoh Raysh meaning to inherit is 516. In Chapter Five we discussed Mitzvot that require us to both posses all The Holy Land of Israel and to inherit all the Holy Land of Israel. In Chapter Five I stated there are some Mitzvot that cannot be Observed until The People of Israel possess all of the Holy Land. What does this mean? Deuteronomy 30.5 remains to be entirely fulfilled.


Dear Reader the clock is ticking until The Lord God Brings The People of Israel back into complete possession of The Land of Israel. What conditions MUST exist for The People of Israel to Possess all the Land of Israel? A question arises in regards to Jeremiah 33.


Jeremiah 33.12 - 18

Thus says The Lord of Hosts; Again in this place, which is desolate without man and without beast, and in all its cities, shall be a habitation of shepherds who make their flocks lie down. In the cities of the mountains, in the cities of the Shephelah, and in the cities of the Negev, and in the land of Benjamin, and in the places around Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judah, shall the flocks pass again under the hands of him who tells them, Says The Lord.  Behold, The Days come, Says The Lord, that I will perform that good thing that I have promised to the house of Israel and the house of Judah. In those 

Days, and at that Time, I will cause an offshoot of righteousness to grow up from David; and he shall execute judgment and righteousness in The Land. In those Days, Judah shall be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell safely; and this is the name by which she shall be called, 'The Lord is our Righteousness.' For thus Says The Lord; David shall never lack a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel; Neither shall The Priests, or The Levites lack a man before me to offer burnt offerings, and to kindle Meal Offerings, and to do sacrifice continually. 


The 'Again' in Verse Twelve is implied. Is this about two destructions of The Land of Israel? Some Rabbis were opposed to Israel becoming a nation in 1948. Why? Because, The Lord did not do this. If they are correct is there the possibility of another destruction? 


Those in control of The Holy Land must return The Holy Land to the tribes of original inheritance BEFORE The Year of Jubilee. In Joshua's Day, The Holy Land was taken little by little through the war at The Lord God's Direction. Perhaps this will be the course again. . . Then perhaps a second destruction awaits. I hope not!!


The People of Israel are in The Time of Blessing and the Time of Curse. Many of The People of Israel fulfill the Observances they can but cannot fulfill them all. This is the curse. We are stuck. The great Sage, Rambam cautions us to be careful about attempting to pinpoint the prophetic dates. Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Stone Edition Tanach (Mesorah Publications, Ltd., Brooklyn, N.Y. 1993), p. 351Second Edition p 1299,


There is a process. I don't see the process alining with Holy Scripture at this time. This could change quickly! To possess The Holy Land means Time will be required to acquire ever meter of The Holy Land again. Time will be required to divide between Tribes. Time will be required to determine which Tribe each of us descends from.  Then the Tribal Leaders must settle descendants into their Land. Then after each of us are settled into our Land. It is then that each of us possess The Land. Then we can again begin celebrating the Year of Jubilee in The Holy Land Of Israel. 


By some accounts we are in the 49th year, I.e the Year of Jubilee right now, i.e. this Year. By other accounts, the Year of Jubilee will begin on Rosh HaShanah 5776 and conclude on Yom Kipper of 5777 FC. At night fall.


If in the very near future the Bet Din were to declare this to be the Year of Jubilee according to one of the above calculations Great miracles beyond our imagination would be required. The Bet Din cannot proclaim a true Year of Jubilee until The People of Israel are completely in possession of The Holy Land. In The Year of Jubilee, The Holy Land must be returned to the Tribe from which it inherited it. 


הֱבִיאֲךָ Heh Vee Ah Kaw meaning 'to bring' in Deuteronomy 30.5 is the Gematria of 44. The Word Jubilee is also the Gematria of 44.



וֶהֱבִיאֲךָ 

Veh Heh Vee Ah Kaw / And To Bring

ו6  ה5  ב2  י10  א1  ך20  = 44


בַּיֹּבֵל

Bah Yoh Vayl / In Jubilee

ב2 י10 ב2 ל30  = 44


לְבָבִי

Lih Vaw Vee / My Heart

ל30 ב2 ב2 י10  = 44


What is the Mystical meaning? The Lord God Brings The People of Israel to The Holy Land to possess The Land so we can return to Observing all Mitzvot, especially The Year of Jubilee. In the process of bringing us to the Holy Land The Lord God Circumcises our heart.


This is a discussion about Time and Gematria. At this Time, The People of Israel are still living in the Time of Blessing and curse. The curse is that we are not Observing all 613 Commands of The Torah. Many of us live outside The Land, Our hearts are not circumcised. We do not possess all The Land. We cannot pass The Land to our children as an inheritance. The Third Temple must be built. Articles of The Holy Temple must be restored. The Priests and Levites must be dedicated and assigned to their positions.


Messiah must come. There is the war that must be fought. The enemies of Israel must be defeated. Children must be born in Israel thus showing security. We must multiply.  Then when all is in order as The Lord God Intends it to be we will do Good. We will be the Blessing spoken of in Genesis Twelve.

ב ' ח

Genesis 6.1 - 26

What's In A Name? What's In A Word?


Bereisheit Limood Chapter 6 

Weekly VIDEO 1  &  VIDEO 2

By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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What's In A Name? What's In A Word?


Bnai Elohim / Sons of God


In our textbook we discus The Lord God and the angels Shamchazzi and Azael discussing man.  Angels are required to do exactly as the Creator Wishes. On the other hand, humankind has free will and chooses either to do the Wishes of the Lord God or to do something else. Shamchazzi and Azael were saying how easy it was for humankind. They wanted to prove they could live as humans and not sin... At their request the Lord God Granted that they  could have Free Will and that they could live on earth with humankind. In the Gematria for this chapter we Observe how they failed...


Psalms 8.5 - 7

What is man, that you are mindful of him? And the son of man, that you visit him?  For you have made him a little lower than the angels, and have crowned him with glory and honor.   You made him to have dominion over the works of your hands; you have put all things under his feet; 


Bereisheit 6.1,2

 א וַיְהִי כִּי־הֵחֵל הָאָדָם לָרֹב עַל־פְּנֵי הָאֲדָמָה וּבָנוֹת יֻלְּדוּ לָהֶם:  ב וַיִּרְאוּ בְנֵי־הָאֱלֹהִים אֶת־בְּנוֹת הָאָדָם כִּי טֹבֹת הֵנָּה וַיִּקְחוּ לָהֶם נָשִׁים מִכֹּל אֲשֶׁר בָּחָרוּ:  ג


Genesis 6.1,2

 And it came to pass, [the descendants of] Ha Adam sexually profaned, to increase [their way] on the face of the earth, daughters were born to them. And they the sons of God [Shamchazzi and Azael] saw everything from Aleph to Tav of the daughters of  [the descendants of] Ha Adam For they were good; and they took for themselves as wives from all they chose.



בְנֵי־הָאֱלֹהִים

Bih Nay   Haw Elokim

ב2 נ50 י10  ה5 א1 ל30 ה5 י10 ם40 = 153


וְהֶעֱוִינוּ

Vih  Heh Eh Vee Nu

To do iniquity

ו6 ה5 ע70 ו6 י10 נ50 ו6 = 153


First the descendants of Ha Adam, i.e. the children of Adam and Eve did evil. They sexually profaned.


Second, the sons of God, i.e.  the angels Shamchazzi and Azael took human wives and and sinned with them. They mixed angelic seed with human seed. Strange children were born. And in so doing they brought destruction upon the entire earth.


ב ' ח

Genesis 4.1 - 26

Adam And Chavah Are Equal


Bereisheit Limood Chapter 5

Weekly Genesis VIDEO 


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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Genesis 5.1

 זֶה סֵפֶר תּוֹלְדֹת אָדָם בְּיוֹם בְּרֹא אֱלֹהִים אָדָם בִּדְמוּת אֱלֹהִים עָשָׂה אֹתוֹ1:1


This is the Book of Generations of Adam [singular] in the day God Created [singular] Adam [singular]. With [Spiritual] likeness, God made them [plural] .


Genesis  5.2

 זָכָר וּנְקֵבָה בְּרָאָם וַיְבָרֶךְ אֹתָם וַיִּקְרָא אֶת־שְׁמָם אָדָם בְּיוֹם הִבָּרְאָם1:1


Male and Female He Created [plural] and Blessed them [plural] and He Called everything from Aleph to Tav of their name [plural] Adam [singular] in the day they were Created [plural].


