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Passover Limood 


Passover Limood Video


By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Dean of Jewish Studies

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC

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Dear Reader this is the second book in the Passover Series. The First was entitled, A Sincere Journey Ends Without JESUS.

In this book we are going to point out many places of disinformation. Some of this disinformation is intentional in my opinion. We are going to explain why the time period around Passover is so confusing. We are going to point out a number of inconsistencies between the Gospel Writers. We will observe that their writings are NOT in harmony.

One of the areas of confusion is in how time is measured in the Christian Writings. There is the traditional measurement of time according to the Hebrew Scriptures and then there is the time introduced by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582/5342 From Creation known as the Gregorian Calendar. The measurement of time in the Christian Writings is according to the Hebrew Scriptures. However today, 432 years from when the Gregorian Calendar originated most individuals know very little about how time is measured according to the Hebrew Scriptures.  Come on... Why would anyone living in the 21 century want to learn how to measure time according to the Hebrew Scriptures? This confusion is complemented by almost three dozen different measurements of time. Yet, originally there was only one measurement of time. This one measurement is still used today. What is the purpose of the other calendars and their measurement of time? CONFUSION! Listen! There are over 730 religions in the world today. Is this progress? These religions have thousands of splinters into additional religions... Why is this so important?

Dear reader we are going to be measuring Jesus last week on earth chronologically. This can only be accurately done using the Hebrew Scripture's method of measurement. As we journey, the time issue will become obvious. One can overcome it but it is a challenge. Ask yourself - Do I want to know the Truth? How valuable is the Truth to me?

In Chapter One we begin with the goal I have for this book. I write, regardless of the conclusion we may each reach after reading The Last Six Days of Jesus Life my desire is that our journey should flow with interesting information and be filled with the richness of Jewish Passover Observances. It will be more authentic for the reader if I can help you to experience the thoughts and the struggles I felt.

We list a few rules this book will follow in the examination of Jesus Last six days on earth. Then I admit that twenty years ago my beliefs were biased in favor of Christianity. That is where I was then. This is where the story begins. Today I have returned to Judaism and try to live an observant life.

Chapter Two is a brief look at Biblical dates and times. They tell us when  the Festival of Passover or the Festival of Unleavened Bread begin. They inform us if the day is Sabbath or a High Holiday.  Sometimes they inform us of the day, the week or the month. We conclude that the Christian Writings were written using the same measurement of time as the Hebrew Scriptures. The changes in the measurement of time came about 1,500 years after the Christian Writings.

Chapter Three discusses the impact of modern technology, i.e. computers on Biblical research. 

Chapters Four through Nine discuss the measurement of Biblical Time in eight different categories. We discuss and teach how time is measured by Year, by Month, by Day, by Night, by Hour, by Week, by Holy Days. In addition to this we compare two measurement systems for most of these categories. There is clearly a difference of opinion about how time is measured. I discuss three different theories. There is no way to adequately express in this introduction the importance of the measurement of time in the last six days of Jesus life on earth. This is why I divided each chapter into it's own category. This keeps our thoughts organized and easier to reference back to as one studies. I find it quite unique that the Gospel writers break the last day of Jesus life down into hours. This is quite rare. Yet it is fascinating and assists in establishing important points Christians have difficulty with.

In Chapter Seven we examine the use of the Sabbath Day, i.e. the Seventh Day as an anchor  point to time measurement, time to and from, and as a time reference. Again there are those who argue that the use of the word Sabbath was in reference to Passover. Others teach that the use of the term Sabbath Day was in reference to both Sabbath and Passover. Then there are those that teach the use of Sabbath Day was in reference to the Seventh Day of the week, i.e. Sabbath. We discuss which position is correct and prove with  references as to why it is correct. We dispute the other arguments. 

Chapter Eight is another anchor in a chain of days that are established in the Hebrew Scriptures. On the fourteenth day of the month late in the afternoon is when the Passover Lamb is killed. Then a little later at nightfall is the beginning of the Passover Seder Meal. Both of these fall during the Festival of Matzah, i.e. Unleavened Bread. Then there is the Seventh Day of Passover. Dear Reader once we establish a day and a date it is simply a matter of working back and forth. In addition Christians claim Jesus rode into Jerusalem on Sunday. They teach the crowd laid palm branches and garments in his path. They say this was his triumphant entry into the holy city. 

In Chapter Nine we speak of Preparation Day as a point of time measurement and reference. Some argue that Preparation Day when used in the Gospels is in reference to Sabbath. Some argue  Preparation Day is in reference to Passover. Others teach  Preparation Day is in reference to both Sabbath and Passover. However once we establish the first day of the week as a day and time anchor, it is not difficult to work back from to prove which position is correct.