Adam and Eve were created in one physical body [then separated later the same day]. They were Created in the Lord God's Spiritual Image as were the Angels. God does not have a physical body. Pharaoh defined this when he said in regards to Joseph, And Pharaoh said to his servants, Can we find such a one as this is, a man in whom the Spirit of God is? Genesis 41.38


The writer John said,

God is a Spirit and they that worship him must worship him in Spirit and in truth, John 4:24.


Genesis 1.26

וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים נַעֲשֶׂה אָדָם בְּצַלְמֵנוּ כִּדְמוּתֵנוּ וְיִרְדּוּ בִדְגַת הַיָּם וּבְעוֹף הַשָּׁמַיִם וּבַבְּהֵמָה וּבְכָל־הָאָרֶץ וּבְכָל־הָרֶמֶשׂ הָרֹמֵשׂ עַל־הָאָרֶ1:1 


And He Said [singular] God [plural] Let us Make Adam in our image [plural] in our likeness [plural] and let them rule [plural] fish in the waters and birds in the heavens and with all animals in the earth and with all creeping on the earth.


Who was God Speaking with?  The Sages say the Angels.  


Genesis 1.27

וַיִּבְרָא אֱלֹהִים ׀ אֶת־הָאָדָם

בְּצַלְמוֹ בְּצֶלֶם אֱלֹהִים בָּרָא

 אֹתוֹ זָכָר וּנְקֵבָה בָּרָא אֹתָם1:1


And He [singular], God [plural] Created [singular] everything from the Letter Aleph to the Letter Tav of Ha Adam / the man [singular] in His Form [singular] in His Form [singular] God [plural] Created [singular] them [plural] male / masculine and female / feminine He Created [singular] them [plural].


Here we Observe that God Created [singular]. They did not create anything.


Genesis 2.27

וַיִּיצֶר יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהִים אֶת־הָאָדָם

 עָפָר מִן־הָאֲדָמָה וַיִּפַּח

 בְּאַפָּיו נִשְׁמַת חַיִּים וַיְהִי

 הָאָדָם לְנֶפֶשׁ חַיָּה1:1 

And He [singular] The Lord [singular] God [Plural - used as singular] Formed [singular] everything from Aleph to Tav of Ha Adam / Adam and Eve from dust of the ground and He [singular] blew into the nostrils the Soul of Life and it happened Ha Adam / The Man became a living Soul.


The Midrash Says, Adam's physical creation was twofold, male and female in one body.  In front he was a man, but attached to him in back was a woman. Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says (Brooklyn, New York:  Benei Yakov Publications 1980), p. 33


Right from the beginning God Created 'mankind' male and female, with equal Godliness and of equal worth.  Neither was more in the likeness of God than the other, both were given the same Blessing by God, both together were given the name 'Adam'...And He Called them Man on the day they were created - i.e., He Called both of them Man - including Eve - because her formation was from the man, individually, however, she was called Eve (R. Meyuchas).


Harav David Cohen points out that male and female components were originally created in the single body of Adam (Eruvin 18a).  Thus, when God Named him Adam, it was implicit that his female part - which was later to become a separate human being - was also called Adam, because male and female were two halves of one whole. Rabbi Meir Zlotowitz and Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Artscroll Tanach Series - Bereishis Vol. I(a) (Brooklyn, New York: Mesorah Publications, Ltd. 3rd Impression, 1989), p 167


R' Yirmiyah ben Elazar Said... - The first man [Adam] had, i.e. he was created with two facial figures.  The back was later separated to form the first woman, Eve...  - As it states (Psalms 139.5) [From the] back the front You Have Formed me.


The Gemara cites a dispute concerning the appendage from which Eve was fashioned...

It is Written (Genesis 2.22): Then the Lord, God, built the side that He Had Taken from the man into woman...  Rav Shmuel disputed the meaning of this verse... - One Said the side referred to was a figure, i.e. man was created as a double figure, a male figure and a female figure joined back to back.  The female figure was later removed to form Eve. Talmud - Eruvin 18a

(Genesis 5.2) He Created them male and female, which indicates  that humans were created from the very first both male and female...


The Gemara Explains:

This verse can be explained as [taught by] R' Abahu... For R' Abahu contrasted the two Verses:


[1] He Created them male and female, referring to man's creation in the plural, indicating that both man and woman were created at the same time; but it is also written...


[2] In the image of God He Created him, referring to man's creation in the singular, [possibly] indicating that only man was created originally, not woman... [In actuality the one [Eve] was fashioned from the first [one Adam]]. 


Genesis 2.18

וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהִים לֹא־טוֹב הֱיוֹת

הָאָדָם לְבַדּוֹ אֶעֱשֶׂה־לּוֹ עֵזֶר כְּנֶגְדּוֹ1: 1


And the Lord God Said it is not good for Ha Adam [ the man - which at that time include Adam and Eve ] to be alone.  I will fashion a help mate like [him] opposite [him].  


Wife / Ee Shaw

אעשה

 אשה


To Make to Fashion 

עשה

אעשה


The Hebrew Letter ע Ayin Represents sight or insight... Our Creator Formed the wife with sight / insight. 


The word Eeh Shaw meaning wife has the Letter Aleph א which may be exchanged for the Letter ע Ayin. One must question the use of the word him when we know in fact it is them.  Adam and Eve are in one shared body that is referred to as him in Genesis 5.1, 2.


We see that our Creator Endorses some separation of husband and wife.  He Separated them. He Created them.


Originally Adam and Eve were one body and one soul.  Then they were divided.  They were separated.  Up until this point we know they were in agreement or they could not function.  However after they were separated they each had their own individual choices.  The Word כְּנֶגְדּוֹ Cih Neg Doh means like him [but] opposite of him.  This means Eve was opposite of him sexually.  This also means that Adam was like Eve and that Eve was like Adam.  She was created like him.  HOWEVER if Adam would stray from the original Adam, i.e. the created Adam, then Eve would no longer be like the strayed Adam she would be opposite him. 


Genesis 2.21

וַיַּפֵּל יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהִים ׀ תַּרְדֵּמָה עַל־הָאָדָם וַיִּישָׁן וַיִּקַּח אַחַת מִצַּלְעֹתָיו וַיִּסְגֹּר בָּשָׂר תַּחְתֶּנָּה1: 1

The Lord God Caused a deep sleep to fall on Ha Adam, the man. [Both Adam and Eve were asleep.  Both were not conscious.]  the Lord God Took from the being... the double figure that was Ha Adam, [i.e. Adam and Eve] and closed the flesh in its place.


When our Creator Takes a woman from a man there is a wound left afterwards. The Torah Says that [He] closed over the flesh in its place. Anytime a couple separates there is a wound.  The man has a wound and the woman has a wound. Make no mistake there is a wound that requires closing. The time required for closing is different for each of us.  The Word  וַיִּסְגֹּר Vah Yee Sih Gohr means to lock, to close, to shut, to enclose, to bolt shut...  When a relationship ends when togetherness ends when sharing ends, when loving ends IT IS PAINFUL!!  The flesh must be closed over.  


This next part is AMAZING!! It is תַּחְתֶּנָּה Tah Chih Teh Nawh meaning to close over.  However the translation does not explain what is at the core of closing over.  The shoresh (root) of  תַּחְתֶּנָּה Tah Chih Teh Nawh is חתן Chah Tawn meaning to wed.  The point is that marriage heals the wound of what one has lost.  So while one requires sometime to adjust after being separated from one's mate the real closing of separation comes with MARRIAGE of a new mate - not a relationship. A man needs a wife for balance. A woman needs a husband for balance. Together husband and wife possess the ability to be equal.


Genesis 2.22

וַיִּבֶן יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהִים ׀ אֶת־הַצֵּלָע אֲשֶׁר לָקַח

מִן־הָאָדָם לְאִשָּׁה וַיְבִאֶהָ אֶל־הָאָדָם1:1 


And He, the Lord God, Built everything from the Letter Aleph to the Letter Tav from the side that He took from Ha Adam into [the most beautiful] wife and brought her to Adam [the man no longer the couple].


Our Creator who fashioned Eve built from everything from the Letter Aleph to the Letter Tav from the side that He took from Ha Adam.  The result had to be the best of the best.  We notice from the Gematria of 68 for the Word וַיִּבֶן Vah Yee Vehn meaning, to build up. By building up the the material He took from Adam our Creator provided חַיִּים Chah Yeem meaning Life, and יָחֹן Yaw Choon meaning Favor, Beauty, and חֲכַם Chah Cahm meaning Wisdom to Eve.  This was not just for Eve's benefit. It was for all of our good.  Our Creator Breathed Life into lifeless clay then our Creator fashioned life out of Adam's side.

וַיִּבֶן 

Vah Yee Vehn

And He Built

ו6 י10 ב2 ן50 = 68


חַיִּים

Chah Yeem

Life

ח8 י10 י10 ם60 =68 


יָחֹן

Yaw Choon

Favor Or Beauty

י10 ח8 ן50 = 68


Dear Ones both Adam and Eve were created equal.  Both were Created at the same time. Both Adam and Eve came from the same body. The body changed when the Lord God Took Eve from Adam. At the time of their separation Adam needed a wife and Eve needed a husband.  Neither was equal any longer. Adam needed what Eve had and Eve needed what Adam had. Together they were equal. Separated neither were equal! The flesh from where they were separated needed to be closed over and was healed. This happened when Adam and Eve wed. 


May each mate within marriage be sensitive to the other.  May each mate seek out the advice of their mate.  May each of us realize the great value and blessing of our mate!


ב ' ח

Genesis 4.1 - 26

How God Forgives Sin

Improve - A Discussion About Salvation

  Video 1 and Video 2 and Video 3


Bereisheit Limood

Weekly Genesis VIDEO 


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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This discussion is predicated upon Genesis 3 discussion about individual and group accountability when Adam and Eve sinned.  Some teach that when Adam Ha Reshon {the first man} and Eve Ha Reshonah {the first lady, Eve} sinned that they brought a blood offering. NOT TRUE! 


G-d Provided a skin covering from the shed serpent's skin and combined the serpent's skin with woven goats hair and woven wool  from lambs to Clothe and provide a covering for Adam and Eve.  The Lord God Did Not Shed blood from animals.   


Animal sacrifices did not begin until after the flood of Noach. For the first 1,647 years prior to the flood animals were not sacrificed. Every being was vegetarian. Taking the life of an animal was forbidden! (Genesis 9.2-5) The Tributes  of Cain and Able in Genesis 4.3 - 5 are often translated 'offerings' yet No animal life was taken. מִנְחָה Mee Nih Chawh is the Word many mistakenly translate as Offering. Yet, Minchah is a Gift a Tribute. The act of taking an animals life was not done during the first 1,648 years. There were no animal offerings and  no animal sacrifices. There were only tributes and gifts.

How do we know Able did not offer a blood sacrifice?  They did not build an altar because they were prohibited from slaughtering animals, (R' Yosief Kimchi; Tur). Rabbi Meir Zlotowitz and Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Artscroll Tanach Series - Bereishis Vol. I(a) (Brooklyn, New York: Mesorah Publications, Ltd. 3rd Impression, 1989), p 145


In Genesis 4.3 - 5 many translators incorrectly say they brought an offering to The Lord. Cain and Able brought a Tribute to The Lord. It is for reasons like this that translators MUST be so very careful because one incorrect translation can give the wrong impression!! The jump from Offering to Sacrifice is easy to make. The jump from Tribute to Sacrifice is not. This is how misunderstandings begin. This is how pseudo doctrines begin.


Bereisheit 4.4

וְהֶבֶל הֵבִיא גַם־הוּא מִבְּכֹרוֹת צֹאנוֹ וּמֵחֶלְבֵהֶן וַיִּשַׁע יְהֹוָה אֶל־הֶבֶל וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ1:1


Genesis 4.4

And Abel also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of rich cream of it. And the Lord had respect for Abel and for his offering;


מִנְחָתוֹ

Mee Nih Chaw Toh / His Offering

מ40 נ50 ח8 ת400 ו6 = 504


לָדַעַת

Law Dah Aht / to know for sure...

Genesis 3.22 - humankind knows for sure the difference between what is right and what is evil...

ל30 ד4 ע70 ת400 = 504


Bereisheit 3.22

וַיֹּאמֶר ׀ יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהִים הֵן הָאָדָם הָיָה כְּאַחַד מִמֶּנּוּ לָדַעַת טוֹב וָרָע וְעַתָּה ׀ פֶּן־יִשְׁלַח יָדוֹ וְלָקַח גַּם מֵעֵץ הַחַיִּים וְאָכַל וָחַי לְעֹלָם:  כג 

Genesis 3.22

And the Lord God Said, Behold, the man [meaning Adam and Eve] has become like one of us [meaning other Spiritual Beings having the ability] to know for sure [what is] good and [what is]evil; and now, what if he puts forth his hand, and takes also from the tree of life, and eats, and lives forever; 


As we read Genesis 4. 1-7 please pay careful attention to the highlited Words. 


Bereisheit 4.1 - 7

וְהָאָדָם יָדַע אֶת־חַוָּה אִשְׁתּוֹ וַתַּהַר וַתֵּלֶד אֶת־קַיִן וַתֹּאמֶר קָנִיתִי אִישׁ אֶת־יְהוָֹה:  ב וַתֹּסֶף לָלֶדֶת אֶת־אָחִיו אֶת־הָבֶל וַיְהִי־הֶבֶל רֹעֵה צֹאן וְקַיִן הָיָה עֹבֵד אֲדָמָה:  ג וַיְהִי מִקֵּץ יָמִים וַיָּבֵא קַיִן מִפְּרִי הָאֲדָמָה מִנְחָה לַיהוָֹה ד וְהֶבֶל הֵבִיא גַם־הוּא מִבְּכֹרוֹת צֹאנוֹ וּמֵחֶלְבֵהֶן וַיִּשַׁע יְהֹוָה אֶל־הֶבֶל וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ ה וְאֶל־קַיִן וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ לֹא שָׁעָה וַיִּחַר לְקַיִן מְאֹד וַיִּפְּלוּ פָּנָיו:  ו וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָֹה אֶל־קָיִן לָמָּה חָרָה לָךְ וְלָמָּה נָפְלוּ פָנֶיךָ:  ז הֲלוֹא אִם־תֵּיטִיב שְׂאֵת וְאִם לֹא תֵיטִיב לַפֶּתַח חַטָּאת רֹבֵץ וְאֵלֶיךָ תְּשׁוּקָתוֹ וְאַתָּה תִּמְשָׁל־בּוֹ: 


Genesis 4.1 - 7

And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bore Cain, and said, I have acquired a man from the Lord.   And she again bore his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.  And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground a Tribute to the Lord.   And Abel also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat of it. And the Lord had respect for Abel and for his Tribute;  But for Cain and for his tribute He did not have respect. And Cain was very angry, and his countenance fell.  And The Lord said to Cain, Why are you angry? and why is your countenance fallen?  If you improve, you shall be accepted. and if you do not well, sin lies at the door. And to you shall be his desire, and yet you may rule over him. 


Cain, the older brother of Able gave a Tribute of spoiled flax seed to the Creator. It is understandable that Cain's / Cain's Tribute was rejected by the Lord! Cain's Tribute was NOT from the best of his vegetarian produce. Cain's Tribute was not from the first fruits of his vegetarian produce. Cain's offering was NOT rejected because it was vegetarian. It was rejected because of Cain's stubbornness, stinginess and very poor choice for a Tribute to the Creator. 

Able's Tribute was NOT a blood offering!! The Torah portion of the Bible says Able's Tribute was from the very best of his firstborn flocks. Our Sages Teach this means Able brought the finest spun wool. Able brought the finest cream and cheese. Able's Tribute was accepted because of the correct attitude in which he gave his Tribute to The Lord. 

Midrash Tanchumah states,  Cain's offering consisted of poor quality flax seed.  [Cain offered] inferior produce as a sacrifice, taking the best for himself. (Eitz Yosef} Avrohom Davis, Metsudah Midrash Tanchuma Bereishis 1 (Monsey, NY Eastern Book Press Inc. 2005) p50


Our attitude of giving to the Lord must be proper

Bereisheit 4.3 

וַיְהִי מִקֵּץ יָמִים וַיָּבֵא קַיִן מִפְּרִי הָאֲדָמָה מִנְחָה לַיהוָֹה1:

Genesis 4.3 

And it happened in the process of many days that he, Cain / Cain brought from the fruit of the ground a Tribute to The Lord. 