Chapter 10 is about John's statement that Jesus last meal was the [last] Supper. John states this was before the Passover Seder Meal. Matthew, Mark and Luke dispute John's position. We examine both positions to determine who is correct. There are some very clear issues with both positions.

Chapter Eleven is a 'Detour' where we take side streets so to speak to determine if John's position is correct. Come on! The Gospel writers say John was one of Jesus disciples for three years. Luke says John was one of those that went to prepare the Passover meal. Yet John says it was not the Passover meal it was a supper before Passover. This is an important date. This is the last meal with Jesus. That night Jesus is taken into custody by guards. The next day he is killed. Or is he? The point is that John should remember when it was. May individuals measure events in time from the death of a loved one. Is it possible John could have confused such an important event? Then we must ask, at that time, was Jesus death an important event?  Maybe, the Catholic Church has made Jesus death an important event. 

Chapter Twelve is entitled, More Conflict With John. Why? Most Bibles are 'Red Letter' editions. The red letters are supposed to be the very words Jesus spoke. People that love Jesus cling to his words and to his quotes. Well based on what Jesus says in Matthew, Mark and Luke we have more conflicts with what John says. 

Dear Reader, do you see the many angles of the last six days of Jesus life on earth? 

Chapter Thirteen is what this book is all about. Chapter Thirteen is the chronological day by day account from the 8th Day of the First Month when Jesus came to Bethany through when Jesus died on the 15th Day of the  First Month.  The time frame is actually a little longer than six days. I include a chronological connection to every day  and night referenced in the Gospels during this time frame. The reader will be able to follow the journey of Jesus from Bethany to the triumphant Entry to Jerusalem to the casting out of the money exchangers to the cursing of the fig tree to the preparation for the final Passover Seder Meal to the death and burial of Jesus to the first Day of the week. 

Because I am Jewish and have a strong Christian past I share many helpful points that the non-Jewish world many be unaware of. Even though some Christian readers may be unhappy with points I make, each point is referenced so the reader can determine for her or his self what the truth is. The point of this book was and continues to be, a sincere examination of the last six days of Jesus life on earth. There is a great deal readers may learn from the time applications we discuss in this book. I have spent many years in preparing this book. God Willing another book dealing with controversial issues will follow this book. Originally I intended to included these as part of this book. They are important and interesting but need to be kept separate because they deal with other issues.

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By Rebbetzin Revi Belk

B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC


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Rise above events that are inconsequential - both bad and good for they are not worth disturbing your equanimity.

Cheshbon Ha Nefesh


For in equanimity, there is balance and level-headedness, the desire for equality.  This middah helps us to stay focused in the easiest and hardest of times. With this trait, we can rise above events that are inconsequential-- both bad and good. To be even-keeled and have the ability to maintain composure is a powerful trait.

Inconsequemtial (insignificant, negligible, minor, trivial)

(that's an inconsequential problem compared to the other issues)


Rabbi Isaac Luria had this to say about equanimity.


A rabbi once came to one of the contemplative Kabbalists and asked to be accepted as an initiate.  The Masters said to him,  My son, may G-d Bless you, for your intentions are good. Tell me, though, whether or not you have attained equanimity.  The rabbi said to him,  Master, please explain your words.  The Master replied,  If there were two people, and one of them honored you and the other insulted you, are they equal in your eyes?  The rabbi answered, No, my Master. For I feel pleasure and satisfaction from the one who honors me, and pain from the insults of the other.  But I do not take revenge or bear a grudge.   The Master blessed the rabbi and sent him away.  Go in peace, my son. When you have attained equanimity, your soul does not feel the honor deriving from one who honors you nor the embarrassment a rising from insults.  Your consciousness is not yet ready to be attached to the supernal. Everyday Holiness Alan Morinis page 103


Calmness of soul is kind of similar to independence.  When we reach this place we are not tossed about by life's circumstances.  This first part of our path is not obtained by simply desiring it - we have to take action.  In Mussar literature we find the phrase distance yourself  referred to a lot - but what does that mean - how do we do this?  Let's examine this phrase.  To distance oneself from the circumstances that enter our lives seems to be exactly the tool we need to acquire calmness of soul.


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We are capable of patiently enduring any  difficulty in life when we believe that everything comes from HaShem and that everything is for the best.  Patient endurance, the result of emuna (faith), paves the road to genuine tranquility.  Genuine tranquility means a worry free, peaceful, and happy existence.  With emuna, we avoid untold emotional wear and tear.  The Garden of Emuna Rabbi Shalom Aruch Page 75


Does that mean that we don't pray for good things?  Do we just accept the status quo?  No it doesn't mean that at all.  We have free will.  We have the ability to make choices, however, there are some events in life that we can't control.  This is where we try to enter the Garden of Emuna, where we can and do accept this event as a test, a way for us to see if we are acquiring calmness of soul.  There are times when we need to step away from powerful outer forces but we cannot step away from our inner powerful forces.