Cain brought his Tribute to the Place of the future Altar of the Bet Ha Mikdosh / The Holy Temple. This was the most Holy Place outside Gan Eden. It is the place where our Creator Took from the dust of the ground to form the body of Ha Adam. Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Stone Edition The Chumash Travel Size (Mesorah Publications, Ltd., Brooklyn, N.Y. 2001), p. 39 

Bereisheit 4.4 

וְהֶבֶל הֵבִיא גַם־הוּא מִבְּכֹרוֹת צֹאנוֹ וּמֵחֶלְבֵהֶן וַיִּשַׁע יְהֹוָה אֶל־הֶבֶל וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ:

Genesis 4.4 

And Able / Able, He brought from the firstlings / the first born of his sheep and  from the fat [the choice of / the cream from the milk and cheese, and He, The Lord Had Regard to Able and to His Tribute. 

Bereisheit 4.5 

וְאֶל־קַיִן וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ לֹא שָׁעָה וַיִּחַר לְקַיִן מְאֹד וַיִּפְּלוּ פָּנָיו1:

Genesis 4.5 

And to Cain's and to his Tribute there was no respect and he, Cain was angry towards [himself], and His face showed great disappointment. 

What is the difference between the Tributes? 

1.) Cain did NOT bring a choice Tribute. 

2.) Cain did NOT bring a Tribute from the first of . מִבְּכֹרוֹת .his crops, i.e 

Think of Cain like this. If a friend were to tailor a shirt for you out of left over scraps it maybe a nice shirt but it came from scraps. No matter how nice our scraps maybe and no matter how beautiful we can transform our scraps the fact remains we do not give our scraps to The Lord the Creator of The Universe as Cain did. Compare the difference. If this taylor went into a fine fabric store and purchased the finest and most costly materials with the intent of using his / her's greatest tailoring skills to design and produce the best possible shirt this would be what Able did and what Cain did NOT do. Now let's put this in perspective a little more. I have heard the stories of many children whose parents took cloth from grain sacks and made them nice clothing. I understand. At that time they could not afford more. This was NOT the situation with Cain. He could have afforded to give the best crop to the Creator but did not. Cain could have prepared and planned his Tribute instead of throwing something together for the Creator of the Universe. Cain was unwilling to give or spend. He was not generous. He was stingy. He was stubborn. He was unwilling to open his hand to the Creator let alone the poor and destitute. If one will not select the best, plan and prepare for the Creator and Judge of the Universe then what will that one do for those who are the least? Cain's lack of generosity was a sin. Cain was disrespectful to the Creator. Cain's gift was garbage. Our Sages Say Cain offered as his Tribute spoiled flax seed. This was a sin! Can we now understand why Cain's offering was rejected? Cain had issues with acknowledging and honoring the Creator. Cain's thoughts and actions were sinful.

Genesis 49.3 

Reuvein /Reuben, you are my firstborn, my strength, and my initial vigor, foremost in rank and foremost in power. 

Yaakov described why the firstborn is the choice. The first born is the cream of the crop. So in a similar way we can understand that one of the issues with Cain is he was stingy. He did not want to give the Creator anything of value. He wanted to give the Creator something that he no longer had use for. 

Let's discuss the meaning of what Ha Torah Able brought from the very best of the first born sheep.

Able brought a choice Tribute. The Word Voo May Cheh Lih Vay Hehn is deep וּמֵחֶלְבֵהֶן because of it's meaning. The root Word has several meanings which apply in this Verse. Able brought a choice Tribute. Why was Able's Tribute considered a choice Tribute? First is because Able gave serious thought to his selection. Able's Gift to the Lord was not thrown together. Able's gift was contemplated, planned and carefully prepared. There are grades of cream, cheese and wool. Able's flocks were separated. Separation is a form of Holiness! The Bih Cohr, first born of Able's cattle were בְּכֹר separated from the other cattle. The quality of the produce from the first born cattle were graded and separated. This is a higher step of holiness. Then the highest quality of the produce was carefully prepared by Able to present as a Tribute to The Lord. Able prepared the finest cream, butter, cheese and wool. This was the highest step of separation / Holiness. It was for these reasons that Able's Tribute was honored and selected. It was not a sick mangy runt or from the poorest produce from his flocks. Ha Torah equates a firstborn to the Words Yaakov / Jacob Spoke to Reuvein his first born. Let's examine his words to get a better idea of the Scriptures intent regarding a first born. 

One could also say rich cream or the fat of the Tribute because the spelling for rich cream and animal fat is the same. Yet we know it was not an animal sacrifice because the Word Minchato tells us this was a Tribute and therefore was not meat.


Abel kept his sheep chiefly for their wool (besides milk), for killing animals and eating them was forbidden... But why did the Torah say twice over, 'to Cain and to his offering and to Able and to his offering?'  We can explain this on the basis of Chazal's comment that [G-d Did Not] allow Adam to kill beasts or to consume their flesh. (He [Permitted] it only in Noah's time.)  Rabbi Zalman Sorotzkin, Insights In The Torah - Bereishis (Brooklyn, NY: Mesorah Publications, Ltd. First Edition, 1991), p33



What did The Creator Say to Cain?

The Creator Said, 'If you improve there is forgiveness..' Genesis 4.7 So we see the plan to receive forgiveness is to simply 'Improve'. However, part of improving is acknowledging the mistake. Take ownership for doing wrong. Cain would not take ownership for his sin. Therefore sin lay at his door and it consumed him. He died in his sins. He entered eternity in defiance to his sin. He perished!


Noach brought a 'Burnt Offering'. This is identified by the Word עלת Oh Loht which represents it was a bird or animal. When the Word Minchah is used it is not an animal. When the Word Oh Lam or Oh Loht are used it is an animal sacrifice.


Stone Edition

But if his means are insufficient for two turtledoves or for two young doves, then he shall bring, as his guilt-offering for that which he sinned, a tenth-ephah of fine flour for a sin-offering; he shall not place oil on it nor shall he put frankincense on it, for it is a sin-offering.  He shall bring it to the Kohen, and the Kohen shall scoop his threefingersful as its memorial portion and shall cause it to go up in smoke on the Altar, on the fires of Hashem; it is a sin offering.  The Kohen shall provide him atonement for the sin he committed regarding any of these, and it will be forgiven him; and it shall belong to the Kohen, like the meal-offering. Vayikra 5.11-13


King James Version

But if he be not able to bring two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, then he that sinned shall bring for his offering the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering; he shall put no oil upon it, neither shall he put any frankincense thereon: for it is a sin offering. Then shall he bring it to the priest, and the priest shall take his handful of it, even a memorial thereof, and burn it on the altar, according to the offerings made by fire unto the LORD: it is a sin offering. And the priest shall make an atonement for him as touching his sin that he hath sinned in one of these, and it shall be forgiven him: and the remnant shall be the priest's, as a meat offering. Leviticus 5.11-13



New International Version

" 'If, however, he cannot afford two doves or two young pigeons, he is to bring as an offering for his sin a tenth of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering. He must not put oil or incense on it, because it is a sin offering.  He is to bring it to the priest, who shall take a handful of it as a memorial portion and burn it on the altar on top of the offerings made to the LORD by fire. It is a sin offering. In this way the priest will make atonement for him for any of these sins he has committed, and he will be forgiven. The rest of the offering will belong to the priest, as in the case of the grain offering.' " Leviticus 5.11-13


 When man follows Ha Torah, Ha Torah atones for man.  How do we know this?  The Gematrias are the same.  The Torah is Perfect.  The Torah can and does atone for man.  So in the Observance of Torah we see the portrayal of atonement for man.


Vayikra 1.1 - 2 

וַיִּקְרָא אֶל־מֹשֶׁה וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָֹה אֵלָיו מֵאֹהֶל מוֹעֵד לֵאמֹר1:1 דַּבֵּר אֶל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם אָדָם כִּי־ יַקְרִיב מִכֶּם קָרְבָּן לַיהוָֹה מִן־הַבְּהֵמָה מִן־ הַבָּקָרוּמִן־הַצֹּאןתַּקְרִיבוּאֶת־קָרְבַּנְכֶם: ג 

Leviticus 1.1 - 2 

And He Called to Moses, and the Lord Said, to him from the Tent of Witness Saying, Speak to the People of Israel and say to them if Adam, [a man] among you brings an Offering to the Lord from animals, from the cattle, and from the sheep you shall bring everything from Aleph to Tav of your offering. 