Jochabed was an amazing woman.   She was born by the gates of Mitzaim (Egypt).

Jochebed was so called because her face was like the ziv hakavod splendor of glory; Midrash Haggadah. Genesis  23:1. She was born during the journey of the children of Israel to Egypt  Genesis  Rabbah. 94:9. She was 130 when she gave birth to Moses. She is the daughter  of Levi Shemot (Exodus)  2.1  her youth returned to her, her skin becoming smooth and the wrinkles of age disappearing when she became pregnant with Moses Genesis Rabbah  94.9.

Jochebed is identified with Shiphrah Shemot (Exodus) 1.15, because the Israelites were fruitful - she-peru - in her days Sotah 11b  The houses given to the two Hebrew midwives Shemot(Exodus) 1.21 means that she was destined to become the ancestress of the priestly family Exodus  Rabbah 1:17. She survived all her children and was permitted to enter Eretẓ Israel with Joshua when she was 250.  Ishei ha-Tanakh

But the midwives feared G-d, and did not do as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the male children alive.  Shemot (Exodus) 1.17


What a brave woman.  To stand before Pharoah, agree to his command and not do what she was commanded because she feared HaShem.  This woman had equanimity.  Under extreme circumstances she kept her mind and soul calm and figured the best way to handle the situation.


Have we taken the first step(s) this week on our journey?

Have we taken the time to begin to record our journey?






Blessings and Peace

Rebbetzin Revi

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Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

Recently Rabbi Yisroel came to me in a dream.  I immediately recognized him.  

He said to me, 'Akiva write these words. Tell the readers each of us have relatives that believe in Jesus. Buy a copy of this book.  Read it then give a copy to the relative that believes in Jesus.' I awoke from the dream.  The time was exactly 6:13 A.M.

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View More Books By Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk

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My book is an autobiography of my spiritual journey.  Each of us is on a spiritual journey. We finish one spiritual journey then begin another.    What is a spiritual journey?  A spiritual journey is a path of life where by we develop, we grow and we mature.  A spiritual journey is often a long difficult process of personal change.

In my spiritual Journey I return to Judaism

The journey I discuss in my book began around 1990. My journey did not begin with the goal of returning to Judaism. My journey began with a desire to give my Baptist Congregation a historical view of Jesus' last six days on earth. My journey was very very challenging for me. If you read this book and if you walk in my footsteps believing in Jesus will become a challenge for you also.   The difference is I am on this side of the journey now.  The journey of my life can be a great help to you if you discern there are problems with the New Testament story of Jesus.


My goal is to simply share my story.  I am trying to be there for people who are at the crossroads I was at. When I began my historical review I was a Christian.  I was a Baptist Pastor.  Then I faced some life changing choices. Each of us face choices. If you are facing the choices I faced this book will be real helpful.  Having a friend you can write to will be helpful. I want to be that friend you can ask questions and discuss concerns with.  


In my book I discuss the choices I made and what the bases for these choices were. It was very difficult. You will feel my pain. How do we choose? What do we base our choice on?  Some of the choices I had to face is do I believe Jesus as described by centerline Christianity?  Is Jesus God? Is Jesus the Son of God? Another choice was do I accept the New Testament as Divinely inspired? Is the New Testament perfect?  If you feel confused... If you are frightened not knowing which way to go... This book will offer guidance and encouragement.


What I experienced did not happen by chance. My experiences were for a very specific purpose. After years of teaching on the internet to millions of readers I can say with certainty that untold numbers of individuals love God and believe in God and want to serve God but cannot make the story of Jesus as written in the four gospels work for them.  If you are there then what I share in this book is for you. When an individual is on this journey one of the first reactions is fear.  There are so many types of fears produced by Christianity. The fear of hell and the fear of rejection by Christians are two among many.


Questions arise like, what happens when I die?'  Is there life after death? Is there a heaven? Will I go to heaven? Who will be in heaven?  Readers each of these questions are discussed in my book. Don't be frightened! God has always had a plan for His Creation. His plan is not complicated.  I share some about His plan. O. K. it's time to make a choice. Do yourself a favor. Buy the book...

Dear Ones, we posted this in our B'nai Noach Torah Institute, LLC Blog because after you read my book you can write a review, make comments, ask questions etc. 

Contents - A Sincere Journey Ends Without JESUS

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Blessings and Peace,

Dr. Akiva Gamliel Belk


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