The ָןבּרְקָ Karbon / Offering is offered at a particular place. How do we know this? '...if Adam, [a man] among you brings an Offering to the Lord...' The Offering is brought to The Lord. Where is The Lord? The Lord Spoke to Moshe from the Tent of Witnesses. Any where will not do! In Leviticus the offering is offered at the entrance to the Mishkon / the Tabernacle. This is the place where the Presence of the Lord dwells. This teaches us that there is a place for our offerings. Before offerings were made at the entrance of the Holy Tabernacle offerings were made at the place of our formation. Tributes were originally made at the place where the Lord God Formed Adam and Eve from the dust of the ground. Rabbi Nosson Scherman, The Stone Edition The Chumash Travel Size (Mesorah Publications, Ltd., Brooklyn, N.Y. 2001), p.  


Remember!


Vayikra 1.1 - 3

וַיִּקְרָא אֶל־מֹשֶׁה וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָֹה אֵלָיו מֵאֹהֶל מוֹעֵד לֵאמֹר:  ב דַּבֵּר אֶל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם אָדָם כִּי־יַקְרִיב מִכֶּם קָרְבָּן לַיהוָֹה מִן־הַבְּהֵמָה מִן־הַבָּקָר וּמִן־הַצֹּאן תַּקְרִיבוּ אֶת־קָרְבַּנְכֶם:  ג


Leviticus 1.1 - 3

And He Called to Moses, and He the Lord Said, to him from the Tent of Witness Saying, Speak to the People of Israel and say to them [if Adam] If a man among you brings an Offering to the Lord from animals, from the cattle, and from the sheep you shall bring everything from Aleph to Tav of your offering.


אָדָם כִּי־יַקְרִיב

[if Adam] If a man among you brings...

א1 ד4 ם40 כ20 י10 י10 ק100 ר200 י10 ב2 =397


מִן־הַבָּקָר

From the cattle

מ40 ן50 ה5 ב2 ק100 ר200 = 397


Originally all the animals belonged to Adam. Our Sages point to Adam's ownership of all animals. Leviticus 1.2 is a reflection on Adam's ownership because it Says, '...if Adam among you brings...' We translate this is as '...if a man among you brings...' because we understand we must gain ownership of the animals from Adam. The second Gematria brings this point a little closer with the Words, 'From his animals'. Adam used to own the animals but now they are from some else's flock. The Torah Says 'from his animals'. This speaks of the ownership. Yet, Adam offered matzah. He brought Unleavened Bread to the Lord as his Tribute.


Individuals who have believed sin can only be forgiven with a blood sacrifice may now be entangled in confusion because the Truth of Genesis 4.3 - 5 is being revealed. Lets return to what David Said.


Psalms 51.17 - 19 / KJV - Psalms 51.15 - 17

'Oh Lord open my lips that my mouth may declare Your Praise. For You do not desire a sacrifice, else I would give it; a burnt offering You do not want. The Sacrifices God Desires are a broken Spirit; a heart broken and humbled, Oh God, You will not despise...'


King David Said, 'For You do not desire a Sacrifice, else I would give it; a Burnt Offering You do not want. King David is specifically speaking about a Sacrifice for his sin. He is speaking about a Burnt Offering for his sin. Dear

ones bringing a Sacrifice or a Burnt Offering does not eradicate one's sins. An individual may bring all the Sacrifices and Burnt Offerings they desire and they will NOT remove any sin if the individual is just going through a formality. Sin is forgiven by first being touched by what ones has done that is not correct... that is a mistake... that is an improper behavior... that is a sin... One has a broken Spirit. One realizes their Spirit is broken and needs repair. One is humbled by their improper action by their sin. Then one confesses their mistake to The Lord God, One makes a plan not to repeat their mistake, one offers restitution for their mistake. At this point the sinner is restored. Our Creator Instructed Cain to simply 'IMPROVE'. David taught us to acknowledge our sins to The Lord God. David taught us to be humble, i.e. to confess our errors to The Lord God. This is how sins are forgiven. This is the basis for receiving forgiveness for sin. Now let's examine the basis for this Teaching from Ha Torah.



Bereisheit 8.20

וַיִּבֶן נֹחַ מִזְבֵּחַ לַיהוָֹה וַיִּקַּח מִכֹּל הַבְּהֵמָה הַטְּהֹרָה וּמִכֹּל הָעוֹף הַטָּהוֹר

:וַיַּעַל עֹלֹת בַּמִּזְבֵּחַ

Genesis 8.20

And Noah built an altar to the Lord; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean bird, and offered burnt offerings on the altar.


Bereisheit 46.27

וּבְנֵי יוֹסֵף אֲשֶׁר־יֻלַּד־לוֹ בְמִצְרַיִם נֶפֶשׁ שְׁנָיִם כָּל־הַנֶּפֶשׁ לְבֵית־יַעֲקֹב הַבָּאָה מִצְרַיְמָה שִׁבְעִים:1


Genesis 46.27

And the sons of Joseph, who were born to him in Egypt, were two soul[s]; all the soul[s] of the house of Jacob, who came to Egypt, were seventy.


The point here is the word Soul is used when making reference to two souls and when making reference to seventy souls. two soul are 'One Soul'. Seventy Souls are 'One Soul' This Teaches that we are bound together. We are our brothers1keeper. We share the same bond. We share the same soul. Notice Leviticus 5.1 uses the same Word שֶׁנֶפ Nefesh / Soul as Genesis 46.27. In נֶפֶשׁ Genesis 46.27 all seventy souls are called one single soul. In part this is why on Yom Kippur we plead for our sins the sins our one soul has committed. Our Creator groups us together as if we each shared the same soul. So when we say 'If a soul sins' we are speaking both on an individual basis and a community basis. If one is poor they may gain atonement with an offering of a tenth-ephah of flour. NO BLOOD! Lets examine Leviticus 5.


Vayikra 5.1 - 13

 א וְנֶפֶשׁ כִּי־תֶחֱטָא וְשָׁמְעָה קוֹל אָלָה וְהוּא עֵד אוֹ רָאָה אוֹ יָדָע אִם־לוֹא יַגִּיד וְנָשָׂא עֲוֹנוֹ:  ב אוֹ נֶפֶשׁ אֲשֶׁר תִּגַּע בְּכָל־דָּבָר טָמֵא אוֹ בְנִבְלַת חַיָּה טְמֵאָה אוֹ בְּנִבְלַת בְּהֵמָה טְמֵאָה אוֹ בְּנִבְלַת שֶׁרֶץ טָמֵא וְנֶעְלַם מִמֶּנּוּ וְהוּא טָמֵא וְאָשֵׁם:  ג אוֹ כִי יִגַּע בְּטֻמְאַת אָדָם לְכֹל טֻמְאָתוֹ אֲשֶׁר יִטְמָא בָּהּ וְנֶעְלַם מִמֶּנּוּ וְהוּא יָדַע וְאָשֵׁם:  ד אוֹ נֶפֶשׁ כִּי תִשָּׁבַע לְבַטֵּא בִשְׂפָתַיִם לְהָרַע ׀ אוֹ לְהֵיטִיב לְכֹל אֲשֶׁר יְבַטֵּא הָאָדָם בִּשְׁבֻעָה וְנֶעְלַם מִמֶּנּוּ וְהוּא־יָדַע וְאָשֵׁם לְאַחַת מֵאֵלֶּה:  ה וְהָיָה כִי־יֶאְשַׁם לְאַחַת מֵאֵלֶּה וְהִתְוַדָּה אֲשֶׁר חָטָא עָלֶיהָ:  ו וְהֵבִיא אֶת־אֲשָׁמוֹ לַיהוָֹה עַל חַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר חָטָא נְקֵבָה מִן־הַצֹּאן כִּשְׂבָּה אוֹ־שְׂעִירַת עִזִּים לְחַטָּאת וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַכֹּהֵן מֵחַטָּאתוֹ:  ז וְאִם־לֹא תַגִּיעַ יָדוֹ דֵּי שֶׂה וְהֵבִיא אֶת־אֲשָׁמוֹ אֲשֶׁר חָטָא שְׁתֵּי תֹרִים אוֹ־שְׁנֵי בְנֵי־יוֹנָה לַיהוָֹה אֶחָד לְחַטָּאת וְאֶחָד לְעֹלָה:  ח וְהֵבִיא אֹתָם אֶל־הַכֹּהֵן וְהִקְרִיב אֶת־אֲשֶׁר לַחַטָּאת רִאשׁוֹנָה וּמָלַק אֶת־רֹאשׁוֹ מִמּוּל עָרְפּוֹ וְלֹא יַבְדִּיל:  ט וְהִזָּה מִדַּם הַחַטָּאת עַל־קִיר הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וְהַנִּשְׁאָר בַּדָּם יִמָּצֵה אֶל־יְסוֹד הַמִּזְבֵּחַ חַטָּאת הוּא:  י וְאֶת־הַשֵּׁנִי יַעֲשֶׂה עֹלָה כַּמִּשְׁפָּט וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַכֹּהֵן מֵחַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר־חָטָא וְנִסְלַח לוֹ: ס [שביעי]  יא וְאִם־לֹא תַשִּׂיג יָדוֹ לִשְׁתֵּי תֹרִים אוֹ לִשְׁנֵי בְנֵי־יוֹנָה וְהֵבִיא אֶת־קָרְבָּנוֹ אֲשֶׁר חָטָא עֲשִׂירִת הָאֵפָה סֹלֶת לְחַטָּאת לֹא־יָשִׂים עָלֶיהָ שֶׁמֶן וְלֹא־יִתֵּן עָלֶיהָ לְבֹנָה כִּי חַטָּאת הִוא:  יב וֶהֱבִיאָהּ אֶל־הַכֹּהֵן וְקָמַץ הַכֹּהֵן ׀ מִמֶּנָּה מְלוֹא קֻמְצוֹ אֶת־אַזְכָּרָתָהּ וְהִקְטִיר הַמִּזְבֵּחָה עַל אִשֵּׁי יְהוָֹה חַטָּאת הִוא:  יג וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַכֹּהֵן עַל־חַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר־חָטָא מֵאַחַת מֵאֵלֶּה וְנִסְלַח לוֹ וְהָיְתָה לַכֹּהֵן כַּמִּנְחָה: ס  יד 

Leviticus 5.1 - 13

1  And if a soul sins, and hears the voice of swearing, and is a witness, whether he has seen or known of it; if he does not utter it, then he shall bear his iniquity. 2  Or if a soul touches any unclean thing, whether it is a carcass of an unclean beast, or a carcass of unclean cattle, or the carcass of unclean creeping things, and if it is hidden from him; he also shall be unclean, and guilty. 3  Or if he touches the uncleanness of man, whatever uncleanness it is that a man is defiled with, and it is hidden from him; when he knows of it, then he shall be guilty. 4  Or if a soul swears, pronouncing with his lips to do evil, or to do good, whatever it is that a man shall pronounce with an oath, and it is hidden from him; when he knows of it, then he shall be guilty in one of these. 5  And it shall be, when he shall be guilty in one of these things, that he shall confess that he has sinned in that thing; 6  And he shall bring his guilt offering to the Lord for his sin which he has sinned, a female from the flock, a lamb or a kid of the goats, for a sin offering; and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his sin. 7  And if his means are not sufficient for a sheep, then he shall bring everything from Aleph to Tav for his trespass, which he has committed, two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, to the Lord; one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering. 8  And he shall bring them to the priest, who shall offer that which is for the sin offering first, and wring off its head from its neck, but shall not divide it asunder; 9  And he shall sprinkle of the blood of the sin offering upon the side of the altar; and the rest of the blood shall be wrung out at the bottom of the altar; it is a sin offering. 10  And he shall offer the second for a burnt offering, according to the prescribed order; and the priest shall make an atonement for him for his sin which he has sinned, and it shall be forgiven him. 11  And if his means are not sufficient for the acquisition of two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, then he who sinned shall bring for his offering the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering; he shall put no oil upon it, nor shall he put any frankincense on it; for it is a sin offering. 12  Then shall he bring it to the priest, and the priest shall take his handful of it, a memorial part of it, and burn it on the altar, according to the offerings made by fire to the Lord; it is a sin offering. 13  And the priest shall make an atonement for him in regard to his sin that he has sinned in one of these, and it shall be forgiven him; and the remnant shall be the priest's, as a Meal / Minchah Offering. 


And if his means are not sufficient for a sheep

Today I went online to try and get an idea of how much sheep are selling for.  It has been decades since I lived on a farm and helped the family raise sheep. A young Ewe In the United States, a sheep weighing between 45 to 99 pounds may sell for $275.00. We are not taking into consideration the physical condition of the sheep or it's specific breed. Prices vary a lot. So how often could most of us afford $275.00 for our sins?  How often do we sin? Do we sin daily weekly or monthly? If we could purchase ritual pure sheep for just $100.00 each how much would this cost us? The point is clear.  Many would not be in a position to purchase sheep. This is why Ha Torah offers two turtledoves, or two young pigeons which are more affordable. Yet even $5.00 or $10.00 could be a lot. This is why we may offer a Minchah Offering / A flower Offering. Notice the last two Words of Leviticus 5.13. 


Bereisheit 4.4

וְאֶל־קַיִן וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ לֹא שָׁעָה וַיִּחַר לְקַיִן מְאֹד וַיִּפְּלוּ פָּנָיו:  ו 


Genesis 4.4

And Abel also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat of it. And the Lord had respect for Abel and for his offering;


Vayikra 5.13

 וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַכֹּהֵן עַל־חַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר־חָטָא מֵאַחַת מֵאֵלֶּה וְנִסְלַח לוֹ וְהָיְתָה לַכֹּהֵן כַּמִּנְחָה: ס  י


Leviticus 5.13

13  And the priest shall make an atonement for him in regard to his sin that he has sinned in one of these, and it shall be forgiven him; and the remnant shall be Meal / Minchah Offering. 



מִנְחָתוֹ - Genesis 4. 5


מִּנְחָה - Leviticus 5.15


Having shared this I would like to point out one of the origins for the false teachings regarding blood sacrifice. If one takes a careful look at the book of Hebrews which is part of  The Christian Writings the following is stated:


Hebrews 9:22
And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.


The fact is most sin offering offered by individuals are Minchah Offerings! 


For whatever reason the 'ALMOST' is often missed... I have offered many examples where blood is not required to purge sin as discussed in this chapter. Our concluding point is this our Creator has always had a plan for sin.  The plan is simple. 'IMPROVE!' Our Creator's plan has nothing to do with a savior or murdering a man at Passover. We acknowledge our sin. We make a plan to change. We offer restitution. We improve. When we die we go to heaven. We do not need to worry about hell. Instead we should concern ourselves with Obedience. Judaism places the emphasis on a loving Creator who deeply cares about all His Creation. Everyone is important to the Lord. This is how salvation is received and maintained. 



ב ' ח


Bereisheit Vayera

Genesis 18.1 - 22.24

How The Taryag [613] Mitzvot Protect Us


A Taste Of Torah

Weekly VIDEO Gematria Parshat


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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Course Text Begins Here:

We have been discussing different applications of  אֶת־הָאוֹר The Light, i.e. the Revelation of The Lord the past three lessons. 


אֶת־הָאוֹר

Eht Haw Ohr

א1 ת 400     ה5 א1 ו6 ר200 = 613


616 Mitzvot


We have examined the relationship of The Torah and the number 613. The number 613 represents the 613 observances given to all humankind originally then in 2448 F.C.  the majority of the 613 Observances were placed upon The People of Israel. Now, chronologically the discussion here in Ha Torah is taking place hundreds of years before the separating of the Mitzvot / Commandments from B'nai Noach to B'nei Yisroel.


In Genesis 1.1 - 4 we discovered that the Light, i.e. The Revelation of God's Will for us preceded the creation of the sun, moon and and stars which were Created on the Fourth Day.  We learn that the 613 Commands of Ha Torah flow out from the Words God Spoke, 'Let My Light Be Revealed.' We learn of the great importance of the 613 Commands for each of us. 


In week three we learned that the Spiritual Light, i.e. The Shekinah covered Adam and Chavah from there creation until there sin. When they sinned the Spiritual Light departed from them. They were uncovered .  They were naked. They needed a covering. The Creator Provided a skin covering for them. The serpent shed his skin. The Creator took the shed skin from the serpent along with goats hair and lamb's wool to fashion coats for our first parents. Spiritual Light is represented by the Letter א Aleph. The Letter אלף Aleph is the first Letter in Name of Godאלהים . and and the first Letter of אֶת־הָאוֹר Eht Ha Ohra. Adam and Chavah were created to live forever in Gan Eden but because of there sin they were expelled. The Orah, the Spiritual Light departed our parents. Later the עור orah / the skin of the serpent and the hair from goats and the wool from lambs would be combined to covered their bodies. Notice the עור  orah is spelled beginning with the Letter ע Ayin which has to do with vision, sight, the eyes. Chavah saw that the Tree of knowledge of good and evil was good for food... She saw the fruit was pleasant to the eyes and Chavah saw it was a tree to be desired to make one wise.   So to a degree Adam and Chavah sinned because of gazing upon Tree of knowledge of good and evil and because of their disobedience.


All humanity was weakened because of our parents failure. They did not implore the Mitzvot of Ha Torah. Unfortunately they let their guard down.  They allowed themselves to be vulnerable to the craftiness of the serpent. 


They were warned in advance about the serpent when they were placed in Gan Eden.



Bereisheit 2.15

 וַיִּקַּח יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהִים אֶת־הָאָדָם וַיַּנִּחֵהוּ בְגַן־עֵדֶן לְעָבְדָהּ וּלְשָׁמְרָהּ:     טז


Genesis 2.15

And the Lord God took everything from the Aleph to the Tav of them [ha Adam], and put him into the Garden of Eden to guard it and to work it. 


Adam and Chavah had the upper hand.  They were in control. They failed to use the tools given to them by The Lord God. When we sin it is normally the same for us. We did not use all of our resources to defeat the enemy.


Bereisheit 22.1

  וַיְהִי אַחַר הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה וְהָאֱלֹהִים נִסָּה אֶת־אַבְרָהָם וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו אַבְרָהָם וַיֹּאמֶר הִנֵּנִי1:1

Genesis 22.1

And it happened after the words, the oath and then God tested everything from the letter Aleph to the letter Tav of Avraham, and He said to Avraham, and he [Avraham answered], Here I am. 


The fifth, sixth and seventh words equal the Gematria 613.  והאלהים נסה את Vih Haw El-Him - Nee Saw - Eht - Avraham 'And then God tested everything from the letter Aleph to the letter Tav [of Avraham]. 


This reminds us when we are going through tests to remember to observe the 613 Commands of Ha Torah.  The Mitzvot are our protection. The Observances are our shield. It is difficult to stand when going through tests.  Sometimes it is challenging to observe the 613 Commands of Ha Torah when going through tests. One feels like they need to be protected, like they need to be shielded. Just as sheep are gathered into a corral we need to be gathered into the corral of the Great Shepherd, HaShem.  The boundaries of the fence are the 613 Commands of Ha Torah


613 Mitzvot / Commands of Ha Torah

Vih Haw El-him - Nee Saw - Eht - Avraham

 ו6 ה5 א1 ל30 ה5 י110ם40   נ50 ס60 ה5   א1 ת400  = 613


Protective Fence Pen or Corral

ג3 ד4 ר200 ו6 ת400 =613


Remember Satan's complaint to the Creator with regards to Job.  You have built a hedge... a fence around him...


Job 1.10

You have made a hedge about him, and about his house, and about all that he has on every side. You have blessed the work of his hands, and his substance is increased in the land.


When Adam and Chavah sinned there was a breach in their hedge in their fence.  Ask this question would you rater be tested with in the protection of the fence or outside of the protective fence?


Avraham opened the door for his descendants to receive the 613 Mitzvahs of Torah.  How?  Avraham went on a discovery of God. Avraham trusted God. Avraham was obedient to God.


The Akeidah was to prove that there was strength in the agreement between God and Avraham.   It was to place the agreement between God and Avraham on trial.  Avraham was tested to see if he would obey God's Command.  We are also tested to see if we will obey God's Commands.   Now, we are not commanded to sacrifice our children as Avraham was, Thank God!   Yet we are tested.  When we are tested, our test can reach the same Spiritual places as our Father Avraham. 


Avraham faced his test relying on what God had promised him.  We share in the promises of our father Avraham.  Each generation from Avraham until now shares in the Covenant between God and the People of Israel. Our children and grandchildren and great grandchildren share in our agreement.  Yet like Avraham we must be tested to demonstrate the dedication, honor and strength of our agreement with God. 


So we are going to be tested. The question is do we want to be tested with in the protection of the fence or outside of the protective fence? Will we use the Observances of Ha Torah to help shield us in our times of being tested. Will we use all of our resources to succeed? God Willing!


ב ' ח


Genesis Chapter by Chapter

Genesis 3.1 - 24

Individual And Group Accountability - 3


Bereisheit Limood

Weekly Genesis Video 1 and Video 2


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

 Order Class Textbook


Course Information

Every course at B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC is FREE

 for those who do not have the means to pay.  Give


Course Text Begins Here:

We will try to review four areas in Genesis 3.


First  is a discussion on  who the serpent was and does the serpent pose danger today as then?  We discuss why the serpent was NOT Suton / Satan, i.e. the devil. We discuss the role the Creator has mapped out for Suton.


Bereisheit 3.1

 וְהַנָּחָשׁ הָיָה עָרוּם מִכֹּל חַיַּת הַשָּׂדֶה אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהִים וַיֹּאמֶר אֶל־הָאִשָּׁה אַף כִּי־אָמַר אֱלֹהִים לֹא תֹאכְלוּ מִכֹּל עֵץ הַגָּן:  ב


Genesis 3.1

Now the serpent was more subtle than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made... And he said to the woman, Has God said, you shall not eat of every tree of the garden?


Let's compare  עָרוּם the word subtil... clever to עֲרוּמִּים naked. The plural for  subtil... clever... is עֲרוּמִּים which is also the spelling for naked. STOP! Who was naked? They were both naked. What is the point? עֲרוּמִּים naked is plural for  עָרוּם subtil... clever... 


Bereisheit 2.25

 וַיִּהְיוּ שְׁנֵיהֶם עֲרוּמִּים הָאָדָם וְאִשְׁתּוֹ וְלֹא יִתְבּשָׁשׁוּ:


Genesis 2.25

And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.


The point is that they were naked... they were exposed... they were uncovered... Yet could they have been subtle... clever... shrewd... crafty...prudent... deliberate... foxy...?



Second is a discussion on accountability. Who is accountable for taking the fruit from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil?  

Is the Serpent responsible? 

Is Eve / Chavah responsible?

Is Adam responsible?

Are all responsible?


Adam was present for the entire conversation.


Bereisheit 3.1-5

וְהַנָּחָשׁ הָיָה עָרוּם מִכֹּל חַיַּת הַשָּׂדֶה אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהִים וַיֹּאמֶר אֶל־הָאִשָּׁה אַף כִּי־אָמַר אֱלֹהִים לֹא תֹאכְלוּ מִכֹּל עֵץ הַגָּן:  ב וַתֹּאמֶר הָאִשָּׁה אֶל־הַנָּחָשׁ מִפְּרִי עֵץ־הַגָּן נֹאכֵל:  ג וּמִפְּרִי הָעֵץ אֲשֶׁר בְּתוֹךְ־הַגָּן אָמַר אֱלֹהִים לֹא תֹאכְלוּ מִמֶּנּוּ וְלֹא תִגְּעוּ בּוֹ פֶּן תְּמֻתוּן:  ד וַיֹּאמֶר הַנָּחָשׁ אֶל־הָאִשָּׁה לֹא־מוֹת תְּמֻתוּן:  ה כִּי יֹדֵעַ אֱלֹהִים כִּי בְּיוֹם אֲכָלְכֶם מִמֶּנּוּ וְנִפְקְחוּ עֵינֵיכֶם וִהְיִיתֶם כֵּאלֹהִים יֹדְעֵי טוֹב וָרָע:  ו 


Genesis 3.1-5

 Now the serpent was more subtle than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman [WIFE], Has God Said, you shall not eat of every tree of the garden? And the woman said to the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden; But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, you shall not eat of it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die. And the serpent said to the woman, surely you shall not die; For God knows that in the day you eat of it, then your eyes shall be opened, and you shall be as gods, knowing good and evil. 


Should we consider the serpents choice and number of Words? YES! Why? Nothing is by chance. The serpent was subtle... clever... shrewd... crafty...prudent... deliberate... foxy...? The number of Words are highlighted in Yellow. The serpent spoke 26 Words to the Wife of Adam. The Gematria of Yud Kay Vav Kay. This is the Gematria of the Holy Name of the Lord.  


י ה ו ה


י10  -  ה5  -  ו6  -  ה5  = 26

Chavah did not stop the conversation with the serpent.  Chavah did not use her authority over the serpent. Chavah listened. Chavah reasoned. Chavah did not consult with her husband.


Genesis 3.6

And when the woman [WIFE] saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit, and ate, and gave also to her husband with her; and he ate. 


1. The Wife saw that the tree of knowledge of good and evil was good for food...

2. The Wife saw that the tree of knowledge of good and evil was pleasant to the eyes

3. The Wife saw that the tree of knowledge of good and evil was a tree to be desired to make one wise,


Adam did not stop the conversation. Adam did not intervene. Adam did not use his authority over the serpent. Adam listened. Adam watched. Adam did not consult with his wife nor advise her. 'Chavah took, i.e. she stole of its fruit, and ate, and gave also to her husband with her; and he ate. 


Each are individually responsible and each are responsible as a group. Ha Torah is Teaching individual responsibility and group responsibility it this life story.


This should raise many questions about human and group behavior. Should Adam her husband spoke up? Should he have intervened? Should he have done something? Ha Torah does not say, Adam saw that the tree of knowledge of good and evil was good for food... or that  Adam saw that the tree of knowledge of good and evil was pleasant to the eyes or that Adam saw that the tree of knowledge of good and evil was a tree to be desired to make one wise.  Adam was standing right there with Chavah. Chavah's eyes were opened first. She realized that she was naked first. Yet, Chavah gave to Adam and he ate of the forbidden fruit. He ate of the stolen fruit. 


Dear one, this is exactly how each of us are. We know better. We know what we should be doing. We know that what we are about to do is wrong yet, we do it anyway... 


Third we discuss clothing.

There is NO PLACE in The Bible that says The Lord God sacrificed animals to cover Adam and Chavah. The Bible does not say anything about the Lord God shedding the blood of any animal. 'The Lord God made coats of skins, and clothed them.'  The Lord God took the skin of the serpent and combined that with the wool of sheep and goats to provide coats for Adam and Chavah.   עוֹר Ohr means skin.



Bereisheit 3.21

 וַיַּעַשׂ יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהִים לְאָדָם וּלְאִשְׁתּוֹ כָּתְנוֹת עוֹר וַיַּלְבִּשֵׁם: פ 


Genesis 3.21

For Adam and for his wife the Lord God made coats of skins, and clothed them. 


In Chapter 1 we learned about אֶת־הָאוֹר 'The Lord's Revealed light through the 613 Observances of Ha Torah. We discussed the Word אוֹר Ohr meaning Light. When Adam and Chavah sinned their Glorious Shekinah which covered them departed. leaving them unclothed... The aura... the light... the shekinah they once enjoyed was now gone. In place of the Ohr / Light the Lord God made coats of עוֹר skins, and clothed them. 


Our Sages Teach that one may interchange the Letters א Aleph and ע Ayin. When we interchange the Letter Aleph for Ayin in  אוֹר Ohr meaning Light it becomes  עוֹר skins. The Gematria changes from 207 to 276. The difference between them is 69. אוֹר Ohr is a Spiritual cover.  עוֹר Ohr is a skin covering. אוֹר Ohr represents a nearness to The Lord. עוֹר Ohr represents a greater distance from The Lord God. This is the result of our parents sin. סוּג Soog means to withdraw, to retreat, to move back, to recede. The Gematria of   סוּג Soog is 69.


 סוּג

Soog / withdraw, to retreat, to move back,

ס60 ו6 ג3 = 69



ב ' ח


Genesis Chapter by Chapter

Genesis 2.1 - 25

The First Observance - 2


Bereisheit Limood

Weekly Genesis Video1


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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Course Text Begins Here:

The First Observance

Within The Ha Torah there are 613 Mitzvot / Observances. Last week in Chapter 1 we discussed the 613 Mitzvot. Let's review briefly. Notice the Words  אֶת־הָאוֹר Eht Haw Ohr meaning 'My Revealed Light'. The Gematria is 613.

 אֶת־הָאוֹר

Eht Haw Ohr

א1 ת400   ה5 א1 ו6 ר200 = 613


Of the 613 Mitzvot Some of the Observances are only for The High Priest. Some of the Observances are for Priests, i.e. the sons of Aharon.  Some of the Observances are only for The Levites.  Some of the Observances are only for the farmers and the property owners.  Some of the Observances are only for men. Some of the Observances are only for women. Some of the Observances are only for hunters.  Some of the Observances are only for animals, birds, fish, trees and plants.  Some of the Observances are only for giving Offerings.  Some of the Observances are only for the Holy Temple. Some of the Observances are only for The Land Of Israel.  Some of the Observances are for those who are not Jewish. Regardless, these 613 Observances were given to guide and direct our lives.


Originally the Creator Gave just one Observance to Adam and Eve. Do you know which Observance it was?  Do not steal! Our Creator Said to Adam and Eve, 


Genesis 2.16

And the Lord God Commanded Ha Adam / Eve, Saying, Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat; But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat of it; for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.


Our Creator did not lay a heavy burden on Adam or Eve. Our Creator Gave them one observance. The observance was a prohibition, i.e. The Creator Said, Do not eat from the tree of knowledge of good and evil. The tree of knowledge of good and evil belongs to me. It does not belong to you. It is forbidden to you.  This is how we train our children. We give them one important responsibility. Then we watch to see how they perform.  Our hope is that they will perform well and that we will be able to give them additional responsibilities as they mature.


Human kind had not sinned prior to stealing from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. Yet, even though Adam and Chavah sinned all was not lost. Chapter 1 concludes with a very important comment from the Lord God, after creation was concluded and after Adam and Eve sinned. The Creator Said, Behold it was very good.


Genesis 1.31

And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.


How could the Creator say this?  Our Sages Teach that seven things were created before the world. They are: The Torah, Repentance, the Garden of Eden, Gehenna, the Throne of Glory, the Temple, and the name of the Messiah, Nedarim 39b.  This means that both Adam and Chavah did 

teshuvah, i.e. they acknowledged their sin, they turned away from their sin, they made a plan to not repeat their sin, they reversed their sinful action and they offered restitution. This is how the Lord God could say, 'Behold, it was very good.' God Willing in the following Chapter we will discuss How One Receives Forgiveness for Sin.


In Chapter 2 we learn that embedded in Genesis 2.16 are Seven Observances The Creator Gave for every Human to follow.  One may ponder, where are these observances? I can understand questions like these. Are Sages Teach that the Lord God Created this world with Ten Utterances. Can you imagine, everything being created in our entire universe  from just Ten utterances?  It is possible to ask the same question when reading Genesis Chapter 2.16. We are very big on keywords. These are words that are very very important. In Genesis Chapter 2.16 there is a keyword which is like the door to a very large research.


Bereisheit 2.16

וַיְצַו יְהוָֹה אֱלֹהִים עַל־הָאָדָם לֵאמֹר מִכֹּל עֵץ־הַגָּן אָכֹל תֹּאכֵל:


Genesis 2.16

And He, The Lord God Commanded, to Haw Adam meaning both Adam and Chavah...


This is the first time in the Bible that we read the word Vah Yih Tzvah, וַיְצַו meaning 'To Command'. It is at this place and location that our Creator Games Seven Laws to all humanity.  We know this because of the Word צַו.  Humankind violated the Seven Laws often. So when we as a people cannot Observe 1 Command as in Adam and Chavah or Seven Commands as in the descendants of Cain and the people of the flood age how could our Creator Share all 613 Observances? Then came Noach a perfect man in his generation, his son Shem and his great great grandson Eiver.  Shem and his great Grandson formed the first Torah Academy, i.e. The School of Shem and Eiver. They taught Ha Torah to Avraham / Abraham, Yitzchok / Isaac and Yaakov / Jacob. Their descendants would receive Ha Torah in 2,448 on Mount Sinai. How do we know this? The Gematria of וַיְצַו  is 112. This is the same Gematria number of בָּעָם Baw Awm meaning The People of Israel. וַיְצַו Vah Yih Tzvah is the first usage of the Word Command.  בָּעָם Baw Awm is the first usage. 


 וַיְצַו 

Vah Yih Tzvah / And the Command

ו6 י10 צ90 ו6 = 112


 בָּעָם 

Baw Awm / 

Through the People / by The People / With The People

ב2 ע70 ם40 = 112


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